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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of A prescribed fire conducted in the Pine Barrens of New Jersey.  NRS-06 researchers are measuring the recovery of carbon and water cycling following fire and insect defoliation in forests in the Pine Barrens. Forest Service
ID: 212
Carbon and Water Cycle Recovery Patterns After Disturbance in Forest Ecosystems

The recovery of carbon and hydrologic cycling following two major disturbances in pine and oak-dominated stands in the New Jersey Pine Barrens-- ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010NRS
Photo of A prescribed fire burning in the New Jersey Pinelands.  Recovery following prescribed fires is rapid, and over a ten-year period burned stands sequestered twice the amount of carbon compared to stands defoliated by invasive insects. Michael Gallagher, USDA Forest Service
ID: 647
Contrasting Effects of Invasive Insects and Fire on Forest Carbon Dynamics

Forest Service scientists quantified rates of carbon sequestration and water use by forests before and after invasive insect defoliation and pre ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of A prescribed fire in a pitch pine stand in the Pinelands of New Jersey.  Prescribed fires consume primarily forest floor and understory vegetation, resulting in rapid recovery following burns. USDA Forest Service
ID: 873
Fire Management and Carbon Sequestration in Pine Barrens Ecosystems

Forest Service scientists quantified consumption and accumulation of the forest floor and understory vegetation during and following prescribed ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2015NRS
Photo of Instrumented towers set up within and in the vicinity of prescribed fires in the New Jersey Pine Barrens provide critical meteorological and air quality data for validating smoke prediction tools.  Nicholas Skowronski, Forest Service
ID: 320
Fireflux Experiments Improve Safety of Prescribed Burns in the New Jersey Pine Barrens

Predicting the effects of smoke from low-intensity prescribed fires on local air-quality is being made easier by new tools developed by Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS
Photo of Figure 1.   (a) A low intensity surface fire; and (b) a high intensity fire starting to transition to the forest canopy in the Pinelands National Reserve, New Jersey.
Figure 2.   One of the towers used to quantify turbulence and heat fluxes from wildland fires in the Pinelands National Reserve, New Jersey.
ID: 1247
Forest Service scientists disentangle some of the complexity associated with wildland fires

Land mangers conduct planned wildland fires with the goals of reducing hazardous fuels and the severity of future wildfires and to create desire ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
2017NRS
Photo of Examples of mixedwood types in eastern North America: A) shortleaf pine – oak forest in southern Missouri (credit: Missouri Department of Conservation); B) white pine – red oak forest in southern Maine (credit: Justin Waskiewicz); C) spruce – fir – hardwood forest in Quebec (credit: Patricia Raymond); D) hemlock – hardwood forest in northern Wisconsin. Kate Gerndt.
ID: 965
Hardwood-Softwood Mixtures for Future Forests in Eastern North America: Assessing Suitability to Projected Climate Change

Despite growing interest in management strategies for climate change adaptation, there are few methods for assessing the ability of stands to en ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data showing the cover of understory vegetation a 1 to 2 meter height before and after prescribed fire in the Pine Barrens of New Jersey. <b>Green</b> indicates < 10 % cover, and <b>red</b> indicates > 40% cover.  The area covered by the figures is 9 km<sup>2</sup>.   Forest Service
ID: 211
Hazardous Fuel Assessments Using LIDAR and Field Measurements

Lasers, in what is termed Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) systems, are being used by NRS researchers Nicholas Skowronski and Kenneth Clark t ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010NRS
Photo of A prescribed fire burning in the New Jersey Pinelands. Michael Gallagher, Forest Service
ID: 66
Impact of Invasive Insects and Fire on Forest Water Resources

Minor disturbances in forests that do not significantly alter biomass can reduce water use and increase ground water recharge to aquifers

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012NRS
Photo of Figure 1. (a) Dead and down pitch pines killed by southern pine beetle in the Pinelands National Reserve of New Jersey, and basal area of (b) live trees and (c) live saplings separated into pines (Pinus rigida, P. echinata, P. virginiana), oaks (Quercus alba, Q. prinus, Q. marlandica, Q. velutina, Q. stellata, Q. falcata, Q. bicolor), and other hardwoods (Acer rubra, Nyssa sylvatica, Carya glabra, Magnolia virginiana, Sassifrass albicaulis) in control, natural, and treated plots.
ID: 1228
Impacts of southern pine beetle on pine-dominated forests in New Jersey and New York

Invasive insects can kill trees, alter forest structure, impact hazardous fuel loads, and modify the trajectory of forest succession. Forest Ser ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2017NRS
Photo of A March 2013 prescribed fire burning at the Cedar Bridge carbon flux tower in the New Jersey Pinelands. Recovery following prescribed fires is rapid, and stands can replace released carbon within 2-3 years. Kenneth Clark, USDA Forest Service
ID: 490
Scientists Study Fire Management and Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Forest Service scientists quantified rates of carbon sequestration by forests before and after prescribed burns were conducted by the New Jersey ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2013NRS
Photo of A low-intensity backing fire in a pine-oak stand with relatively low fuel loading in 2012, and initiation of a head fire in a pitch pine-scrub oak stand with relatively high fuel loading in 2014. Michael Gallagher and Nick Skowronski, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1124
Scientists Untangle Relationships Among Firing Technique, Fuel Consumption, and Turbulent Transfer in Forests

Forest Service research indicates that relatively low-intensity prescribed fires can be effective at reducing hazardous fuels in forests while m ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016NRS
Photo of Favorable fire behavior in mixed conifer and brush during a burn operation near Jerseydale;
Ferguson Fire, Sierra NF, CA, 2018.
ID: 1432
Understanding Wind Gusts During Fire can Help Fire and Smoke Managers

Wind fields in the vicinity of wildland fires can be highly variable or turbulent, exhibiting significant gusts that can lead to erratic fire be ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2018NRS