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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of The urbanization of forests. Forest Service
ID: 128
In-Filling Reduces the Urban Forest to the Detriment of Humans and Wildlife Habitat

The urban landscape, because of its developed infrastructure, has less ecological services than a forested rural landscape and any further erosi ...

Principal Investigator : Wayne C. Zipperer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 101
A High-Tech Adventure Game of Hide and Seek

Geocaching invites a technologically savvy public into nature

Principal Investigator : Deborah J. Chavez

Outdoor Recreation2012PSW
Photo of Healthy Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine stand in Colorado threatened by white pine blister rust and mountain pine beetle. Forest Service
ID: 121
A Proactive Strategy To Control Invasive Species in Mountaintop Ecosystems

High-elevation pine forests, under the threat of multiple stressors, serve as an excellent flagship to lead the shift away from crisis managemen ...

Principal Investigator : Anna W. Schoettle

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Composite critical load exceedance map for seven major vegetation types in California. The figure indicates areas where and by how much atmospheric nitrogen deposition is higher than the critical load (e.g., threshold) for risk of harmful ecological effects.  Forest Service
ID: 96
Air-Pollution Thresholds Protect Ecosystems

Research benefits air-quality specialists, land managers, scientists, and policymakers

Principal Investigator : Mark E. Fenn

Water, Air, and Soil2012PSW
Photo of Laser scanning technologies further preservation efforts of historic covered bridges. Jim Wacker, Forest Service
ID: 25
America's Iconic Covered Bridges Documented With As Built Records

Laser scanning technology provides details of historic covered timber bridges

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of
ID: 102
Americans and Greeks Experience Similar Benefits from Recreation in Forests

Data show recreational uses of forest lands are psychologically and socially important

Principal Investigator : Jim Absher

Outdoor Recreation2012PSW
Photo of The change in forest industry employment (NAICS 113, 321, 322, 337) from 2005 to 2010 compared to each state's total manufacturing employment in 2005.   Each state's circle is scaled to its total timberland growing stock volume in 2010 (northern region). Forest Service
ID: 40
Analysis Reveals Cyclical and Structural Changes in Forest Products Industry

Structural changes may be difficult to reverse but prospects for growth exist in forest product exports and wood-based biorefining

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Climate change risk matrix capturing the likelihood and consequence of potential habitat change for sugar maple in northern Wisconsin. Forest Service
ID: 46
Assessing Climate Change Risk to Eastern Forests Using Climate Change Tree Atlas Data

New tool makes for better informed forest management decisions

Principal Investigator : Stephen Matthews

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS
Photo of Block and plot structure in El Verde research area.  Inferred area covered by each block is 40,000 m2 and the complete study area covers around 106 m2.  Forest Service
ID: 16
Assessing Litterfall Trap Bias

Are traps preferentially representing certain kinds of leaf litter

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Nicaraguan reporter and IITF cooperator, Adelayde Rivas Sotelo, filming the biodiversity project. Forest Service
ID: 17
Avian Diversity in the Agroscapes of Nicaragua's Northern Highlands

Creating biological corridors to sustain biodiversity, while increasing revenue for local farmers

Principal Investigator : Wayne J. Arendt, PhD

Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Gypsy moth trap used to detect new populations. Forest Service
ID: 47
Balanced Approach to Surveillance Reduces the Costs of Invasive Species Detection and Control

New planning tool helps organizations make decisions on where and how much money to spend on invasive pests detection programs

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Invasive Species2012NRS
Photo of Researcher applying pheromone-releasing flakes to a whitebark pine bole. <i>Forest Service</i>
ID: 86
Beetle Pheromones Save Endangered Pines From Bark Beetles

High-elevation pines protected by turning beetles' own pheromones against them

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Gillette

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of Local leaders help ensure that the CWPP makes a difference on the ground.  Pamela Jakes, Forest Service
ID: 48
Best Management Practices for Community Wildfire Protection Plans

Bringing local solutions to wildland fire management

Principal Investigator : Pamela J. Jakes

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 100
Biocontrol of Strawberry Guava

First field release of biocontrol agent for managing invasive strawberry guava

Principal Investigator : Tracy Johnson

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Industrial poplar farm. Forest Service
ID: 50
Biomass Potential of Poplar Energy Crops in Minnesota and Wisconsin Assessed

Scientists develop methods to map sites for poplar tree energy crops to enhance productivity and ecosystem services

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Photo of Establishing a blight resistant planting at Buck Creek on the Hoosier National Forest in Spring, 2012. James McKenna, Forest Service
ID: 65
Blight Resistant Seeds May Be Key to Comeback for American Chestnut Tree

Restoration plantings poise this once mighty tree species for a comeback

Principal Investigator : Charles H. Michler

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Dry forest restoration in Hawai'i. Forest Service
ID: 103
Breaking the Grass-Fire Cycle in Dryland Ecosystems in Hawai'i

Scientists develop practical tools to manage and restore tropical dry forest landscapes on military lands in the Pacific

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Photo of Greenhouse seed bank germination trials with closeup of one tray. Todd E. Ristau, Forest Service
ID: 34
Can We Bank on Forest Seed Banks

Community composition of seeds stored in forest soils becomes increasingly divergent over time

