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Keyword: wildfire

Contiguous United States wildland fire emission estimates during 2003-2015

Publications Posted on: December 17, 2018
Wildfires are a major source of air pollutants in the United States. Wildfire smoke can trigger severe pollution episodes with substantial impacts on public health. In addition to acute episodes, wildfires can have a marginal effect on air quality at significant distances from the source, presenting significant challenges to air regulators’ efforts to meet National Ambient Air Quality Standards.

Wildland-urban interface residents’ relationships with wildfire: Variation within and across communities

Publications Posted on: November 30, 2018
Social science offers rich descriptions of relationships between wildland-urban interface residents and wildfire, but syntheses across different contexts might gloss over important differences. We investigate the potential extent of such differences using data collected consistently in sixty-eight Colorado communities and hierarchical modeling.

Fire, logging, and debris disposal effects on soil and water in northern coniferous forests

Documents and Media Posted on: November 30, 2018
Many sera1 northern coniferous forest types are dependent upon periodic wildfire for their perpetuation. Man partially mimics the role of wildfire by clearcut logging of these forests and often by subsequent burning of the logging debris. Mineral soil is exposed and conditions are provided for forest regeneration.Document Type: Other Documents

A feather in their cap: Using citizen monitoring to track post-wildfire bird communities in the Arizona Sky Islands

Publications Posted on: November 29, 2018
The Sky Islands of southeastern Arizona, which consist of separate mountain ranges within a desert matrix, are a unique biodiversity hotspot hosting many neotropical bird species that cannot be seen anywhere else in the United States Residents of this region depend on ecotourism for their livelihood and there is an above-average concentration of citizens skilled at identifying birds by sight and sound.

Jumpstarting recovery of Wyoming big sagebrush and other native plants out on the range

Documents and Media Posted on: November 13, 2018
Postfire seeding does not always result in successful establishment of native species. A team of researchers led by Nancy Shaw, an emeritus research botanist, and Jeff Ott, a research geneticist with the Rocky Mountain Research Station (RMRS), conducted a multi-year study to identify which seeding practices resulted in higher plant establishment. Document Type: Other Documents

Can air quality management drive sustainable fuels management at the temperate wildland-urban interface?

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
Sustainable fire management has eluded all industrial societies. Given the growing number and magnitude of wildfire events, prescribed fire is being increasingly promoted as the key to reducing wildfire risk. However, smoke from prescribed fires can adversely affect public health.

Assessing high-cost wildfires in relation to the natural distribution of ponderosa pine in the 11 Western states (2000-2017)

Publications Posted on: October 04, 2018
In this analysis we introduce a broad-scale long-term overview of the US West’s costliest wildfires in relation to the natural distribution of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa). The species is dependent on frequent, low-intensity burning, but in absence of this function, it has become one of the region’s most altered ecosystems (U.S. Government Accounting Office, 1999; U.S.D.A.

Living with wildland fire in America: Building new bridges between policy, science and management

Publications Posted on: October 04, 2018
In his October 26, 2017 commentary in these pages (Wildfire Magazine 26.4; 4-5), Dr. Tom Zimmerman highlights a number of ongoing and future challenges faced by wildland fire management. To address these challenges he also identifies an important role for science and in particular management-relevant wildland fire research. Here, we first briefly elaborate on Dr.

Comparisons between wildfire and forest harvesting and their implications in forest management

Documents and Media Posted on: October 03, 2018
Emulation silviculture is the use of silvicultural techniques that try to imitate natural disturbances such as wildfire. Emulation silviculture is becoming increasingly popular in Canada because it may help circumvent the political and environmental difficulties associated with intensive forest harvesting practices. In this review we summarize empirical evidence that illustrates disparities between forest harvesting and wildfire.Document Type: Other Documents

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