US Forest Service Research & Development
Contact Information
  • US Forest Service Research & Development
  • 1400 Independence Ave., SW
  • Washington, D.C. 20250-0003
  • 800-832-1355
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Post-fire bird surveys

William M. Block

Emeritus Scientist
2500 South Pine Knoll Dr.
United States

Phone: 928-556-2001
Fax: 928-556-2130
Contact William M. Block

Current Research

Habitat ecology of neotropical migratory birds (NTMBs) in the Madrean Archipelago. Effects of prescribed fire on breeding and wintering birds in the American Southwest. Wildfire effects on bird and small mammal communities. Effects of fire risk abatement and restoration treatments on bird and small mammal populations.

Research Interests

Habitat ecology; population ecology; conservation biology; fire effects on birds and small mammals; effects of restoration on wildlife; effects of fuels reduction on wildlife; conservation planning

Past Research

Managing for wildlife requires a basic understanding of their ecology, hence much of my works focuses on habitat and resource use at hierarchies of space and time. Further, managers have various options for treatments they place on the ground. Understanding responses of key species and wildlife communities to these treatments will provide managers with critical information for making informed decisions.

Why This Research is Important

I've worked on various taxa including amphibians, reptiles, birds and small mammals. Much of this work has focused on habitat associations, resource use, and population response to natural or human perturbation. Understanding factors that influence population status provides the basis for developing options that managers can use to ensure population persistance at appropriate spatial scales.


  • University of California, Berkeley, Ph.D. Wildland Resource Science 1989
  • Humboldt State University, M.S. Wildlife Biology and Management 1985
  • Michigan State University, B.S. Fish and Wildlife Biology 1981
  • San Diego State University, B.A. Economics 1974

Awards & Recognition

  • Caesar Kleberg Award, The Wildlife Society, 2014
    Award recognizes career achievements in applied wildlife research
  • Publication Award, 2011, RMRS, Technology Transfer , 2011
    For the book Wildlife Study Design
  • Wings Across the Americas, 2007
    Research and Management Partnership Award for the Birds and Burns Network: Fire Effects on Populations and Habitats of Sensitive Species of Wildlife in Ponderosa Pine Forests of the Interior West.
  • Certificate of Merit, WO, 2002
    "For exceptional effort helping to prepare a new concept to meet NFMA diversity requirements for the Planning Rule."” Award from Deputy Chief, NFS, Tom Thompson.
  • Certificate of Merit, USDA Forest Service, Southwestern Region, 2000
    “Participation in the analysis of the Southwestern Region'’s Forest Plan direction in regards to implementation of the Mexican Spotted Owl Recovery Plan and Northern Goshawk Management Recommendations.” Award from Regional Forester Eleanor Towns
  • Conservation Service Award, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1999
    “In recognition of services performed to meet the Department'’s conservation goals.” Award from Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt to the Mexican Spotted Owl Recovery Team.
  • Albright Fellowship, University of California, Berkeley, 1985
    In recognition of academic achievement

Featured Publications & Products


Research Highlights


A new approach to large-scale fish monitoring

The old paradigm of 'how much is out there' is being replaced by a new method prototyped by the Rocky Mountain Research Station, which is easier ...


Catalyzing Human Behavior in Support of Monitoring Recreation Impacts on Wildlife

Surprising successes have been achieved in the first year of a pilot project examining how humans, lynx and wolverine use winter recreation area ...


Contemporary Fire Effects on Birds Dependant on Historical Fire Regime

Wildfire strongly shapes landscape structure and animal communities in dry forests of western North America. Forest Service research documents r ...


Effects of prescribed fire on wildlife and wildlife habitat in selected ecosystems of North America

Prescribed fire provides an important resource management tool that is effective at maintaining or enhancing habitats for many species of wildli ...


Monitoring Bird Communities with Citizen Science in the Sky Islands

The Sky Islands of southeastern Arizona have bird species found nowhere else in the U.S., which leads to a vibrant state and local ecotourism in ...


Pioneering genetics research aids in fisher survival

Rocky Mountain Research Station scientists and collaborators have pioneered a mitochondrial genome sequencing technique that can be used to answ ...


Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Fire Findings Published

In 2010, the Rocky Mountain Research Station published ground-breaking findings on fire behavior in southwestern ponderosa pine forests. Using t ...


Using habitat requirements of woodpeckers to design post-fire salvage logging

Can we conduct economically-beneficial forest management while maintaining wildlife populations in recently burned forests? Study shows trade-of ...


Wolverine Futures in a Changing Climate

Rocky Mountain Research Station researchers have demonstrated that wolverines are dependent on persistent spring snow for denning and this facto ...


Last updated on : 06/10/2021