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Keyword: benefits

Fire Effects Planning Framework: A user's guide

Publications Posted on: August 01, 2018
Each decision to suppress fire reinforces a feedback cycle in which fuels continue to accumulate, risk escalates, and the tendency to suppress fires grows (Miller and others, 2003). Existing decision-support tools focus primarily on the negative consequences of fire.

Wildland fire use: the dilemma of managing and restoring natural fire and fuels in United States wilderness

Publications Posted on: June 21, 2006
The management of natural fire and fuels in wilderness areas of the United States presents a significant dilemma to federal land managers.Wilderness fire management requires balancing mandates to both preserve natural conditions and minimize the impacts of human activities.It also requires consideration of ecological and social values both within and outside of wilderness.

How do visitor density and anthropogenic change in frontcountry wilderness settings affect recreation benefits?

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
Effects on recreation benefits were assessed using questionnaires and image sets depicting visitor density ranges and anthropogenic setting changes at two heavily-visited wilderness sites. Visitor benefits were less affected by high visitor densities at the more accessible of the two sites. New age medicine wheels had a positive effect on visitor benefits, as did trail revegetation.

The challenge of scientific activities in wilderness

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
Science is an appropriate and necessary use of wilderness. The long-term protection of wilderness, including decisions related to the planning and management of wilderness resources, use and values, requires an understanding often available only through scientific investigation. In addition, wilderness provides opportunities for scientific understanding not available in other, less protected areas.

A framework for evaluating proposals for scientific activities in wilderness

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
This paper presents a structured framework for evaluating proposals for scientific activities in wilderness. Wilderness managers receive proposals for scientific activities ranging from unobtrusive inventorying of plants and animals to the use of chainsaws and helicopters for collecting information.

Primal hypotheses: the relationship between naturalness, solitude, and the wilderness experience benefits of development of self, development of community, and spiritual development

Publications Posted on: March 09, 2006
This paper describes what we call “the primal hypotheses,” which assert positive relationships between the legislated wilderness attributes of naturalness and solitude and three broad constructs that embrace human benefits from wilderness experience reported in the literature—“development of self” (DOS), “development of community” (DOC) and “spiritual development” (SD).

Social psychological benefits of a wilderness adventure program

Publications Posted on: March 08, 2006
Wilderness-based outdoor adventure programs are intended to produce positive change in participants. There are a significant number of these programs, with Hattie and others (1997) reporting that in 1994 alone, there were over 40,000 students participating in Outward Bound programs. Not all of these programs occur in wilderness, but significant portions of them do.

Benefits of nonfacilitated uses of wilderness

Publications Posted on: March 07, 2006
Using the taxonomy of personal benefits attributed to wilderness and developed for the 1985 national wilderness conference, this paper summarizes the research since published on the benefits of nonfacilitated uses of wilderness. It describes recent developments in theory and methods regarding leisure experiences and discusses the implications of these developments for understanding wilderness benefits.

The effects of wilderness settings on organized groups: a state-of-knowledge paper

Publications Posted on: March 07, 2006
Organized groups present a major use of wilderness resources. The focus of this paper is on the research findings that have emerged over the past 12 years concerning the benefits and effects of participation by groups in wilderness and wilderness-like areas. In general, the majority of research in this area has provided evidence of the beneficial and positive effects of wilderness participation by both individuals and groups.

Wildland economics: theory and practice

Publications Posted on: March 06, 2006
Since passage of the Wilderness Act, economists have derived the total economic valuation framework for estimating wildland benefits. Over the same time period, policies adopted by public land management agencies have been slow to internalize wilderness economics into management decisions.