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Keyword: management

Proceedings-research and management of bitterbrush and cliffrose in Western North America

Publications Posted on: February 26, 2019
Bitterbrush and cliff rose are perhaps the most widely managed shrubs in Western North America. This proceedings of 27 papers is a collection of our current knowledge on research and management of bitterbrush, cliffrose, and other rosaceous shrubs in Western North America.

Engaging the fire before it starts: A case study from the 2017 Pinal Fire (Arizona)

Publications Posted on: February 13, 2019
How did the forest and community get to the point where they were willing to take on managing a fire of this size and duration for resource benefit and hazard reduction? Science has recognized for decades that many forested ecosystems of the American West are shifting away from historically fire-adapted conditions. Beginning in the 1970’s a small handful of managers recognized this issue and developed wildland fire use concepts.

The phylogeography of westslope cutthroat trout

Publications Posted on: December 14, 2018
Identifying units of conservation of aquatic species is fundamental to informed natural resources science and management. We used a combination of mitochondrial and nuclear molecular methods to identify potential units of conservation of Westslope Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi, a taxon native to montane river basins of the northwestern United States and southwestern Canada.

Risk perception, aensemaking and resilient performance: The sounds of wildland firefighting in action

Publications Posted on: December 14, 2018
Managing wildland fire is an exercise in risk perception, sensemaking and resilient performance. Risk perception begins with individual size up of a wildfire to determine a course of action, and then becomes collective as the fire management team builds and continuously updates their common perception of risk.

Assessing water contamination risk from vegetation fires: Challenges, opportunities and a framework for progress

Publications Posted on: December 07, 2018
Water crises - defined as significant declines in water quality and quantity - top the global risks list compiled by the World Economic Forum (2015) that have the greatest potential impacts on society. Vegetation fires are amongst the most hydrologically significant landscape disturbances (Ebel & Mirus, 2014) and affect ~4% of the global vegetated land surface annually (Giglio, Randerson, & van der Werf, 2013).

The first basic teaching guide for introducing High Reliability Organizing to the wildland fire community: From the field to line officers

Publications Posted on: December 06, 2018
This special guide for teaching and facilitating High Reliability Organizing (HRO) reflects the presentations that were made at the three-day May 2007 Facilitating HRO in Wildland Fire workshop. By using and following this guide, the HRO teacher will understand the fundamentals of HRO and will be better prepared to facilitate these principles to others.

The Rangeland Vegetation Simulator: A decision support tool for monitoring and projecting grassland conditions

Publications Posted on: December 06, 2018
Rangeland landscapes occupy roughly 662 million acres in the coterminous U.S. (Reeves and Mitchell 2011) and their vegetation responds quickly to climate and management, with high relative growth rates and inter-annual variability. Current national decision support systems in the U.S.

Examining dispatching practices for Interagency Hotshot Crews to reduce seasonal travel distance and manage fatigue

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2018
Interagency Hotshot Crews (IHCs) are a crucial firefighting suppression resource in the United States. These crews travel substantial distances each year and work long and arduous assignments that can cause accumulated fatigue. Current dispatching practices for these crews are supposed to send the closest resource while adhering to existing fatigue-management policies.

Forest ecosystem re-organization underway in the southwestern United States: A preview of widespread forest changes in the Anthropocene?

Publications Posted on: November 13, 2018
This paper addresses an important set of issues currently facing the forests of western North America - the intersection of 20th Century land use legacies and the emerging impacts of climate change on drought, forest stress, wildfire, and ecosystem change.

An evaluation of NDFD weather forecasts for wildland fire behavior prediction

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
Wildland fire managers in the United States currently utilize the gridded forecasts from the National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD) to make fire behavior predictions across complex landscapes during large wildfires. However, little is known about the NDFDs performance in remote locations with complex topography for weather variables important for fire behavior prediction, including air temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed.