Seeds of many native species are challenging to germinate. One important thing a grower can do is to learn as much as possible about the life history, ecology, and habitat of the species he or she wishes to grow to understand the processes seeds from each target species go through in nature. Any observations will be valuable when trying to germinate and grow species that have little or no published information available. How seeds are handled, treated, and sown can affect the genetic diversity and the quality of the crop produced. Growers need to balance the desire for uniform crops and schedules with the need to protect the diverse characteristics within species. In this chapter, we discuss seed characteristics, treatments to improve or stimulate germination, and different types of sowing options for seeds.