Patricia L. Winter
Research Social Scientist
4955 Canyon Crest Drive
Contact Patricia L. Winter
Current ResearchCurrent Studies
Effects of Climate Change on Outdoor Recreation in the Sierra Nevada Bioregion (with Dr. José J. Sánchez & David D. Olson of PSW, part of the recreation and infrastructure vulnerability assessment with Pacific Southwest Region, WO office of Climate Change and Sustainability, PNW, and University of Washington)
- Urban Tree Planting Preferences (with Dr. Nora Davis, supported by Pacific Southwest Region, State and Private Forestry and City Plants)
- Connecting City of Riverside Residents with Nature: Implementation and Evaluation of Place-Based and Virtual Approaches (with Riverside Metropolitan Museum and Dr. Pamela Padgett of PSW)
- Recreation and Incidental Exposure to Risk (with Dr. Pamela Padgett of PSW)
- Recreation, Education and Liveability (REal) Imapcts for Affluent and Disadvantaged Los Angeles (with Dr. Lee-Anne Milburn of California Polytechnic University, Pomona)
- Re-Energizing the Federal Women's Special Emphasis Program
My research interests include underlying factors in environmentally sustainable behaviors paired with approaches and tools to foster them; dynamics of social trust in natural resource management; considerations of cultural diversity in recreation service delivery and communications; perceptions of risk and influences on related attitudes and actions; and sustainable recreation and tourism.
Evaluation of the Get to Know Program connecting youth with nature.
The role of natural history museums in connecting youth with nature.
Components of trust and salient values similarity between the Forest Service and publics.
Risks and decision making among federal fire managers.
The Proenvironmental Behavior Change Model and Environmental Intervention Handbook with Dr. Shawn Burn of Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo.
Normative messaging and social influence in environmental responsibility.
Serving diverse publics through communications and recreation opportunities.
Why This Research is Important
These research areas help inform our understanding of how the Forest Service and other agencies can apply the best available science to protect natural resources, provide recreation and other natural resource based opportunities to a diverse public, and reach out to individuals disengaged from either the agency or the natural environment.
- The Claremont Graduate School, Ph.D. Psychology 1990
- The Claremont Graduate School, M.A. Psychology 1984
- University of California, Irvine, B.A. Psychology 1980
- Research Social Scientist, Pacific Southwest Research Station
1992 - Current
- Lecturer in Psychology, California Polytechnic University, Pomona
1990 - 1992
- Lecturer in Psychology, Claremont McKenna College
1991 - 1991
- Lecturer in Psychology, California State University, Fullerton
1988 - 1991
- Lecturer in Psychology; Adjunct Faculty in Psychology, Chaffey College
1985 - 1990
- Research Coordinator, Casa Colina Hospital for Rehabilitative Medicine, Pomona
1984 - 1988
- Intern and External Consultant, Kaiser Permanente, Organizational Effectiveness
1983 - 1984
- Research Assistant, Casa Colina Hospital for Rehabilitative Medicine, Pomona
1981 - 1983
- Society of American Foresters (SAF), Member (2017 - )
- Western Psychological Association, Member
- Society for Risk Analysis, Member
- American Psychological Association, Member
Featured Publications & Products
- Winter, Patricia L.; Padgett, Pamela E.; Milburn, Lee-Anne S.; Li, Weimin . 2019. Neighborhood Parks and Recreationists' Exposure to Ozone: A Comparison of Disadvantaged and Affluent Communities in Los Angeles, California.
- Bruni, Coral M.; Winter, Patricia L.; Schultz, P. Wesley; Omoto, Allen M.; Tabanico, Jennifer J. 2017. Getting to know nature: evaluating the effects of the Get to Know Program on children's connectedness with nature.
- Ballew, Matthew T.; Omoto, Allen M.; Winter, Patricia L. 2015. Using Web 2.0 and social media technologies to foster proenvironmental action.
