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Keyword: fuels

Landscape Assessment (LA)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
Landscape Assessment primarily addresses the need to identify and quantify fire effects over large areas, at times involving many burns. In contrast to individual case studies, the ability to compare results is emphasized along with the capacity to aggregate information across broad regions and over time. Results show the spatial heterogeneity of burns and how fire interacts with vegetation and topography.

Rare Species (RS)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The FIREMON Rare Species (RS) method is used to assess changes in uncommon, perennial plant species when other monitoring methods are not effective. This method monitors individual plants and statistically quantifies changes in plant survivorship, growth, and reproduction over time. Plants are spatially located using distance along and from a permanent baseline, and individual plants are marked using a permanent tag.

Line Intercept (LI)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The FIREMON Line Intercept (LI) method is used to assess changes in plant species cover for a macroplot. This method uses multiple line transects to sample within plot variation and quantify statistically valid changes in plant species cover and height over time.

Density (DE)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The FIREMON Density (DE) method is used to assess changes in plant species density and height for a macroplot. This method uses multiple quadrats and belt transects (transects having a width) to sample within plot variation and quantify statistically valid changes in plant species density and height over time. Herbaceous plant species are sampled with quadrats while shrubs and trees are sampled with belt transects.

Point Intercept (PO)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The FIREMON Point Intercept (PO) method is used to assess changes in plant species cover or ground cover for a macroplot. This method uses a narrow diameter sampling pole or sampling pins, placed at systematic intervals along line transects to sample within plot variation and quantify statistically valid changes in plant species cover and height over time.

Cover/Frequency (CF)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The FIREMON Cover/Frequency (CF) method is used to assess changes in plant species cover and frequency for a macroplot. This method uses multiple quadrats to sample within-plot variation and quantify statistically valid changes in plant species cover, height, and frequency over time.

Species Composition (SC)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The FIREMON Species Composition (SC) method is used to provide ocular estimates of cover and height measurements for plant species on a macroplot. The SC method provides plant species composition and coverage estimates to describe a stand or plant community and can be used to document changes over time. It is suited for a wide variety of vegetation types and is especially useful in plant communities with tall shrubs or trees.

Fuel Load (FL)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The Fuel Load method (FL) is used to sample dead and down woody debris, determine depth of the duff/ litter profile, estimate the proportion of litter in the profile, and estimate total vegetative cover and dead vegetative cover. Down woody debris (DWD) is sampled using the planar intercept technique based on the methodology developed by Brown (1974).

Tree Data (TD)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The Tree Data (TD) methods are used to sample individual live and dead trees on a fixed-area plot to estimate tree density, size, and age class distributions before and after fire in order to assess tree survival and mortality rates. This method can also be used to sample individual shrubs if they are over 4.5 ft tall.

Plot Description (PD)

Publications Posted on: August 02, 2006
The Plot Description (PD) form is used to describe general characteristics of the FIREMON macroplot to provide ecological context for data analyses. The PD data characterize the topographical setting, geographic reference point, general plant composition and cover, ground cover, fuels, and soils information. This method provides the general ecological data that can be used to stratify or aggregate fire monitoring results.

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