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Wilderness science in a time of change conference-Volume 1: Changing perspectives and future directions; 1999 May 23-27; Missoula, MT

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Ten papers presented as plenary talks at the conference, "Wilderness Science in a Time of Change," are included.

Imagining wilderness

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
The future of wilderness is open for discussion and debate. In this paper we invite readers to consider four wilderness scenarios, any one of which, or combination of which, seems possible based on current demographic, social, and cultural trends.

Research to create public memory of wilderness

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
If wilderness experiences are distinct from general outdoor recreation experiences, then wilderness visitor research needs to reflect the distinction. If there are distinguishing characteristics, they would be linked to social and cultural meanings embedded in the Wilderness Act of 1964 and contemporary interpretations of it.

Managing for wilderness experiences in the 21st Century: Responding to the recent wilderness critique

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
This essay describes five major critiques of the wilderness idea and how wilderness managers might shape experience opportunities in wilderness in response.

Research needs for a better understanding of wilderness visitor experiences

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
What information is needed to facilitate enhanced management of visitor experiences in wilderness? The final session of the workshop comprised a facilitated process with the 20 participants to identify research and information needs to support wilderness visitor experience management.

Potential roles of research in enhancing the performance of management in securing high quality visitor experiences in wilderness

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
Does research help managers provide opportunities for visitors to have high quality experiences in wilderness? Difficulties in applying visitor experience research result from several factors: the nature of wilderness itself, the character of the wilderness visitor experience challenge as a research and management topic, and the paradigm of research applications employed by wilderness scientists.

Frameworks for defining and managing the wilderness experience

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
A large and growing body of research on outdoor recreation and the wilderness experience has been conducted over the nearly 50 years since passage of the Wilderness Act of 1964. A number of conceptual and empirical frameworks have emerged from this body of knowledge that can be used to help define and manage the wilderness experience.

Humans apart from nature? Wilderness experience and the Wilderness Act

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
Wilderness managers are faced with making judgments about the appropriateness of different types of recreational activities. One of the criteria they use is wilderness dependence-the notion that an activity should be allowed, or privileged if rationing is required, if it depends on a wilderness setting for much of its value.

The challenges and related strategies of planning for wilderness experiences

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
Planning is where science, public interests and management of wilderness areas come together. Unfortunately, science and information specifically supporting wilderness experiences, if any exists, is often perceived by managers as subjective, value laden, and hard to defend. This can sometimes lead to the tough decisions about providing high quality wilderness experiences being "kicked down the road" for another time/manager.

Wilderness at arm's length: On the outside looking in at special provisions in wilderness

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2012
While there is a long history of research on factors influencing wilderness recreation visitor experiences, there has been little focused research to understand the experiences of users visiting wilderness under legislative special provisions or the impact of these special provisions on wilderness recreation visitors. There are some exceptions.

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