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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of The figure displays age class in red spruce-dominated forests by alternative and for three time steps (year 0, year 30, and year 100) for a portion of the study area as a result of the models.  There are some differences in the alternatives in the amount of red spruce forest by age class and their location on the landscape. USDA Forest Service
ID: 865
A Landscape Model for Planning Red Spruce Restoration in West Virginia

A Forest Service scientist developed a model to answer specific questions about meeting restoration goals for red spruce while protecting habita ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2015NRS
Photo of High resolution laser scan of a red oak log. R. Edward Thomas, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1130
Analyzing Internal Hardwood Log Defect Prediction Equation Accuracy

The type, size, and location of internal defects dictate the grade and value of lumber sawn from hardwood logs. Significant correlations have be ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Hardwood lumber on a sawmill grading deck. Exports are a major market for U.S. hardwood lumber graded for appearance-based uses. Urs Buehlmann, Virginia Institute of Technology.
ID: 1160
Are There Regional Barriers to Exporting U.S. Hardwood Products?

Exports have become a critical market for higher-value hardwood lumber given the steep decline in domestic furniture manufacturing and the recen ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Customized options for kitchen cabinet doors including species, style, and finish
ID: 1440
Building a Stronger Hardwood Economy with Customized Products

Demand for individually customized products, where customers are enabled to choose their own design features, is increasing in the broader U.S. ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2018NRS
Photo of Sampling tank-stored fracing fluids. Pam Edwards, Forest Service
ID: 314
Chloride Concentrations in Recovered Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Increase With Depth of Tank

The hydraulic fracturing fluid used in natural gas extraction in the northeastern Appalachians raises concerns about safe disposal. Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Pamela Edwards

Water, Air, and Soil2011NRS
Photo of The image is an example of canopy gap delineation. On the right is the post-burn, leaf-on imagery from the USDA National Agricultural Imagery Program used to identify the canopy gaps created by prescribed fire. Gap boundaries also superimposed on pre-burn imagery on the left side of the image.
ID: 1243
Collaboration makes fire science available and useful to land managers

Forest Service researchers and foresters are partnering to document the effects of landscape-scale prescribed fire on the George Washington and ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2017NRS
Photo of Gravel application to a newly constructed forest road to protect the road surface from erosion, and woody material from the road right-of-way positions as a windrow on the fillslope (right side of photo) to trap any sediment transported off the road.
ID: 1242
Comprehensive information about road best management practices effectiveness helps protect water quality on forest lands

Sediment is the most common pollutant associated with forests, and roads are the most common sources of sediment in forests. Best management pra ...

Principal Investigator : Pamela Edwards

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017NRS
Photo of House under construction in the framing stage. Michael Luckado
ID: 646
Construction-Sector Developments in Europe, 2012-2013

A Forest Service scientist has analyzed the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe area's housing construction market.

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of A radio-collared Carolina northern flying squirrel. Corrine A. Diggins, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University.
ID: 615
Elusive Carolina Northern Flying Squirrels in Red Spruce Forests Face Survival Challenges

The endangered Carolina northern flying squirrel is a secretive, nocturnal species and not much is known about its behavior and ecology. Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Jane Rodrigue

Wildlife and Fish2014NRS
Photo of Fire damaged logs from the Fernow Experimental Forest in West Virginia were transported to the mill for processing and analysis of potential losses in volume and quality. Jan Wiedenbeck, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 619
Fire in my hardwood forest... is my investment in my family's future lost

Does the idea "What doesn't kill you makes you stronger" apply when a low- to medium-intensity wildfire or prescribed fire has run through a har ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Top 20 energy conservation recommendations for SIC 24 (Lumber and Wood Products, Except Furniture) based on 437 assessments conducted under the Department of Energy’s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program during the period 2000-July 2015.  If all of the 3,295 recommendations offered were implemented, the annual energy savings for this industry sector would be 10 percent per year.  Based on the actual implementation rate, the energy savings is 4.2 percent per year. USDA Forest Service
ID: 868
Forest Products Industry Competitiveness Strengthened Through Energy Management and Savings

Cutting energy costs in wood products manufacturing is good for the environment and a long-overlooked way for companies to reduce their operatin ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Log bucking in Buckhannon, West Virginia. Iris Montague, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 617
Hardwood Log Procurement and the Role of Log Brokers

Forest Service researchers analyzed hardwood log procurement practices and the effects of log brokers on the hardwood distribution system. They ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Historically, U.S. housing construction and sales have been a major component of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP).
ID: 1288
Housing markets are critical to the wood products industry

U.S. and international housing markets are critical to the wood products industry, as new single-family units consume more value-added wood prod ...

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of High-resolution point cloud image of a scanned red oak log. Ed Thomas, USDA Forest Service
ID: 635
Improved Automated Detection of Surface Defects on Hardwood Logs

In less than one second, a new parallel computer algorithm processes more than a million surface data points on a hardwood log to find the defec ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of A simple depiction of the hydrologic cycle Robin L. Quinlivan. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 987
Improving Watershed Management and Water Quality by Creating a More Informed Citizenry

Primers about hydrology, watershed management, and soil erosion were written to provide scientific information in an easy to understand format f ...

Principal Investigator : Pamela Edwards

Water, Air, and Soil2016NRS
Photo of Laser scanned image of a low grade, small diameter yellow-poplar log with large knots.
ID: 1227
Investigating the potential of cross-laminated timber panels made from low-grade hardwoods for building construction

The emergence of cross-laminated timber (CLT) for building construction in North America may provide an additional and valuable product market f ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of Fence line of one of the plots with canopy gaps.  The vegetation is noticeably taller and denser inside the fence as compared to outside the fence. USDA Forest Service
ID: 866
Investigating the Roles of Fire, Browse, and Canopy Gaps in the Understory of an Oak-dominated Forest

Current forests developed under conditions different from original forests, with more deer, less fire, and smaller canopy gaps. This has resulte ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Storm damage to timber. Donald L. Buckner, Diversified Consulting Services.
ID: 1162
Options for Timber Salvaging After Natural Disasters in the Gulf States

Forest Service researchers analyzed timber salvaging data collected in the Gulf State region after major hurricanes. Post-hurricane analysis lea ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Hardwood lumber ready to ship to woodworking plants.
ID: 1256
Overall investment activity in the woodworking industry is likely to increase

Business investments are critical to the productivity and competitiveness of the U.S. woodworking industry. With employment and sales volume imp ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew Bumgardner

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of Screenshot of Hardwood Log Sawing Program showing control panel, log end and side views. Ed Thomas, USDA Forest Service
ID: 485
RAYSAW Computer Program Can Grade Hardwood Logs and Calculate its Value

RAYSAW is a computer program developed by Forest Service scientists for hardwood log sawing that processes high-resolution laser-scanned hardwoo ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of The compound figure shows historic photos of large trees. the first is one that had been used as an example of an American chestnut in the pre-blight forest, the second photo shows a similar tree and setting that is of a redwood in California, the third photo is a documented photo of a large American chestnut before the blight. The figure was published in the journal Chestnut.
ID: 1009
Restoration of a Forest Giant

The blight resistance of a variety of families of hybrid American chestnuts is under study on the Monongahela National Forest in West Virginia. ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of An example of typical understory conditions in the Summer of 2008 on one of the fenced subplots on the Monongahela National Forest. Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, USDA Forest Service
ID: 621
Roles of Fire, Browse, and Canopy Gaps in the Understory of an Oak-dominated Forest

Current forests developed under conditions different from original forests, with more deer, less fire, and smaller canopy gaps. The difference r ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Hardwood logs at a harvest site in northern Wisconsin. Bumgardner, Matthew, USDA Forest Service
ID: 480
Scientists Investigate the Influence of Markets and Forest Management on Small-diameter Hardwood

Despite the potential silvicultural advantages of removing some small-diameter trees during timber harvests, activities such as diameter-limit c ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of The mean proportion of grade 1 butt logs for the diameter-limit, single tree selection, and partial cutting harvests as estimated at 15 year fixed intervals. USDA Forest Service
ID: 877
Silvicultural Prescriptions Affect Hardwood Tree Quality Over Five Decades of Management

Analysis of 50-year records of harvests on the Fernow Experimental Forest in west Virginia by Forest Service scientists demonstrates that diamet ...

