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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of The urbanization of forests. Forest Service
ID: 128
In-Filling Reduces the Urban Forest to the Detriment of Humans and Wildlife Habitat

The urban landscape, because of its developed infrastructure, has less ecological services than a forested rural landscape and any further erosi ...

Principal Investigator : Wayne C. Zipperer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Tactical shelter door made using 3D engineered fiberboard made from laminated paper. John Hunt, USDA Forest Service
ID: 582
3D Engineered Panels from Laminated Paper Composites have Broad Potential

Forest Service researchers are studying the use of high-strength laminated paper composite material as a low-cost replacement for aluminum and s ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Cellulose nanofibril smart sponge absorbs oil which is floating on the top of water. Bryce Richter, University of Wisconsin
ID: 579
A "Smart Sponge" Soaks Up Pollutants

This "smart sponge" is one of a number of applications under development for the tiny wood fibers known as cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). The fibe ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Cover of the special issue. The Caribbean Naturalist, Bienvenida and Gerald Bauer.
ID: 1148
A Caribbean Foresters Collaborative Network for Understanding Regional Forest Dynamics

The role of Caribbean forestry research in permanent plots has been identified as both a previously untapped regional source for capacity buildi ...

Principal Investigator : Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2016IITF
Photo of This report summarizes current knowledge on yellow-cedar and offers opportunities to adapt conservation and management of yellow-cedar in Alaska. USDA Forest Service
ID: 772
A Climate Adaptation Strategy for Conservation and Management of Yellow-Cedar in Alaska

A new report assesss past, current, and expected future condition of yellow-cedar forests on all land ownerships where yellow-cedar grows in Ala ...

Principal Investigator : Paul Hennon

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Forest understory on a severely burned ridgetop one month after the 2002 Hayman Fire and 10 years later. Paula Fornwalt and Merril Kaufmann, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 960
A Decade after the 2002 Hayman Fire, Understory Plant Communities are Diverse and Productive

In 2002, Colorado’s Hayman Fire burned research plots used to sample understory plant communities, providing an opportunity to address these c ...

Principal Investigator : Paula J. Fornwalt

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016RMRS
Photo of The global composite index of the wildfire-water risk shows spatial distribution of risk from wildfire impacts on water resources. About half of the area globally (51 percent) is at moderate risk (values between 20 and 40).
ID: 1409
A global assessment on the effects of wildfire on freshwater resources: Addressing potential vulnerability to water security

Freshwater resources are vital to humans and our natural environment. Water systems around the world are at risk resulting from population growt ...

Principal Investigator : Carol L. Miller

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Board treated with copper-based preservatives showing premature signs of rot caused by copper-tolerant brown rot fungi. USDA Forest Service
ID: 910
A Knowledge-based Approach for Developing Green Building Solutions

Scientists are using gene discovery to accelerate their understanding of copper tolerance in wood decay fungi and create green solutions for woo ...

Principal Investigator : Juliet D. Tang

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of The figure displays age class in red spruce-dominated forests by alternative and for three time steps (year 0, year 30, and year 100) for a portion of the study area as a result of the models.  There are some differences in the alternatives in the amount of red spruce forest by age class and their location on the landscape. USDA Forest Service
ID: 865
A Landscape Model for Planning Red Spruce Restoration in West Virginia

A Forest Service scientist developed a model to answer specific questions about meeting restoration goals for red spruce while protecting habita ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2015NRS
Photo of Tree mortality in the Sierra Nevada National Forest, California. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1188
A New Tool for Detecting and Attributing Cause of Tree Decline

Insects and pathogens generally first kill branches at the top of a tree, whereas drought affects the lower branches first. Unlike satellite ima ...

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Grulke

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Schematic of the innovative impedance spectroscopy experiments performed at the US Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory that showed electrical conduction in wood is governed by percolation theory. Forest Service
ID: 154
A percolation model for water and electrical conduction in wood with implications for durability

Recently, researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory and University of Wisconsin have developed a new model of electrical conduction in wood ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Healthy Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine stand in Colorado threatened by white pine blister rust and mountain pine beetle. Forest Service
ID: 121
A Proactive Strategy To Control Invasive Species in Mountaintop Ecosystems

High-elevation pine forests, under the threat of multiple stressors, serve as an excellent flagship to lead the shift away from crisis managemen ...

