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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of Mountain pine beetle damage. Daniel Miller, USDA Forest Service
ID: 693
A 25-Year History of Forest Disturbance and Cause in the United States

Understanding trends in forest disturbance caused by fire, harvest, stress, weather, and conversion is important for many forest management deci ...

Principal Investigator : Gretchen Moisen

Inventory and Monitoring2014RMRS
Photo of Assembled Commodity Wood Tornado Safe Room.
ID: 1280
A residential tornado safe room from commodity wood products

Forest Service researchers designed a tornado safe room to be constructed from commodity wood building products and adaptable to existing homes.

Principal Investigator : Robert H. Falk

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Loblolly pine is frequently harvested for use as a biofuel. Erich Vallery, USDA Forest Service
ID: 727
A Simple Technique to Improve Woody Biomass Quality

The commercial markets for biofuels and bio-based products will require cost-competitive raw materials to compete with rival energy sources. The ...

Principal Investigator : John Klepac

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of X-ray fluorescence microscopy maps of concentration of chlorine (bottom) and potassium  (top) ions as a function of relative humidity.  The scale bar represents 20 microns. USDA Forest Service
ID: 887
Advancing Understanding of Wood Damage Mechanisms

Forest Service researchers examined the diffusion of ions in wood using synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy. The researchers found ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of The change in forest industry employment (NAICS 113, 321, 322, 337) from 2005 to 2010 compared to each state's total manufacturing employment in 2005.   Each state's circle is scaled to its total timberland growing stock volume in 2010 (northern region). Forest Service
ID: 40
Analysis Reveals Cyclical and Structural Changes in Forest Products Industry

Structural changes may be difficult to reverse but prospects for growth exist in forest product exports and wood-based biorefining

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of High resolution laser scan of a red oak log. R. Edward Thomas, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1130
Analyzing Internal Hardwood Log Defect Prediction Equation Accuracy

The type, size, and location of internal defects dictate the grade and value of lumber sawn from hardwood logs. Significant correlations have be ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Hardwood lumber on a sawmill grading deck. Exports are a major market for U.S. hardwood lumber graded for appearance-based uses. Urs Buehlmann, Virginia Institute of Technology.
ID: 1160
Are There Regional Barriers to Exporting U.S. Hardwood Products?

Exports have become a critical market for higher-value hardwood lumber given the steep decline in domestic furniture manufacturing and the recen ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Wood and Timber Condition Assessment Manual. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 583
Assessment Manual for Timber Structures Helps Building Inspectors

The Wood and Timber Condition Assessment Manual is an extremely valuable resource for wood design professionals. Forest Service scientists are ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Loblolly pine is an economically significant species in the southern U.S. David Stephens
ID: 720
Best Map Yet of the Pine Genome

Southern pine plantations supply 60 percent of wood products in the United States and 18 percent worldwide. These percentages can increase with ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Map of downed and dead woody material. Grant Domke, USDA Forest Service
ID: 461
Better Estimates of Carbon Inventory in Dead Wood Now Available

Researchers with the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program have sampled downed and dead woody material (DWM) since 2002 so most U.S. state ...

Principal Investigator : Grant M. Domke

Inventory and Monitoring2013NRS
Photo of Industrial poplar farm. Forest Service
ID: 50
Biomass Potential of Poplar Energy Crops in Minnesota and Wisconsin Assessed

Scientists develop methods to map sites for poplar tree energy crops to enhance productivity and ecosystem services

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS
Photo of On the leaf is a normal tree compared to a tree with a chromosomal break that leads to altered wood development and growth habit. On the right is a diagram showing the precise location of the chromosome break. The genes responsible for the wood and growth habit changes reside in this region, and can now be studied in detail. Andrew Groover, USDA Forest Service
ID: 689
Breakthroughs in Poplar Genomics Improve Bioenergy Feedstock Options

Developing fast growing poplar cultivars for biofuels production is a major step towards renewable, tree-based energy. Optimal properties of sho ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2014PSW
Photo of Hybrid aspen leaves showing bronze leaf disease. Mike Ostry, USDA Forest Service
ID: 489
Bronze Leaf Disease Poses a Threat to Aspen Breeding

Bronze leaf of hybrid aspen is a systemic disease that results in a characteristic dark purple to brown pigmentation of infected aspen leaves in ...

Principal Investigator : Michael E. Ostry

Invasive Species2013NRS
Photo of Three dimensional model of the Button Mushroom enzyme that metabolizes degraded leaf litter. Daniel Cullen, USDA Forest Service
ID: 445
Common Button Mushroom Studied for Key Role in Recycling Carbon

Recent genome studies of Agaricus reveal specialized adaptations to litter- and soil-rich environments which may be used to remediate contaminat ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Woodchips fuel the boiler used by the Tok School District, Alaska. USDA Forest Service
ID: 784
Community Biomass Handbook for Alaska Published

Volume 2 of the Community Biomass Handbook focuses on Alaska. It is designed to empower communities by helping them determ the best choices for ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Screen shot of the wood energy fiancial application. USDA Forest Service
ID: 667
Community Biomass Handbook Guides Businesses Seeking to Replace Fossil Fuels with Wood Energy

Available as an eBook, this biomass handbook containes a wood energy financial application that allows users to quickly assess whether wood ener ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of Community Biomass Handbook volume 4 helps users identify complementary biomass products that make ecologic and economic sense.
ID: 1361
Community Biomass Handbook Volume 4

The Community Biomass Handbook Volume 4: Enterprise Development for Integrated Wood Manufacturing is a guide for creating sustainable business e ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of House under construction in the framing stage. Michael Luckado
ID: 646
Construction-Sector Developments in Europe, 2012-2013

A Forest Service scientist has analyzed the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe area's housing construction market.

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of A fire growth model for homeowner-sized plats is being developed with state-of-the-art testing of realistic objects. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 289
Developing a fire model for homeowner-sized plats - Protecting lives and properties through proper selection of building and landscape materials

This research is directed to development of fire growth model for the homeowner sized plat that would guide the user on better and aesthetic sel ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 411
Developing a simple rearing method for Emerald ash borer biological control agents

The emerald ash borer, a buprestid beetle native to Asia, is one of the most ecologically and economically significant invasive forest pests in ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Ulyshen

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of Close-up of pelletized biochar. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 970
Development of a Forest Biochar Spreader

Biochar can be used to restore forest, range, or mine soils by adding organic matter, providing buffer from droughts or floods by increasing wat ...

Principal Investigator : Nathaniel (Nate) Anderson

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of Hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus) are the most frequent fatalities at wind energy facilites. Forest Service
ID: 105
Echolocation Monitoring Models Bat Occupancy Near Wind Energy Facilities

Model could mitigate the effects of wind energy development on populations of migratory bats

Principal Investigator : Ted Weller

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Book cover
ID: 458
Ecological Gradient Analyses in Tropical Ecosystems

Forest Service scientists recently published a book that contains a comprehensive analysis of ecological gradients in the Luquillo Mountains of ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2013IITF
Photo of Harvest for woody biofuels. Anthony D'Amato, University of Minnesota
ID: 622
Ecological Limits to Biomass Harvesting

Removing forest biomass for fuel can provide an alternative to fossil fuels and may mitigate atmospheric carbon dioxide increases, but it may ch ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Historical data on real prices of softwood sawtimber in the U.S. South and overlapping 2012 baseline projections of prices to 2060 (in 2006 dollars per cubic meter). Peter Ince, Forest Service
ID: 26
Economic Model Predicts U.S. Forest Product Markets and Timber Demand Trends

Model provides insights on how U.S. competition and trade in forest products could be affected by expanded global use of wood for energy in futu ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of An energy-wood harvest on Potlatch Lands in Minnesota. Anthony D'Amato, University of Minnesota
ID: 467
Ecosystem Impacts of Wood Harvests For Biofuel

Current interest in harvesting typically non-merchantable material for biofuel warrants a closer look at the ecosystem impacts of intensive harv ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2013NRS
Photo of Seventeen-year-old hybrid poplars used for phytoremediation at an industrial brownfield in North Carolina. Ron Zalesny, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1129
Ecosystem Services and Environmental Technologies of Woody Crop Production Systems

Long-term research led by Forest Service scientists show that short rotation woody crops such as poplar and willow can be grown to enhance ecosy ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of Fine woody biomass (tops and limbs) of northern hardwoods removed post-harvest and stacked for processing, Chequemegon-Nicolet National Forest, Wisconsin. Deahn Donner, Forest Service
ID: 49
Effect of Woody Biomass Removal on Forest Biodiversity and Nutrient Cycling

Findings represent short-term effects and give a baseline for long-term study

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of The stakes in the image are southern pine pressure treated with extractives of naturally durable wood species. These stakes have been installed in ground contact in Mississippi and Wisconsin and will be evaluated for the next 10 years.
ID: 1298
Effective utilization of naturally durable wood biomass offers an overlooked source of potential wood protectants

Forest Service researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory in Madison, Wisc., are evaluating extractives as potential next-generation wood pre ...

Principal Investigator : Grant T. Kirker

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of
ID: 112
Effects of Rising Temperature on Carbon Cycling and Storage in Ecosystems

Scientists find that as ecosystems warm, they store more carbon, not less

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Dr. Felix Ponder standing at one of his LTSP sites. Forest Service
ID: 52
Effects of Timber Harvesting and Biomass Removal on Forest Health Studied

A 10-year study shows that forest sites are able to experience high levels of soil compaction and biomass removal with little negative effects o ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of The process elements for the biomass gasification concept that are incorporated into the spreadsheet model. Edward M. (Ted) Bilek, Forest Service
ID: 303
Engineering and Economic Modeling of Biofuels Production

FPL researchers developed a flexible and customizable computer model that allows users to do a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of inco ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Nanocellulose (upper left), an engineering plastic (upper right), and compound made from them (center). Test specimens made from the compound (bottom). Craig Clemons, USDA Forest Service
ID: 580
Enhancing High-Performance Plastics with Nanocellulose

Forest Service scientists are using nanocellulose to improve the performance of engineering plastics. By applying advanced processing methods, t ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Eight-year-old poplars ready to be harvested. R. Zalesny, Forest Service
ID: 349
Environmental and Economic Benefits of Short-Rotation Poplar Energy Crops

Woody production systems and conversion technologies help maintain healthy forests and ecosystems, create high-paying manufacturing jobs, and me ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS
Photo of  Near-woods integrated system for processing post-harvest residues into bioenergy products. Richard Bergman, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 988
Environmental Evaluation of Converting Post-harvest Forest Residues to Bioenergy Products

Forest residues are a low-value byproduct of timber harvest operations that are typically burned or left to rot. Using forest residues as a bioe ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Sweetgum trees at free-air carbon dioxide enrichment study plot.
ID: 1276
Environmental impacts on tree bark chemistry

Evidence shows changes in tree bark chemistry from a long-term elevated carbon dioxide treatment have the potential to impact their conversion t ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas L. Eberhardt

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2017FPL
Photo of Crystallographic comparison of the GlcA-independent CaXyn30A aglycone region with the ligand bound GlcA-dependent CtXyn30A structure.
ID: 1296
Enzymatic conversion of xylan into valuable products.

