Graham, Russell T.; Minore, Don; Harvey, Alan E.; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Page-Dumroese, Deborah. 1990. Soil management as an integral part of silvicultural systems. In: Harvey, Alan E.; Neuenschwander, Leon F., compilers. Proceedings - management and productivity of western-montane forest soils; 1990 April 10–12; Boise, ID. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-280. Ogden UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station.
Forest management is at a critical juncture. Concepts and strategies for managing forests to produce goods and services, yet maintain functioning visually pleasing forests, are being debated, developed, and implemented. A well designed and implemented silvicultural system is basic to good forest management. Means of protecting soil and all factors affecting soil properties must be integrated into silvicultural systems. Inappropriate silvicultural techniques can degrade forest productivity especially by compacting, displacing, or destroying soil surface layers rich in organic matter. Because both short- and long-term productivity can be influenced by changes in these layers, we make several recommendations on how to protect soil when developing prescriptions for any silvicultural system.