Principal Investigator : Alejandro A. Royo

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Flexible electronic substrate made from cellulose nanomaterial. Forest Service
ID: 8
Cellulose Nanofiber Composites Can Serve as Substrate for Flexible Electronics

Transparent films made from cellulose nanofibers have low thermal expansion and the potential to serve as a foundation for flexible electronics. ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Changing Climate, Changing Forests: The Impacts of Climate Change on Forests of Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada. Forest Service
ID: 35
Changing Climate, Changing Forests

Effects of climate change on forests of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada

Principal Investigator : Lindsey Rustad

Inventory and Monitoring
Invasive Species
Photo of Cone calorimeter testing simulates realistic fire scenarios. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 13
Cone Calorimetry Takes Center Stage in Evaluating Fire Retardancy of Wood Products

Evaluations of cone calorimeter tests are now documented in handbook

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Pine marten. Michael Mengak,
ID: 94
Conserving Martens, Sables, and Fishers

New book provides the first comprehensive synthesis of knowledge about these species in nearly 20 years

Principal Investigator : Keith Aubry

Wildlife and Fish2012PNW
Photo of The Marmot Dam on the Sandy River in Oregon was breached in October 2007 to improve habitat for salmon and steelhead. Gordon Grant, Forest Service
ID: 91
Dam Removal Produces Largest Release of Sediment in History

Four years of research on the Sandy River after the removal of the Marmot Dam provides guidance for future dam removals

Principal Investigator : Gordon Grant

Water, Air, and Soil2012PNW
Photo of
ID: 98
Do Insects Visit and Pollinate Tanoak Flowers

The knowledge is key for informed conservation of the species

Principal Investigator : Jessica W. Wright

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Adhesive test with low-quality veneer.  Forest Service
ID: 1
Do Not Blame Adhesives When Veneers Are Guilty

Perfectly good adhesives may be wrongly discarded after failing a performance test when in actuality the veneer caused the failure.

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus) are the most frequent fatalities at wind energy facilites. Forest Service
ID: 105
Echolocation Monitoring Models Bat Occupancy Near Wind Energy Facilities

Model could mitigate the effects of wind energy development on populations of migratory bats

Principal Investigator : Ted Weller

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Historical data on real prices of softwood sawtimber in the U.S. South and overlapping 2012 baseline projections of prices to 2060 (in 2006 dollars per cubic meter). Peter Ince, Forest Service
ID: 26
Economic Model Predicts U.S. Forest Product Markets and Timber Demand Trends

Model provides insights on how U.S. competition and trade in forest products could be affected by expanded global use of wood for energy in futu ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Fine woody biomass (tops and limbs) of northern hardwoods removed post-harvest and stacked for processing, Chequemegon-Nicolet National Forest, Wisconsin. Deahn Donner, Forest Service
ID: 49
Effect of Woody Biomass Removal on Forest Biodiversity and Nutrient Cycling

Findings represent short-term effects and give a baseline for long-term study

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Contributions of elevated CO2 concentration, N deposition, climate variability, and regrowth + disturbances to regional accumulated net biome productivity (NBP). Forest Service
ID: 41
Effects of Disturbance, Climate, and Management on U.S. Forest Carbon

Forest response to fire, insects, harvesting, etc., is responsible for nearly one-half of the U.S. forest carbon sink, offsetting about 12 perce ...

Principal Investigator : Yude Pan

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Photo of
ID: 112
Effects of Rising Temperature on Carbon Cycling and Storage in Ecosystems

Scientists find that as ecosystems warm, they store more carbon, not less

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Dr. Felix Ponder standing at one of his LTSP sites. Forest Service
ID: 52
Effects of Timber Harvesting and Biomass Removal on Forest Health Studied

A 10-year study shows that forest sites are able to experience high levels of soil compaction and biomass removal with little negative effects o ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Oobius female depositing eggs inside an ash tree which may infect emerald ash borer larvae. Forest Service
ID: 42
Emerald Ash Borer Natural Enemies Becoming Established in the United States

Optimism increasing for long-term management of the emerald ash borer

Principal Investigator : Leah Bauer

Invasive Species2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 43
Feedbacks Through the Land Market Affect Success of Open Space Conservation Policy

A new planning tool helps decide which land parcels to save

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Photo of A koa log. Forest Service
ID: 95
Finding Value in Young-Growth Koa Wood

A demonstration project informs the forest industry in Hawai'i of the quality and uses for young-growth Koa wood

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of National standing dead biomass (Mg/ha) Forest Service
ID: 44
First Inventory of Standing Dead Trees Across the United States Developed

Study compares differences between previously modeled estimates and new empirical estimates

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of World Bank/Global Environment Facility personnel learn about Forest Service efforts in climate change mitigation and adaptation in Baltimore. Forest Service
ID: 45
Forest Carbon Estimates for Climate Benefits Projects Around the World

Science on forest carbon benefits developed by the Forest Service contributes to a reduction in deforestation and degradation in forests through ...

Principal Investigator : Linda S. Heath

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Hemlock wooly adelgid covers the leaves of a hemlock tree. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
ID: 131
Forest Community Dynamics After Widespread Die-Off From an Invasive Insect

Understanding how microclimate and forest community respond to eastern hemlock die-off

Principal Investigator : Chelcy F. Miniat

Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
Photo of Eighteeen educators, administrators and community members participated in Wisconsin's first replication of Forest For Every Classroom. Barbara McGuinness, Forest Service
ID: 51
Forest For Every Classroom Engages Students in Environmental Topics

Building a network for place-based environmental education in Wisconsin

Principal Investigator : Barbara McGuinness

Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Reviewing Compliance of Harvest Plans in the Consorcio Forestal Amazonico, Ucayali, Peru. Forest Service
ID: 18
Forest Regulations are Rigorous throughout much of the Americas, but Implementation Remains a Challenge in Latin America

On paper, Latin America is often stricter on forestry than many States in the United States, but lack of enforcement and compliance continue to ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen McGinley

Resource Management and Use2012IITF
Photo of Electron micrograph image showing the unusual failure of release coating on a postage stamp. Dark regions are pressure-sensitive adhesive; light regions are silicone-release coating that has pulled away from backing paper liner. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 22
Forest Service Continues To Make a Better Postage Stamp

Latest research reduces the environmental effect of stamp materials

Principal Investigator : Carl J. Houtman

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of ForWarn forest change image: blue indicates normal forest conditions compared to the previous year and green to red indicates moderate to extreme vegetative change. Forest Service
ID: 132
ForWarn Monitors Forests Coast-to-Coast

Web-based tool provides a weekly snapshot of U.S. forest conditions to aid forest managers

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Forest Service scientists and the Carolina wren.  Vincent D'Amico, Forest Service
ID: 64
FRAME Study Looks at Invasive Plants in Delaware

What are the causes and consequences of soil, plant, and animal changes in the valuable patches of forests that make up urban parks, riparian bu ...

Principal Investigator : Vince D'Amico

Invasive Species2012NRS
Photo of Kayakers in Freshkills Park, NYC. Forest Service
ID: 54
From World's Largest Landfill to New York City's Newest Park

The story of the restoration of Fresh Kills Salt Marsh, Staten Island, NY

Principal Investigator : Lindsay K. Campbell

Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
Photo of How much forest biomass to leave behind or remove Shawn Grushesky, West Virginia University Appalachian Hardwood Center
ID: 55
Guidelines for Forest Biomass Utilization

Online resource offers environmentally and economically sound biomass utilization in the Appalachian Mountains

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Firewood for home heating.  Forest Service
ID: 71
Heating with Wood in Alaska

Converting oil heating systems in residential and commercial buildings in Alaska to renewable wood energy would require 1.3 to 1.7 million cords ...

Principal Investigator : Allen M. Brackley

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Wood decay fungus Ceriporiopsis subvermispora colonizing wood vessels. Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota
ID: 9
Hidden Lives of Wood Decay Fungi Uncovered by Genome Sequencing

The decoded genomes of 12 species reveal a complex repertoire of proteins involved in the deconstruction of key polymers within wood cell walls

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of A prescribed fire burning in the New Jersey Pinelands. Michael Gallagher, Forest Service
ID: 66
Impact of Invasive Insects and Fire on Forest Water Resources

Minor disturbances in forests that do not significantly alter biomass can reduce water use and increase ground water recharge to aquifers

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Photo of Plume of the Big Salmon Lake Fire on August 17, 2011: one of 25 fires studied in the Smoke Emission and Dispersion field project. Forest Service
ID: 111
Improved Air-Quality Models Help Land Managers and Regulators

New research helps reduce the effects of wildfire emissions on human health, economic activity, and scenic integrity

Principal Investigator : Shawn P. Urbanski

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012RMRS
Photo of Passive samplers for air pollution in Athabasca Oil Sands Region. Forest Service
ID: 87
Industrial Air Pollution May Have Ecological Consequences

Elevated concentrations of ammonia can negatively impact lichen communities and elevated levels of nitrogen and sulfur deposition can potentiall ...

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of A chorus frog threatened by invasive Chinese Tallow. Taylor Cotten, Forest Service
ID: 134
Invasive Chinese Tallow Reduces Hatching of Frog Eggs

Decomposing leaf litter reduces hatching of southern leopard frog eggs by lowering the pH and concentration of dissolved oxygen in the water

Principal Investigator : Daniel Saenz

Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
Photo of A Latino family enjoys a day at the park. Forest Service
ID: 135
Latino Community Access to Urban Green Space

Addressing environmental justice in terms of access to urban green space for an immigrant community in Georgia

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Quercus kelloggii lichen grows in the San Bernardino National Forest that receives about 70 kilograms of nitrogen per hectare per year -- background levels are less than 1kg. Sarah Jovan, Forest Service
ID: 92
Lichen Communities Serve as Canary in the Coal Mine for Air Pollution

A comparison of lichen communities from 1976 to 2008 suggests continued deterioration of air quality in the Los Angeles Basin despite policy and ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah Jovan, Dr

Inventory and Monitoring2012PNW
Photo of The Forest Service/USDA National Agroforestry Center's Mike Dosskey presents his conservation buffer research results on Capitol Hill, July 30, 2012, at a seminar sponsored by the National Coalition for Food and Agricultural Research. Forest Service
ID: 169
Location, Location, Location! Putting Buffers in Their Place

Forest Service conservation buffer research highlighted at Capitol Hill seminars

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use2012WO
Photo of Assessing Wood Utilization Options for Urban Trees Infected by Invasive Species is a comprehensive manual that can be used by professionals. Forest Service
ID: 23
Making the Most of Beetle-Killed Trees

New manual gives land managers a variety of options for beetle-killed trees

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Invasive Species2012FPL
Photo of The Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge provides a wide variety of ecosystem services including clean water and air, wildlife habitat, and scenic beauty. Tom Iraci, Forest Service
ID: 72
Managing for Ecosystem Services on Public Land

New report provides an overview of how national forests can address ecosystem services and tradeoffs associated with forest management plans and ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey D. Kline

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of The endangered red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). Jerry Payne, USDA Agricultural Research Serivce,
ID: 73
Mapping Hardwood and Softwood Vegetation Types with LiDAR

Study informs forest management activities and assesses woodpecker habitat

Principal Investigator : Robert McGaughey

Inventory and Monitoring2012PNW
Photo of Wood char particles and carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles. Forest Service
ID: 4
Metal Core Nanoparticles Created From Wood Char, a Bioenergy Byproduct

Shell-encapsulated metal core carbon nanoparticles have potential applications in magnetic data storage, xerography, drug delivery, and as a cat ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Daily prediction of atmospheric black carbon originating in the United States transported to the Arctic. Forest Service
ID: 74
Mitigating Arctic Black Carbon Deposition

Scientists identify meteorological conditions when black carbon does not travel to the Arctic

Principal Investigator : Sim Larkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of Leaf scorch is a drought symptom in linden trees.  Joseph O'Brien, Forest Service
ID: 59
Model Assesses the Influence of Drought Stress on Forest Relative to Other Factors

Drought stress data added to a forest landscape disturbance and succession model show that length of drought is more important than severity

Principal Investigator : Eric J. Gustafson

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Photo of
ID: 114
Monitoring Network Saves Wealth of Data on American Bird Populations

Network archives data sets to address future large-scale conservation issues

Principal Investigator : C. John Ralph

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Fuel is masticated prior to a prescribed burn on a study plot in the Pringle Falls Experimental Forest. Rhonda Mazza, Forest Service
ID: 79
National Study Evaluates Fuel Treatments in Reducing Risk of Fire

Mechanical treatments do not serve as surrogates for fire treatments

Principal Investigator : Anthony Youngblood

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of An unidentified waxy substance in honey mesquite cells creates a physical barrier against fungal hyphae. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 7
Natural Wood Durability Studied to Estimate Wood's Performance

Naturally occurring chemicals in some wood species make them more durable against deterioration

Principal Investigator : Grant T. Kirker

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Infestation of European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.) on left with bush honeysuckle on right. Chris Evans, River to River Cooperative Weed Management Area,
ID: 68
Nature Dominates in City Tree Regeneration

Assessment of tree planting and natural regeneration in cities reveals that most trees in cities are not planted

Principal Investigator : David J. Nowak

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of FPL's Rick Reiner (right) toured USDA Under Secretary Sherman (left) through the nanocellulose facility, explaining its capabilities and the promise this new material offers to a wide variety of industries. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 14
New Cellulose Nanomaterials Pilot Plant Keeps Up With Market Demand

Materials are being supplied to three government agencies and six partner universities to accelerate the development of advanced cellulose-reinf ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of
ID: 5
New Drying Process Gives Black Locust Wood Exotic Appearance

Heat treatment that prevents discoloration increases uses of this fast growing wood

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of The Cedarburg Covered Bridge, WI was one of the bridges included in this study. Stan Lebow, Forest Service
ID: 10
New Guide Advises Treatments and Technologies To Protect Historic Wooden Bridges

Forest Service and university researchers collaborate to evaluate methods of protecting wooden bridges from fire and biodegradation.

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of White cedar browsed by deer.  Laura Kenefic, Forest Service
ID: 69
New Management Guide Offers Strategies for Northern White-Cedar

Guide contains newly discovered and proven management strategies for one of the least-studied commercially important North American tree species

Principal Investigator : Laura S. Kenefic

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Map of mean fire interval years in the United States. Forest Service
ID: 67
New Model Estimates Historic Fire Frequency

Model will help restore fire-dependent ecosystems and assess effects of changing climates

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Photo of Tree height, crown base, and leaf area for same-aged green ash in Fort Collins, CO and Cheyenne, WY. Upper lines represent height, lower lines represent height to first branch.  Ash have only 55 % of the Fort Collins' ash leaf area, largely due to differences in climate and soils. Forest Service
ID: 104
New Model Predicts Urban Tree Growth

New study developed growth equations for urban tree species throughout the United States

Principal Investigator : E. Gregory McPherson

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 117
New Report Assesses Impact of Climate Change on Forest Diseases

Climate change is projected to have far-reaching environmental effects domestically and abroad

Principal Investigator : Susan J. Frankel

Invasive Species2012PSW
Photo of Decayed red spruce (Picea rubens) penetrated by fine roots, mycelium, and mycelial cords after 12 years in ground contact. Cords are pathways for wood decay fungus to exchange chemical elements between decaying wood and forest soil. Kevin Smith, Forest Service
ID: 39
New Research Suggests Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 Have Reduced the Exposure of Tree Roots and Surface Water to Harmful Aluminum

Wood decay fungi add humus to the forest floor with a high proportion of essential calcium and low amounts of potentially toxic aluminum, which ...

