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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of Field crew measure trees at H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest. USDA Forest Service
ID: 791
Equations Used to Estimate Regional Tree Biomass and Carbon can be Improved

Developing nationally consistent methods for defining, measuring, and calculating biomass components will improve the reliability and applicatio ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Inventory and Monitoring2015PNW
Photo of
ID: 333
FIA 5-year report summarizes forest conditions in Washington

This report highlights forest conditions and trends from 2002 to 2006 for all forest lands in Washington State. This information establishes a b ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Waddell

Inventory and Monitoring2011PNW
Photo of
ID: 237
Focusing only on small trees is not an economical or effective way to reduce fire hazard

PNW scientists created an analysis framework called FIA BioSum that uses the nationwide Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) database and allows ...

Principal Investigator : Jeremy S. Fried

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010PNW
Photo of An agricultural area near Sequim, Washington, with recent housing developments on previous agricultural and forest resource lands. Andrew Gray, USDA Forest Service
ID: 513
Forest and Agricultural Land Area Declines in Washington State While Residential and Urban Land Use Increases Over Past 30 years

Station scientists and partners assessed changes in land use and housing density across Washington state from 1976 to 2006. They found that the ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Inventory and Monitoring2013PNW
Photo of A field technician installs a potential study plot on the island of O'ahu. Natalie Tangalin, Forest Service
ID: 334
Forest Inventory and Analysis begins work on Hawaiian Islands

Policymakers and natural resource managers need up-to-date, consistent, and credible information on the status and trends of forests in Hawaii a ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Pattison

Inventory and Monitoring2011PNW
Photo of A stand of grand fir and Douglas-fir in eastern Oregon. Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service
ID: 665
Forest restoration efforts yield climate benefits

In Douglas-fir and true-fir dominated dry mixed-conifer forests of the northwest, implementing selective harvest and surface fuel treatments gen ...

Principal Investigator : Jeremy S. Fried

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of A sequoia scarred by a 2015 fire in the Sierra National Forest. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1135
Ground-based Estimates of Fire Severity Reveal Information Undetected by Satellite Imagery Analyses

A new study provides a broad-scale characterization of the extent of relatively low-severity fires and small fires, including prescribed fires, ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Inventory and Monitoring2016PNW
Photo of
ID: 241
Harvest pattern influences survival of forest-dependent species

The Demonstration of Ecosystem Management Options (DEMO) study was established in 1994 to evaluate the benefits of leaving some live trees stand ...

Principal Investigator : Charles Peterson

Resource Management and Use2010PNW
Photo of Lingering ecological effects can be found along the edges of past harvests for decades.
ID: 1365
How do old clearcuts affect old-growth?

The edge influence of past clearcutting on the structure of neighboring uncut old-growth forests is widespread and persistent. These indirect an ...

Principal Investigator : David M. Bell

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of Housing development near the Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Washington. Rhonda Mazza, USDA Forest Service
ID: 675
Increasing Development Near Public Forest Lands in Washington and Oregon Has Implications for Public Land Management and Fire Suppression

Areas bordering public forest land in Washington and Oregon are showing substantial increases in development, with the number of structures on p ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2014PNW
Photo of Garlic mustard, Allaria petiolata, transforms forest understories and was found on 7 percent of the plots in the Northeast and Midwest. John M. Randall, Bugwood.org
ID: 532
Introduced Plant Species Found on Two-thirds of Forest Inventory Plots in the Northeast and Midwest United States

Scientists found 305 introduced species recorded, with multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) being the most common species.

Principal Investigator : Bethany K. Schulz

Inventory and Monitoring
Invasive Species
2013PNW
Photo of Bone lichen (Hypogymnia spp.) is a common sight in Alaska's forests. Sarah Jovan, USDA Forest Service
ID: 662
Lichen Are Indicators of Climate Change in Southern Alaska's Forests

Lichens respond quickly to climate changes and potentially allow early detection of shifting conditions before other changes in vegetation are a ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah Jovan, Dr

Inventory and Monitoring2014PNW
Photo of Quercus kelloggii lichen grows in the San Bernardino National Forest that receives about 70 kilograms of nitrogen per hectare per year -- background levels are less than 1kg. Sarah Jovan, Forest Service
ID: 92
Lichen Communities Serve as Canary in the Coal Mine for Air Pollution

