RMRS-RN-11WWW: Hosts and Geographic Distribution of Arceuthobium oxycedr

Results: Balkans
Note: actual spelling available for linked words.

Countries in the Balkan Peninsula for which confirmed reports of Arceuthobium oxycedri exist include: the former Yugoslav Republics of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Yugoslavia (Serbia, Kosovo and Montenegro), as well as Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, and Greece. Mapping collection sites in this region is particularly challenging because of the region's turbulent history. Political boundaries and place names have changed repeatedly. In the past century, portions of the Balkan Peninsula have been under Austro-Hungarian, Italian, and Turkish influences; areas have been incorporated into Yugoslavia and then gained independence (Stanley 1989). References to "Macedonia" (e.g., Hayck 1924) may refer to either the country or the Greek province.

Former Yugoslav Republics

Arceuthobium oxycedri is reported from the present day Balkan states of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Yugoslavia on Juniperus communis, J. drupacea Labillard, and J. oxycedrus (Bondev and Lybenova 1984; Boissier 1879; Hawksworth and Wiens 1996) (Table 1). Spaulding (1956) reports Chamaecyparis thyoides, an exotic planted in Croatia, is also infected (Table 2).

Turrill (1920, 1926) and Hawksworth and Wiens (1996) report Arceuthobium oxycedri from sites in present day Slovenia and Croatia (including Istria and Dalmatia, Table 7 and Map 6). The locations Lika-Krbava and Valle Senjska reported by Hawksworth and Wiens (1996) in Hungary are probably the same as Lika Krbava above Zengg reported earlier by Turrill (1926) and now known as Senj. Several references are made to a site between Buccariza and Porto Ree, (or Porto Ré) (Turrill 1920, 1926; HAL; HBG) and near Fiume and Porto Ree (HAL). Buccariza is presently known as Bakarac and Fiume is the present day city of Rijeka. Porto Ree is presently known as Kraljevica (Steinhof 2001). Reported Slovenian or Croatian collection sites we were unable to locate include: Carcauzze (Turrill 1920, 1926; Hawksworth and Wiens 1996); Vanderinga Valley and Borutto (Turrill 1920, 1926); Lensia and "near Trebocconi and Klujuc" (Turrill 1926); and Abazia and Padena-Kastel (M).

Occurrence of juniper dwarf mistletoe in Bosnia-Herzegovina (Table 7; Map 6) is reported by Turrill (1920, 1926) and by Hawksworth and Wiens (1996). Turrill (1920) cites a report for Stol, Serbia which we believe to be the community of Stolac in the southern part of present day Bosnia-Herzegovina. Turrill (1926) lists Magliç as a site in Serbia; this is probably Magliç in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Locations not found include: Tasovcic, Zitomislic, Dubrava Forest, Citluk, Krucevic on the Narenta River (present day Neretva River), and Neum (Turrill 1926); and Urncenci in Valle Narontis (Hawksworth and Wiens 1996).

Collections and reports from Yugoslavia (Serbia, Kosovo, and Montenegro) are presented in Table 7 and Map 6 (Hawksworth and Wiens 1996; Josifovic 1973; Mijuskovic 1973; Turrill 1920, 1926). Sites reported by Turrill (1926) not located are: Serbia -- Demeronji, Zimovinku, and Borju; Montenegro -- Gomsice. Hawksworth and Wiens (1996) identify a site for Yugoslavia in German as "Tajashihe oberhalt Autostrasse bei Tadronova."


Hayck (1924), Turrill (1920, 1926), and Hawksworth and Wiens (1996) identify the mistletoe as occurring in Macedonia (Table 7; Map 6); but which Macedonia is unclear. Although Turrill (1920, 1926) distinguishes between a north Macedonia and south Macedonia, we located several sites from his "north Macedonia" in Greece. Hawksworth and Wiens (1996) describe a site three miles north of Ochoida which refers to either the city, Ohrid, or the lake, Ohridsko Jezero. We were unable to locate a site described as Wodno from HBG.


Arceuthobium oxycedri collection sites in Albania that could be located on maps are summarized in Table 8 and Map 6 (Hawksworth and Wiens 1996; Turrill 1920, 1926). One site is variously cited as in District Janina, between Paleochori and Syrareon by Turrill (1920) and as Jamina District, between Paleschori and Sryanoni by Hawksworth and Wiens (1996). Other locations not found include: District Hoti and Bukovik (Turrill 1920); and Loussou (Hawksworth and Wiens 1996).


The occurrence of Arceuthobium oxycedri in Bulgaria is reported from several sources (Bondev and Lyubenova 1984; Hawksworth and Wiens 1996; Turrill 1920, 1926; HAL; HBG; M) (Table 9). These reports are almost exclusively from southern and western Bulgaria including a number of records from the Rhodope Mountains, a range that spans the frontiers of Bulgaria, Macedonia (Map 6), and Greece (Map 7). Collection sites that could not be located on country maps include: above Stanimaka (Turrill 1920), a site that he later places in the Rhodope Mountains (as Rodope massif) (Turrill 1926). He also reports a site south of Daridere that could not be located. Other Bulgarian collection sites not located are: Simorovo and Delbocko (Bondev and Lyubenova 1984); Karlik Dagh in the Rhodope Mts. (Hawksworth and Wiens 1996); Canopo (HBG); and Chovjna in the Rhodope Mountains (HAL).


Arceuthobium oxycedri is reported from many locations in Greece including the Provinces of Attica, Epirus (Ipiros), Macedonia (Makedonia), Peleponnese (Peloponissos), Thrace (Thraki), and Thessaly (Thessalia) by Boissier (1879), Hawksworth and Wiens (1996), and Turrill (1920, 1926). The located sites are identified in Table 10 and Map 7. Reported sites we were unable to locate on country maps are: Klinovo, Sermeniko in Pindus, and Mt. Xerolivadon (Turrill 1920, 1926); and Tonsenitza (Hawksworth and Wiens 1996). Turrill (1926) lists Phthiotidis, Nidze Planinai, slope of Bermic Ridge, south of Vodena, Belasitsa Planina in South Macedonia and Tekir Dagh, Canakca, Kalfa-Keoi, near Domouzdere, Bodoma, and Dervant in Thrace. Most of these last names appear to be Turkish and may refer to sites actually in Turkey. Miller (1982) identifies Domouzdere as a collection site in the Istanbul region.

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Title: RMRS-RN-11WWW: Results: Balkans
Electronic Publish Date: September 2001
Last Update:
August 20, 2008