An estimated 466 million ft 3 of forest residue material (nonmerchantable, 3 inches diameter and larger) is generated annually in the Northern Rocky Mountains (Montana, Idaho, Wyoming). Extensive studies of residues in the major forest types show a considerable portion is suited for various products. The lodgepole pine type has the greatest potential for increased residue utilization. In most other forest types, form and condition of residues limit potential use to fiber or fuel. In all forest types, volume, condition, and product potential vary widely from stand to stand.