A comparison of lichen communities from 1976 to 2008 suggests continued deterioration of air quality in the Los Angeles Basin despite policy and ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah Jovan, Dr

Inventory and Monitoring2012PNW
Photo of Wolf lichen (Letharia spp.) is a species frequently used to estimate nitrogen deposition in western forests. Jason Hollinger, Wikimedia Commons
ID: 663
Lichen Indicate Air Quality Near Natural Gas Wells

Nitrogen in lichen tissues closely correlates with measured nitrogen deposition in forests near natural gas wells in the Bridger Wilderness, WY. ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah Jovan, Dr

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2014PNW
Photo of The endangered red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). Jerry Payne, USDA Agricultural Research Serivce, Bugwood.org
ID: 73
Mapping Hardwood and Softwood Vegetation Types with LiDAR

Study informs forest management activities and assesses woodpecker habitat

Principal Investigator : Robert McGaughey

Inventory and Monitoring2012PNW
Photo of
ID: 228
Maps illustrate 23 years of change on Northwest forests

By using historical remote-sensing data, researchers developed maps of annual forest change between 1984 and 2007. These maps, with a resolution ...

Principal Investigator : Warren B. Cohen

Inventory and Monitoring2010PNW
Photo of Understanding rates of biomass accumulation is critical to understanding how forest disturbance and regrowth influence carbon dynamics. Connie Harrington, Forest Service
ID: 340
Maps of biomass dynamics support North American Carbon Program

Forest Service scientists and collaborators modeled live, aboveground tree biomass by using Forest Inventory and Analysis field data and applied ...

Principal Investigator : Warren B. Cohen

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Douglas-fir killed by sprucebud worm on the Malheur National Forest in eastern Oregon. Dave Powell, USDA Forest Serivce
ID: 664
Net Forest Carbon in Oregon Increased Slightly During the Last Decade

Gains in forest carbon through tree growth and afforestation in the Pacific Northwest were offset by fire, insects, cutting, and deforestation.

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Inventory and Monitoring2014PNW
Photo of The tundra of interior Alaska hosts an incredible diversity of moss and lichen species that sequester carbon and regulate the water table, among other ecosystem services. USDA Forest Service.
ID: 762
New Method Monitors Species Groups and Estimates Carbon Storage in Moss and Lichen Layers in Boreal and Temperate Forests

Mat forming ground layers of mosses and lichens are responsible for sequestering one-third of the world’s terrestrial carbon, regulating water ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah Jovan, Dr

Inventory and Monitoring2015PNW
Photo of Field crew collect forest inventory data in a stand of black spruce in Interior Alaska.
ID: 1398
Scientists analyze trends in tree growth to assess change in Interior Alaska’s spruce forest

Tree-ring analysis adjusted for age-related changes in growth indicate that recent growth of black and white spruce in Interior Alaska is near t ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Outdoor Recreation
Inventory and Monitoring
2017PNW
Photo of The distribution of net ecosystem production (mean for 2006–2010). Areas in red denote highest productivity and therefore sequestered the greatest amounts of atmospheric carbon. From Turner et al. 2016
ID: 1403
Scientists model four-state region to estimate carbon pools and flux over large domains

Variation in climate, disturbance regime, and forest management strongly influence terrestrial carbon sources and sinks.

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Outdoor Recreation
Inventory and Monitoring
2017PNW
Photo of Across forestlands on the West Coast, tree seedlings are migrating to areas cooler than the current range of mature trees. USDA Forest Service
ID: 793
Seedlings of Most Tree Species in California, Oregon, and Washington are Shifting Toward Areas Colder Than Those Occupied by Mature Trees

Global warming is predicted to cause systematic changes in the distribution of tree species. Determining if and where the changes are occurring ...

Principal Investigator : Vicente Monleon

Inventory and Monitoring2015PNW
Photo of Douglas-fir in H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Oregon.
ID: 1363
Wetter, warmer conditions will likely favor biomass accumulation in Douglas-fir

Conversely, continued accumulation of forest biomass in drier regions may be more limited.

Principal Investigator : David M. Bell

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW