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Keyword: climate matching

Arctic sea routes: Potential new pathways for nonindigenous species spread

Publications Posted on: September 18, 2018
This paper evaluates the potential effects of future commercial shipping through the Northern Sea Route and Northwest Passage on the spread of nonindigenous species (NIS) between Europe, the United States, and the Asia-Pacific region. We modeled NIS spread risk as a function of two factors: NIS introduction and NIS establishment.