The watersheds within the Hayman Fire area represent a mosaic of ephemeral, intermittent, and perennial streams of various sizes. Given the intensity of the fire, the effects on these streams will often vary from mild to severe. For example, the vegetation along streams in the upper Wigwam Creek drainage was almost completely removed by the intense fire that moved through the upper watershed, while vegetation along other streams was minimally affected (fig. 20; table 7). The severity of the fire in the surrounding watershed will generally dictate the initial response of the stream. Recovery of the stream/riparian interface generally parallels forest recovery (Minshall and others 1989).