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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of Mean Keetch-Byram Drought Indices for May (left) and June (right), where (a) and (b) reflect recent historical values and (c) and (d) show future values. (e) and (f) display the difference maps for both months, where recent historical values are subtracted from future values. USDA Forest Service
ID: 709
Climate Change and Associated Fire Potential for the Southeastern United States in the 21st century

This study examines how fire potential may change in the Southeast during the 21st century. While previous studies have focused on changes in ju ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Goodrick

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 408
Consortium of Appalachian Fire Managers and Scientists (CAFMS)

The Center for Forest Disturbance Science, SRS-4156 and The Nature Conservancy are among 8 groups from across the country to receive funding fro ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of Sampling for soil macroinvertebrates in Bartlett Experimental Forest (White Mountain National Forest) in New Hampshire. Evelyn S. Wenk, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1015
Earthworms, Millipedes, and Soil Carbon in the Eastern U.S.

Earthworms, millipedes, and other soil invertebrates directly contribute to forest soil processes such as leaf litter decomposition and soil org ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2016SRS
Photo of The Oct. 19, 2016, image shows simulated smoke from smoldering combustion near Grand Canyon, Ariz., when vehicle accidents occurred on I-40 approximately 35 km west of Flagstaff, Arizona.
ID: 1334
Fire and smoke modeling issues, gaps, and measurement data needs for developing next-generation operational smoke prediction models

Smoke from wildland fires is a major natural hazard to air quality and human health. Providing complete and accurate smoke information is essent ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
2017SRS
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ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 259
Global Wildfire Potential

SRS scientists are measuring fire potential using the Keetch-Byram Drought Index. The Index is calculated for present climate conditions through ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of Thermal imaging systems developed by CFDS during prescribed fire, Eglin AFB 2016. Joseph J. O’Brien, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1016
How Fire Maintains Biological Diversity in Fire Dependent Forests

Some forests depend on frequent fire to maintain ecosystem structure and function. However, the mechanisms that drive this relationship are poor ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016SRS
Photo of An invasive earthworm of the species Amynthas agrestis used in this experiment.
ID: 1327
Invasive earthworms have unexpected effects on other soil organisms

Invasive earthworms alter the structure and function of soil. Forest Service scientists show that these earthworms decrease the abundance of spr ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 300
National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study

An SRS scientist summarized research results from the National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study (FFS). Researchers found, among other things, that ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of Modeled loblolly pine yield (mean annual increment) in cubic meters per hectare per year at age 12 for the 13 states in the southern US, visualization smoothed using simple Kriging. Dark lines encompass the native range of loblolly pine.
ID: 1302
Potential profitability of loblolly pine and eastern cottonwood short-rotation

Coastal areas such as southeast Texas, southwest Louisiana, and northern Florida have the highest potential yield for loblolly pine. It is poten ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Water, Air, and Soil2017SRS
Photo of Asian earthworm (Amynthas agrestis).  This species is invading eastern deciduous forests across North America. USDAForest Service
ID: 906
Prescribed Fire to Stem the Tide of Earthworm Invasion

Asian earthworms are currently invading eastern deciduous forests from Georgia to Vermont. Because these earthworms eat leaf litter in the fores ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Each of the treatments created different stand structure and fuel characteristics. The control left an understory thick with shrubs. The mechanical treatment removed shrubs but created large loadings of woody fuels that required 5 to 7 years to decompose. Mitchell Smith and Gregg Chapman, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1068
Repeated Application of Fuel Reduction Treatments in the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Implications for Achieving Management Goals

Fire managers in the southern Appalachian Mountains have many questions about the long-term use of prescribed fire and mechanical treatments. Co ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Goodrick

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016SRS
Photo of In the dry tropical forest zone of Ghana, a combination of extractive logging without adequate regeneration, fire, and invasion by Chomolaena odorata resulted in severly degraded forests. John Stanturg, USDA Forest Service
ID: 710
Restoring Forest Landscapes

An estimated 1 billion acres of globally degraded forest are in need of restoration today and climate change likely will drive more acres into t ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
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ID: 426
RxCADRE: Prescribed Fire Combustion-Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiments

21st Century wildfires are increasing in frequency, intensity and complexity. These trends seem likely to continue in the face of climate change ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of Immature leaves and fruits of the exotic invasive shrub, Chinese privet. James Miller and Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society
ID: 708
Short-circuiting an Invasional Meltdown

Chinese privet is an invasive plant species in flood plain forests of the southeastern U.S., in some cases occupying up to 80 percent of availab ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2014SRS
Photo of Liberia is a densely populated nation in West Africa. As a post-conflict nation, it is susceptible to disease epidemics, as well as to climate and environmental stressors. USDA Forest Service
ID: 902
Social Vulnerability and the Ebola Virus Outbreak in Liberia

Social vulnerability indices used in climate change and natural hazards research can also be used in other contexts, such as disease outbreaks. ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Soil fauna like this Diplocardia sp. are important are important for soil processes like decomposition and should be included in such research.
ID: 1300
Soil fauna are of vital importance to soil processes and deserve attention

Although soil fauna are critically important for many ecosystem services, they are often neglected by researchers. Scientists at the Forest Serv ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of The increase in center pivot irrigation systems from 1976 (left) to 2013 (right). Over the 38-year period there was a 4,500 percent increase in center pivot irrigation systems that was accompanied by an approximate 2,000 percent increase in total acres irrigated.
ID: 1335
Study maps the spatio-temporal evolution of irrigation in the Coastal Plain of Georgia

A team of scientists from the Forest Service and University of Georgia conduct a manual mapping analysis of the spatial and temporal change in c ...

Principal Investigator : Marcus Williams

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of The ectomycorrhizal root tip of a loblolly pine. Melanie Taylor, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1069
Symbiotic Fungal Associations of Trees Have Differing Effects on Soil Carbon Content

The relationships between trees and soil fungi can affect the speed of decomposition in soils around those trees, report Forest Service scientis ...

Principal Investigator : Melanie K. Taylor

Water, Air, and Soil2016SRS
Photo of Climate is the most important enviromental factor affecting long-term variability and change of wildfire. R.C. Wilkinson, Univerisity of Florida
ID: 149
Wildfire in the United States: Future Trends and Potential

Climate models project warming and increased droughts this century in the continental United States, so wildfire is likely to increase according ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS