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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of As urban natural resource stewardship is a priority at the Forest Service, it is critical to understand how the distribution of urban green spaces can influence public health amongst diverse communities. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1139
Advancing Sustainability through Urban Green Space: Cultural Ecosystem Services, Equity, and Social Determinants of Health

Although the benefits of urban forests, gardens, parks, and other green spaces have been documented, the nuances of this relationship continue t ...

Principal Investigator : Viniece Jennings

Outdoor Recreation2016SRS
Photo of The invasive plant collection team after a morning of vacuuming seeds from refrigerated shipping containers at the Port of Savannah in November 2016. The team collected non-native, potentially invasive, plant seeds with backpack vacuums.
ID: 1316
Can plant invasions be prevented? Multidisciplinary identification and interception of non-native, invasive plants at the Port of Savannah, Georgia, USA

The positive relationship between increasing national gross domestic product (GDP) and non-native plant species-richness suggests that internati ...

Principal Investigator : Rima Lucardi

Invasive Species2017SRS
Photo of Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of the formation of silver nanoparticles on the surface of Tunicate CNCs. Robert Moon, Forest Service
ID: 301
Cellulose Nanocrystals

Cellulose nanocrystals are ultra-small rod-like reinforcement material that can be extracted from trees, plants and some sea animals. This new t ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 191
Cellulose Nanocrystals: Novel Templates for the Synthesis of Nanostructures

Harvesting the properties of widely available natural biopolymers for the design of novel systems in nanobiotechnology has been largely ignored ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Transmission electron microscope image of cellulose nanocrystals. Robert Moon, USDA Forest Service
ID: 449
Ceramic-Like Thermal Expansion Obtained from Cellulose Nanocrystal Films

One of the unique properties of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) are their low dimensional change with changes in temperature. Understanding the rol ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Mean Keetch-Byram Drought Indices for May (left) and June (right), where (a) and (b) reflect recent historical values and (c) and (d) show future values. (e) and (f) display the difference maps for both months, where recent historical values are subtracted from future values. USDA Forest Service
ID: 709
Climate Change and Associated Fire Potential for the Southeastern United States in the 21st century

This study examines how fire potential may change in the Southeast during the 21st century. While previous studies have focused on changes in ju ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Goodrick

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 411
Developing a simple rearing method for Emerald ash borer biological control agents

The emerald ash borer, a buprestid beetle native to Asia, is one of the most ecologically and economically significant invasive forest pests in ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Ulyshen

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of Sampling for soil macroinvertebrates in Bartlett Experimental Forest (White Mountain National Forest) in New Hampshire. Evelyn S. Wenk, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1015
Earthworms, Millipedes, and Soil Carbon in the Eastern U.S.

Earthworms, millipedes, and other soil invertebrates directly contribute to forest soil processes such as leaf litter decomposition and soil org ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2016SRS
Photo of John Schelhas discusses family land history with Eleanor Cooper Brown in South Carolina. Sarah Hitchner, University of Georgia Athens.
ID: 1134
Engaging African American Forest Owners in Sustainable Forest Management

Baseline research was conducted in three southern U.S. states for a community- based outreach program: the Sustainable Forestry and African Amer ...

Principal Investigator : John Schelhas

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of The Oct. 19, 2016, image shows simulated smoke from smoldering combustion near Grand Canyon, Ariz., when vehicle accidents occurred on I-40 approximately 35 km west of Flagstaff, Arizona.
ID: 1334
Fire and smoke modeling issues, gaps, and measurement data needs for developing next-generation operational smoke prediction models

Smoke from wildland fires is a major natural hazard to air quality and human health. Providing complete and accurate smoke information is essent ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
2017SRS
Photo of Augochlora pura was the most abundant bee species in the canopy. Sam Droege, USGS
ID: 743
Forest Bees are More Active in the Canopy Than Near the Ground in the Southeastern U.S.

Results from one of the first studies to investigate how bees are vertically distributed in temperate deciduous forests suggest these insects ar ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Ulyshen

Wildlife and Fish2014SRS
Photo of Deciduous forest. Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan
ID: 739
Forests Important in Mitigating Heat-related Mortality

This research seeks to understand the relationship between heat-related illness and forest type and composition. Forest Service scientists exami ...

