In addition, the records of a small herbarium maintained by
the Forest Department, Turkish Cyprus at the Alevkaya Forest
Station were examined.
We adapted a species definition for Juniperus based
on published taxonomy (Rushforth 1987; Welch and Haddow 1993;
Farjon 1998) and the present work of one of us (Adams) using
leaf essential oils and RAPDs (Adams 1999, 2000; Adams and Demeke
1993; Adams and Turuspeckov 1998). We attempted to identify each
distribution report or collection record on current or historical
maps (e.g., Guldescu 1970) to establish precise geographic location,
modern spelling, and type (i.e., political unit, human settlement,
or physiographic feature). Identified locations are presented
in tables and maps; dubious reports and unidentified locations
(in italics) are presented in the text.
Many references (e.g., Turrill 1920) review or repeat information
from other references, collections or original reports. Although
we examined as many references as we could obtain, we did not
intend to generate an all-inclusive list of citations or collections.
Rather, we strived to construct a comprehensive distribution-one
in which all countries and regions where juniper dwarf mistletoe
could be found are represented and significant populations are
mapped. We present the numerous, unidentified sites we report
as a challenge for others to locate. The extensive and discontinuous
juniper forest from Morocco to China is a vast region where others
might discover additional populations of this parasite.