Demand for forest biomass for bioenergy production and other uses is expected to increase to four times the current level in the next one to five years. The search for alternative energy sources, including forest bioenergy, increases pressure on the productive capacity of our western forestlands. The questions are: Can forest soils in the western U.S. support more intensive timber harvesting for both traditional uses and emerging bioenergy markets? Are biomass harvesting for bioenergy and sustainable soil productivity compatible? The answers are "yes!"