Xylan represents a vast store of potential value but rather than seeing beneficial use, much of this reservoir is lost in catastrophic wildfires ...

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Water, Air, and Soil2017FPL
Photo of FPL researchers developed a new method for producing a suitable component of bioplastics from glucose, which can be derived from wood and other forms of biomass. Thinkstock
ID: 437
Enzyme Combo Results in Bioplastics Composite

Developing bioplastics as a means of moving away from non-renewable, petroleum-based products has many economic and environmental benefits. Rese ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Kersten

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Pilot scale near-woods torrefaction system operated at Samoa, CA.
ID: 1293
Evaluating near-woods processing of post-harvest forest residues for energy production

Forest Service researchers are evaluating the environmental viability of converting post-harvest forest residues into high-quality bioenergy pro ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Fire damaged logs from the Fernow Experimental Forest in West Virginia were transported to the mill for processing and analysis of potential losses in volume and quality. Jan Wiedenbeck, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 619
Fire in my hardwood forest... is my investment in my family's future lost

Does the idea "What doesn't kill you makes you stronger" apply when a low- to medium-intensity wildfire or prescribed fire has run through a har ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Flashover occuring during test 2 with a partially exposed CLT ceiling.
ID: 1273
Fire performance of CLT buildings

Fire tests demonstrate that CLT buildings can be designed to withstand fire.

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of National standing dead biomass (Mg/ha) Forest Service
ID: 44
First Inventory of Standing Dead Trees Across the United States Developed

Study compares differences between previously modeled estimates and new empirical estimates

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Comparison of vegetation change tracker output products without (left) and with (right) snow-covered winter satellite imagery. Kirk Stueve, Forest Service
ID: 318
Forest Land Estimates Improved by Novel Automated Mapping Technique Using Winter Satellite Imagery

Most automated satellite-based approaches for mapping forest lands rely on summer satellite imagery and are usually inconsistent with FIA plot-b ...

Principal Investigator : Northern Research Station

Inventory and Monitoring2011NRS
Photo of U.S. forest ownership map. Jake Hewes, USDA Forest Service
ID: 628
Forest Ownership Map of the Conterminous United States

Nearly two-thirds of the forests of the conterminous U.S. are privately owned, not publicly owned, as many assume. To help clear up this underst ...

Principal Investigator : Brett J. Butler

Inventory and Monitoring2014NRS
Photo of Top 20 energy conservation recommendations for SIC 24 (Lumber and Wood Products, Except Furniture) based on 437 assessments conducted under the Department of Energy’s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program during the period 2000-July 2015.  If all of the 3,295 recommendations offered were implemented, the annual energy savings for this industry sector would be 10 percent per year.  Based on the actual implementation rate, the energy savings is 4.2 percent per year. USDA Forest Service
ID: 868
Forest Products Industry Competitiveness Strengthened Through Energy Management and Savings

Cutting energy costs in wood products manufacturing is good for the environment and a long-overlooked way for companies to reduce their operatin ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Cover of Future Forests of the Northern United States Report. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1073
Future Forests of the Northern United States

The recent publication of Future Forests of the Northern United States and associated databases caps a 6-year effort to examine past trends, cur ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Image shows how full genome sequencing from an individual tree was used to determine position of chromosomal dosage variation. Andrew Groover, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1115
Gene-sequenced Poplars Potential Research Boon for Bioenergy

A large population of poplar trees with altered gene dosage has been developed for bioenergy feedstock research. Each of the trees has been subj ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2016PSW
Photo of White rot fungus, Panerochaete chrysosporium colonizing wood chips.
ID: 1295
Genetic basis of lignocellulose degradation

Exploiting the recent availability of fungal genomes, Forest Service researchers have developed computational approaches for the identification ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017FPL
Photo of
ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 431
Global Bioenergy Partnership Sustainability Indictators for Bioenergy

The Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) agreed on a set of science-based, voluntary, practical sustainability indicators with the aim of helping ...

Principal Investigator : Marilyn Buford

Resource Management and Use2011WO
Photo of How much forest biomass to leave behind or remove Shawn Grushesky, West Virginia University Appalachian Hardwood Center
ID: 55
Guidelines for Forest Biomass Utilization

Online resource offers environmentally and economically sound biomass utilization in the Appalachian Mountains

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of Log bucking in Buckhannon, West Virginia. Iris Montague, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 617
Hardwood Log Procurement and the Role of Log Brokers

Forest Service researchers analyzed hardwood log procurement practices and the effects of log brokers on the hardwood distribution system. They ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Firewood for home heating.  Forest Service
ID: 71
Heating with Wood in Alaska

Converting oil heating systems in residential and commercial buildings in Alaska to renewable wood energy would require 1.3 to 1.7 million cords ...

Principal Investigator : Allen M. Brackley

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Wood decay fungus Ceriporiopsis subvermispora colonizing wood vessels. Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota
ID: 9
Hidden Lives of Wood Decay Fungi Uncovered by Genome Sequencing

The decoded genomes of 12 species reveal a complex repertoire of proteins involved in the deconstruction of key polymers within wood cell walls

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Historically, U.S. housing construction and sales have been a major component of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP).
ID: 1288
Housing markets are critical to the wood products industry

U.S. and international housing markets are critical to the wood products industry, as new single-family units consume more value-added wood prod ...

