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Keyword: modeling

Strategic application of wildland fire suppression in the southwestern United States

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2019
Much of the western United States is experiencing longer fire seasons with an increased frequency of high-severity fires and fire risk. Fire managers in the southwestern United States have increased efforts to reduce fire risk by managing more fires to meet resource objectives (e.g. thin forests, reduce hazardous fuel loads, and restore the landscape).

Fine-scale assessment of cross-boundary wildfire events in the western United States

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2019
We report a fine-scale assessment of cross-boundary wildfire events for the western US. We used simulation modeling to quantify the extent of fire exchange among major federal, state, and private land tenures and mapped locations where fire ignitions can potentially affect populated places. We examined how parcel size affects wildfire transmission and partitioned the relative amounts of transmitted fire between human and natural ignitions.

The wildfire problem in areas contaminated by the Chernobyl disaster

Publications Posted on: October 02, 2019
This paper examines the issue of radionuclide resuspension from wildland fires in areas contaminated by the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant explosion in 1986. This work originated from a scientific exchange among scientists from the USDA Forest Service, Ukraine and Belarus that was organized to assess science and technology gaps related to wildfire risk management.

A comparison of standard modeling techniques using digital aerial imagery with national elevation datasets and airborne LiDAR to predict size and density forest metrics in the Sapphire Mountains MT, USA

Publications Posted on: April 16, 2019
In recent years airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology has received a great deal of attention. Using airborne LiDAR, analysts have successfully related height measurements to forest characteristics such as tree size, basal area, and number of trees.

Landscape applications of machine learning: Comparing random forests and logistic regression in multi-scale optimized predictive modeling of American marten occurrence in northern Idaho, USA [Chapter 9]

Publications Posted on: December 04, 2018
The American marten (martes americana) is a species that is dependent on old conifer forest at middle to high elevations and is highly sensitive to habitat loss and fragmentation in a scale dependent fashion (e.g., Hargis et al. 1999; Wasserman et al. 2012a, b), and forest management is often influenced by considerations of how management will affect extent and pattern of marten habitat.

Modeling thinning effects on fire behavior with STANDFIRE

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
Key message: We describe a modeling system that enables detailed, 3D fire simulations in forest fuels. Using data from three sites, we analyze thinning fuel treatments on fire behavior and fire effects and compare outputs with a more commonly used model.

National projections of forest and rangeland condition indicators: a supporting technical document for the 1999 RPA assessment.

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
The 1999 forest and rangeland condition indicator model is a set of independent econometric production functions for environmental outputs (measured with condition indicators) at the national scale.

NorWeST stream temperature data summaries for the western U.S.

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
NorWeST is an interagency stream temperature database and model for the western United States containing data from over 20,000 unique stream locations. Temperature observations were solicited from state, federal, tribal, private, and municipal resource organizations and processed using a custom cleaning script developed by Gwynne Chandler. Summaries of daily, weekly, and monthly means, minima, and maxima are provided for observation years.

NorWeST modeled summer stream temperature scenarios for the western U.S.

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
NorWeST summer stream temperature scenarios were developed for all rivers and streams in the western U.S. from the > 20,000 stream sites in the NorWeST database where mean August stream temperatures were recorded.

Doing more with the core: Proceedings of the 2017 Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Science Stakeholder Meeting; 2017 October 24- 26; Park City, UT

Publications Posted on: October 17, 2017
The Forest Service’s Forest Inventory and Analysis Program (FIA) is the primary source of information about our forests’ status and trends. A network of nationally consistent field observations forms FIA’s core, and active collaboration with clients and peer organizations ensures that the resulting inventory remains agile, comprehensive, and relevant.