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U.S. Forest Service

Threatened, Endangered, and Proposed (TEP) Plant Profile

Betula uber in flower. Betula uber. Photo by Peter M. Mazzeo. Courtesy of Smithsonian Institution, Department of Systematic Biology, Botany.

Betula uber range map. Betula uber range map.

Betula uber, Virginia roundleaf birch

ESA Status

Visit the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Species Profile link below for links to listing and other USFWS documents.


  • Collection for scientific purposes
  • Limited habitat for seedlings (small forest openings with exposed mineral soil)
  • Periodic flooding and droughty soils
  • Vandalism, road and transmission line maintenance, and other human activity
  • Herbivory
  • Long distances between pollen sources
  • Low seed viability and a breeding system that permits heavy gene exchange with sweet birch

Conservation Status

National Forest and Grassland Occurrence

More Information