Principal Investigator : Kevin T. Smith

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Photo of
ID: 3
New SPORL Process Efficiently Converts Biomass to Sugars and Ferment

Preliminary laboratory evaluation confirms the high performance of the SPORL process for pretreatment of Douglas fir

Principal Investigator : J.Y. Zhu

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of IITF scientists and collaborators mapped 40 forest types plus urban and agricultural areas for Trinidad and Tobago in the first country-wide map of tropical forest tree communities and land cover.  Eileen H. Helmer, Forest Service
ID: 21
New Study Leads the Way to Detailed Mapping of Tropical Rain Forest Types

Tropical tree communities mapped for Trinidad and Tobago with satellite imagery

Principal Investigator : Eileen H. Helmer

Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of
ID: 76
New Techniques Improve National Emissions Inventory for Wildland Fire

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is using new techniques to create the next national emissions inventory for wildland fire

Principal Investigator : Sim Larkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of Mean difference in tree-level carbon stocks between the Component Ratio Method and Jenkins' approach for tree species in the conterminous U.S. Forest Service
ID: 38
New Tree Volume and Biomass Estimation Procedures Implemented for the Yearly U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory

New procedures have improved the accuracy, reliability, and transparency of the U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory of U.S. forests and bioma ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 70
New Way To Model Forest Stand Dynamics

Scientists test assumptions on natural selection to maximize fitness

Principal Investigator : Harry Valentine

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS
Photo of Long term soil productivity plot in Missouri. Forest Service
ID: 136
North American Forest Soils are Remarkably Resistant

Ten years of data on 45 locations in the United States and Canada illustrate exactly how much disturbance forest soils can undergo and still rem ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Water, Air, and Soil2012SRS
Photo of A highly unusual yeast, Spathaspora passalidarum, is benefitting biofuels production. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 11
Novel Yeast Makes Bioconversion Faster and Less Expensive

Faster, cheaper biofuel production is possible for commercial use

Principal Investigator : Thomas W. Jeffries

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Portable ozone monitor at Trout Creek Pass, Colorado.  Forest Service
ID: 124
Ozone Air Pollution Threatens Remote National Forest Mountain Areas

Scientists are using a portable battery-powered monitor to evaluate O3 at several high-elevation, remote locations in the Rocky Mountain West

Principal Investigator : Robert (Bob) C. Musselman

Water, Air, and Soil2012RMRS
Photo of Invasive grass fire in Hawai'i. Susan Cordell, Forest Service
ID: 118
Pacific Fire Exchange Is the Hottest Partnership in the Pacific

A new collaboration promotes and uses the best available science to reduce wildfire management costs and improve land managers' ability to prote ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Photo of Bio-based boards have many applications and are produced from renewable sources including forest thinnings and recycled paper fibers. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 28
Partnership Produces 3D (3-Dimensional) Engineered Fiberboard Panels

Naturally bonded boards can use fibers produced from a variety of renewable sources including wood from forest thinnings and recycled paper fibe ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of IITF Wildlife Researcher demonstrating banding techniques for wren photographic key. Forest Service
ID: 29
Photographic Key Determines Age and Gender in Two Thryothorus Wrens From Nicaragua's Pacific Slope

A visual and metric aid to determining age and gender in tropical wrens

Principal Investigator : Wayne J. Arendt, PhD

Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Publication:  Profitable Farms and Woodlands: A Practical Guide in Agroforestry for Landowners, Farmers and Ranchers. Forest Service
ID: 167
Practical Agroforestry Guide Released for Landownders, Farmers, and Ranchers

Guide informs underserved and limited resource farmers in the Southeast ways to use agroforestry to better manage their lands and boost profits

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use2012WO
Photo of Prairie strip embedded in an agricultural (corn) watershed.  Prairie strips increase nutrient and sediment retention, reduce runoff, and increase biodiversity.  Iowa State University
ID: 57
Prairie Strips Lead to Better Environmental Health and Greater Socioeconomic Vitality

Forest Service scientists help Midwestern farming communities understand how to transform strategic portions of the agricultural landscape into ...

Principal Investigator : Randy Kolka

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS
Photo of Current (2000) and future (2080) distribution of Forest Inventory and Analysis plots predicted to be at high risk of spruce beetle infestation based on the Canadian Global Climate Change model predictions of future temperatures. Numbers in lower right corner indicate percentage of plots with increased spruce beetle risk.  Forest Service
ID: 138
Predicting Future Spruce Beetle Infestations

Scientists model the effects of increasing temperatures and forest stand conditions on the likelihood of spruce beetle infestation over time

Principal Investigator : R. Justin DeRose

Inventory and Monitoring2012RMRS
Photo of An aerial look at damage caused by the amber-marked birch leaf miner in Anchorage, Alaska. Forest Service
ID: 78
Predicting the Path of the Amber-Marked Birch Leaf Miner

Scientists model future infestation of an invasive insect in Anchorage, AK

Principal Investigator : John Lundquist

Invasive Species2012PNW
Photo of Sources of phosphorus from a forested 90-m long hill with a Tahoe Basin Climate under different forest conditions, as predicted by the Tahoe Basin Sediment Model. Forest Service
ID: 123
Quantifying Phosphorus Delivery Pathways in Forest Watersheds

