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Keyword: science

The role of science in wilderness planning: a state-of-knowledge review

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
Wilderness planning has evolved since the Wilderness Act of 1964 in an atmosphere of intense debate and public scrutiny. Wilderness planning and the role science has played in developing the planning process has been influenced by many complex legal mandates, by thorny social issues, and by emerging planning paradigms. Wilderness planning has at times been inspired by scientific contributions to various elements of the emerging processes.

The Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute: a national wilderness research program in support of wilderness management

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
The Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute strives to provide scientific leadership in developing and applying the knowledge necessary to sustain wilderness ecosystems and values.

The challenge of scientific activities in wilderness

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
Science is an appropriate and necessary use of wilderness. The long-term protection of wilderness, including decisions related to the planning and management of wilderness resources, use and values, requires an understanding often available only through scientific investigation. In addition, wilderness provides opportunities for scientific understanding not available in other, less protected areas.

A framework for evaluating proposals for scientific activities in wilderness

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
This paper presents a structured framework for evaluating proposals for scientific activities in wilderness. Wilderness managers receive proposals for scientific activities ranging from unobtrusive inventorying of plants and animals to the use of chainsaws and helicopters for collecting information.

The evolving role of science in wilderness to our understanding of ecosystems and landscapes

Publications Posted on: March 07, 2006
Research in wilderness areas (areas with minimal human activity and of large spatial extent) formed the foundation for ecological models and theories that continue to shape our understanding how ecosystems change through time, how ecological communities are structured and how ecosystems function.

From confrontation to conservation: the Banff National Park experience

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2006
Banff National Park, the flagship of the Canadian national park system, has become the focus of debate over park use versus protected area conservation. In response to the debate, the Minister of Canadian Heritage commissioned an independent review. The resulting Banff-Bow Valley Study report and Banff National Park Management Plan are landmark documents.

Biological science in conservation

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2006
Large-scale wildlands reserve systems offer one of the best hopes for slowing, if not reversing, the loss of biodiversity and wilderness. Establishing such reserves requires both sound biology and effective advocacy. Attempts by The Wildlands Project and its cooperators to meld science and advocacy in the service of conservation is working, but is not without some problems.

The triumph of politics over wilderness science

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2006
The National Wilderness Preservation System reflects the triumph of politics over science. The history of wilderness allocation has reflected political rather than scientific sensibilities. The preeminence of politics over science extends to wilderness management as well and is illustrated here by representative examples from the modern history of Yellowstone National Park.

Wilderness science: an oxymoron?

Publications Posted on: March 01, 2006
Can researchers use the traditional scientific method in studying wilderness without violating the concept and wilderness law concerning “untrammeled” land? This philosophical essay seeks to answer that question through historical review and literature overview, suggesting how science and the study of wilderness can be compatible.