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  • 1400 Independence Ave., SW
  • Washington, D.C. 20250-0003
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Keith M Reynolds

Keith M. Reynolds

Research Forester
3200 SW Jefferson Way
Corvallis
Oregon
United States
97331-8550

Phone: 541-750-7434
Contact Keith M. Reynolds


Current Research

My current work is focused on developing and applying decision-support systems for environmental analysis and planning. I have led development of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support (EMDS) system since 1995, a general solution framework that has been applied to many domains, a variety of spatial scales, and in various places around the world.

Vizcarra, Natasha; Povak, Nicholas; Hessburg, Paul; Reynolds, Keith. 2015. Sour streams in appalachia: mapping nature’s buffer against sulfur deposition. Science Findings 175. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.

McDonnell, Todd C.; Sullivan, Timothy J.; Hessburg, Paul F.; Reynolds, Keith M.; Povak, Nicholas A.; Cosby, Bernard J.; Jackson, William; Salter, R. Brion. 2014. Steady-state sulfur critical loads and exceedances for protection of aquatic ecosystems in the U.S. southern Appalachian Mountains. Journal of Environmental Management. 146: 407-419.

Reynolds, Keith; Hessburg, Paul; O’Callaghan, Joan. 2014. Restoration planning on the Okanogan-Wenatchee national forest: prescriptions for resilient landscapes. Science Findings 162. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.

Bollenbacher, Barry L.; Graham, Russell T.; Reynolds, Keith M. 2014. Regional forest landscape restoration priorities: Integrating historical conditions and an uncertain future in the northern Rocky Mountains. Journal of Forestry. 112(5): 474-483.

Povak, Nicholas A.; Hessburg, Paul F.; McDonnell, Todd C.; Reynolds, Keith M.; Sullivan, Timothy J.; Salter, R. Brion; Crosby, Bernard J. 2014. Machine learning and linear regression models to predict catchment-level base cation weathering rates across the southern Appalachian Mountain region, USA. Water Resources Research. 50: 2798-2814.

Povak, Nicholas A.; Hessburg, Paul F.; Reynolds, Keith M.; Sullivan, Timothy J.; McDonnell, Todd C.; Salter, R. Brion. 2013. Machine learning and hurdle models for improving regional predictions of stream water acid neutralizing capacity. Water Resources Research. 49(6): 3531-3546.

Research Interests

  • Logic modeling
  • Decision analysis
  • Geospatial analysis
  • Decision support
  • Quantitative landscape ecology

Past Research

Recent major applications of EMDS that I have supported include decision support for (1) watershed analysis (Northwest Forest Plan), (2) forest fuels evaluation and fuel treatment planning (Forest Service, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, USDI Bureau of Land Management and Bureau of Indian Affairs), (3) integrated restoration and protection strategy (Forest Service Region 1), (4) maintenance of dispersal habitat for the northern spotted owl (Washington Department of Narural Resources), and (5) soil impacts associated with logging and wildfire (Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest).

Reynolds, Keith M.; Hessburg, Paul F.; Miller, Richard E.; Meurisse, Robert T. 2011. Evaluating soil risks associated with severe wildfire and ground-based logging. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-840. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 27 p.

Hessburg, Paul F.; Reynolds, Keith M.; Keane, Robert E.; James, Kevin M.; Salter, R. Brion. 2010. Evaluating wildland fire danger and prioritizing vegetation and fuels treatments. In: Pye, John M.; Rauscher, H. Michael; Sands, Yasmeen; Lee, Danny C.; Beatty, Jerome S., tech. eds. Advances in threat assessment and their application to forest and rangeland management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-802. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest and Southern Research Stations: 329-352.

Keane, Robert E.; Drury, Stacy A.; Karau, Eva C.; Hessburg, Paul F.; Reynolds, Keith M. 2010. A method for mapping fire hazard and risk across multiple scales and its application in fire management. Ecological Modelling. 221: 2-18.

Reynolds, Keith M.; Hessburg, Paul F.; Keane, Robert E.; Menakis, James P. 2009. National fuel-treatment budgeting in US federal agencies: capturing opportunities for transparent decision-making. Forest Ecology and Management. 258: 2373-2381.

