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Forest Sustainability Reporting in the United States
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Sustainability Efforts

Montréal Process

The Montréal Process Working Group was formed in 1994 as a bold, intergovernmental response to the pressing need for sustainable forest management. One of its first tasks was to develop and implement internationally agreed-upon criteria and indicators for the conservation and sustainable management of temperate and boreal forests.

map of the Montréal Process countries
Montréal Process countries

The Montréal Process Working Group brings together countries with highly diverse ecological, economic and social conditions to share experiences related to forest monitoring, assessment and reporting. The Montréal Process countries are Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Russian Federation, United States of America, and Uruguay. These member countries contain 83% of the world’s temperate and boreal forests, 49% of the world’s forests, 33% of the world’s population, and are the source of 40% of the world’s wood production.

The Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators (Montréal C&I) are a tool for data collection and reporting for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests. They are designed and used to characterize the essential components of sustainable forest management, and provide a framework for describing the value and condition of forests. The Montréal C&I characterize forests as ecosystems that provide a wide, complex and dynamic array of environmental and socio-economic benefits and services. They are used to monitor and assess national trends in forest conditions and forest management, and provide information essential to the formulation of policies that promote sustainable forest management.

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The fourth edition (October 2009) of the Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests contains the background, international context and conceptual basis of the Montréal Process on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests. The booklet also presents the current set of indicators for the seven Montréal Process criteria that countries will use for the third cycle of national reporting beginning after 2010.


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