Noxious weeds are non-native, invasive plants. At first glance they may appear pretty, but invasive plants can pose serious environmental threats.
What is an Invasive Plant Species?
An "invasive species" is defined as a species that is
- Non-native (or alien) to the ecosystem under consideration; and,
- Whose introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. (Executive Order 13112).
Why are invasive plants successful?
- Many invasive plant species produce large quantities of seed.
- Many invasives thrive on disturbed soil.
- Invasive plant seeds are often distributed by birds, wind, or unknowingly humans allowing seed to moving great distances.
- Some invasives have aggressive root systems that spread long distances from a single plant.
- These root systems often grow so densely that they smother the root systems of surrounding vegetation.
- Some plant species produce chemicals in their leaves or root systems which inhibit the growth of other plants around them.
What are the impacts of invasive plant species?
- Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species, invasives are the main cause of their decline.
- Invasive species compete directly with native species for moisture, sunlight, nutrients, and space.
- Overall plant diversity can be decreased
- Establishment and spread of invasive species can degrade wildlife habitat
- Results in poor quality agriculture lands
- Degraded water quality
- Increased soil erosion
- Decreased recreation opportunities
These impacts change nature's balance on which all species depend.
REMEMBER, WEEDS ARE EVERYONE'S PROBLEM.
SPREAD THE WORD, NOT THE WEEDS!
You can help!
Here are a few things that you can do to fight invasive plants and preserve the plant species native to your region:
- Don't pick the flowers of noxious weeds and take them home.
- Drive only on established roads and trails away from weed infested areas.
- When using pack animals, carry only feed that is certified weed free.
- Remove weed seeds from pack animals.
- Don't pick and transport wild flowers that you can't identify.
- Do not camp or drive in weed infested areas.
The Chief of the USDA Forest Service has identified invasive species as one of the four critical threats to our Nation’s Forests and Grasslands. The USDA Forest Service has designed an invasive species program whose goal is to reduce, minimize, or eliminate the potential impact of invasive species across all landscapes and ownerships.
Forest Service National Strategic Framework for Invasive Species Management
The Forest Service National Strategic Framework for Invasive Species Management responds to a 2010 USDA Office of Inspector General audit of Forest Service invasive programs by providing a consistent, agency-wide approach to the prevention, detection, and control of invasive insects, pathogens, plants, wildlife, and fish.
- Salmon-Challis National Forest North Zone Invasive Species FY 2016 Program Accomplishments (PDF, 737 KB)
- Allegheny National Forest (PDF, 488 KB)
- Chippewa National Forest (PDF, 388 KB)
- Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest (PDF, 527 KB)
- Green Mountain & Finger Lakes National Forest (PDF, 251 KB)
- Hiawatha National Forest (PDF, 367 KB)
- Hoosier National Forest (PDF, 207 KB)
- Huron‐Manistee National Forests (PDF, 211 KB)
- Huron-Manistee National Forests, Baldwin Ranger District (PDF, 151 KB)
- Huron-Manistee National Forests, Cadillac-Manistee Ranger District (PDF, 281 KB)
- Mark Twain National Forest 2014 Non-native Invasive Species Program Accomplishments (PDF, 297 KB)
- Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie (PDF, 661 KB)
- Monongahela National Forest (PDF, 216 KB)
- Ottawa National Forest (PDF, 169 KB)
- Shawnee National Forest (PDF, 378 KB)
- Superior National Forest (PDF, 338 KB)
- Wayne National Forest (PDF, 439 KB)
- White Mountain National Forest (PDF, 457 KB)
- Allegheny National Forest (PDF, 553 KB)
- Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest (PDF, 813 KB)
- Chippewa National Forest (PDF, 423 KB)
- GreenMountainFingerLakes National Forest (PDF, 540 KB)
- Hiawatha National Forest (PDF, 416 KB)
- Hoosier National Forest (PDF, 498 KB)
- Huron-Manistee National Forests (PDF, 362 KB)
- Mark Twain National Forest (PDF, 219 KB)
- Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie (PDF, 442 KB)
- Monongahela National Forest (PDF, 692 KB)
- Ottawa National Forest (PDF, 581 KB)
- Superior National Forest (PDF, 619 KB)
- Wayne National Forest (PDF, 516 KB)
- White Mountain National Forest (PDF, 521 KB)
Pacific Northwest Region
- USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Region Invasive Plants Program Accomplishments Fiscal Year 2012 (PDF, 4.8 MB)
- NNIPS Eradication and Native Species Planting, National Forests in Alabama FY 2012 Accomplishments (PDF, 246 KB)
Non-Native Invasive Species: Eastern Region Program Accomplishments 2011
The Eastern Region of the Forest Service Non-native Invasive Species Program is guided by the Forest Service's Non-native Invasive Species Framework (PDF, 326 KB). The Eastern Region's accomplishments for 2011 are summarized in Non-Native Invasive Species: Eastern Region Program Accomplishments 2011 (PDF, 12.2 MB).
Non-native Invasive Species Learning Kit
Developed by the Forest Service's Eastern Region, Interactive Non-native Invasive Species learning kits are available to educate preschool to adult groups about non-native invasive plants and animals.
- Kit 1: Get a Grip on Biodiversity (PDF, 337 KB)
- Kit 2: Meet the Invaders (PDF, 285 KB)
- Kit 3: Close the Doors (PDF, 667 KB)
- Kit 4: Do Something (PDF, 5.3 MB)
For More Information
To learn more about this program and invasive species please visit the following websites:
- USDA Forest Service Invasive Species Program
- National Invasive Species Information Center
- Weeds of the Week - Forest Health Protection: Northeastern Area: Invasive Plants
- USDA Forest Service, Eastern Region, Cooperative Weed Management Areas (PDF, 967 KB)
- Nonnative Invasive Species (NNIS) PLANTS US Forest Service Eastern Region ‐ Early Detection Rapid Response (EDRR) or Control 10/17/2013 ‐ 1/2/2014 (PDF, 1.1 MB)
Aquatic Invasives in the Great Lakes Region
Hiawatha National Forest, Michigan
Aquatic invasive species in the Great Lakes Region include both plants and animals, which are mostly spread through human activities such as boating and fishing. Once introduced to bodies of water these species proliferate, disrupting the food chain and damaging native fish populations.