Hessburg, Paul F.; Reynolds, Keith M.; Keane, Robert E.; James, Kevin M.; Salter, R. Brion 2008. Evaluating wildland fire danger and prioritizing vegetation and fuels treatments. Forest Ecology and Management. 247: 1-17.

Gärtner, S.; Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Hummel, S.S.; Twery, M. 2008. Decision support for evaluating landscape departure and prioritizing forest management activities in a changing environment. Forest Ecology and Management. 256: 1666-1676.

Reynolds, Keith M., ed. 2006. Sustainable forestry in theory and practice: recent advances in inventory and monitoring, statistics and modeling, information and knowledge management, and policy science. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-688. Portland, OR: U.S. Deparment of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. [CD-ROM]

Why This Research is Important

Contemporary natural resource management typically involves implementing concepts and principles of adaptive ecosystem management in the context of large, complex, and abstract problems, and often requires integrated solutions over two or more spatial scales or multiple assessments spread over time. This research has resulted in the deployment of one of only a very few decision-support technologies capable of addressing all these complexities in a relatively comprehensive and pragmatic way.

Education

  • North Carolina State University, Ph.D. Phytoepidemiology 1984
  • Oregon State University, M.S. Forest pathology 1980
  • Oregon State University, B.S. Forest science 1976

Professional Experience

  • Team leader, Land/Climate Interaction Team, PNW Research Station
    2010 - Current
  • Research forester, PNW Research Station
    1987 - Current

Awards & Recognition

  • Deputy Chief's Science delivery Award, 2014
    For exceptional performance in sustained productivity, leadership and science delivery, serving natural resource management in the United States with global applications.
  • PNW Station Director's Award for Science Delivery, 2014
    In recognition of excellence in creative efforts and contributions in science delivery through sustained research for the PNW Research Station.
  • Northern Region, Regional Forester's Award, 2012
    For stewardship of national forests and grasslands for participation in the development of the integrated restoration and protection strategy for the Northern Region.

Featured Publications & Products

Publications

Citations of non US Forest Service Publications

  • Cleland, D.; Reynolds, K.; Vaughan, R.; Schrader, B.; Li, H.; Laing, L.. 2017. Terrestrial condition assessment for national forests of the USDA Forest Service in the continental US. Sustainability. 9: 2144–2163
  • Povak, N.A.; Hessburg, P.F.; Giardina, C.P.; MacKenzie, R.A.; Reynolds, K.M.; Heider, C,; Salminen, E.; Salter, R.B. 2017. A watershed decision support tool for managing invasive species on Hawaii Island, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 400: 300–320.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Murphy, P.J.; Paplanus, S. 2017. Toward geodesign for watershed restoration on the Fremont-Winema National Forest, Pacific Northwest, USA. Sustainability. 9: 678–696
  • Reynolds, K.; Bollenbacher, B.; Fisher, C.; Hart, M.; Manning, M.; Henderson, E.; Sims, B. 2016. Decision support for the integrated restoration and protection strategy of Forest Service Region 1. FS-1031. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Published on DVD.

  • Hessburg, P.; Povak, N.; Reynolds, K.; Vizcarra, N. 2015. Sour streams in Appalachia: mapping nature’s buffer against sulfur deposition. PNW Science Findings 175. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

  • Reynolds, K.; Paplanus, S.; Miller, B.; Murphy, P. 2015. Design features behind success of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System and future development. Forests. 6: 27–46.

  • Bollenbacher, B.L.; Graham, R.T.; Reynolds, K.M. 2014. Regional Forest Landscape Restoration Priorities: Integrating Historical Conditions and an Uncertain Future in the Northern Rocky Mountains. Journal of Forestry. 112: 474–483.

  • McDonnell, T.C.; Sullivan, T.J.; Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Povak, N.A.; Cosby, B.J.; Jackson, W.; Salter, R.B. 2014. Steady-state sulfur critical loads and exceedances for protection of aquatic ecosystems in the US southern Appalachian Mountains. Journal of Environmental Management. 146: 407–419.

  • Reynolds, K.; Hessburg, P.; O’Callaghan, J. 2014. Restoration planning on the Okanogan-Wenatchee national forest: prescriptions for resilient landscapes. Science Findings 162. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.

