USDA Forest Service Boise Aquatic Sciences Lab - Rocky Mountain Research Station



Boise Aquatic Sciences Lab
322 East Front Street
Suite 401
Boise, ID  83702

(208) 373-4340
(208) 373-4391 (FAX)

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

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Fire and Aquatic Ecosystems


Author Profiles

Cathy Whitlock

Professor and Department Head

Department of Geography 
University of Oregon
Eugene, OR  97403
(541) 346-4566


  • B.A., 1975, Colorado College
  • M.S., 1979
  • Ph.D., 1983, Washington (Seattle)

Research Interests


Dr. Whitlock’s research focuses on the sensitivity of forests to past environmental changes as well as the potential response of vegetation and fire regimes to future climate change.  She has conducted research in Europe, China, and the Pacific islands, but her primary interests have been in the western U.S.  Currently, she and her students are examining the prehistoric record of climate change, vegetation, and fire in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, northern Rockies, and Pacific Northwest by studying long pollen and charcoal records preserved in lakes.  She is also collaborating with scientists from Argentina and Chile to study fire history in temperate forests of northern Patagonia.  Her research has been published in over 70 scientific papers and books, and she is co-editor of a volume on the Quaternary environments of the former Soviet Union.


Relevant Publications


Whitlock, C. and Larsen, C.P.S.  2002. Charcoal as a Fire Proxy.  In Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments: Volume 3 Terrestrial, Algal, and Siliceous indicators (J.P. Smol, H.J.B. Birks, and W. M. Last, eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht


Whitlock, C., and Knox, M.A.  2002. Prehistoric Burning in the Pacific Northwest.  In: Fire, Native Peoples, and the Natural Landscape (T.R. Vale, ed.).  Island Press, Washington, D.C.


Whitlock, C.  2002. The paleoecologic record; Chapter 2: What managers ought to know about the ecology and dynamics of the Coast Range.  In Forest and Stream Management in the Oregon Coast Range (S. Hobbs, J. Hayes, R. Johnson, G. Reeves, T. Spies, and J. Tappeiner, eds).  Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.


Grigg, L.D. and Whitlock, C. 2002. Patterns and causes of millennial-scale climate change in the Pacific Northwest during the last glacial period.  Quaternary Science Reviews, in press.


Millspaugh, S.H. and Whitlock C. 2002.  Postglacial fire, vegetation, and climate history of the Yellowstone-Lamar and Central Plateau provinces, Yellowstone National Park.  In After the Fires: The Ecology of Change in Yellowstone National Park (L. Wallace, ed.).  Yale University Press.


Whitlock, C., Reasoner, M.A., and Key, C.H.  2002. Paleoenviromental History of the Rocky Mountain region during the last 20,000 years.  In Rocky Mountain Futures: An Ecological Perspective  (J.A. Barron, D. Fagre, R. Hauer, eds.)  Island Pres, in press.


Whitlock, C., and Anderson, R.S.  2002. Fire history reconstructions based on sediment records from lakes and wetlands.  In Fire and Climatic Change in the Americas (T.T. Veblen, W.L. Baker, G. Montenegro, and T.W. Swetnam,eds.) Springer, in press.


Blinnikov, M., Busacca, A., and Whitlock, C. 2002. Reconstruction of the late-Pleistocene grassland of the Columbia Basin, Washington, USA, based on phytolith records in loess.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 177: 77-101.


Whitlock, C. and Millspaugh, S.H. A paleoecologic perspective on past plant migrations in Yellowstone and its relevance for the invasion of exotic species.  Western North American Naturalist 61: 316-327.


Whitlock, C., Bartlein, P.J., Markgraf, V., and Ashworth, A.C.  2001. The mid-latitudes of North and South America during the Last Glacial Maximum and early Holocene: Similar paleoclimatic sequences despite differing large-scale controls.  In Interhemispheric Climate Linkages; Present and Past Interhemispheric Climate Linkages in the Americas and their Societal Effects (V. Markgraf, ed.), p 391-416.  Academic Press.


Gardner, J. J., and Whitlock, C. 2001. Charcoal accumulation following a recent fire in the Cascade Range, northwestern USA, and its relevance for fire-history studies.  The Holocene 11: 541-549.


Grigg, L.D., Whitlock, C., and Dean, W.E. 2001. Evidence for millennial-scale climate change during marine isotope stages 2 and 3 at Little Lake, western Oregon, USA.  Quaternary Research 56: 10-22.


Blinnikov, M., Busacca, A., and Whitlock, C.  2001. A new 100,000-year phytolith record from the Columbia Basin, Washington, USA.  In Phytoliths: Applications in Earth Science. and Human History (J. Dominique Meunier, ed.).  A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.


Variations in fire frequency and climate over the past 17000 yr in central Yellowstone National Park.   S.H. Millspaugh, C. Whitlock and P.J. Bartlein (2000). Geology 28:211-214.


Future Climate in the Yellowstone National Park Region and its Potential Impact on Vegetation.  Patrick J. Bartlein, Cathy Whitlock, and Sarah L. Shafer (1997),  Conservation Biology 11(3): 782-792.


Charcoal accumulation following a recent fire in the Cascade Range, northwestern USA, and its relevance for fire-history studies.  Gardner, J.J. and Whitlock, C. (2001).  Holocene 11(5):541-549.

Postglacial Vegetation and Fire History, Eastern Klamath Mountains, California, USA.  Jerry A. Mohr, Cathy Whitlock, and Carl N. Skinner (2000).  The Holocene 10(4): 587-601.

Environmental History and Tephrostratigraphy at Carp Lake, Southwestern Columbia Basin, Washington, USA.  Cathy Whitlock, Andrei M. Sarna-Wojcicki, Patrick J. Bartlein, and Rudy J. Nickmann (2000).  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 155: 7-29.


Paleoecological Evidence of Milankovitch and Sub-Milankovitch Climate Variations in the Western U.S. During the Late Quaternary. Cathy Whitlock and Laurie D. Grigg (1999).  In: Mechanisms of Global Climate Change at Millennial Time Scales.  R.S. Webb, P.U. Clark, and L.D. Kaigwin (Editors),  American Geophysical Union Monograph. p 227-241.


Late-Glacial Vegetation and Climate Change in Western Oregon.  L.D. Grigg and C. Whitlock (1998), Quaternary Research 49: 287-298.


Vegetation and Climate Change in Northwest America During the Past 125 kyr. Cathy Whitlock and Patrick J. Bartlein (1997), Nature 388: 59-61.


A 9000-Year Fire History from the Oregon Coast Range, Based on a High-Resolution Charcoal Study.  C. J. Long, C. Whitlock, P. J. Bartlein, and S. H. Millspaugh (1998), Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 774-787.

USDA Forest Service - RMRS - Boise Aquatic Sciences Lab
Last Modified:  Thursday, 08 April 2021 at 18:34:18 CDT

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