Forest Service research provides managers and decision-makers with the tools and knowledge
necessary to help protect, enhance, and restore fish and wildlife habitats and minimize the effects of disturbances such as fire, urbanization, disease, and climate change. AWAE research involving Species Endangerment research focuses on knowledge discovery and development, modeling, and synthesis as it relates to the understanding of vulnerability, habitat relations, population ecology, and recovery.
Assess population status and viability of species of management concern. Work with stakeholders and managers to understand the impacts of various habitat alteration alternatives on population viability. Identify factors correlated with species endangerment, and focus on research that understands limiting factors that causes current vulnerability status. Examples of related AWAE research includes: Bull Trout Monitoring, Bull Trout & Climate Change
Understanding habitat correlates at multiple spatial and temporal scales is essential for an agency largely responsible for land management. This requires the development and application of new tools, approaches, and methods to correlate species distributions and detections with both habitat and environment. Related to the research of identifying habitat correlates is understanding the habitat requirements for species connectivity among essential habitats, as habitat used for either seasonal or generational movement is often diﬀerent than daily/yearly use habitat. Habitat relations also include research on the eﬀects of changing human land-use patterns and natural disturbances on habitat and connectivity needs of wildlife at multiple spatial and temporal scales.Examples of related AWAE research includes: Spatial Dynamics of Chinook Redds, Climate Change & Native Trout, NorWeST Stream Temperature Database
Quantify demographic parameters to evaluate which are most vulnerable. Estimates of many population parameters such as age-speciﬁc survival and reproduction, population size and density, dispersal, ﬁnite population change and others require combinations of ﬁeld and laboratory methods. Develop and apply new analytical approaches for robust estimates of population parameters. Use conservation genetic and genomic tools where appropriate to evaluate demographic parameters and estimate abundance. Evaluate patterns of connectivity, gene ﬂow, meta-population structure and movement using molecular genetic and genomic tools as well as conventional wildlife techniques. Assess levels and patterns of genetic variation and eﬀective population size to compare with historical conditions. Evaluate the historical patterns of substructure and genetic variation prior to natural and anthropogenic disturbance to evaluate how far current population conditions are from historical conditions. Develop and apply new ﬁeld methods, analytical approaches and genetic tools to quantify population status and trend in a cost-eﬀective manner at an appropriate spatial and temporal scale(s).
Identify where and how to facilitate species recovery. This includes identifying correlates of population recovery to provide baseline expectations of population trajectories for species that have gone through population bottlenecks. Collaborate with managers, stakeholders, and collaborators to develop conservation assessments that provide managers with options for implementing appropriate actions leading to recovery. Identify natural and anthropogenic threats that are impeding species recovery and work with stakeholders and mangers to mitigate these threats.
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