  • Povak, N.A.; Hessburg, P.F.; McDonnell, T.C.; Reynolds, K.M.; Sullivan, T.J.; Salter, R. B.; Cosby, B.J. 2014. Machine learning and linear regression models to predict catchment-level base cation weathering rates across the southern Appalachian Mountain region, USA, Water Resources Research. 50: 2798–2814.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Bourgeron, P.S. 2014. Synthesis and new directions. In Reynolds, K.M., P.F. Hessburg, and P.S. Bourgeron (eds), Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System. Berlin: Springer. Chapter 14.

  • Paplanus, S.; Miller, B.; Murphy, P.; Reynolds, K.; Saunders, M. 2014. EMDS 5.0 and Beyond. In Reynolds, K.M., P.F. Hessburg, and P.S. Bourgeron (eds), Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System. Berlin: Springer. Chapter 13.

  • Hessburg, P.F.; Salter, R.B.; Reynolds, K.M.; Dickinson, J.D.; Gaines, W.L.; Harrod, R.J. 2014. Landscape evaluation and restoration planning. In Reynolds, K.M., P.F. Hessburg, and P.S. Bourgeron (eds), Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System. Berlin: Springer. Chapter 7.

  • Keane, R.E.; Menakis, J.; Hessburg, P.; Reynolds, K.; Dickinson, J. 2014. Evaluating Wildland fire hazard and risk for fire management applications. In Reynolds, K.M., P.F. Hessburg, and P.S. Bourgeron (eds), Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System. Berlin: Springer. Chapter 6.

  • Bourgeron, B.; Humphries, H.; Fisher, C.; Bollenbacher, B.; Reynolds, K. 2014. The integrated restoration and protection strategy of USDA Forest Service Region 1: A road map to improved planning. In Reynolds, K.M., P.F. Hessburg, and P.S. Bourgeron (eds), Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System. Berlin: Springer. Chapter 5.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F. 2014. An overview of the Ecosystem Management Decision-Support system. In Reynolds, K.M., P.F. Hessburg, and P.S. Bourgeron (eds), Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System. Berlin: Springer. Chapter 1.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Bourgeron, P.S. (eds). 2014. Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System. Berlin: Springer.

  • Gordon, S.; Reynolds, K. 2014. The design and use of forest Decision Support Systems in the USA. In Borges, J.G, E.M. Nordstrom, J. Garcia-Gonzalo, T. Hujala, and A. Trasobares (eds.), Computer-based tools for supporting forest management. The experience and the expertise world-wide. Umea, Sweden: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, pp. 460–483.

  • Vacik, H.; Torresan, C.; Hujala, T.; Khadka, C.; Reynolds, K. 2013. The role of knowledge management tools in supporting sustainable forest management. Forest Systems. 22: 442–455
  • Torresan, C.; Gordon, S.; Reynolds, K. 2013. Lessons learned from the implementation of VDTT and EMDS for the management planning of the Okanogan Wenatchee National Forest (WA, USA). 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Agriculture, Food and Environment (HAICTA 2013). 19–22 September 2013. Corfu Island, Greece.

  • Povak, N.A.; Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Sullivan, T.J.; McDonnell, T.C. 2013. Hurdle modeling to predict biogeochemical and climatic controls on streamwater acidity in the Southern Appalachian Mountains, USA. Water Resources Research. 49: 1–16
  • Reynolds, K.M. 2013. Implementing DSS in forestry practice: latest developments, challenges, and opportunities. In: Tucek J., R. Smrecek, A. Majlingova, and J. Garcia-Gonzalo J. (eds.), Implementing Decision Support into the Forestry Practice. Zvolen, Slovakia: Technical University of Zvolen.

  • Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Salter, R.B.; Dickinson, J.D.; Gaines, W.L.; Harrod, R.J. 2013. Landscape evaluation for restoration planning on the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, USA. Sustainability. 5: 805–840
  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Sullivan, T.; Povak, N.; McDonnell, T.; Cosby, B.; Jackson, W. 2012. Spatial decision support for assessing impacts of atmospheric sulfur deposition on aquatic ecosystems in the Southern Appalachian Region. Proceedings of the 45th Hawaiian International Conference on System Sciences. 4–7 January 2012, Maui, Hawaii.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Miller, R.E.; Meurisse, R.T. 2011. Predicting risk of soil degradation associated with wildfire and ground-based logging. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-840. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

  • Humphries, H.C.; Bourgeron, P.S.; Reynolds, K.M. 2010. Sensitivity Analysis of Land Unit Suitability for Conservation Using a Knowledge-Based System. Environmental Management 46: 225–236
  • Hessburg, P. F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Keane, R.E.; James, K.M.; Salter, R.B. 2010. Evaluating wildland fire danger and prioritizing vegetation and fuels treatments. In Pye, J.M., H.M. Rauscher, Y. Sands, D.C. Lee, and J.S. Beatty (eds.), Advances in threat assessment and their application to forest and rangeland management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-802. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest and Southern Research Stations. pp. 329–352.

  • Keane, R.E; Drury, S.A.; Karau, E.C.; Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M. 2010. A method for mapping fire hazard and risk across multiple scales and its application in fire management. Ecological Modeling. 221: 2–18
  • Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Keane, R.E.; James, K.M.; Salter, R.B. 2009. Evaluating wildland fire danger and prioritizing vegetation and fuels treatments. Online publication: Forest Encyclopedia Network: Environmental Threats: Case Studies. http://www.forestencyclopedia.net/p/p3632.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Keane, R.E.; Menakis, J.P. 2009. Allocating fuel-treatment budgets: recent federal experience with decision support. Forest Ecology and Management. 258: 2373–2381.

  • Jensen, M.; Reynolds, K.; Langner, U.; Hart, M. 2009. Application of logic and decision models in sustainable ecosystem management. 2009. Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences. Waikoloa, Hawaii. 5–8 January 2009.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Gordon, S.N.; Johnson, K.N. 2009. Logic-based evaluation of forest ecosystem sustainability. In Forest Criteria and Indicators Analytical Framework and Report Workshop. 18–21 May 2008, Joensuu, Finland. Gen. Tech. Report WO-81. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. pp. 93–109
  • Gärtner, S.M.; Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Hummel, S.S.; Twery, M. 2008. Decision support for evaluating landscape departure and prioritizing forest management activities in a changing environment. Forest Ecology and Management. 256: 1666–1676.

  • Humphries, H.C.; Bourgeron, P.S.; Reynolds, K.M. 2008. Suitability for conservation as a criterion in regional conservation network selection. Biodiversity and Conservation. 17: 467–492.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Twery, M.; Lexer, M.J.; Vacik, H.; Ray, D.; Shao, G.; Borges, J.G. 2007. Decision-support systems in forest management. In Burstein F, Holsapple, C.W. (eds), Handbook on Decision Support Systems 2, Variations. New York: Springer. pp. 499–533.

  • Johnson, K.N.; Gordon, S.; Duncan, S.; Lach, D.; McComb, B.; Reynolds, K. 2007. Conserving creatures of the forest: a guide to decision making and decision models for forest biodiversity. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press.

  • Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Keane, R.E.; James, K.M.; Salter, R.B. 2007. Decision support for evaluating wildland fire hazard and prioritizing vegetation and fuels treatments. Forest Ecology and Management. 247: 1–17.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Thomson, A.; Köhl, M.; Shannon, S.; Ray, D.; Rennolls, K.. 2007. Overview. In Reynolds, K.M., et al., (eds.), Sustainable forestry in theory and practice. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. pp. xv–xxiv.

  • Reynolds, K.; Thomson, A.; Köhl, M.; Shannon, S.; Ray, D.; Rennolls, K. (eds.) 2007. Sustainable forestry in theory and practice. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.

  • Rennolls, K.; Reynolds, K.M. 2007. Indicators for biodiversity of tropical forests: problems and solutions. In Reynolds, K.M. et al. (eds.), Sustainable forestry in theory and practice. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. pp. 103–128.

  • Ekbia, H.R.; Reynolds, K.M. 2007. Decision support for sustainable forestry: improving on the rational model. In Reynolds, K.M. et al. (eds.), Sustainable forestry in theory and practice. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. pp. 497–514.