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of The dots are microscopic beads and the lines are fungal hyphae. The beads turn from red to green when exposed to oxidation. Notice that the bead next to the fungus is more green than the others. USDA Forest Service.
ID: 912
How Does Wood Decay Start?

How do fungi rot wood? Using new tools, fluorescent dye attached to tiny beads, and laser confocal microscopy, Forest Service scientists were ab ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher G. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Forest Service employee Robert Eaton stands beside an eight year old Eucalyptus benthamii growing near Ravenel, S.C. Chris Maier,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 718
I Water Use of Intensively Managed Eucalyptus Plantations Studied

In parts of the southern U.S., short-rotation Eucalyptus plantations have the potential to substantially increase forest productivity for biomas ...

Principal Investigator : Chris A. Maier

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of Basidiospores of Corticium murrillii stained with cotton blue. USDA Forest Service
ID: 884
Identifying Unusual or Poorly Known Decay Fungi

Most wood inhabiting fungi are essential to sustain healthy forests and biodiversity, but a few cause serious diseases. Correctly identifying sp ...

Principal Investigator : Karen K. Nakasone

Invasive Species2015FPL
Photo of Mushroom on piece of downed dead wood. Fungal communities are a critical driver of dead wood residence times.  Christopher Woodall, USDA Forest Service
ID: 599
If a Tree Falls in a Forest, How Long Does It Lie There

Dead wood is critical to nutrient cycling, carbon dynamics, tree regeneration, wildlife habitat, and wildfire behavior in forests. Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2014NRS
Photo of Biomass receiving gate for a Burlington Electric power station. Dennis Becker, University of Minnesota
ID: 327
Impediments to Woody Biomass Utilization on Federal Lands

Efforts to increase woody biomass utilization have met with limited succes

Principal Investigator : Sarah M. McCaffrey

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011NRS
Photo of High-resolution point cloud image of a scanned red oak log. Ed Thomas, USDA Forest Service
ID: 635
Improved Automated Detection of Surface Defects on Hardwood Logs

In less than one second, a new parallel computer algorithm processes more than a million surface data points on a hardwood log to find the defec ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of FPL-2017-101
ID: 1271
Improving biopolymers for packaging applications using surface-tailored cellulose nanocrystals

Demand is rapidly increasing for environmentally friendly packaging materials that are derived from renewable resources and are biodegradable, b ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Dynamic vapor sorption instrument.
ID: 1292
Improving experimental techniques that probe wood-moisture interactions

Prior methods using dynamic vapor sorption instruments mischaracterized the equilibrium moisture content of wood. Equilibrium is reached after m ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Local children playing in an agricultural area converted from forest in northern Thailand. Linda S. Heath, USDA Forest Service
ID: 493
Improving Forest Inventory and Monitoring Capacity in Countries of the World

Efficient national and subnational level inventory and monitoring systems are needed to characterize carbon and other attributes of forests so t ...

Principal Investigator : Charles Scott

Inventory and Monitoring2013NRS
Photo of Researchers evaluated the Ming Dynasty Tombs and the Palace Museum located in the Forbidden City, Beijing, China. Thinkstock
ID: 586
Inspection Protocols Help Preserve Ancient Chinese Structures

Forest Service scientists worked with Chinese scientists and engineers to develop inspection procedures to aid in the preservation and restorati ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of
ID: 304
Integrating the Production of Nanofibrillated Cellulose and Biofuels

FPL researchers have demonstrated a method of integrating the production of cellulose nanofibers and biofuels. Such a strategy is expected to im ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Uniaxial strains (?y) and stiffnesses (Q) for two paperboard specimens. Horizontal gray lines represent median failure location.
ID: 1283
Local stiffness variation of paperboard examined in uniaxial tension

Small regions of heterogeneity in paper stiffness can provide places for sheets to fail. Forest Service researchers are the first to develop met ...

Principal Investigator : John M. Considine

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Researchers collect the forest floor to determine amount of carbon. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 974
Maintaining Long-term Productivity of Inland Northwest Forests After Bioenergy Harvesting

As the U.S. moves towards a more green economy, it is critical to understand the long-term impacts of harvest operations on both above and below ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016RMRS
Photo of Slash pile resulting from forest restoration activities. USDA Forest Service 
Figure 1. Building a slash pile to maximize biochar production. USDA Forest Service
Biochar pellets. Biochar pellets can be made to reduce dust and ease transportation and application.
ID: 1333
Making biochar with waste woody biomass

Forest restoration treatments create tons of waste residues that are normally burned in slash piles that damage the soil and cause pollution. F ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of The endangered red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). Jerry Payne, USDA Agricultural Research Serivce, Bugwood.org
ID: 73
Mapping Hardwood and Softwood Vegetation Types with LiDAR

Study informs forest management activities and assesses woodpecker habitat

Principal Investigator : Robert McGaughey

Inventory and Monitoring2012PNW
Photo of A world map displaying the density of ModelMap downloads. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 993
ModelMap Predicts Forest Characteristics Over Any Geographic Extent

Forest Service scientists created a tool, ModelMap, that can combine the Forest Inventory and Analysis plot data with remote sensing satellite i ...

