Kruse, William H. 1972. Effects of wildfire on elk and deer use of a Ponderosa Pine forest. 1972. Res. note INT-RN-226. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Rocky Mountain research station.
After a wildfire, elk use shifted from an old seeded clearcut to a newly seeded burn for the first 2 years. The third year showed an equalizing trend of elk use between the two habitat conditions. The trend of decreasing deer use on thinned areas continued, but use increased substantially on the wildfire area.