- Wilson, Robyn S.; Winter, Patricia L.; Maguire, Lynn A.; Ascher, Timothy. 2011. Managing wildfire events: risk-based decision making among a group of federal fire managers.
- Burn, Shawn M.; Winter, Patricia L.; Hori, Brittany; Silver, N Clayton. 2012. Gender, ethnic identity, and environmental concern in Asian Americans and European Americans.
- Marcus, Benjamin J.; Omoto, Allen M.; Winter, Patricia L. 2011. Environmentalism and community: connections and implications for social action.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Burn, Shawn M. 2010. Fostering sustainable operations in a natural resource management agency: insights from the field.
- Crano, William; Quist, Ryan; Winter, Patricia L. 2008. Forest visitation, media consumption, and diverse publics: lessons for outreach.
- Cvetkovich, George; Winter, Patricia L. 2007. The what, how, and when of social reliance and cooperative risk management.
- Cialdini, R.B.; Demaine, L.J.; Sagarin, B.J.; Barrett, D.W.; Rhoads, K.; Winter, P.L. 2006. Managing social norms for persuasive impact.
- Li, Weimin ; Winter, Patricia L.; Milburn, Lee-Anne ; Padgett, Pamela E. 2021. A dual-method approach toward measuring the built environment - sampling optimization, validity, and efficiency of using GIS and virtual auditing.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Crano, William D.; Basáñez, Tatiana ; Lamb, Christopher S. 2019. Equity in access to outdoor recreation informing a sustainable future.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Selin, Steven ; Cerveny, Lee ; Bricker, Kelly . 2019. Outdoor recreation, nature-based tourism, and sustainability.
- Bruni, Coral M.; Ballew, Matthew T.; Winter, Patricia L.; Omoto, Allen M. 2018. Natural history museums may enhance youth's implicit connectedness with nature.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Long, Jonathan W.; Lake, Frank K.; Charnley, Susan. 2014. Broader context for social, economic, and cultural components.
- Long, Jonathan W.; Skinner, Carl; Safford, Hugh; Charnley, Susan; Winter, Patricia. 2014. Introduction.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Long, Jonathan W.; Charnley, Susan. 2014. Social/economic/cultural components.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Long, Jonathan W.; Lake, Frank K. 2014. Sociocultural perspectives on threats, risks, and health.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Bricker, Kelly; Schultz, Jeremy. 2013. Sustainability in outdoor recreation and tourism.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Cvetkovich, George T. 2013. The intersection of trust and recreation management.
- Winter, Paticia L. 2013. Values of the urban wilderness.
- Bricker, Kelly S.; Winter, Patricia L.; Schultz, Jeremy R. 2010. Health, economy, and community: USDA Forest Service managers' perspectives on sustainable outdoor recreation.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Bigler-Cole, Heidi. 2010. Information needs, acceptability of risk, trust, and reliance: The case of National Predictive Services customers.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Bigler-Cole, Heidi. 2010. Information needs, acceptability of risk, trust, and reliance: the case of national predictive services customers.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Cvetkovich, George T. 2010. Shared values and trust: the experience of community residents in a fire-prone ecosystem.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Cvetkovich, George, T. 2010. Trust mediates conservation-related behaviors.
- Burn, S.M.; Winter, P.L. 2008. A behavioral intervention tool for recreation managers.
- Chavez, Deborah J.; Absher, James D.; Winter, Patricia L. 2008. Fire social science research from the Pacific Southwest research station: studies supported by national fire plan funds.
- Chavez, Deborah J.; Winter, Patricia C.; Absher, James D. 2008. Introduction.
- Winter, P.L. 2008. Park signs and visitor behavior: A research summary.
- Chavez, Deborah J.; Winter, Patricia L.; Absher, James D. 2008. Recreation visitor research: studies of diversity.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Skenderian, Jessica; Crano, William. 2008. Routes to communication about outdoor recreation with diverse publics: what we know about media.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Cvetkovich, George T. 2008. Southwesterners views of threatened and endangered species management: does ethnic/racial diversity make a difference.