Principal Investigator : Elizabeth Freeman

Inventory and Monitoring2016RMRS
Photo of An unidentified waxy substance in honey mesquite cells creates a physical barrier against fungal hyphae. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 7
Natural Wood Durability Studied to Estimate Wood's Performance

Naturally occurring chemicals in some wood species make them more durable against deterioration

Principal Investigator : Grant T. Kirker

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012FPL
Photo of The acoustic measurement system developed by Forest Service scientists and their collaborators has been integrated into the harvesting processor head, enabling tree quality evaluation during the harvesting operation. Peter Carter, Fibre-gen
ID: 436
New Acoustic Technology Evaluates Wood Quality of Standing Trees

Lack of techniques to assess the quality of standing trees results in inefficient allocation of timber resources and also limits the ability of ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Figure 1. Wood feedstock to final product conversion:  (a) micro-chips made from the wood of coniferous tree species; (b) biochar from wood chips carbonized in a pyrolysis system; and (c) activated carbon made from biochar activated using steam in a rotary calciner.
ID: 1294
New bio-based technology uses waste wood to produce high-value activated carbon

Forest Service scientists investigated making activated carbon products from renewable woody biomass material such as forest or mill residues fo ...

Principal Investigator : Hongmei Gu

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Book cover. USDA Forest Service
ID: 653
New Book Documents Contributions from Forest Service's Long-Term Research Sites

From the role of fire in forests to responses to clearcutting controversies, from the discovery of acid rain to the development of biogeochemica ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Stout

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014NRS
Photo of Preliminary state diagram of water in wood constructed from literature data on the glass transitions of wood polymers and calorimetric studies on water in wood Samuel Zelinka, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 979
New Model for Understanding the Fiber Saturation Point of Wood

The fiber saturation point is a key measure of how much water can be held within wood before free water forms in empty spaces within wood struct ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of
ID: 3
New SPORL Process Efficiently Converts Biomass to Sugars and Ferment

Preliminary laboratory evaluation confirms the high performance of the SPORL process for pretreatment of Douglas fir

Principal Investigator : J.Y. Zhu

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Mean difference in tree-level carbon stocks between the Component Ratio Method and Jenkins' approach for tree species in the conterminous U.S. Forest Service
ID: 38
New Tree Volume and Biomass Estimation Procedures Implemented for the Yearly U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory

New procedures have improved the accuracy, reliability, and transparency of the U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory of U.S. forests and bioma ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Long term soil productivity plot in Missouri. Forest Service
ID: 136
North American Forest Soils are Remarkably Resistant

Ten years of data on 45 locations in the United States and Canada illustrate exactly how much disturbance forest soils can undergo and still rem ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Water, Air, and Soil2012SRS
Photo of The Tucker Renewable Natural Gas unit is a new bioenergy technology that uses wood such as forest biomass as its fuel source. Richard Bergman, USDA Forest Service
ID: 577
Novel Technology Uses Waste Wood to Make Bioenergy while Sequestering Carbon

Wood companies need high-value uses for wood residues. A new technology developed by Forest Service researchers and their partners converts wood ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of A highly unusual yeast, Spathaspora passalidarum, is benefitting biofuels production. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 11
Novel Yeast Makes Bioconversion Faster and Less Expensive

Faster, cheaper biofuel production is possible for commercial use

Principal Investigator : Thomas W. Jeffries

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Portable ozone monitor at Trout Creek Pass, Colorado.  Forest Service
ID: 124
Ozone Air Pollution Threatens Remote National Forest Mountain Areas

Scientists are using a portable battery-powered monitor to evaluate O3 at several high-elevation, remote locations in the Rocky Mountain West

Principal Investigator : Robert (Bob) C. Musselman

Water, Air, and Soil2012RMRS
Photo of Woody biomass, such as wood chips, can be converted into synthetic gas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 728
Pilot Scale Gasification of Woody Biomass

Silvicultural management regimes are designed to generate many societal products in an environmentally healthy and sustainable manner. The wood ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie Groom

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Computer-based simulation tools allow designers to gauge the risk of moisture problems in building design. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 581
Possibilities and Pitfalls of Computer Simulation for Building Moisture Analysis

Moisture problems are much less expensive to correct in the building design phase than after the building is constructed. Computer-based simulat ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of
ID: 421
Posting of 2010 Southern Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) annual data

Decision-makers such as Congress, government agencies, and industry managers require current data on the state of the Nation's forests for effec ...

Principal Investigator : Ali Conner

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Modeled loblolly pine yield (mean annual increment) in cubic meters per hectare per year at age 12 for the 13 states in the southern US, visualization smoothed using simple Kriging. Dark lines encompass the native range of loblolly pine.
ID: 1302
Potential profitability of loblolly pine and eastern cottonwood short-rotation

Coastal areas such as southeast Texas, southwest Louisiana, and northern Florida have the highest potential yield for loblolly pine. It is poten ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Water, Air, and Soil2017SRS
Photo of Aqueous extract solutions under different pretreatments. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 306
Pretreating Wood Chips for Manufacturing Medium Density Fiberboard

FPL researchers studied how pretreating wood chips before manufacturing medium density fiberboard affected both the end product and the amount o ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of The beetle-killed to biochar process. Forest Service
ID: 385
Producing biochar from forest biomass

All that dead wood in our forests can be used to make charcoal, synthetic gas, and even fuel for our vehicles.

Principal Investigator : Dan W. McCollum

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Typical aspen slash wood (left) and flakes (right) sliced from the slash wood. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 307
Producing Value-Added Composite Panels from Aspen Slash Wood

The disposal of forest thinning residue is a concern when looking at sustainable forest management. Researchers found this material could be a ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Industrial poplar farm. Wisconsin Ron Zalesny, USDA Forest Service
ID: 656
Production Costs of Poplar Energy Crops in the Great Lake States

Short-rotation woody crops have historically been used as feedstocks for energy and fiber, yet their relevance for environmental remediation tec ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014NRS
Photo of Lignin-containing cellulose nano-crystals.
ID: 1284
Production of cellulose nanocrystals from raw wood via hydrothermal treatment

Hydrothermal treatment can be used for production of cellulose nanocrystals directly from green wood. Forest Service scientistsused Raman spectr ...