Principal Investigator : Anna W. Schoettle

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012RMRS
Photo of Assembled Commodity Wood Tornado Safe Room.
ID: 1280
A residential tornado safe room from commodity wood products

Forest Service researchers designed a tornado safe room to be constructed from commodity wood building products and adaptable to existing homes.

Principal Investigator : Robert H. Falk

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Longleaf pine communities are one of the most diverse ecosystems outside the tropics. William D. Boyer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 715
A Roadmap to Recovery for Degraded Longleaf Pine Plant Communities

Less than 3 percent of the historical longleaf pine ecosystem remains; although much of the southeastern United States has the potential for rec ...

Principal Investigator : Joan L. Walker

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Thicket of trees in a ponderosa pine forest located on the Long Valley Experimental Forest depicts unhealthy forest conditions. USDA Forest Service
ID: 828
A Science-Based Framework for Restoring Resiliency to Frequent-Fire Forests

Today’s Western ponderosa pine and dry mixed-conifer forests historically experienced frequent low-severity surface fires andhave undergone ch ...

Principal Investigator : Richard T. Reynolds

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
2015RMRS
Photo of Seized illegal logs in Riau, Indonesia. CIFOR
ID: 932
A Scientist Finds that the Lacey Act Amendment of 2008 Works to Limit Illegal Wood Imports

Forest Service scientist Jeffrey Prestemon evaluated U.S. import trade data from countries that are suspected sources of illegally obtained wood ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Loblolly pine is frequently harvested for use as a biofuel. Erich Vallery, USDA Forest Service
ID: 727
A Simple Technique to Improve Woody Biomass Quality

The commercial markets for biofuels and bio-based products will require cost-competitive raw materials to compete with rival energy sources. The ...

Principal Investigator : John Klepac

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Students measuring vegetation structure in urban socio-ecosystem. Forest Service
ID: 324
A socioecological network for a tropical city

Traditional urban research involves tree inventories, census activities, water quality sampling, or socioeconomic studies, all conducted by sepa ...

Principal Investigator : Ariel Lugo

Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2011IITF
Photo of This 2017 report,Integrating Ecosystem Services into National Forest Service Policy and Operations, was developed by the National Ecosystem Services Strategy Team.
ID: 1347
A strategy for ecosystem services

The Forest Service is poised to be a leader in the integration of ecosystem services concepts for forestland managers. This report demonstrates ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Deal

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW
Photo of
ID: 253
A Synthesis of the Science on U.S. Forests and Carbon

Due to the recognized expertise and the credibility of our scientists, the Rocky Mountain Research Station was asked by the Ecological Society o ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Crow

Resource Management and Use2010RMRS
Photo of A radio-collared elk browses on cottonwood in the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range, Oregon.
ID: 1374
Aboveground and belowground herbivores control growth and survival of deciduous shrubs in understories of conifer forests

These research results on the combined effects of herbivory by cattle, elk, and pocket gophers provide robust new knowledge about how mammalian ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Wisdom, Dr.

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of Natural resource professionals discuss how forests can adapt to climate change. Photo courtesy of Eli Sagor, Sustainable Forests Education Cooperative. Science teachers visit an adaptation demonstration project developed by the Bad River Natural Resources Department, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science. Photo courtesy of G-WOW team. Eli Sagor, Sustainable Forests Education Cooperative.
ID: 602
Adaptation Demonstrations Provide Real World Examples of Climate Change Response

Climate change will have long-term effects on forest ecosystems, and the services they provide. High-quality scientific information is critical, ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of With loss of black ash, forests get wetter and develop dense herbaceous vegetation, making tree establishment difficult. Brian Palik, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1103
Adapting Black Ash Wetlands to Emerald Ash Borer and Climate Change

Black ash is a foundational species in the vast wetland forests of the upper Midwest. Loss of black ash from emerald ash borer will profoundly c ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 252
Adapting to Climate Change in National Forests: A Workshop for Resource Managers

In April of 2010, scientists from the Rocky Mountain, Pacific Northwest, and Pacific Southwest Research Stations organized and conducted a works ...

