Michelle Kondo, Ph.D.
Research Social Scientist
100 N. 20th Street, Suite 205
Contact Michelle Kondo, Ph.D.
Michelle Kondo, Ph.D., is a scientist with the USDA-Forest Service, Philadelphia Field Station. She completed doctoral training in Urban Design and Planning at the University of Washington, and postdoctoral training in environmental health and epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Kondo’s general research interests include:
- Environmental strategies for violence, injury and disease prevention
- Environmental health and environmental justice
- Geospatial and community-based research methods
Her research addresses the following broad questions: What are the health consequences of environmental disparities? By which physiological and psychosocial mechanisms do environments affect health? And, what impact can place-based and nature-based initiatives have on preventing and reducing violence, injuries, and disease? She is also interested in evaluating the influence of community participation in place-based initiatives on health outcomes. Some of her major projects include:
Changes in public health and safety associated with greening of vacant land and other greening and blight-reduction initiatives
Post-industrial cities throughout the Eastern US are developing innovative programs to reuse vacant lots. Cities are increasingly combining goals of vacant land stabilization with sustainability and public health and safety initiatives; vacant lots present opportunities to promote economic development, improve health and safety, and provide ecosystem services such as stormwater management. Dr. Kondo’s research employs quasi-experimental and experimental methods in evaluating impacts of vacant lot reuse and other greening programs such as green stormwater infrastructure on health and safety.
Viability of Prescriptions for Nature Programs
Partnerships between doctors, hospitals, non-profit groups and land managers are developing across the US to initiate “Parks Rx” or “Nature Rx” programs which incorporate support for families in spending more time outdoors in to the medical system. This project evaluates effectiveness of Nature Rx programs in implementation and in increasing patient use of outdoor spaces.
Dr. Kondo's past research has investigated patterns of air pollution in goods-movement communities; air pollution-related stress and risk perception; and methods of community engagement in research and planning.
Why This Research is ImportantMedia Interviews and Spotlights
Science Magazine (February 26, 2018) “This city fights crime with gardening”
Philadelphia Inquirer (February 26, 2018). “Gun violence can be reduced by clearing vacant lots, study finds”
Planet Philadelphia (September 15, 2017) “Interview with Michelle Kondo of the US Forest Service about NaturePHL”
The Conversation (August 18, 2017). “Is it OK to drink cloudy tap water?”
Alliance for Community Trees (August 18, 2017). “Can Trees Help Decrease Violence?”
Philadelphia Inquirer (July 5, 2017). “Philly doctors are now prescribing park visits to city kids”
WCPN Ideastream (Cleveland; September 27, 2016) “Increasing Tree Equity -- One Cleveland Neighborhood at a Time”
WCPN Ideastream (Cleveland; August 29, 2016) “Green vs. Grey: How Can Trees Help Outdated Sewer Systems?”
ABC Radio (Australia; July 23, 2016) “Planting trees for crime reduction”
The Conversation (Australia; July 11, 2016) “Greening cities makes for safer neighbourhoods”
The Atlantic / Citilab (April 13, 2016) “Another Reason to Love Urban Green Space: It Fights Crime. A new body of evidence suggests that adding greenery in vacant or gray settings reduces criminal activity nearby”
AC Trees News (April 13, 2016). “Greening Up: Another Tool To Fight Crime?
The Marshall Project (December 9, 2015) “Could Trees Help Stop Crime? Researchers think turning more vacant lots green might work”
- Water Environment Federation: Stormwater Report (March 24, 2015) “Reduced Narcotics Possession Found Near Philadelphia Green Infrastructure”
- Philadelphia Inquirer (March 1, 2015). “GreenSpace: Phila. storm-water plan seen to have wider positives”
- WHYY News: The Pulse (September 25, 2014). “Does urban greening boost public health?”
- University of Washington, Ph.D. Urban Design and Planning 2008
- University of Washington, M.U.P. Urban Design and Planning 2001
- Carnegie Mellon University, B.S. Civil & Environmental Engineering 1999
- Visiting Scholar, Barcelona Institute of Global Health
2018 - Current
- Adjunct Lecturer, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University
2017 - Current
- Adjunct Scholar, Center for Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania
2014 - Current
- Associate Fellow, University of Pennsylvania, Center for Public Health Initiatives
2010 - Current
- Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology
2013 - 2014
- GPS/GIS Instructor, University of Pennsylvania, Guatemala Health Initiative
2012 - 2013
- Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Pennsylvania, School of Social Policy & Practice
2010 - 2013
- Visiting Assistant Professor, Seattle University, Institute of Public Service
2009 - 2010
- Fellow, University of Washington, NSF Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) in Urban Ecology
2003 - 2005
- Environmental Consultant, Environmental Science Associates, Water and Wastewater Division, San Francisco, CA.
2001 - 2003
- Knobel, Pablo ; Kondo, Michelle ; Maneja, Roser ; Zhao, Yuzhe ; Dadvand, Payam ; Schinasi, Leah H. 2021. Associations of objective and perceived greenness measures with cardiovascular risk factors in Philadelphia, PA: A spatial analysis.
- Kondo, Michelle ; Degli Esposti, Michelle ; Jay, Jonathan ; Morrison, Christopher N.; Freisthler, Bridget ; Jones, Claire ; Yang, Jingzhen ; Chisolm, Deena ; Branas, Charles ; Hohl, Bernadette . 2021. Changes in crime surrounding an urban home renovation and rebuild programme.
- Burt, Cassidy J.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Hohl, Bernadette C.; Gong, Catherine H.; Bushman, Gregory ; Wixom, Caroline ; South, Eugenia C.; Cunningham, Rebecca M.; Carter, Patrick M.; Branas, Charles C.; Zimmerman, Marc A. 2021. Community Greening, Fear of Crime, and Mental Health Outcomes.
- Theall, Katherine P.; Morrison, Christopher N.; Jacoby, Sara F.; Tucker, Amber ; Wallace, Maeve E.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Branas, Charles C.; Gustat, Jeanette . 2021. Neighborhood Blighted Property Removal and 311 Calls for Non Emergency Services: A Test of a Marker of Social Control.
- Kondo, Michelle ; Mueller, Natalie ; Locke, Dexter ; Roman, Lara ; Rojas-Rueda, David ; Schinasi, Leah ; Gascon, Mireia ; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J. 2020. Health impact assessment of Philadelphia's 2025 tree canopy cover goals.
- De Roos, Anneclaire J.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Robinson, Lucy F.; Rai, Arjita ; Ryan, Michael ; Haas, Charles N.; Lojo, José ; Fagliano, Jerald A. 2020. Heavy precipitation, drinking water source, and acute gastrointestinal illness in Philadelphia, 2015-2017.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Triguero-Mas, Margarita ; Donaire-Gonzalez, David ; Seto, Edmund ; Valentín, Antònia ; Hurst, Gemma ; Carrasco-Turigas, Glòria ; Masterson, Daniel ; Ambròs, Albert ; Ellis, Naomi ; Swart, Wim ; Davis, Nora ; Maas, Jolanda ; Jerrett, Michael ; Gidlow, Christopher J.; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J. 2020. Momentary mood response to natural outdoor environments in four European cities.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Oyekanmi, Kehinde O.; Gibson, Allison ; South, Eugenia C.; Bocarro, Jason ; Hipp, J. Aaron. 2020. Nature Prescriptions for Health: A Review of Evidence and Research Opportunities.
- Kajeepeta, Sandhya ; Theall, Katherine P.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Branas, Charles C.; Wallace, Maeve E.; Jacoby, Sara F.; Morrison, Christopher N. 2020. The association between blighted property remediation and domestic crime by alcohol availability.
- Hohl, Bernadette C.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Kajeepeta, Sandhya ; MacDonald, John M.; Theall, Katherine P.; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Branas, Charles C. 2019. Creating Safe And Healthy Neighborhoods With Place-Based Violence Interventions.
- Kondo, Michelle ; De Roos, Anneclaire ; White, Lauren ; Heilman, Warren ; Mockrin, Miranda ; Gross-Davis, Carol ; Burstyn, Igor . 2019. Meta-Analysis of Heterogeneity in the Effects of Wildfire Smoke Exposure on Respiratory Health in North America.
- Crnic, Meghan ; Kondo, Michelle C. 2019. Nature Rx: Reemergence of Pediatric Nature-Based Therapeutic Programs From the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries.
- Sefcik, Justine S.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Klusaritz, Heather ; Sarantschin, Elisa ; Solomon, Sara ; Roepke, Abbey ; South, Eugenia C.; Jacoby, Sara F. 2019. Perceptions of Nature and Access to Green Space in Four Urban Neighborhoods.
- Clark, Daniel G.; Ukert, Benjamin ; Urroz, Jason ; Ward, Carolyn ; Kondo, Michelle C. 2019. Predictors of Return Visits to Trails with Self-Guided Materials for Children.
- Gernes, Rebecca ; Brokamp, Cole ; Rice, Glenn E.; Wright, J. Michael; Kondo, Michelle C.; Michael, Yvonne L.; Donovan, Geoffrey H.; Gatziolis, Demetrios ; Bernstein, David ; LeMasters, Grace K.; Lockey, James E.; Khurana Hershey, Gurjit K.; Ryan, Patrick H. 2019. Using high-resolution residential greenspace measures in an urban environment to assess risks of allergy outcomes in children.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Morrison, Christopher ; Jacoby, Sara F.; Elliott, Liana ; Poche, Albert ; Theall, Katherine P.; Branas, Charles C. 2018. Blight Abatement of Vacant Land and Crime in New Orleans.
- Heckert, Megan; Kondo, Michelle. 2018. Can Cleaned and Greened Lots Take on the Role of Public Greenspace.
- Branas, Charles C.; South, Eugenia; Kondo, Michelle C.; Hohl, Bernadette C.; Bourgois, Philippe; Wiebe, Douglas J.; MacDonald, John M. 2018. Citywide cluster randomized trial to restore blighted vacant land and its effects on violence, crime, and fear.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Jacoby, Sara F.; South, Eugenia C. 2018. Does spending time outdoors reduce stress A review of real-time stress response to outdoor environments.
- South, Eugenia C.; Hohl, Bernadette C.; Kondo, Michelle C.; MacDonald, John M.; Branas, Charles C. 2018. Effect of Greening Vacant Land on Mental Health of Community-Dwelling Adults.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Andreyeva, Elena; South, Eugenia C.; MacDonald, John M.; Branas, Charles C. 2018. Neighborhood Interventions to Reduce Violence.
- Kondo, Michelle; Fluehr, Jaime; McKeon, Thomas; Branas, Charles. 2018. Urban Green Space and Its Impact on Human Health.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Morrison, Christopher; Guerra, Erick; Kaufman, Elinore J.; Wiebe, Douglas J. 2018. Where do bike lanes work best A Bayesian spatial model of bicycle lanes and bicycle crashes.
- Locke, Dexter H.; Han, SeungHoon; Kondo, Michelle C.; Murphy-Dunning, Colleen; Cox, Mary. 2017. Did community greening reduce crime Evidence from New Haven, CT, 1996-2007.
- De Roos, Anneclaire J.; Gurian, Patrick L.; Robinson, Lucy F.; Rai, Arjita; Zakeri, Issa; Kondo, Michelle C. 2017. Review of epidemiological studies of drinking-water turbidity in relation to acute gastrointestinal illness.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; South, Eugenia C.; Branas, Charles C.; Richmond, Therese S.; Wiebe, Douglas J. 2017. The association between urban tree cover and gun assault: A case-control and case-crossover study.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Han, SeungHoon; Donovan, Geoffrey H.; MacDonald, John M. 2017. The association between urban trees and crime: Evidence from the spread of the emerald ash borer in Cincinnati.
- Kondo, M.; Hohl, B.; Han, S.; Branas, C. 2016. Effects of greening and community reuse of vacant lots on crime.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Sharma, Raghav; Plante, Alain F.; Yang, Yunwen; Burstyn, Igor. 2016. Elemental Concentrations in Urban Green Stormwater Infrastructure Soils.