Principal Investigator : John Brown

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Small-diameter logs, especially when straight, can yield lumber volumes comparable to larger diameter logs. Jan Weidenbeck, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1010
Small-diameter Hardwood Markets, Revisited

Standard operating procedures for merchandizing hardwood roundwood from timber harvests is to ship small-diameter wood to a wood chipping/strand ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Examples of popular social media platforms now being used in the forest products industry. Iris Montague, USDA Forest Service
ID: 491
Social Media Use in the Forest Products Industry is a New Way to do Business

Forest Service researchers analyzed the Internet and social media usage of forest products producers in major forest-products producing states t ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Two oak trees of different diameters after prescribed fire. The larger of the two, though charred higher up the bole, is more likely to survive.
ID: 1230
Study reveals how to minimize overstory mortality when using shelterwood-burn techniques to restore oak forests

Hardwood forests, and especially oak forests, in the eastern U.S. often require fire to create forest conditions suitable for successful stand r ...

Principal Investigator : John Brown

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of Proportion of grade one trees harvested over time for three harvest types. John Brown, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 641
Sustaining Tree Quality Under Three Harvesting Methods

The quality of trees grown and harvested under various methods exhibits changing patterns over time. A Forest Service scientist studied three me ...

Principal Investigator : John Brown

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Hardwood parts for cabinet doors being manufactured in a U.S. woodworking facility. Urs Buehlmann, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
ID: 867
To What Do Woodworking Firms Attribute Success? Enhancing Technology Transfer to the U.S. Woodworking Industry

Recent research has shown that woodworking firms in the United States attribute their success to actions they have taken and their lack of succe ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of U.S. Imports and Exports of Hardwood Lumber and Logs, 1990-2013 (Data Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service). Matt Bumgardner,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 623
United States Maintains Positive Trade Balances for Hardwood Logs and Lumber

Exports have become a vital lumber market for hardwood sawmills in the United States because of the loss of domestic furniture manufacturing and ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Changes in age classes for red spruce and red spruce-northern hardwood forest types combined for a section of the study area (about 13,000 acres) at three time steps. Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, USDA Forest Service
ID: 614
Using a Landscape Model for Planning Red Spruce Restoration in West Virginia

A new Forest Service model was developed to answer specific questions about meeting restoration goals for red spruce while protecting habitat fo ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014NRS
Photo of Housing permits, starts, and completions, 1968-2012, in thousands. Delton Alderman, USDA Forest Service
ID: 500
Vital Information About the Housing Market Made Available to Stakeholders

Historically, the U. S. housing segment utilizes a substantial quantity of forest products. A Forest Service scientist analyzed the pertinent da ...

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of The figure is the cover of the station publication for the Minnesota work showing the percentage of pyrophilic witness trees across most of Minnesota with photos illustrating typical fire behavior for three areas. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1097
Witness Trees as Indicators of Past Fire

In ecosystem restoration, the question “What was the forest like back then?” is often difficult to answer. Understanding and mapping forest ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of The Monongahela National Forest is classified according to fire influence on species composition. Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, USDA Forest Service
ID: 488
Witness Trees Reveal Where to Restore Fire

To help land managers make decisions and plan for restoration of oak-dominated forests, witness trees from early surveys were used by a Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2013NRS
Photo of A map showing the boundaries of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine.  The outlines of four national forests are also included.  The results of calculating the percentage of pyrophilic witness tree species from town-level surveys are displayed as a color gradient from red to green, with red indicating a high percentage of pyrophilic species and green a low percentage.  The red starts in the south and grades to green further north.  Also displayed is an approximation of the tension zone line between generally wetter forests to the north and drier forests to the south. USDA Forest Service
ID: 875
“Witness Trees” as Indicators of Past Fire

In ecosystem restoration, the question of “What was it like back then?” is often difficult to answer. Understanding and mapping forest compo ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2015NRS