Predictive model clearly shows the importance of lateral flow in delivering phosphorus from steep forested hillslopes to forest streams

Principal Investigator : William J. Elliot

Water, Air, and Soil2012RMRS
Photo of The brownish areas are oak decline sites/trees. Dale Starkey, Forest Service
ID: 145
Red Oak Species Is Especially Vulnerable to Drought Events

Oak decline and mortality under periodic regional drought in the Ozark Highlands of Arkansas and Missouri

Principal Investigator : Marty Spetich

Inventory and Monitoring2012SRS
Photo of Repeated prescribed fires may improve the regeneration potential of oak in canopy gaps. Forest Service
ID: 61
Repeated Prescribed Fires Help Sustain Oak Regeneration in Eastern Forests

Research findings can help managers in their quest to sustain this forest type throughout Eastern North America

Principal Investigator : Todd Hutchinson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Photo of Forests of the Northern United States uses more than 100 maps, graphs, and tables to summarize current conditions and recent trends for the 172 million acres of forest land in the 20 States that comprise the U.S. North. Forest Service
ID: 53
Report Details Trends and Current Conditions for Northern Forests

Overarching issues include the interaction of forests and people, managing invasive species, sustaining biodiversity, and sustaining capacity fo ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
Photo of Children join in a game of tug of war. Forest Service
ID: 143
Report Investigates Connection Between Urban Green Spaces and Environmental Justice

Ecosystem services from urban green spaces have numerous benefits for the landscape and public health

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 115
Report Offers New Management Strategies for Sierra Nevada Forests

Concrete examples of science-based strategies are a hit with managers and stakeholders

Principal Investigator : Malcolm P. North

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of Forest Service
ID: 63
Research Addresses Decline of Young Forests in Central Hardwood Region

Report details how young forests can be sustainably created and managed in a landscape context

Principal Investigator : Frank R. Thompson

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Photo of Healthy sagebrush common garden at Great Basin Experimental Range. Forest Service
ID: 110
Research Helps Conserve and Restore Shrub Dominated Ecosystems

Helping to make prudent, research-based decisions to improve shrublands in the Interior West

Principal Investigator : Bryce A. Richardson

Resource Management and Use2012RMRS
Photo of
ID: 81
Responding to Climate Change on National Forests

A new guidebook provides a scientific foundation and framework for preparing for climate change

Principal Investigator : David L. Peterson

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Herbicide treated plot, where planted longleaf pine seedlings are free to grow with minimal completion from hardwoods. Forest Service
ID: 133
Restoration Treatments for the Post-Hurricane Recovery of Longleaf Pine

Scientists recommend herbicide use to control hardwoods in plantings of longleaf pine after hurricane damage

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of A spatial, quantitative wildfire risk assessment framework based on characterizing exposure of highly valued resources and assets to risk factors, as well as their response to varying levels of exposure. Forest Service
ID: 127
Risk Analysis Prioritizes Investments in Hazardous Fuels Reduction

Scientists mitigate the adverse impacts of wildland fires

Principal Investigator : Matthew P. Thompson

Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Photo of Northwoods Environmental Scholars group. Forest Service
ID: 56
Scholars Program Welcomes Youth into the World of Nature

Alleviating nature deficit disorder in the youth of Wisconsin's Northwoods

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
Photo of Altantic salmon smolt, ready to migrate to the ocean. Forest Service
ID: 32
Scientist Refines Models Relating River Flows to Fish Habitat and Population Dynamics

To generate robust preductions, models need to acknowledge the complex life histories of riverine and diadromous fishes

Principal Investigator : Keith Nislow

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
Photo of
ID: 36
Scientists and Managers Work To Develop Climate-Smart Conservation Strategies

Project that addresses the needs of land managers in a changing climate has expanded to nine States and more than 133 million acres

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Sulphur-flower buckwheat seed. Forest Service
ID: 122
Scientists Conserve the Seeds of Today To Propagate the Best Adapted Plants of Tomorrow

Project is aimed at restoring damaged grasslands, shrublands, and deserts

Principal Investigator : Nancy L. Shaw

Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Emerald ash borer adult feeding on an ash leaf. Deborah Miller Forest Service
ID: 58
Scientists Determine the Chemistry Between Ash Trees and Emerald Ash Borer Beetle

What makes some ash species so susceptible to emerald ash borer and others less susceptible

Principal Investigator : Therese M. Poland

Invasive Species2012NRS
Photo of Monthly climatology of Northeastern United States wildfires for the Appalacian Mountains (region 1, black) and the coastal plain (region 2, grey). Forest Service
ID: 31
Scientists Develop Wildfire Weather Climatology for the Northeastern United States

Knowing where and why large wildfires have occurred in the past can help weather forecasters and fire managers predict future events with greate ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph J. (Jay) Charney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012NRS
Photo of Yellow-cedar's shallow roots make it vulnerable to freezing injury in spring when snow is not present to provide insulation. Paul Hennon, Forest Service
ID: 75
Scientists Find Cause of Yellow-cedar Death in Alaska's Coastal Forests

Absence of snow to protect shallow roots results in roots freezing and extensive tree death

Principal Investigator : Paul Hennon

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of The brown rot fungus Fibroporia radiculosa is very tolerant to copper. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 24
Scientists Find the Achilles' Heel of Wood Fungi Tolerance to Preservatives