Principal Investigator : Cindy S. S. Swanson

Resource Management and Use2010RMRS
Photo of Staff at Mississippi Park Connection are testing bald cypress and black tupelo as potential replacements to ash trees lost to emerald ash borer at Pigs Eye Park in Saint Paul, MN. These species were chosen because they are adapted to warmer temperatures and flooding.
ID: 1213
Adapting urban forests to a changing climate

A framework for urban forest vulnerability assessment and adaptation, piloted with partners in the Chicago region, is informing master planning ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie Brandt

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of The Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT) is a user-friendly, Web-based support system that helps natural resource managers address uncertainties inherent in land management decisions. Forest Service
ID: 416
advancing the Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT)

The Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center and the University of North Carolina Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and A ...

Principal Investigator : Steve Norman

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of X-ray fluorescence microscopy maps of concentration of chlorine (bottom) and potassium  (top) ions as a function of relative humidity.  The scale bar represents 20 microns. USDA Forest Service
ID: 887
Advancing Understanding of Wood Damage Mechanisms

Forest Service researchers examined the diffusion of ions in wood using synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy. The researchers found ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Trout Creek, Washington, two years after  the removal of Hemlock Dam.
ID: 1406
After the dam comes down

New work synthesizes knowledge about the physical and ecological responses to dam removal.

Principal Investigator : J. Ryan Bellmore

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW
Photo of Students from the Agroforestry Academy learn about growing shiitake mushrooms on wood from a nearby timber stand improvement thinning. These students were a part of the August 2014 Agroforestry Academy held at Winona, MN. Richard Straight, USDA Forest Service
ID: 749
Agroforestry Academy 2014

The Agroforestry Academy 2014 provided a week-long training for 30 natural resources technical service providers from seven states in the Upper ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Straight

Resource Management and Use2014WO
Photo of Nanocellulose facility at the Forest Service’s Forest Products Laboratory in Madison, Wisc. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1126
Alternative Futures for Wood-based Nanomaterials

Forest products researchers are exploring the potential of nano-products from wood. Possible uses of these renewable products could include high ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Smith River, Oregon. Loretta Ellenburg, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 973
Alternative Riparian Management Approaches May Meet Objectives of the Northwest Forest Plan’s Aquatic Conservation Strategy

Forest Service scientists synthesized current science of aquatic ecology and riparian reserve management to develop alternative approaches that ...

Principal Investigator : Gordon Reeves

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2016PNW
Photo of The Portland Mills Covered Bridge in Parke County, Indiana, has a Burr-Archtruss design. James Wacker, Forest Service
ID: 284
America's Historic Covered Timber Bridges

Covered wooden bridges proliferated in the United States in the mid-nineteenth century. Today an estimated 800 covered bridge structures remain ...

Principal Investigator : James P. Wacker

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Laser scanning technologies further preservation efforts of historic covered bridges. Jim Wacker, Forest Service
ID: 25
America's Iconic Covered Bridges Documented With As Built Records

Laser scanning technology provides details of historic covered timber bridges

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of
ID: 266
American Chestnut Restoration Research

Hundreds of blight-resistant American chestnut trees planted last winter in three national forests in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia ar ...

Principal Investigator : Stacy Clark

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of X-ray radiation method to determine moisture gradient in wood. Forest Service
ID: 162
An Innovative Method for Determining Moisture Gradient of Wood Products

Changes in moisture content of wood-based composite materials can lead to linear expansion and, more specifically, hygroexpansion. This can caus ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of A prescribed burn near Sisters, Oregon. Jeff Kline, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1161
Analyses of landscape management strategies for mixed-severity fire regime forests in Oregon, Washington, and Northern California leads to new management and policy paradigms for fire

Nine strategies aimed at reconciling potentially conflicting management goals for forests having mixed-severity fire regimes are being used in d ...

