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Keyword: campsites

Wilderness science in a time of change conference-Volume 5: Wilderness ecosystems, threats, and management; 1999 May 23-27; Missoula, MT

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
Forty-six papers are presented on the nature and management of threats to wilderness ecosystems. Five overview papers synthesize knowledge and research on wilderness fire, recreation impacts, livestock in wilderness, nonnative invasive plants, and wilderness air quality.

Wilderness campsite impacts: Effect of amount of use

Publications Posted on: April 25, 2012
Subalpine lakeshore campsites were studied in the Eagle Cap Wilderness, Oreg. Light-use campsites had experienced almost as much alteration as moderate- and heavy-use sites. Sites set back from lakeshores had changed as much as lakeshore sites. Selected indicators of ecological change were evaluated. Implications of this research to management of wilderness campsites are discussed.

Campsite conditions in the Bob Marshall Wilderness, Montana

Publications Posted on: March 14, 2012
The condition of campsites was examined in the Bob Marshall Wilderness, Montana. The amount of change that has occurred on these sites was inferred by comparing campsites with comparable control sites. Trampling disturbance - loss of vegetation, exposure of mineral soil, and compaction of the soil - was generally comparable to that found in other backcountry areas. Campsites were unusually large, however, and tree damage was severe.

Area of vegetation loss: a new index of campsite impact

Publications Posted on: July 20, 2006
Expressions of the amount of vegetation lost on campsites should reflect both the proportion of vegetation lost and the area1 extent of vegetation loss. A new index-area of vegetation loss-incorporates these two elements by multiplying campsite area by absolute vegetation loss.

Ecological changes on campsites in the Eagle Cap Wilderness, 1979 to 1984

Publications Posted on: July 20, 2006
Twenty-two campsites in the Eagle Cap Wilderness were examined in 1979 and then reexamined in 1984 to compare the extent of ecological impacts. Of the 22 campsites, six had received low use, six moderate use, and 10 high use, Of the high-use sites, six had been closed to use in the late 1970’s by a regulation prohibiting camping within 200 ft (61 m) of lakeshores.

Trends in campsite condition: Eagle Cap Wilderness, Bob Marshall Wilderness, and Grand Canyon National Park

Publications Posted on: July 20, 2006
The overall trend in condition on established campsites was one of slight deterioration, with the most deterioration occurring in campsite area, mineral soil exposure, and tree damage. Impacts to ground cover vegetation were relatively stable. Differences in amount of impact between high-use and low-use sites generally increased over time.

Campsite impacts in four wildernesses in the south-central United States

Publications Posted on: July 19, 2006
Campsite impacts were studied in four wildernesses in the South-Central United States - Caney Creek, AR, Upper Buffalo, AR, Hercules Glades, MO, and Garden of the Gods, IL. Compared with wildernesses in other regions, campsite densities in these wildernesses are low to moderate, while impact intensities on individual campsites are low. Implications for monitoring procedures, management strategies, and educational programs are suggested.

Some principles to guide wilderness campsite management

Publications Posted on: June 26, 2006
Seven principles, derived from research on wilderness campsites, are proposed: (1) campsite impacts are complex; (2) impact is inevitable with repetitive use of campsites; (3) impact occurs rapidly, recovery occurs slowly; (4) the relationship between use and impact is asymptotic; (5) certain sites are more durable than others; (6) certain users cause less impact than others; and (7) campsite monitoring data are critical to professional manage

Modeling wilderness campsites: Factors that influence amount of impact

Publications Posted on: June 26, 2006
A standard campsite model is proposed and then manipulated to examine the influence of individual variables on amount of vegetation loss. Amount of impact is influenced by amount of use, vegetation fragility, vegetation density, and the degree to which activities are concentrated spatially on the site. Degree of concentration also influences the importance of the other explanatory variables.

Disturbance of natural vegetation by camping: experimental applications of low-level stress

Publications Posted on: June 23, 2006
Previously undisturbed sites in four different vegetation types were camped on for one night and for four nights. Changes in vegetation cover and vegetation height were measured after camping and one year later. Results are presented separately for different campsite zones-parts of the site where campers slept, cooked meals, and stored their packs.

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