  • Reynolds, K.M. (ed.) 2006. Proceedings of the IUFRO Conference on Sustainable Forestry in Theory and Practice. Edinburgh, Scotland. 5–8 April 2005. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-688. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Published on CD-ROM, ISBN: 978-0-9789478-0-4, and online at http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/25207.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F.; Keane, R.E. 2006. Forest fuels evaluation and fuel treatment planning. Proceedings of the ESRI Federal Users Conference. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute. Published on CD-ROM and online at http://gis.esri.com/library/userconf/feduc06/docs/forest_fuels_eval.pdf.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Shao, G. 2006. From data to sustainable forests. In Shao, G., Reynolds, K.M. (eds.), Computer applications in sustainable forest management. New York: Springer. pp. 261–267.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Schmoldt, D.L. 2006. Computer-aided decision making. In Shao, G., Reynolds, K.M. (eds.), Computer applications in sustainable forest management. New York: Springer. pp. 143–169.

  • Shao, G.; Reynolds, K.M. 2006. Introduction. In Shao, G., Reynolds, K.M. (eds.), Computer applications in sustainable forest management. New York: Springer. pp. 3–16.

  • Shao, G.; Reynolds, K.M. (eds.) 2006. Computer applications in sustainable forest management. New York: Springer.

  • Ekbia, H.R.; Reynolds, K.M. 2006. Decision support for sustainable forestry: improving on the rational model. Proceedings of the IUFRO Conference on Sustainable Forestry in Theory and Practice. Edinburgh, Scotland. 5–8 April 2005. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-688. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Published on CD-ROM, ISBN: 978-0-9789478-0-4. Published on CD-ROM, and online at http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/pnw_gtr688/papers/IM&IT/session2/Ekbia.pdf, extended abstract.

  • Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Keane, R.E. 2006. Decision support for forest fuel evaluation and fuel treatment planning. Proceedings of the IUFRO Conference on Sustainable Forestry in Theory and Practice. Edinburgh, Scotland. 5–8 April 2005. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-688. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Published on CD-ROM, ISBN: 978-0-9789478-0-4, and online at http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/pnw_gtr688/papers/IM&IT/session4/hessburg.pdf, extended abstract.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2006. EMDS 3.0: a modeling framework for coping with complexity in ecosystem assessment and environmental planning. First International Conference on Digital Forestry. Beijing, People’s Republic of China. 14–18 June 2004. Science in China, Series E, Technical Sciences 49: 63–75.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2005. Decision support for evaluating the U.S. national criteria and indicators for forest ecosystem sustainability. In Aguirre-Bravo, Celedonio, et al. (eds.), Monitoring Science and Technology Symposium: Unifying Knowledge for Sustainability in the Western Hemisphere; 2004 September 20–24; Denver, CO. Proceedings RMRS-P-37CD. Odgen, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Published on CD-ROM.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Borges, J.G.; Vacik, H.; Lexer, M.J. 2005. Information and communication technology in forest management and conservation. In S. Nilsson, L. Hetemaki (eds.), Information Technology and the Forest Sector. IUFRO World Series Volume 18. Vienna, Austria: International Union of Forest Research Organizations. pp. 150–171.

  • Rauscher, H.M.; Reynolds, K.; Vacik, V. 2005. Decision-support systems for forest management. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 49: 1–5.

  • Rauscher, H.M.; Reynolds, K.; Vacik, V. (eds.). 2005. Decision support systems for forest management. Special issue. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 49. 220 pp.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2005. Integrated decision support for sustainable forest management in the United States: fact or fiction? Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 49: 6–23
  • Reynolds, K.M.; Hessburg, P.F. 2005. Decision support for integrated landscape evaluation and restoration planning. Forest Ecology and Management. 207: 263–278.

  • Gordon, S.N.; Johnson, K.N.; Reynolds, K.M.; Crist, P.; Brown, N. 2004. Decision support systems for forest biodiversity: Evaluation of current systems and future needs. Final Report – Project A10 National Commission on Science and Sustainable Forestry. Available online at http://www.ncseonline.org/ewebeditpro/items/O62F3955.pdf (November 2007).

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Reeves, G.H. 2004. Analysis and communication of monitoring data with knowledge-based systems. In Gucinski, H., C. Miner, and B. Bittner (eds.), Views from the Ridge Workshop. Vancouver, WA. 2–4 November 1999. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-596. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station and Western Forestry and Conservation Association. pp. 95–104.