Inhibiting the enzymatic pathway in copper tolerant brown rot fungi can block its tolerance of commercial wood preservatives

Principal Investigator : Katie Ohno, M

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of RMRS researchers attaching a color band to a captured and hooded Mexican spotted owl. Forest Service
ID: 108
Scientists Study Endangered Mexican Spotted Owl

Research provides information useful to managers charged with conserving and restoring Mexican spotted owls and their habitat

Principal Investigator : Joseph L. Ganey

Outdoor Recreation
Wildlife and Fish
Photo of A researcher collects soil samples from an area burned by wildfire on the Deschutes National Forest. Jane Smith, Forest Service
ID: 83
Scientists Study the Effects of Harvesting Fire-Killed Trees

Findings help land managers fine tune their post-fire treatments to speed forest recovery process

Principal Investigator : Jane E. Smith

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Red bulletwood (Manilkara bidentata) leaf in a stream flow contributing to seasonally varying tropical stream exports that are resources for aquatic fauna. Forest Service
ID: 30
Seasonality and Forest Succession in Tropical Watersheds Affects Stream Export

Continuous export of organic matter from mountain streams depends on forested headwaters contributing leaf litter of varied quantity and quality ...

Principal Investigator : Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Photo of Forest Service rangers and passive samplers in Desolation Wilderness. Forest Service
ID: 97
Sources of Air Quality in the Lake Tahoe Basin Analyzed

Scientists determine elevated concentrations of ambient ozone in the Lake Tahoe Basin are caused mainly by local emissions

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Spruce and fir increase the vertical connectivity of live fuels, enhancing potential for crown-fire activity. Brian Sturtevant , Forest Service
ID: 62
Spruce Budworm Effects on Fire Risk and Vegetation in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness

Insect-killed trees do not necessarily increase fire risk

Principal Investigator : Brian R. Sturtevant

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012NRS
Photo of Researchers checking an Asian longhorned beetle trap in Worcester, MA.  Melody Keena, Forest Service
ID: 33
Strong Demand for New Tool for Detecting Asian Longhorn Beetle

Beetle traps are now being used in 14 States and three countries

Principal Investigator : Melody Keena

Invasive Species2012NRS
Photo of Private forest land posted against unauthorized public access. Forest Service
ID: 60
Study Assesses Public Access to Private Land for Recreation Purposes

Scientists review opportunities, constraints, and possibilities for relieving recreational pressure on public lands

Principal Investigator : Stephanie Snyder

Outdoor Recreation2012NRS
Photo of Outdoor recreation will remain a key part of the social and economic fabric of the United States for many decades to come. Forest Service
ID: 137
Study Projects Outdoor Recreation Levels in the United States to 2060

Changes in climate, socioeconomic conditions, and land use, along with population growth will affect future outdoor recreation activity in the U ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Bowker

Outdoor Recreation2012SRS
Photo of Field crew measure the amount of remaining fuel on the forest floor after a prescribed burn on Nenana Ridge, Alaska. Roger Ottmar, Forest Service
ID: 84
Testing Fuel Treatments in Boreal Forests

A first-of-its-kind study tests the effects of fuel treatment on fuel consumption and fire behavior in Alaska's boreal forest

Principal Investigator : Roger D. Ottmar

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of Burn severity for the Granny fire (2004) in the Gila-Aldo Leopold Wilderness in New Mexico. Qualitatively, it appears as though areas that has previously burned in 2000 had lower burn severity (i.e., dNBR) than areas that had not previously burned. Forest Service
ID: 140
The Effectiveness of Wildfire as a Fuel Treatment

New research results provide crucial information to land managers as they assess trade-offs associated with wildfire suppression and appropriate ...

Principal Investigator : Sean A. Parks

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012RMRS
Photo of Climate Change in Grasslands, Shrublands, and Deserts of the Interior American West: A Review and Needs Assessment
ID: 107
The Effects of Climate Change in Grasslands, Shrublands, and Deserts

Studies show that by the turn of the century, climate in the Western United States may be incompatible with current vegetation types, resulting ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah M. Finch

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
Photo of Ferruginous hawk fitted with a GPS transmitter to study movements relative to oil/gas and wind energy development. Forest Service
ID: 109
The Effects of Energy Development on Hawks and Golden Eagles Documented

Results from a new wildlife study help managers develop conservation measures for ferruginous hawks and golden eagles in areas being developed f ...

Principal Investigator : John R. Squires

Wildlife and Fish2012RMRS
Photo of Millipedes used in the microcosms were all from the Order Stemmiulida, Family Stemmiulidae. Forest Service
ID: 19
The Role of Millipedes in Tropical Ecosystems

The direct and indirect effects on litter of varying lignin content

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Water, Air, and Soil2012IITF
Photo of USDA Agriculture Deputy Secretary, Dr. Kathleen Merrigan (left) and John Knubely (right), Deputy Minister, Canada Agriculture and Agri-Food sign a Memorandum of Understanding verifying enhanced collaboration in Agroforestry between the two nations at the United States Department of Agriculture, April 17, 2012 in Washington, DC. Bob Nichols, USDA
ID: 168
The United States Partners with Canada to Increase the Use of Agroforestry Practices

