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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of Overview of the methodology used to map vegetation carbon stocks throughout Hawaii: a, b the Hawaii State GAP vegetation map provided a geospatial guide for sampling Hawaii Island with airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR). The LiDAR data were converted to maps of top-of-canopy height (TCH). c A diverse array of satellite-based environmental maps were compiled to provide continuous geographic information on vegetation cover, topographic variables, and climate. d The satellite and LiDAR data were processed through a geostatistical model based on the Random Forest Machine Learning (RFML) approach to develop multi-island, statewide maps of TCH at 30 m spatial resolution. The statewide TCH map was converted to estimates of aboveground carbon density (ACD) using a universal plot-aggregate approach. The modeling process included an estimate of uncertainty on each 30 m grid cell for the entire State of Hawaii.
ID: 1400
Ecosystem carbon storage and productivity across the Hawaiian Islands

Hawaii provides a model system for understanding the effects of environment on ecosystem carbon storage and flux. Forest Service scientists exam ...

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
2017PSW
Photo of
ID: 112
Effects of Rising Temperature on Carbon Cycling and Storage in Ecosystems

Scientists find that as ecosystems warm, they store more carbon, not less

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of A research plot devoted to undertanding the effects of climate change on carbon storage and flux in Hawaii. Chrisian Giardina, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1088
Hawai’i Carbon Assessment

Scientists conduct an assessment of current and projected future carbon stocks showing the fluxes and sequestration for the state of Hawai’i.

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
2016PSW
Photo of Image of invasive strawberry guava trees and invasive ginger plants. Christian Giardina, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1080
Interactive Effects of Climate Change and Invasive Species on Water Yield in Tropical Montane Forests

Forest Service scientists quantify the impact of anticipated climate change and invasive species on water yield from streams using the Distribut ...

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
2016PSW
Photo of Airborne Carnegie Airborne Observatory-LiDAR image from a January 2008 flight showing vegetation height for more than 100 kipuka on the Island of Hawaii. Inset shows one example kipuka of roughly 25 hectares. Greg Asner, Carnegie Institution of Science
ID: 901
Long-term Fragmentation Reduces Ecosystem Carbon Storage and Productivity

In the naturally fragmented tropical montane landscape in Hawaii, Forest Service researchers used a highly replicated (more than 600) set of fra ...

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2015PSW
Photo of PSW-2017-250; One of the nine research plots located along a five degree Celcius mean annual temperature gradient on the Island of Hawaii; here the field crew is measuring soil respiration and collecting litterfall.
ID: 1399
Long-term warming increases ecosystem nitrogen cycling

In a model ecosystem study where mean annual temperature (MAT) increases with elevation but where many factors such as soils, soil moisture, and ...

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Outdoor Recreation
Inventory and Monitoring
2017PSW
Photo of The image shows that warmer sites have more carbon inputs to the soils and more carbon dioxide release from soil surface; however, carbon storage is unaffected. because it is controlled more by the properties of the soils themselves. Christian Giardina, USDA Forest Service
ID: 679
Soil Carbon Storage in Tropical Montane Forests is Insensitive to Warming

Soils contain more carbon than the atmosphere and all plant biomass combined. There is fear that warming will greatly increase the net release o ...

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Water, Air, and Soil2014PSW