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
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ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 259
Global Wildfire Potential

SRS scientists are measuring fire potential using the Keetch-Byram Drought Index. The Index is calculated for present climate conditions through ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of Oconee National Forest, Georgia. USDA Forest Service
ID: 744
Have Changing Forest Conditions Contributed to Native Pollinator Decline

This study compared bee communities within seven common forest conditions or types on the Oconee National Forest in Georgia. Forest Service rese ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Wildlife and Fish2014SRS
Photo of Chinese privet invades riparian forest of the southeastern U.S. where it chokes out other plants causing a decline in butterfly abundance and diversity. Forest Service
ID: 407
Heavy infestations of Chinese privet in forests exclude most butterflies

Heavy infestations of Chinese privet, an invasive shrub, to crowd out most other plants in affected forests. . This results in very few butterfl ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of Predator beetles are used to control hemlock woolly adelgid, an insect pest shown here on an eastern hemlock twig. USDA Forest Service
ID: 936
Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Predator Beetle Releases and Recovery Efforts in the North Georgia Mountains.

Eastern hemlock are threatened by the invasive hemlock woolly adelgid. Three predators of this pest were released in North Georgia to combat thi ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Thermal imaging systems developed by CFDS during prescribed fire, Eglin AFB 2016. Joseph J. O’Brien, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1016
How Fire Maintains Biological Diversity in Fire Dependent Forests

Some forests depend on frequent fire to maintain ecosystem structure and function. However, the mechanisms that drive this relationship are poor ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016SRS
Photo of An invasive earthworm of the species Amynthas agrestis used in this experiment.
ID: 1327
Invasive earthworms have unexpected effects on other soil organisms

Invasive earthworms alter the structure and function of soil. Forest Service scientists show that these earthworms decrease the abundance of spr ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2017SRS
Photo of A Latino family enjoys a day at the park. Forest Service
ID: 135
Latino Community Access to Urban Green Space

Addressing environmental justice in terms of access to urban green space for an immigrant community in Georgia

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 264
National Survey on Recreation and the Environment

The National Kids Survey (NKS), a companion survey to the National Survey of Recreation and the Environment (NSRE), focuses on youth 6 to 19 yea ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2010SRS
Photo of
ID: 419
Natural Lands and Future Rural Migration

People of the U.S. move frequently, and they move for many reasons. One reason of growing importance is to live in places with natural landscape ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS
Photo of Solar cells fabricated on cellulose nanocrystal films open the door for truly recyclable solar cell technology. Thinkstock
ID: 447
New Process Fabricates Efficient Reclyclable Solar Cells Using Natural Substrates

Solar cells fabricated on optically transparent cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) films reach a power conversion efficiency of 2.7 percent, an unprece ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of
ID: 420
Partnering to Support Better Recreation Policy and Management Analysis

For over 30 years the Forest Service and the Recreation Research Unit in Athens, Georgia have been recognized leaders in partnering to address n ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS
Photo of Modeled loblolly pine yield (mean annual increment) in cubic meters per hectare per year at age 12 for the 13 states in the southern US, visualization smoothed using simple Kriging. Dark lines encompass the native range of loblolly pine.
ID: 1302
Potential profitability of loblolly pine and eastern cottonwood short-rotation

Coastal areas such as southeast Texas, southwest Louisiana, and northern Florida have the highest potential yield for loblolly pine. It is poten ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Water, Air, and Soil2017SRS
Photo of Asian earthworm (Amynthas agrestis).  This species is invading eastern deciduous forests across North America. USDAForest Service
ID: 906
Prescribed Fire to Stem the Tide of Earthworm Invasion

Asian earthworms are currently invading eastern deciduous forests from Georgia to Vermont. Because these earthworms eat leaf litter in the fores ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Urban green space is among the strongest predictors of city dwellers' overall wellbeing. Snicky2290, Pixabay.
ID: 992
Public Parks and Wellbeing in Urban Areas of the United States

The amount of urban green space is among the strongest predictors of city dwellers' overall wellbeing, report Forest Service scientists. Underst ...

Principal Investigator : Viniece Jennings

Outdoor Recreation2016SRS
Photo of Urban forest systems can be managed to mimic undisturbed forests to help “pre-treat” stormwater runoff before it enters drinking water supplies.
ID: 1303
Quantifying urban forest effects on stormwater runoff

Forests provide the majority of potable water to the public. Urbanization of water-providing forests impacts water quality, as traditional urban ...

Principal Investigator : Eric Kuehler

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of A forest heavily invaded by the Chinese privet shrub.. Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University
ID: 726
Removing Chinese Privet Benefits Pollinators for up to Five Years.