Principal Investigator : Umesh P. Agarwal

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of The structure model of the new glycoside hydrolase family 30-8 (GH30-8) xylanase (green) overlaid with the previously determined protein structure of a canonical GH30-8 xylanase (blue) indicating that although the new xylanase is functionally unique, it does not structurally differ from the canonical GH30-8 xylanases (top). An alignment showing the specific region of primary amino acid sequence containing the altered sequence (red boxes) attributed to the observed difference in mode of action of this new enzyme against its xylan substrate. USDA Forest Service
ID: 893
Protein Structure and Biochemical Characterization of a Novel Functioning Xylanase

Scientists identified and characterized a xylanase with unique function that may have applications in processing of woody biomass substrate.

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Repeat prescribed fire intended to reduce fire hazard and restore historical forest conditions in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Brandon Collins, Forest Service
ID: 364
Re-sampling historical inventory plots indicates degree of forest changes over the last 100 years

A 100 years of forest change is documented. Contemporary forests are compared to their historical counterparts. The findings presented here ca ...

Principal Investigator : Brandon M. Collins

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 422
Recovery of Carbon and Nutrient Pools in a Northern Forested Wetland

There has been long-standing concern about the effects of silvicultural practices on the functions of forested wetlands. This work shows that th ...

Principal Investigator : Carl C. Trettin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Life-cycle assessments help compares the environmental impacts of using wood decking versus non-traditional products. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 441
Redwood Decking is a Good Choice for the Environment

Building products produce emissions throughout their lifespan, from harvest and manufacturing to use and final disposal. Using building products ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Normally tree stems make a single layer of wood (blue cells, bottom of left panel). Changing expression of a single regulatory gene results in the formation of a second wood forming layer (right panel). Dr. Juan Du, Forest Service
ID: 365
Regulation of bark and wood growth in trees

The dividing cells of the cambium meristem provide cells that differentiate in either wood or bark. Although fundamental to how trees grow, regu ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2011PSW
Photo of The Enviva Corporation wood pellet mill, Northampton, NC. The South is now the largest wood pellet producing region in the U.S., and this industry is forecast to continue to expand over the next few years. Nearly all (99 percent) of these pellets are being exported to the European Union to burn for electricity.  USDA Forest Service
ID: 925
Renewable Energy Policies in the European Union Influencing Timber Markets and Forests in the Southern U.S.

Forest Service scientists Karen Abt and Ken Skog, with their university collaborators, evaluated the status and outlook of the export of wood pe ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Lee Abt

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Forests of the Northern United States uses more than 100 maps, graphs, and tables to summarize current conditions and recent trends for the 172 million acres of forest land in the 20 States that comprise the U.S. North. Forest Service
ID: 53
Report Details Trends and Current Conditions for Northern Forests

Overarching issues include the interaction of forests and people, managing invasive species, sustaining biodiversity, and sustaining capacity fo ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2012NRS
Photo of Fruit bodies of sequenced wood decay fungi Bjerkandera adusta (right image) and Ganoderma species (left image). Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota
ID: 446
Research Demystifies Wood Decaying Fungi

Newly sequenced fungal genomes provide insight into the enzymatic conversion of wood into high value products.

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance is determining the feasibility of producing jet fuel from woody biomass in Oregon and Washington. Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance
ID: 523
Research Station Helps National Renewable Biofuels Project Engage Community and Industry Leaders

The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance is working to form regional alliances and find communities that might fit into a sustainable biofuels ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Image 1: A picture of PbXynA1 (an xylanases enzyme) with the a xylooligosaccharide (sugar polymer) bound into the active site. Image 2: A close up revealing a large pocket not previously observed in other xylanases (enzymes) of this family. Franz St John, USDA Forest Service
ID: 452
Researchers Determine the Structure of Bacterial Protein Involved in Biomass Conversion

Researchers structurally characterized a bacterial protein involved in biomass degradation. The knowledge obtained from this novel protein sugge ...

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Soil amendment treatments (wood chips, biochar, and biosolids) alone or in combinations applied to an abandoned mine site near Sumpter, OR.
ID: 1355
Restoring abandoned mine soil with organic amendments

Restoring abandoned mine sites with no environmental hazard or chemical contamination can be expensive because of the inhospitable (hot, dry) en ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017RMRS
Photo of Rice straw appears to be a promising agricultural residue for manufacturing composite panels. William M. Brown Jr., Bugwood.org
ID: 308
Rice Straw Particleboard

There has recently been a revival of interest in using agriculture residues to produce particleboards and other composite panels due to competit ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of A spatial, quantitative wildfire risk assessment framework based on characterizing exposure of highly valued resources and assets to risk factors, as well as their response to varying levels of exposure. Forest Service
ID: 127
Risk Analysis Prioritizes Investments in Hazardous Fuels Reduction

Scientists mitigate the adverse impacts of wildland fires

Principal Investigator : Matthew P. Thompson

Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012RMRS
Photo of Armillaria mellea is a parasitic fungus that frequently causes root disease in forests of the US. Mars 2002, Wikimedia Commons.
ID: 1000
Root Disease Quietly Holds Back Forest Carbon Storage

Dramatic disturbances such as wildfires and harvests command attention, but subtler processes such as root disease can be equally important in d ...