  • Hessburg, P.F.; Reynolds, K.M.; Salter, R.B.; Richmond. M.B. 2004. Using a decision support system to estimate departures of present forest landscape patterns from historical conditions: An example from the Inland Northwest Region of the United States. In Perera, A.H., L.J. Buse, M.G. Weber (eds.), Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances: Concepts and Applications. Columbia University Press: New York, NY. Chapter 12.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2004. Logic-based evaluation of forest ecosystem sustainability. In Proceedings of the 2003 SAF National Convention. Buffalo, NY. 24–27 October 2003. Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Johnson, K.N.; Gordon, S.N. 2003. The science/policy interface in logic‑based evaluation of forest ecosystem sustainability. Forest Policy and Economics. 5: 433–446.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2003. A logic approach to design specifications for integrated application of diverse models in forest ecosystem analysis. In Amaro, A., Reed, D., Soares, P. (eds.), Modelling Forest Systems. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK. pp. 379–385.

  • Reeves, G.H.; Hohler, D.B.; Larsen, D.P.; Busch, D.E.; Kratz, K.; Reynolds, K.; Stein, K.F.; Atzet, T.; Hays, P.; Tehan, M. 2003. Aquatic and riparian effectiveness monitoring program for the Northwest Forest Plan. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-577. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 80 p.

  • Gustafson, E.; Nestler, J.; Gross, L.; Reynolds, K.; Yaussy, D.; Maxwell, T.; Dale, V. 2003. Evolving approaches and technologies to enhance the role of ecological modeling in decision-making. In Dale, V. (ed.), Ecological Modeling for Resource Management. New York: Springer-Verlag. Chapter 8.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Rodriguez, S.; Bevans, K. 2003. EMDS 3.0 User Guide. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Reeves, G.H. 2003. Role of knowledge-based systems in analysis and communication of monitoring data. In Busch, D.E., Trexler, J.C. (eds.), Monitoring ecosystems: interdisciplinary approaches for evaluating ecoregional initiatives. New York: Island Press. pp. 189–210.

  • Rauscher, H.M.; Reynolds, K.M. 2003. Information Systems in Natural Resource Management. In Bidgoli, H. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Information Systems, Volume 3. New York: Academic Press. pp. 239–265.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2002. Social acceptability of natural resource decision-making processes. In Johnson, A.C., Haynes, R.W., Monserud, R.A. (eds.), Congruent management of multiple resources: proceedings from the Wood Compatibility Initiative Workshop. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-563. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. pp. 245–252.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2002. Logic models as frameworks for thinking about compatibility. In Johnson, A.C., Haynes, R.W., Monserud, R.A. (eds.), Congruent management of multiple resources: proceedings from the Wood Compatibility Initiative Workshop. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-563. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. pp. 215–224.

  • Bourgeron, P.S.; Humphries, H.C.; Reynolds, K.M. 2001. Representativeness assessments. In Jensen, M.E., P.S Bourgeron (eds.), A guidebook for integrated ecological assessments. New York: Springer.

  • Reynolds, K.M.; Peets, S. 2001. Integrated assessment and priorities for protection and restoration of watersheds. Proceedings of the IUFRO 4.11 conference on forest biometry, modeling and information science. 26–29 June 2001, Greenwich, UK. Published on-line at http://cms1.gre.ac.uk/conferences/iufro/proceedings/ReynoldsNew.pdf.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2001. Fuzzy logic knowledge bases in integrated landscape assessment: examples and possibilities. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-521. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 24 p.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2001. Using a logic framework to assess forest ecosystem sustainability. Journal of Forestry. 99: 26–30.

  • Reynolds, K.M. 2001. Prioritizing salmon habitat restoration with the AHP, SMART, and uncertain data. In Schmoldt, D.L., Kangas, J., Mendoza, G., and Pesonen, M. (eds.), The analytic hierarchy process in natural resource and environmental decision making. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Chapter 13.

  • Reynolds, K.; Jensen, M.; Andreasen,J.; Goodman, I. 2000. Knowledge-based assessment of watershed condition. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 27: 315–333.


Last updated on : 11/27/2017