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Keyword: watershed

Criterion 6: Maintenance and enhancement of long-term multiple socioeconomic benefits to meet the needs of societies

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
Forests provide an array of products and services that maintain and enhance benefits to our society and economy. Benefits derived from forests may be categorized into wood products, nontimber products and services, and ecosystem services.

Criterion 5: Maintenance of forest contributions to global carbon cycles

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
Northern forests cover more than 42 percent of the region and are enormous reservoirs of carbon. Through photosynthesis, live trees emit oxygen in exchange for carbon dioxide they pull from the atmosphere. As a tree grows it stores carbon in wood above and below ground, and sequestered carbon comprises about half of its dry weight. Dead trees and down logs are also reservoirs of carbon.

Criterion 4: Conservation and maintenance of soil and water resources

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
Soils are the fundamental resource enabling land to provide a wide array of benefits. Both humans and wildlife rely on soils for the production of life-sustaining nourishment and shelter.

Criterion 3: Maintenance of forest ecosystem health and vitality

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
Forest ecosystem health depends on stable forest composition and structure and on sustainable ecosystem processes. Forest disturbances that push an ecosystem beyond the range of conditions considered normal can upset the balance among processes, exacerbate forest health problems, and increase mortality beyond historical norms. Sometimes forest ecosystems respond to disturbances by returning to the normal range of conditions.

Criterion 2: Maintenance of productive capacity of forest ecosystems

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
People rely on forests, directly and indirectly, for a wide range of goods and services. Measures of forest productive capacity are indicators of the ability of forests to sustainably supply goods and services over time.

Criterion 1: Conservation of biological diversity

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the variety of life. It encompasses the variability among living organisms and includes diversity within species, among species, and among ecosystems.

Forest conditions and trends in the northern United States

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
This section describes current conditions and trends for the 20 Northern States by focusing on selected characteristics associated with forest sustainability.

Strategies for sustainable forest management

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
Sustainable forestry is widely discussed and almost universally desired, but tangible standards, goals, targets, or thresholds to evaluate sustainability are often defined vaguely.

Framing the issues affecting northern forests

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
People in the North are concerned about forests, especially the forests near to them. Concerns reflect their diverse connections to forests and the many ways that rural and urban forests affect their quality of life. A recent analysis by Dietzman et al. (2011) summarized more than 700 comments about issues facing northern forests.

Introduction

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2012
The twenty states that make up the U.S. North are bounded by Maine, Maryland, Missouri, and Minnesota. Compared to the rest of the country, the North has a higher population density, relatively little public forest land, and many private forest owners with small forest tracts. Fifty-five percent of northern forest land belongs to nearly 5 million family forest owners.

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