Principal Investigator : Sean P. Healey

Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016RMRS
Photo of Northwoods Environmental Scholars group. Forest Service
ID: 56
Scholars Program Welcomes Youth into the World of Nature

Alleviating nature deficit disorder in the youth of Wisconsin's Northwoods

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
2012NRS
Photo of Forest floor litter and duff measurements for eight forest types along elevation gradient in northeastern Puerto Rico. Asterisks indicate significant difference between litter and duff biomass within forest type. Grizelle Gonz�lez, USDA Forest Service
ID: 457
Scientists Characterize Woody Debris to Assess Fuel Loads in Northeastern Puerto Rico

Forest Service scientists characterized the amounts of woody debris (coarse woody debris, fine woody debris, duff, and litter) for eight differe ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2013IITF
Photo of Fig. 1  General experimental flow diagram of p-TsOH fractionation of wood for producing fibers, cellulose nanofibrils (LCNF), lignin nanoparticles (LNP), sugar/biofuel, and furfural. JY Zhu, USDA Forest Service
Fig. 2 Application p-TsOH fractionation for producing lignin containing cellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and lignin nanoparticles (LNP).
ID: 1287
Scientists discover rapid and near-complete dissolution of wood lignin by a recyclable acid hydrotrope

A low-temperature (below water boiling point) wood fractionation process has the potential for developing disrupting technologies for sustainabl ...

Principal Investigator : J.Y. Zhu

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Contemplating the future of forests, Illinois, USA. International Society of Arboriculture
ID: 603
Scientists Examine the Future of Forests in the Anthropocene

Forest Service researchers analyzed the major issues and factors affecting forests in the decades ahead: deforestation, mega-fires, urban forest ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Hardwood logs at a harvest site in northern Wisconsin. Bumgardner, Matthew, USDA Forest Service
ID: 480
Scientists Investigate the Influence of Markets and Forest Management on Small-diameter Hardwood

Despite the potential silvicultural advantages of removing some small-diameter trees during timber harvests, activities such as diameter-limit c ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Phase diagram describing the states of water in wood.
ID: 1282
Scientists study how water changes wood

Water causes a host of wood damage mechanisms such as mold, decay, fastener corrosion, and splitting. This research elucidates how water chan ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Forest impacted by the mountain pine beetle. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1043
Shape Selection in Landsat Time Series

Understanding trends in forest disturbance and their effects on forest parameters such as tree canopy cover and biomass is important for carbon ...

Principal Investigator : Gretchen Moisen

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2016RMRS
Photo of The percentage of hardwood lumber used in higher-value products has decreased in recent years. William Luppold, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1077
Shifts in U.S. Hardwood Lumber Consumption

After the Great Recession, hardwood lumber consumption declined by 43 percent from the peak in 1999. The corresponding changes in consumption pa ...

Principal Investigator : William Luppold

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Short cellulose nanofibrils isolated from wood. DSimaging, LLC
ID: 587
Short Cellulose Nanofibrils Reinforce Aligned Polyvinyl Alcohol Fibers

Cellulose nanomaterials have recently gained much attention for their potential use for reinforcing polymers and for use in functional materials ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Small-diameter logs, especially when straight, can yield lumber volumes comparable to larger diameter logs. Jan Weidenbeck, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1010
Small-diameter Hardwood Markets, Revisited

Standard operating procedures for merchandizing hardwood roundwood from timber harvests is to ship small-diameter wood to a wood chipping/strand ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of The Catt Bridge is located in Buchanan County, Iowa, and is supported by GRS abutments and equipped with a smart bridge system.
ID: 1281
Smart timber bridge on geo-synthetic reinforced soil abutments

Forest Service researchers partnered in the construction and monitoring of an innovative bridge abutment system, developed to be lower cost and ...

Principal Investigator : James P. Wacker

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Researchers are investigating the softening behavior of difficult-to-pelletize biomass and its effect on pelletizing. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 288
Softening of Biomass and Its Effect on Fuel Pellet Production

Biomass such as torrefied wood or wheat straw are of increasing interest as fuel but are difficult to pelletize. Researchers are investigating t ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Construction machines in theNorth Mills Area, Pisgah Ranger District, Pisgah National Forest, NC.
ID: 1324
Soil sensor system measures machine impacts during forest operations

The heavy machinery required for forest operations can affect soil. Forest Service scientists compared the impact of a dozer and a skidder, usin ...

Principal Investigator : Emily A. Carter

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Wood products made with soy adhesives, except for the bottom product which was made with a casein adhesive. From top to bottom: decorative plywood, hardboard, medium density fiberboard, particleboard, oriented strandboard, engineered wood flooring, and glulam.
ID: 1269
Soy adhesives resolve two problems at once

Lower formaldehyde emission bonded wood products can be made using plant-based adhesives through an industry-government partnership.

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Word cloud of North Kenwood-Oakland residents' responses to the question What three words come to mind when you hear climate change Field Museum
ID: 328
Street-Level Views of Climate Change

Forest Service researchers and partners interviewed residents of two Chicago neighborhoods about their awareness of climate change and their own ...

Principal Investigator : Lynne M. Westphal

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
2011NRS
Photo of School teachers sow paintbrush and yucca seeds in the new Cultural Plant Propagation Center at the Moencopi Day School in Tuba City, AZ. Jeremy Pinto, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1050
The Intersection of Science and Technology Transfer: Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources Team

The Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources Team, established through a Forest Service memorandum of understanding, is tasked with trans ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of
ID: 418
The National Harvest and Utilization Program

The U.S. forest industry is a multibillion dollar business, providing jobs and economic value to local communities across the Nation. With incre ...