Principal Investigator : Paul F. Hessburg, Sr.

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Douglas-fir is a highly valued tree in the western United States. Forest Service
ID: 251
Analysis of Douglas-Fir Climate Change Adaptation Potential

A collaborative effort led by the Rocky Mountain Research Station, has produced a report outlining the impact of changing climate on forest dist ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Crow

Resource Management and Use2010RMRS
Photo of High resolution laser scan of a red oak log. R. Edward Thomas, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1130
Analyzing Internal Hardwood Log Defect Prediction Equation Accuracy

The type, size, and location of internal defects dictate the grade and value of lumber sawn from hardwood logs. Significant correlations have be ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Alan Ellsworth (left), U.S. Park Service and Jason Siemion (right), U.S. Geological Survey taking soil samples at one of the twelve intensive sites in set up along the Appalachian Trail corridor. Kenneth Dudzik, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1131
Appalachian Trail Study Fills in the Gaps on Spatial Patterns of Acidic Deposition Effects

A multiagency and multidisciplinary investigation along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail provided an extensive dataset that filled the gaps ...

Principal Investigator : Rakesh Minocha

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016NRS
Photo of Hardwood lumber on a sawmill grading deck. Exports are a major market for U.S. hardwood lumber graded for appearance-based uses. Urs Buehlmann, Virginia Institute of Technology.
ID: 1160
Are There Regional Barriers to Exporting U.S. Hardwood Products?

Exports have become a critical market for higher-value hardwood lumber given the steep decline in domestic furniture manufacturing and the recen ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 277
Aspen forest trends in the Interior West

Aspen death in parts of the Interior West, including Colorado and Utah, has been alarming in recent years. While loss of aspen in localized area ...

Principal Investigator : Michael J. Wilson

Resource Management and Use2010RMRS
Photo of Block and plot structure in El Verde research area.  Inferred area covered by each block is 40,000 m2 and the complete study area covers around 106 m2.  Forest Service
ID: 16
Assessing Litterfall Trap Bias

Are traps preferentially representing certain kinds of leaf litter

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012IITF
Photo of A mechanical fuels reduction treatment on a study site in the Pringle Falls Experimental Forest. Rhonda Mazza, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1072
Assessing the Impacts of Federal Forest Planning on Wildfire Risk Mitigation in the Pacific Northwest

In the western U.S., a presumed factor contributing to the transmission of fire from national forests to the wildland urban interface (WUI) are ...

Principal Investigator : Alan Ager

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Image of the beech forest from which the soil monoliths were removed (Hainich National Forest, Germany). Project partners searching for appropriate sampling sites. Zachary Kayler, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1021
Assessing the Response of Forest Understory Plants and Soil Microbes to Drought and Heat

An international team of scientists from the Forest Service and other organizations examined the effect of drought and heat on the carbon linkag ...

Principal Investigator : Zachary Kayler

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Assessing vulnerability of northern Wisconsin's Forests_Northern Wisconsin's ecosystems are vulnerable to climate change; the assessment provides important information to land managers. Tom Matthiae, Forest Service
ID: 319
Assessing the Vulnerability of Northern Wisconsin's Forests to Climate Change

A team of scientists and managers from the Forest Service and other organizations assessed the vulnerability of northern Wisconsin forests to cl ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2011NRS
Photo of Local produce at the farmers market in Santurce, Puerto Rico. Victor Cuadrado – ThinkaMap
ID: 801
Assessing Vulnerabilities to Climate Change in Tropical Agriculture and Forestry

New Vulnerability Assessment from the USDA Caribbean Climate Sub Hub.

