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Keyword: prescribed fire

Miller Creek Demonstration Forest - a forest born of fire: a field guide

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Miller Creek, on the Flathead National Forest in northwest Montana, is a demonstration forest, showing up to 30 years of forest change after clearcutting and a wide range of fire treatments in 1967 and 1968. Differences in tree regeneration and vegetation development are explained for units that were clearcut and prescribed burned, clearcut and burned by wildfire, clearcut and unburned, and uncut and burned by wildfire.

Managing the unexpected in prescribed fire and fire use operations: a workshop on the High Reliability Organization

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Fire management, and forest and rangeland fuels management, over the past century have altered the wildland fire situation dramatically, thus also altering the institutional approach to how to deal with the changing landscape. Also, climate change, extended drought, increased insect and disease outbreaks, and invasions of exotic plant species have added complications to fire management on public and private lands.

Root diseases in coniferous forests of the Inland West: potential implications of fuels treatments

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
After nearly 100 years of fire exclusion, introduced pests, and selective harvesting, a change in forest composition has occurred in many Inland West forests of North America. This change in forest structure has frequently been accompanied by increases in root diseases and/or an unprecedented buildup of fuels. Consequently, many forest managers are implementing plans for fuels treatments to lower the risk of severe wildfires.

Fire applications in ecosystem management

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Decades of fire absence from ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forests has resulted in overstocked, unhealthy, and severe fireprone stands requiring management attention. Prescribed fire can be used in three general situations during restoration management. First is when fuel loadings are excessive from either natural accumulation or harvest slash. Second is when dense understory conifers are thinned and burned.

Science basis for changing forest structure to modify wildfire behavior and severity

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Fire, other disturbances, physical setting, weather, and climate shape the structure and function of forests throughout the Western United States. More than 80 years of fire research have shown that physical setting, fuels, and weather combine to determine wildfire intensity (the rate at which it consumes fuel) and severity (the effect fire has on vegetation, soils, buildings, watersheds, and so forth).

Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on air

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
This state-of-knowledge review about the effects of fire on air quality can assist land, fire, and air resource managers with fire and smoke planning, and their efforts to explain to others the science behind fire-related program policies and practices to improve air quality.

Ethnoecology of Fire: An Experimental Approach in the Ohio Valley

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Native Americans used fire to manipulate nature and directly benefit their survival. Certain plant species, many of which were useful to Native Americans as sources of food, fiber, dye, medicine, and game browse, are adapted to survive and even thrive in post-burn environments. Evidence suggests that Native Americans intentionally set fires to encourage growth and survival of such useful species. Data from a 5-year study conducted by the U.S.

Resistance is not futile: The response of hardwoods to fire-caused wounding

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Fires wound trees; but not all of them, and not always. Specific fire behavior and differences among tree species and individual trees produce variable patterns of wounding and wound response. Our work focuses on the relationships between fire behavior and tree biology to better understand how hardwood trees resist injury to the lower stem and either survive or succumb to low-intensity fire.

Soil properties in fire-consumed log burnout openings in a Missouri oak savanna

Publications Posted on: May 12, 2016
Downed logs are known to increase species diversity in many forest ecosystems by increasing resource and structural complexity and by altering fire behavior in fire-prone ecosystems. In a frequently burned oak savanna in central Missouri, combustion of downed logs formed patches that have remained free of herbaceous vegetation for more than 3 years.

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