Principal Investigator :

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of The Xylotron uses machine-visioning technology to identify wood species. John Hermanson, USDA Forest Service
ID: 585
The Xylotron: A Field-Deployable Machine-Vision Wood Identification System

The Xylotron is a machine-vision-based wood identification system that uses a custom-designed wood imaging device (the Xyloscope), image analysi ...

Principal Investigator : Alex C. Wiedenhoeft

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2014FPL
Photo of Hardwood parts for cabinet doors being manufactured in a U.S. woodworking facility. Urs Buehlmann, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
ID: 867
To What Do Woodworking Firms Attribute Success? Enhancing Technology Transfer to the U.S. Woodworking Industry

Recent research has shown that woodworking firms in the United States attribute their success to actions they have taken and their lack of succe ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Forest Service researcher conducts an in-grade bending test on Southern pine. David Kretschmann, USDA Forest Service
ID: 440
Traditional Grading System Updated for Structural Lumber

The Forest Products Laboratory has traditionally provided unbiased information on the properties, characteristics, design, and use of structural ...

Principal Investigator : David E. Kretschmann

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Chaining a pinyon tree to a crane scale. Forest Service
ID: 148
Understanding Effects of Bioenergy Harvesting in Southern Forests



Principal Investigator : Robert Rummer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 1299
Understanding how the organization and interactions of the atoms that compose wood control its mechanical properties

To expand the uses and efficient utilization of wood, Forest Service researchers strive to learn how manipulate its molecular-scale structure t ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Compartment 8C on the Fernow Experimental Forest has been harvested seven times since 1948 using uneven-aged management  and continues to be a productive stand. Richard Hovatter, USDA Forest Service
ID: 627
Uneven-Aged Management: Is It Sustainable

A century ago, after almost all of the old-growth forests in the eastern United States had been harvested, forest managers turned to Europe for ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas M. Schuler

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of U.S. Imports and Exports of Hardwood Lumber and Logs, 1990-2013 (Data Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service). Matt Bumgardner,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 623
United States Maintains Positive Trade Balances for Hardwood Logs and Lumber

Exports have become a vital lumber market for hardwood sawmills in the United States because of the loss of domestic furniture manufacturing and ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 430
USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework Provides Roadmap to Sustainable Agriculture

On June 6, 2011, the USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework, Fiscal Year 2011-2016 was officially released by USDA Deputy Secretary Kathleen Merr ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011WO
Photo of Autumn Coleman, soil scientist for the Helena National Forest, collecting soil moisture in the adjacent undisturbed forest. Joan Tirocke, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1062
Using Biochar to Improve Soil Quality on Decommissioned Roads

U.S. National Forests have more than 380,000 miles of roads. Many of these roads are over 25 years old, sub-standard, compacted, and invaded wit ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Water, Air, and Soil2016RMRS
Photo of Black-backed woodpecker favors unlogged, recently burned forests for nesting.
ID: 1410
Using habitat requirements of woodpeckers to design post-fire salvage logging

Can we conduct economically-beneficial forest management while maintaining wildlife populations in recently burned forests? Study shows trade-of ...

Principal Investigator : Victoria A. Saab

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017RMRS
Photo of New model of wood cellulose in never-dried and dried states. Umesh Agarwal,  USDA Forest Service.
ID: 913
Using Raman Spectroscopy to Analyze Wood, Cellulose-Nanomaterials, and Their Composites

Raman spectroscopy provides information based on molecular vibrations and is well-suited to analyze wood and cellulose-nanomaterials. Using a r ...

Principal Investigator : Umesh P. Agarwal

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Researchers are studying the freezing and melting of water in solid wood to learn about wood decay and faster corrosion processes. Tatiana Morozova, shutterstock.com
ID: 15
Water Freezing in Wood: How Low Can It Go

The freezing and melting of water in wood gives clues about how water bonds to wood during processes such as wood decay and fastener corrosion

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Image is a micrograph of tension wood, labelling the specialized cell wall responsible for force generation in red. This cell wall is composed almost entirely of cellulose, which is the starting material for bioenergy production. Andrew Groover, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1116
Wood Biology Breakthrough

Forest Service scientists determined how trees alter wood development to reorient stems in response to mechanical stress and gravity.

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2016PSW
Photo of Installation of a cross-laminated timber panel for Promega building in Fitchburg, Wisconsin. Steve Schmieding, USDA Forest Service
ID: 439
Wood Construction Goes Beyond Its Traditional Roots

As interest in sustainable building options continues to grow. Wood construction is going beyond its traditional roots in housing and expanding ...

Principal Investigator : David E. Kretschmann

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of DAME crystals on a smoldering mesquite tree in Alamo Canyon, ArizLaurence A. J. Garvie, Arizona State University
ID: 890
Wood Decay Fungus Forms Toxic Organohalogen Crystals in Mesquite

A Forest Service scientist identified toxic organohalogen crystals formed by fungi in decaying mesquite. Charcoal production and forest fires i ...

Principal Investigator : Jessie A. Glaeser

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2015FPL
Photo of This research will improve the durability of wood-plastic composite deckboards such as the one shown here being evaluated for color. Nicole Stark, USDA Forest Service
ID: 584
Wood Flour Extraction Improves Moisture Performance of Wood-Plastic Composites

Improving the moisture performance of wood-plastic composites provides a potential avenue toward improving the product's overall durability. For ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Beetle-killed lodgepole pine fiber treated with potassium methyl siliconate. Cheng Piao, Louisiana State University
ID: 453
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Fiber Pre-Treatment

Scientists determine the dimensional stability of wood-plastic composites can be improved by treating wood sawdust and particles derived from be ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2013FPL