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Role of soil texture, clay mineralogy, location, and temperature in coarse wood decomposition - a mesocosm experiment

Posted date: December 16, 2016
Publication Year: 
2016
Authors: Fissore, Cinzia; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Pickens, James; Miller, Chris; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S.; Giardina, Christian P.
Publication Series: 
Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Source: Ecosphere. 7(11): Article e01605.

Abstract

Of all the major pools of terrestrial carbon (C), the dynamics of coarse woody debris (CWD) are the least understood. In contrast to soils and living vegetation, the study of CWD has rarely relied on ex situ methods for elaborating controls on decomposition rates. In this study, we report on a mesocosm incubation experiment examining how clay amount (8%, 16%, and 24% clay), clay type (soil reconstructed with kaolinite vs. montmorillonite), wood placement (on litter layer surface, at the litter layer-soil interface, buried in the mineral soil), and laboratory incubation temperature (10°, 20°, or 30°C) control decomposition rates of highly standardized stakes and blocks of coarse aspen wood. Clay type effect was pronounced, with wood decomposing more quickly in kaolinite- than in montmorillonite-amended soils, perhaps due to a combined effect of moisture and microbial access to the substrate. Clay amount had only very limited effect on wood decomposition, which was a function of contact with the mineral soil (Surface 

Citation

Fissore, Cinzia; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Pickens, James; Miller, Chris; Page-Dumroese, Deborah; Giardina, Christian P. 2016. Role of soil texture, clay mineralogy, location, and temperature in coarse wood decomposition - a mesocosm experiment. Ecosphere. 7(11): Article e01605.