Partnership actions include collaborative research to restore windbreaks across the Great Plains and advancing the goals of the Global Research ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use2012WO
Photo of White-tailed sea eagles flying near their nest at the wind facility on the island of Sm´┐Żla, Norway.  This facility has killed many eagles and dramatically impacted the dynamics of their population.  Forest Service
ID: 88
Threats From Wind Energy Turbines Identified for Migrating Golden Eagles

National team studies movement ecology of eagles to understand behaviors that may put them at risk from energy development

Principal Investigator : Thomas M. Schuler

Wildlife and Fish2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 99
Trout Populations Benefit From Novel Model That Examines Fragmented Habitat

Research helps set priorities for restoring connectivity of stream networks

Principal Investigator : Bret C. Harvey

Wildlife and Fish2012PSW
Photo of Free Downloadable Software Application helps people identify Invasive plants of the South. Forest Service
ID: 147
U.S. Forest Service Research Uses New Invasive Plant Phone Application

iPhone application helps people identify harmful, nonnative plants and provides control recommendations

Principal Investigator : James Miller

Invasive Species2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 89
U.S. Urban Tree Cover Declining

Analysis of aerial images reveals that U.S. urban areas are losing about 20,000 acres of tree cover per year

Principal Investigator : David J. Nowak

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Chaining a pinyon tree to a crane scale. Forest Service
ID: 148
Understanding Effects of Bioenergy Harvesting in Southern Forests

Principal Investigator : Robert Rummer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Noxious weeds were monitored following thinning and burning treatments in a lodgepole pine forest. Forest Service
ID: 141
Unwanted Side Effects of Roads Are Invasive Species

Monitoring invasive plants is an important component of forest restoration

Principal Investigator : Justin B. Runyon

Invasive Species2012RMRS
Photo of
ID: 139
Updated Computer Model Helps Managers Better Estimate Visitation to Camp Sites

Model simulates travel patterns for 11,000 groups in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness

Principal Investigator : Alan E. Watson

Outdoor Recreation2012RMRS
Photo of Researchers are studying the freezing and melting of water in solid wood to learn about wood decay and faster corrosion processes. Tatiana Morozova,
ID: 15
Water Freezing in Wood: How Low Can It Go

The freezing and melting of water in wood gives clues about how water bonds to wood during processes such as wood decay and fastener corrosion

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Former cropped wetland restored to a wetland by the Southeastern Wetland Reserve Program. Joel Gramling, The Citadel
ID: 130
Wetlands Assessment Project Documents Outcomes of Conservation on Working Lands

Assessment offers managers a tool to improve project planning and assessment of wetland practices on working lands in the South and elsewhere

Principal Investigator : Diane De Steven

Inventory and Monitoring2012SRS
Photo of Experimental disturbance killing native plants facilitates invasion by tall tumblemustard, cheatgrass, lamb's quarters, prickly lettuce, Canada thistle, bull thistle, sweetclover, bulbous bluegrass, and herb Sophia. Forest Service
ID: 142
Why Do the Exotics Beat the Natives: Where Is the Home-Team Advantage

New research sets forth a framework for understanding why exotic plants invade and how to fight the invasions

Principal Investigator : Dean E. Pearson

Invasive Species2012RMRS
Photo of Members of the Wilderness Fellows program. Forest Service
ID: 126
Wilderness Fellows Program Engages Youth in Federal Land Management

Program helps agencies develop a baseline assessment of wilderness character and integrate that character in wilderness planning, management, an ...

Principal Investigator : Peter B. Landres

Outdoor Recreation
Inventory and Monitoring
Photo of Hayfork Bally looking out over part of the 2008 Miners Fire near Hayfork.  Carl Skinner, Forest Service
ID: 106
Wildfire Can Benefit Landscapes and Reduce Threats to Local Communities

Scientists determine that managing wildfire across large portions of Sierra Nevada forests may alleviate the current hazardous fuels problem tha ...

Principal Investigator : Carl N. Skinner

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Photo of Climate is the most important enviromental factor affecting long-term variability and change of wildfire. R.C. Wilkinson, Univerisity of Florida
ID: 149
Wildfire in the United States: Future Trends and Potential

Climate models project warming and increased droughts this century in the continental United States, so wildfire is likely to increase according ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS
Photo of Tribal Fire Fighting Team.  Forest Service
ID: 166
Wildfire Prevention Pays Big Dividends

Wildfire prevention efforts on tribal lands in the United States have benefits that likely exceed costs by at least tenfold

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS
Photo of The Fairbanks House demonstrates design and construction details that have allowed this wood structure to stand for  three centuries. Jeffery Howe, Boston College
ID: 2
Wood Can Last for Centuries if Protected From Moisture

Report dispels myths about wood construction through proper information that educates and empowers the public

Principal Investigator : Carol A. Clausen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Fire retardant treatments can reduce the contribution of wood-plastic composites to a fire. Craig Clemons, Forest Service
ID: 6
Wood-Plastic Composites Are More Desirable With Fire Retardant Treatments

Wood-plastic composites treated with fire retardants addresses fire concerns in the wildland-urban interface

Principal Investigator : Robert H. White

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Hollow glass microspheres in wood-plastic composites.  Rebecca Wallace, Forest Service
ID: 12
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Glass

Adding microsized glass particles to wood-plastic composites creates a less dense but stiffer material for use in a variety of building applicat ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2012FPL