You are here

Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax

Posted date: October 03, 2011
Publication Year: 
2005
Authors: Wilson, Linda M.; Sing, Sharlene E.; Piper, Gary L.; Hansen, Richard W.; De Clerck-Floate, Rosemarie; MacKinnon, Daniel K.; Randall, Carol Bell
Publication Series: 
Miscellaneous Publication
Source: FHTET-05-13. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. 116 p.

Abstract

Dalmatian toadflax, Linaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill. ssp. dalmatica (Fig. 1a), and yellow toadflax, Linaria vulgaris (L.) P. Mill. (Fig. 1b), are exotic [see Glossary] weeds of rangeland, forests and cropland. Although several species of weedy toadflax have been intentionally or accidentally introduced to North America, these two species are by far the most common and problematic for land managers. Both species are known to thrive particularly well in disturbed, open habitats, are most competitive, and can easily dominate native or desirable plant communities in areas characterized by dry summers.

Citation

Wilson, Linda M.; Sing, Sharlene E.; Piper, Gary L.; Hansen, Richard W.; De Clerck-Floate, Rosemarie; MacKinnon, Daniel K.; Randall, Carol Bell. 2005. Biology and biological control of Dalmatian and yellow toadflax. FHTET-05-13. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. 116 p.