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Keyword: weather

Next Generation Fire Severity Mapping

Tools Posted on: July 06, 2018
The Next Generation Fire Severity Mapping is a tool designed to depict the probability of high-severity fire, if a fire were to occur, for several ecoregions in the contiguous western U.S. Statistical models were used to generate “wall-to-wall” maps for 13 of the 19 ecoregions. 

High-severity fire: Evaluating its key drivers and mapping its probability across western US forests

Publications Posted on: April 23, 2018
Wildland fire is a critical process in forests of the western United States (US). Variation in fire behavior, which is heavily influenced by fuel loading, terrain, weather, and vegetation type, leads to heterogeneity in fire severity across landscapes. The relative influence of these factors in driving fire severity, however, is poorly understood.

Coram Experimental Forest daily meteorology data for Desert Ridge and Terrace Hills weather stations: 1996-2015

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
This data publication contains daily meteorological data collected at the Desert Ridge and Terrace Hills weather stations located on the Coram Experimental Forest (Flathead National Forest) in Montana. The Terrace Hills weather station was installed in May of 1996, and the Desert Ridge weather station was installed in May of 2001. Data are included up through 2015 for both stations.

Weather, fuels, fire behavior, plumes, and smoke - the nexus of fire meteorology

Publications Posted on: September 22, 2017
In a pair of review papers, Potter (2012a, 2012b) summarized the significant fire weather research findings over about the past hundred years.

Towards improving wildland firefighter situational awareness through daily fire behaviour risk assessments in the US Northern Rockies and Northern Great Basin

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2017
Wildland firefighters must assess potential fire behaviour in order to develop appropriate strategies and tactics that will safely meet objectives. Fire danger indices integrate surface weather conditions to quantify potential variations in fire spread rates and intensities and therefore should closely relate to observed fire behaviour.

Assessment of range planting as a conservation practice

Publications Posted on: September 28, 2016
Natural Resource Conservation Service Range Planting - Conservation Practice Standards provide guidelines for making decisions about seedbed preparation, planting methods, plant materials selection, seeding rate, seeding depth, timing of seeding, postplanting management, and weed control. Adoption of these standards is expected to contribute to successful improvement of vegetation composition and productivity of grazed plant communities.

The 115-year bark beetle saga in the Black Hills

Science Spotlights Posted on: August 17, 2016
Forest restoration, resilience, and wildfire are major issues of contemporary forest management. Integral to these issues is the destruction, understanding, and management of mountain pine beetles. This is the story of 115 years of mountain pine beetles, associated organisms and the people that study them in the Black Hills. It reads much like a film-noir. This research informs forest policy and management throughout western North America.  

Mountain pine beetles: A century of knowledge, control attempts, and impacts central to the Black Hills

Publications Posted on: August 16, 2016
This publication chronicles the understanding, controlling, and impacts of mountain pine beetles (MPB) central to the Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming from the time they were described by Hopkins in 1902, through the presentation of data from work started by Schmid and Mata in 1985. The plots established by these two men from 1985 through 1994 were subjected to the most intense MPB stress to occur since 1900 in the Black Hills.

Climate adaption and post-fire restoration of a foundational perennial in cold desert: Insights from intraspecific variation in response to weather

Publications Posted on: July 15, 2016
The loss of foundational but fire-intolerant perennials such as sagebrush due to increases in fire size and frequency in semi-arid regions has motivated efforts to restore them, often with mixed or even no success. Seeds of sagebrush Artemisia tridentata and related species must be moved considerable distances from seed source to planting sites, but such transfers have not been guided by an understanding of local climate adaptation.

Frequency of comandra blister rust infection episodes on lodgepole pine

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Comandra blister rust is a damaging canker disease of lodgepole pine in the Central Rocky Mountains. Our knowledge of previous blister rust outbreaks and the effects of weather and climate on rust epidemiology has not been sufficient to explain the frequency and severity of disease outbreaks.

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