- Cvetkovich, George T.; Winter, Patricia L. 2008. The experience of community residents in a fire-prone ecosystem: A case study on the San Bernardino National Forest.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Chavez, Deborah J. 2008. Wildland recreationists natural resource management purposes and preferences: a connection to environmental identity.
- Winter, Patricia; Absher, James; Watson, Alan. 2007. Assess and enhance public trust.
- Winter, P.L.; Cvetkovich, G.T. 2007. Diversity in Southwesterners' views of Forest Service fire management.
- Winter, P.L. 2006. The impact of normative message types on off-trail hiking.
- Winter, P.L.; Jeong, W.C.; Godbey, G.C. 2004. Outdoor recreation among Asian Americans: A case study of San Francisco Bay Area residents.
- Cvetkovich, George T.; Winter, Patricia L. 2004. Seeing Eye-to-Eye on Natural Resource Management: Trust, Value Similarity, and Action Consistency / Justification.
- Struglia, Rachel; Winter, Patricia l.; Meyer, Andrea. 2003. Southern California Socioeconomic Assessment: Sociodemographic Conditions, Projections, and Quality of Life Indices.
- Cvetkovich, George; Winter, Patricia L. 2003. Trust and social representations of the management of threatened and endangered species.
- Cvetkovich, George T.; Winter, Patricia L. 2002. Social trust and the management of threatened and endangered species: A study of communities of interest and communities of place..
- Winter, P.L.; Sagarin, B.J.; Rhoads, K.; Barrett, D.W.; Cialdini, R.B. 2000. Choosing to encourage or discourage: Perceived effectiveness of prescriptive and proscriptive messages.
- McAvoy, Leo; Winter, Patricia L.; Outley , Corliss W.; McDonald, Dan; Chavez, Deborah J. 2000. Conducting research with communities of color.
- Winter, Patricia L. 2000. Recreation at the Redding Resource Area in California.
- Winter, Patricia L.; Palucki, Laura J.; Burkhardt, Rachel L. 1999. Anticipated responses to a fee program: The key is trust.
- Winter, P.L. 1999. Human aspects of air quality in the San Bernardino Mountains.
- Winter, P.L.; Chavez, D.J. 1999. Recreation in urban-proximate natural areas.
- Parker, Julia Dawn; Winter, Patricia L. 1998. A case study of communication with Anglo and Hispanic wilderness visitors.
- Winter, P.L.; Cialdini, R.B.; Bator, R.J.; Rhoads, K.; Sagarin, B.J. 1998. An analysis of normative messages in signs at recreation settings.
- Schneider, Ingrid E.; Winter, Patricia B. 1998. Multiple use management preferences by visitors with differing leisure identity salience.
- Taylor, Dorceta E.; Winter, Patricia L. 1995. Environmental values, ethics, and depreciative behavior in wildland settings.
- Chavez, Deborah J.; Larson, Janna; Winter, Patricia L. 1995. To be or not to be a park: that is the question.
- Chavez, D.J. ; Winter, P.L. ; Baas, J. . 1993. Imperial sand dunes: visitor research case study.
- Chavez, Deborah; Baas, John; Winter, Patricia. 1993. Mecca Hills: Visitor research case study.
- Chavez, D.J.; Winter, P.L.; Baas, J.M. 1993. Recreational mountain biking: a management perspective.
Findings suggest that ethnically diverse publics may find motivation for environmentalism through a commitment to social action that serves thei ...
|Multiple Studies Improve Understanding, Measurement, and Transfer of Knowledge of Recreation, Quality Of Life, and Health|
PSW scientists contributed to an increased understanding of the link between recreation, quality of life, and health. Visitor constraints to phy ...
|Public Trust and Conservation|
Findings help improve Forest Service efforts to communicate ecosystem risks and to encourage actions that protect natural resources.Trust in the ...
|Wildfire Decision Making|
Fire management training and tools can be improved through understanding potential biases impacting wildfire management decisions.Managing wildf ...