- Gernes, Rebecca; Hertzberg, Richard; MacDonell, Margaret; Rice, Glenn; Wright, J. Michael; Beresin, Glennon; Miller, Travis; Africa, Julia; Donovan, Geoffrey; Hipp, J. Aaron; Hystad, Perry; Jackson, Laura; Kondo, Michelle; Mitchell, Richard; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark; Ryan, Patrick; Sullivan, William; van den Bosch, Matilda Annerstedt. 2016. Estimating greenspace exposure and benefits for cumulative risk assessment applications.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Keene, Danya; Hohl, Bernadette C.; MacDonald, John M.; Branas, Charles C. 2015. A Difference-In-Differences Study of the Effects of a New Abandoned Building Remediation Strategy on Safety.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; South, Eugenia C.; Branas, Charles C. 2015. Nature-based strategies for improving urban health and safety.
- South, Eugenia C.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Cheney, Rose A.; Branas, Charles C. 2015. Neighborhood blight, stress, and health: a walking trial of urban greening and ambulatory heart rate.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Low, Sarah C.; Henning, Jason; Branas, Charles C. 2015. The impact of green stormwater infrastructure installation on surrounding health and safety.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Bream, Kent D.W.; Barg, Frances K.; Branas, Charles C. 2014. A random spatial sampling method in a rural developing nation.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Mizes, Chris; Lee, John; Burstyn, Igor. 2014. Black carbon concentrations in a goods-movement neighborhood of Philadelphia, PA.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Gross-Davis, Carol Ann; May, Katlyn; Davis, Lauren O.; Johnson, Tyiesha; Mallard, Mable; Gabbadon, Alice; Sherrod, Claudia; Branas, Charles C. 2014. Place-based stressors associated with industry and air pollution.
- Kondo, Michelle C.; Mizes, Chris; Lee, John; McGady-Saier, Jacqueline; O'Malley, Lisa; Diliberto, Ariel; Burstyn, Igor. 2014. Towards participatory air pollution exposure assessment in a goods movement community.
|Air Pollution as a Psychosocial Stressor|
A Forest Service scientist and her research partners found that air pollution contributes to physical and psychosocial conditions that act as co ...
|Can “cleaned and greened” lots take on the role of public greenspace?|
Vacant lots are a problem that cities are increasingly addressing through greening efforts. Questions remain about if and how these green space ...
|Community Greening Can Reduce Crime|
In Youngstown, Ohio, vacant lots greened by community members experienced reductions in violent assaults, while vacant lots greened by contracto ...
|Does urban tree cover play a role in reducing violence in cities?|
Green space and vegetation may play a protective role for urban violence.
|Economic benefits from violence reduction associated with remediation of abandoned buildings and vacant lot greening|
Abandoned buildings and vacant lots are blighted spaces seen daily by many urban residents and may create physical opportunities for violence by ...
|Elemental Concentrations in Urban Green Stormwater Infrastructure Soils|
A study by a Forest Service scientist and her partners found that in an urban area, soils in green stormwater infrastructure facilities appear t ...
|Green Stormwater Infrastructure Reduces Crime|
Forest Service scientists tested the effects of green stormwater infrastructure installation on health and safety outcomes across Philadelphia ...
|Greening Vacant Lots Reduces Crime, Increases Use|
A study by a Northern Research Station (NRS) scientist and partners found that residents living near vacant lots that were cleaned and greened r ...
|Low-cost Urban Building Improvement Can Reduce Crime|
In a study by a Forest Service scientist and her partners, Philadelphia’s “Doors-and-Windows Ordinance,” which requires repairs to abandon ...
|Philadelphia Study Links Tree Canopy Growth to Decrease in Human Mortality|
Cities are investing in programs to expand tree cover and the myriad of benefits trees provide, such as cleaner and cooler air. In the first cit ...
|Seeing a Greened Vacant Lot May Lower Stress|
Studies by Forest Service scientists showed that walking adjacent to greened vacant lots decreased participants' heart rate significantly more t ...
|Turbidity of drinking water supplies in relation to incidence of gastrointestinal illness|
From examination of empirical studies of the relationship between drinking water turbidity and the number of acute gastrointestinal illness case ...