Outdoor Safety

The stars come out as the sun sets on fall color on the San Francisco Peaks, Coconino National Forest, Arizona viewed from the White Horse Hills along Forest Road 418, October 1, 2016. (Forest Service photo by Deborah Lee Soltesz)
The stars come out as the sun sets on fall color on the San Francisco Peaks, Coconino National Forest, Arizona viewed from the White Horse Hills along Forest Road 418, October 1, 2016. (Forest Service photo by Deborah Lee Soltesz)

Safety is key to enjoying Fall colors

As a visitor to public lands, you are asked to follow certain rules and to be responsible for your own safety. There is something for everyone on forests and grasslands: scenic drives, winding trails, quiet back roads, majestic mountains, deserts, and an abundance of wildlife and vegetation. But nature can be unpredictable. Here are tips to help you enjoy your visit:

 

Preparation is your first step

  • Check the website for the forest or grassland of your destination for special
    warnings, such as fire activity, road or camp closings, and bear sightings.
  • Study maps carefully and plan your trip based on your experience. Know
    where you are going before you leave.
  • Let someone know when you plan to leave, where you are going, when
    you plan to return, and then stick to that plan. Also let them know your car make,
    model and license plate number.
  • Dress accordingly, wary that the weather in many parts of the country can
    turn suddenly. Dress in layers and bring waterproof gear and extra socks
    and shoes.
  • Bring food and water. Always carry enough supplies and provisions to last
    longer than you have planned to stay.
  • Bring a buddy. You do not want to be by yourself in case of an emergency.
  • Know first-aid and take a first-aid kit with you.
  • Learn how to pack a survival pack if you're planning on spending a few
    days in the great outdoors.

 

Maroon Lake at peak fall color in late September 2011 on the White River National Forest in Colorado. Nestled in the heart of the Rocky Mountains, the 2.3 million-acre White River National Forest is the top recreation forest in the nation. Home to world-renowned ski resorts and the birthplace of Wilderness, the White River has something to offer every outdoor enthusiast. USDA Photo by Scott Mecum.
Maroon Lake at peak fall color in late September 2011 on the White River National Forest in Colorado. Nestled in the heart of the Rocky Mountains, the 2.3 million-acre White River National Forest is the top recreation forest in the nation. Home to world-renowned ski resorts and the birthplace of Wilderness, the White River has something to offer every outdoor enthusiast. USDA Photo by Scott Mecum.

Know where you are going

  • Take your map with you. And don’t forget the compass.
  • Stay on designated roads and trails.
  • When traveling on a road or highway, pull over in designated areas only.
  • Stay safely off the road when parked or when taking photographs.
  • On trails, always be aware of your surroundings. It’s easy to unwittingly venture
    off a trail and become lost.

 

Let wild animals be

  • Help keep wildlife “wild” by not approaching. Consider all as dangerous.
    Alter your route so that you will move away from animals without disturbing
    them and do not block an animal’s line of travel.
  • Do not feed wildlife. Animals that get food from people may become
    aggressive. And human food may harm a wild animal’s digestive system,
    or even kill them.
  • Photograph and watch wildlife from observation areas. Use binoculars,
    spotting scopes or telephoto lenses to minimize stress to animals and to
    provide a safe viewing distance for you.
  • If you find what you believe to be an "orphaned" or sick animal leave them
    alone. Often the parents are close by and are waiting quietly for you to leave.
  • Your pets must be restrained at all times. Or better yet leave them at home
    if you are solely on a wildlife viewing adventure. They may startle, chase,
    harm, or even kill wildlife.
  • Learn to recognize signs of alarm. These are sometimes subtle. Leave if an
    animal shows them. Nesting birds will chirp and flutter their wings; for other
    animals watch for raised ears, skittish movements or alarm calls.
  • Keep noise at a minimum, not just for wildlife but also for benefit of other humans.
  • Teach your children how to act when exploring nature. Never chase or harass
    wildlife. It is against the law. Besides, it’s just not nice.

 

Falls Colors in Wheeler Canyon. Ogden, Ranger District, Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest. (Forest Service Photo by Scott Bell)
Falls Colors in Wheeler Canyon. Ogden, Ranger District, Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest. (Forest Service Photo by Scott Bell)

Be weather wise

  • Keep an eye on current and predicted weather conditions. Weather
    can change very quickly.
  • Know the signs for approaching storms or changing weather conditions.
  • Avoid bare ridge tops, exposed places, lone trees, streams, and rocks during
    lightning storms. Find shelter in a densely forested area at a lower elevation.

 

If you get lost

All trails are marked with signs (where intersections meet) and diamond blazes or markers. However, signs are sometimes vandalized or stolen. Pay close attention to your surroundings and landmarks, and relate this to your location on a map.

  • Stay calm. Panic is your greatest enemy. Try to remember how you got to your present location.
  • Trust your map and compass, and do not walk aimlessly. If you are on a trail, don't leave it.
  • Stay put if it is nightfall, if you are injured, or if you are near exhaustion.
  • As a last resort, follow a drainage or stream downhill. This can be hard going but will often lead to a trail or road.