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Keyword: competition

Long-term vegetation recovery and invasive annual suppression in native and introduced postfire seeding treatments

Publications Posted on: May 16, 2019
Seed mixes used for postfire seeding in the Great Basin are often selected on the basis of short-term rehabilitation objectives, such as ability to rapidly establish and suppress invasive exotic annuals (e.g., cheatgrass, Bromus tectorum L.). Longer-term considerations are also important, including whether seeded plants persist, continue to suppress invasives, and promote recovery of desired vegetation.

Reduced mycorrhizal responsiveness leads to increased competitive tolerance in an invasive exotic plant

Publications Posted on: December 14, 2017
1. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can exert a powerful influence on the outcome of plant–plant competition. Since some exotic plants interact differently with soil biota such as AM fungi in their new range, range-based shifts in AM responsiveness could shift competitive interactions between exotic and resident plants, although this remains poorly studied. 2.

Long-term precommercial thinning effects on Larix occidentalis (western larch) tree and stand characteristics

Publications Posted on: June 23, 2017
Precommercial thinning (PCT) is used to increase tree size and shorten harvest rotation time. Short-term results from PCT studies often show a trade-off between individual-tree growth and net stand yield, while longer-term effects of PCT on tree growth and stand yield are less well documented.

The tortoise and the hare: Can the slow native plant win?

Science Spotlights Posted on: May 03, 2017
It has been suggested that exotic plants will be more successful than native plant species as a result of climate change. This is because exotics often exhibit stronger responses to disturbance, faster growth rates, and greater plasticity. In this study, we show that climate change can actually shift the balance in favor of natives when it creates conditions that favor the slower more "tortoise-like" strategies of some natives.

The tortoise and the hare: Reducing resource availability shifts competitive balance between plant species

Publications Posted on: April 14, 2017
Determining how changes in abiotic conditions influence community interactions is a fundamental challenge in ecology. Meeting this challenge is increasingly imperative in the Anthropocene where climate change and exotic species introductions alter abiotic context and biotic composition to reshuffle natural systems.

Postfire drill-seeding of Great Basin plants: Effects of contrasting drills on seeded and nonseeded species

Publications Posted on: September 15, 2016
Objectives of postfire seeding in the Great Basin include reestablishment of perennial cover, suppression of exotic annual weeds, and restoration of diverse plant communities. Nonconventional seeding techniques may be required when seeding mixes of grasses, forbs, and shrubs containing seeds of different sizes.

The effect of snowmobile trails on coyote movements within lynx home ranges

Publications Posted on: January 19, 2016
Coyotes (Canis latrans) and Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) are sympatric throughout much of the lynx’s southern range. Researchers and managers have suggested that the presence of compacted snowmobile trails may allow coyotes to access lynx habitat from which they were previously excluded by deep, unconsolidated snow.

Data product for "Nitrogen level and legume presence affect competitive interactions between a native and invasive grass"

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
We conducted a greenhouse experiment to investigate effects of the native N2-fixing legume, L. argenteus, on competitive interactions between seedlings of the non-native annual grass, B.tectorum, and a native perennial grass, E. multisetus, over a gradient of nitrogen (N) availability.

Mycelial growth rate and toxin production in the seed pathogen Pyrenophora semeniperda: Resource trade-offs and temporally varying selection

Publications Posted on: August 25, 2015
Pyrenophora semeniperda, an important pathogen in Bromus tectorum seed banks in semi-arid western North America, exhibits >4-fold variation in mycelial growth rate. Host seeds exhibit seasonal changes in dormancy that affect the risk of pathogen-caused mortality.

Impact of wind-induced microsites and disturbance severity on tree regeneration patterns: Results from the first post-storm decade

Publications Posted on: August 17, 2015
In two hemiboreal mixed spruce-hardwood forests in north-east Estonia, we studied (1) which factors affect tree regeneration survival and development during the first post-storm decade and (2) how these effects change in time. Regeneration height and mortality of the tree species black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) J.

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