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Keyword: smoke

Contiguous United States wildland fire emission estimates during 2003-2015

Publications Posted on: December 17, 2018
Wildfires are a major source of air pollutants in the United States. Wildfire smoke can trigger severe pollution episodes with substantial impacts on public health. In addition to acute episodes, wildfires can have a marginal effect on air quality at significant distances from the source, presenting significant challenges to air regulators’ efforts to meet National Ambient Air Quality Standards.

Can air quality management drive sustainable fuels management at the temperate wildland-urban interface?

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
Sustainable fire management has eluded all industrial societies. Given the growing number and magnitude of wildfire events, prescribed fire is being increasingly promoted as the key to reducing wildfire risk. However, smoke from prescribed fires can adversely affect public health.

Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition.

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
The National Wildfire Coordinating Group's (NWCG) Fire Use Working Team has assumed overall responsibility for sponsoring the development and production of this revised Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed and Wildland Fire (the "Guide").

Assessing values of air quality and visibility at risk from wildland fires.

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
To assess values of air quality and visibility at risk from wildland fire in the United States, we generated a 40-year database that includes twice daily values of wind, mixing height, and a ventilation index that is the product of windspeed and mixing height. The database provides the first nationally consistent map of surface wind and ventilation index. In addition, it is the longest climate record of mixing height in the country.

Using social media to predict air pollution during California wildfires

Publications Posted on: July 18, 2018
Wildfires have significant effects on human populations worldwide. Smoke pollution, in particular, from either prescribed burns or uncontrolled wildfires, can have profound health impacts, such as reducing birth weight in children and aggravating respiratory and cardiovascular conditions.

Daily black carbon emissions data from fires in Northern Eurasia for 2002–2015

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
This data publication, the Fire Emission Inventory – Northern Eurasia (FEI-NE), consists of a high spatial resolution (500 meter × 500 meter) dataset of daily black carbon (BC) emissions from forest, grassland, shrubland, and savanna fires in Northern Eurasia from 2002 to 2015.

Missoula Fire Lab Emission Inventory (MFLEI) for CONUS

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
The Missoula Fire Lab Emission Inventory (MFLEI) is a retrospective, daily wildfire emission inventory for the contiguous United States with a spatial resolution of 250 meters (m). MFLEI was produced using multiple datasets of fire activity and burned area, a newly developed wildland fuels map and an updated emission factor database.

Weather, fuels, fire behavior, plumes, and smoke - the nexus of fire meteorology

Publications Posted on: September 22, 2017
In a pair of review papers, Potter (2012a, 2012b) summarized the significant fire weather research findings over about the past hundred years.

Recent emissions research in southwestern shrub and grassland fuels

Publications Posted on: August 21, 2017
While it is currently challenging to use prescribed burning in chaparral and other southwestern shrub fuel types due to many constraints, any such activities require smoke management planning. Information on fuels and emissions from chaparral were limited and based on older sampling systems. The DoD SERDP program funded a project to measure fuels and smoke emissions in the laboratory and field.

Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment (FASMEE): Modeling gaps and data needs

Publications Posted on: July 20, 2017
Fire and smoke models are numerical tools for simulating fire behavior, smoke dynamics, and air quality impacts of wildland fires. Fire models are developed based on the fundamental chemistry and physics of combustion and fire spread or statistical analysis of experimental data (Sullivan 2009). They provide information on fire spread and fuel consumption for safe and efficient prescribed (Rx) burning and wildfire suppression.