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Keyword: ecological restoration

Seeing species through the forbs by using DNA sequencing

Projects Posted on: August 01, 2019
Forbs are an integral component of terrestrial ecosystems and critical to pollinator health. However, we know very little about the biology of native forbs. Such knowledge is a prerequisite to developing restoration programs that use diverse forb species in restoration seeding.

Strong patterns of local adaptation in Great Basin plants

Science Spotlights Posted on: July 31, 2019
Natural selection varies across landscapes and populations often adapt to local environmental conditions. Using a literature review of common garden studies published between 1941 and 2017, we documented the commonness of three signatures of local adaptation in plants native to North America's Great Basin. Our results demonstrate widespread habitat‐related population differentiation and local adaptation across the Great Basin. 

Selecting the provenance: Local native or nonlocal native?

Science Spotlights Posted on: September 13, 2018
Over the last decade, decisions surrounding the provenance, or the geographic origin of a seed source, has sparked a debate whether or not to use local native or nonlocal native seed. A new paper turns a traditionally theoretical discussion into specific priority actions for researchers and practitioners involved in restoration.

Selecting the provenance: local native or nonlocal native?

FS News Posted on: July 11, 2018
Over the last decade, decisions surrounding the provenance, or the geographic origin of a seed source, has sparked a debate whether or not to use local native or nonlocal native seed. A new paper turns a traditionally theoretical discussion into specific priority actions for researchers and practitioners involved in restoration.

Priority actions to improve provenance decision-making

Publications Posted on: July 10, 2018
Selecting the geographic origin - the provenance - of seed is a key decision in restoration. The last decade has seen a vigorous debate on whether to use local or nonlocal seed. The use of local seed has been the preferred approach because it is expected to maintain local adaptation and avoid deleterious population effects (e.g., maladaptation and outbreeding depression).

Collaborative restoration effects on forest structure in ponderosa pine-dominated forests of Colorado

Publications Posted on: May 10, 2018
In response to large, severe wildfires in historically fire-adapted forests in the western US, policy initiatives, such as the USDA Forest Service’s Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program (CFLRP), seek to increase the pace and scale of ecological restoration. One required component of this program is collaborative adaptive management, in which monitoring data are used to iteratively evaluate and improve future management actions.

Changes in forest structure since 1860 in ponderosa pine dominated forests in the Colorado and Wyoming Front Range, USA

Publications Posted on: April 23, 2018
Management practices since the late 19th century, including fire exclusion and harvesting, have altered the structure of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex P. Lawson & C. Lawson) dominated forests across the western United States. These structural changes have the potential to contribute to uncharacteristic wildfire behavior and effects.

Fire regimes approaching historic norms reduce wildfire-facilitated conversion from forest to non-forest

Publications Posted on: April 23, 2018
Extensive high-severity wildfires have driven major losses of ponderosa pine and mixed-conifer forests in the southwestern United States, in some settings catalyzing enduring conversions to nonforested vegetation types. Management interventions to reduce the probability of stand-replacing wildfire have included mechanical fuel treatments, prescribed fire, and wildfire managed for resource benefit.

Slash pile burning effects on soil biotic and chemical properties and plant establishment: Recommendations for amelioration

Publications Posted on: February 12, 2018
Ponderosa pine forest restoration consists of thinning trees and reintroducing prescribed fire to reduce unnaturally high tree densities and fuel loads to restore ecosystem structure and function. A current issue in ponderosa pine restoration is what to do with the large quantity of slash that is created from thinning dense forest stands.

Ecological impacts of collaborative forest restoration treatments

Science Spotlights Posted on: January 23, 2018
New novel study expands the scope of monitoring efforts in one of the first USDA Forest Service Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program (CFLRP) landscapes, Colorado’s Front Range. Results from this study highlight both the effective aspects of restoration treatments, and the importance of initiating and continuing collaborative science-based monitoring to improve the outcomes of forest restoration efforts.  

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