Results from a study by Forest Service researchers showed that removal of Chinese privet can last at least five years, during which time native ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Invasive Species2014SRS
Photo of Forest Service researchers are developing films for water decontamination using cellulose nanofibers. Thinkstock
ID: 450
Removing Organic Compounds from Water with Reusable Nanofiber Films

Researchers produced films for water decontamination using cellulose nanofibers as a matrix material for the suspension of photocatalytic nano p ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Each of the treatments created different stand structure and fuel characteristics. The control left an understory thick with shrubs. The mechanical treatment removed shrubs but created large loadings of woody fuels that required 5 to 7 years to decompose. Mitchell Smith and Gregg Chapman, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1068
Repeated Application of Fuel Reduction Treatments in the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Implications for Achieving Management Goals

Fire managers in the southern Appalachian Mountains have many questions about the long-term use of prescribed fire and mechanical treatments. Co ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Goodrick

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016SRS
Photo of Children join in a game of tug of war. Forest Service
ID: 143
Report Investigates Connection Between Urban Green Spaces and Environmental Justice

Ecosystem services from urban green spaces have numerous benefits for the landscape and public health

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of In the dry tropical forest zone of Ghana, a combination of extractive logging without adequate regeneration, fire, and invasion by Chomolaena odorata resulted in severly degraded forests. John Stanturg, USDA Forest Service
ID: 710
Restoring Forest Landscapes

An estimated 1 billion acres of globally degraded forest are in need of restoration today and climate change likely will drive more acres into t ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 426
RxCADRE: Prescribed Fire Combustion-Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiments

21st Century wildfires are increasing in frequency, intensity and complexity. These trends seem likely to continue in the face of climate change ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of Immature leaves and fruits of the exotic invasive shrub, Chinese privet. James Miller and Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society
ID: 708
Short-circuiting an Invasional Meltdown

Chinese privet is an invasive plant species in flood plain forests of the southeastern U.S., in some cases occupying up to 80 percent of availab ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2014SRS
Photo of Liberia is a densely populated nation in West Africa. As a post-conflict nation, it is susceptible to disease epidemics, as well as to climate and environmental stressors. USDA Forest Service
ID: 902
Social Vulnerability and the Ebola Virus Outbreak in Liberia

Social vulnerability indices used in climate change and natural hazards research can also be used in other contexts, such as disease outbreaks. ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Soil fauna like this Diplocardia sp. are important are important for soil processes like decomposition and should be included in such research.
ID: 1300
Soil fauna are of vital importance to soil processes and deserve attention

Although soil fauna are critically important for many ecosystem services, they are often neglected by researchers. Scientists at the Forest Serv ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of The increase in center pivot irrigation systems from 1976 (left) to 2013 (right). Over the 38-year period there was a 4,500 percent increase in center pivot irrigation systems that was accompanied by an approximate 2,000 percent increase in total acres irrigated.
ID: 1335
Study maps the spatio-temporal evolution of irrigation in the Coastal Plain of Georgia

A team of scientists from the Forest Service and University of Georgia conduct a manual mapping analysis of the spatial and temporal change in c ...

Principal Investigator : Marcus Williams

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of Outdoor recreation will remain a key part of the social and economic fabric of the United States for many decades to come. Forest Service
ID: 137
Study Projects Outdoor Recreation Levels in the United States to 2060

Changes in climate, socioeconomic conditions, and land use, along with population growth will affect future outdoor recreation activity in the U ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Bowker

Outdoor Recreation2012SRS
Photo of The ectomycorrhizal root tip of a loblolly pine. Melanie Taylor, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1069
Symbiotic Fungal Associations of Trees Have Differing Effects on Soil Carbon Content

The relationships between trees and soil fungi can affect the speed of decomposition in soils around those trees, report Forest Service scientis ...

Principal Investigator : Melanie K. Taylor

Water, Air, and Soil2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 260
Wildfire and Social Vulnerability

As part of a Joint Fire Science Project, SRS scientists examined the association between biophysical wildland fire risk and social vulnerability ...

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of Climate is the most important enviromental factor affecting long-term variability and change of wildfire. R.C. Wilkinson, Univerisity of Florida
ID: 149
Wildfire in the United States: Future Trends and Potential

Climate models project warming and increased droughts this century in the continental United States, so wildfire is likely to increase according ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS