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Keyword: land use

Recognizing and restoring open forests of savannas and woodlands

Science Spotlights Posted on: April 25, 2019
Although not presented in textbooks, open forests were the dominant historical forested ecosystems of the United States. Eastern and western oak forests and southeastern pine forests no longer occur at landscape scales. Management for open oak and pine forests will provide herbaceous habitat, critical to many declining bird and pollinator species.

Recognizing loss of open forest ecosystems by tree densification and land use intensification in the Midwestern USA

Publications Posted on: April 12, 2018
Forests and grasslands have changed during the past 200 years in the eastern USA, and it is now possible to quantify loss and conversion of vegetation cover at regional scales. We quantified historical (ca. 1786-1908) and current land cover and determined long-term ecosystem change to either land use or closed forests in eight states of the Great Lakes and Midwest.

Effects of forest cover on drinking water treatment costs

Publications Posted on: November 17, 2016
This paper explores the relationship between forest cover and drinking water treatment costs using results from a 2014 survey by the American Water Works Association (AWWA) that targeted utilities in forested ecoregions in the United States. On the basis of the data collected, there is a negative relationship between forest cover and turbidity, i.e. as forest cover increased, turbidity decreased.

Managing invasive annual brome grasses and altered fire regimes

Science Spotlights Posted on: August 19, 2016
Invasive annual brome grasses are resulting in altered fire regimes and conversion of native arid and semi-arid ecosystems in the western United States to annual grass dominance. The problem is particularly acute in sagebrush shrublands where cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) has resulted in annual grass fire cycles that are placing numerous native species such as greater sage-grouse at risk and threating ecosystem services such as livestock forage, hunting and recreation, and even clean air and water. This 15-chapter book examines the environmental impacts, invasiveness, environmental controls, and management alternatives for invasive annual brome-grasses.

Variance estimates and confidence intervals for the Kappa measure of classification accuracy

Publications Posted on: July 28, 2016
The Kappa statistic is frequently used to characterize the results of an accuracy assessment used to evaluate land use and land cover classifications obtained by remotely sensed data. This statistic allows comparisons of alternative sampling designs, classification algorithms, photo-interpreters, and so forth. In order to make these comparisons, it is important to know how far in error the estimate might reasonably be.

Testing alternative response designs for training forest disturbance and attribution models

Publications Posted on: August 18, 2015
Understanding and modeling land cover and land use change is evolving into a foundational element of climate, environmental, and sustainability science. Land cover and land use data are core to applications such as carbon accounting, greenhouse gas emissions reporting, biomass and bioenergy assessments, hydrologic function assessments, fire and fuels planning and management, and forest and rangeland health assessments.

Water quality in New Zealand's planted forests: A review

Publications Posted on: June 02, 2015
This paper reviewed the key physical, chemical and biological water quality attributes of surface waters in New Zealand’s planted forests. The purpose was to: a) assess the changes in water quality throughout the planted forestry cycle from afforestation through to harvesting; b) compare water quality from planted forests with other land uses in New Zealand; and c) identify knowledge gaps and opportunities for future research.

Predicting concentrations of at-risk species nationally

Projects Posted on: May 28, 2015
In the last decade there has been growing use of ecosystem services to economically justify biodiversity conservation programs that ultimately contribute to human well-being. The short term costs of biodiversity degradation remain overshadowed by the short term economic benefits of resource extraction and land use intensification to support growing human populations. Spatially explicit models of at-risk species occurrence are needed to anticipate where imperilment issues are likely to emerge in the future under alternative climate and land use scenarios. 

Changing tree composition by life history strategy in a grassland-forest landscape

Publications Posted on: July 11, 2014
After rapid deforestation in the eastern United States, which generally occurred during the period of 1850-1920, forests did not return to historical composition and structure.

Large-scale diversity patterns in spore communities of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi [Chapter 2]

Publications Posted on: May 10, 2013
Surprising little is known about the factors controlling Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungal diversity and distribution patterns. A better understanding of these factors is necessary before mycorrhizas can be effectively managed for their benefits in ecosystem restoration and agriculture.