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use2015IITF
Photo of Wood and Timber Condition Assessment Manual. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 583
Assessment Manual for Timber Structures Helps Building Inspectors

The Wood and Timber Condition Assessment Manual is an extremely valuable resource for wood design professionals. Forest Service scientists are ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of International working group meeting in Coyoacan, Mexico. NOTE: I have several other nice group photos. They all highlight our diversity. Vanessa Silva Mascorro, University of British Columbia
ID: 848
Assessment of North American Forest Carbon Dynamics: Tools for Monitoring, Reporting, and Projecting

Forest Service scientists and cooperators assessed past and prospective carbon stocks for representative study sites in Canada, the United State ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Birdsey

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of Black ash killed by gridling to simulate EAB mortality.
ID: 846
Assisted Migration of Replacement Tree Species in Black Ash Wetlands

Black ash is a foundational species of deciduous wetland forests in the western Great Lakes region because of its considerable influence on wetl ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of Prescribed fires, like this one in El Dorado National Forest,  can reduce wildfire fuels. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 942
Balancing Forest Carbon Storage, Wildfire, and Sensitive Species Habitat

Land managers can increase carbon stocks while providing endangered species habitat if fuels reduction (primarily prescribed fire, but also unde ...

Principal Investigator : Malcolm P. North

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2016PSW
Photo of Beargrass in bloom. Chris Schnepf, Univestiy of Idaho
ID: 660
Beargrass, Long Treasured by Native Americans, Faces Pressure from the Commercial Floral Industry

Leaf harvest by the floral industry is causing shifts in disturbance within beargrass habitat.

Principal Investigator : Susan Stevens Hummel

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of Researcher applying pheromone-releasing flakes to a whitebark pine bole. <i>Forest Service</i>
ID: 86
Beetle Pheromones Save Endangered Pines From Bark Beetles

High-elevation pines protected by turning beetles' own pheromones against them

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Gillette

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of Loblolly pine is an economically significant species in the southern U.S. David Stephens
ID: 720
Best Map Yet of the Pine Genome

Southern pine plantations supply 60 percent of wood products in the United States and 18 percent worldwide. These percentages can increase with ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of The 20 States bounded by Maine, Maryland, Missouri and Minnesota comprise the most heavily forested and most densely populated quadrant of the United States.  This landscape view from southern Maine illustrates the beauty of those forests and the uniformity of the forest age structure.  That uniformity is a potential problem because it means northern forests lack diversity and resilience. Dan Dey, USDA Forest Service
ID: 643
Big Changes Ahead Expected for Northern Forests

Northern Forests, those in the 20 states bounded by Maine, Maryland, Missouri, and Minnesota, are in for some big changes in the next 50 years. ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 100
Biocontrol of Strawberry Guava

First field release of biocontrol agent for managing invasive strawberry guava

Principal Investigator : Tracy Johnson

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2012PSW
Photo of Cellulose nanofibril-based electronics after 60 days of degradation test; fungus fully covers the  film. USDA Forest Service
ID: 896
Biodegradable Computer Chips Made From Wood

The current consumable materials used in the electronics industry are neither recyclable nor sustainable. To reduce the use of expensive materi ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of
ID: 268
Bioenergy Production

SRS scientists are studying the viability of producing energy from woody biomass. Researchers are using a gasification-combustion-electricity ge ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas Elder

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of Data from a tabonuco forest (pictured) in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, one of three long-term time series of data, contributed to the BIOFRAG database. USDA Forest Service
ID: 761
BIOFRAG: A New Database for Analyzing Biodiversity Responses to Forest Fragmentation

A collaboration among more than 50 scientists from international institutions produced a database that contributes to understanding biodiveristy ...

Principal Investigator : Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2015IITF
Photo of Industrial poplar farm. Forest Service
ID: 50
Biomass Potential of Poplar Energy Crops in Minnesota and Wisconsin Assessed

Scientists develop methods to map sites for poplar tree energy crops to enhance productivity and ecosystem services

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS
Photo of An image of a small diversified farm in Amherst, Mass., showing a mixture of crops along with fallow areas, hedgerows and trees, habitat features that if maintained and enhanced, will support priority bird species;  An image of a common yellowthroat, a bird that is frequently encountered on small diversified farms. Common yellowthroats are declining in many parts of their range, and are insectivorous on the breeding season.
ID: 1266
Bird conservation and ecosystem services on small diversified farms

Small diversified farms in the northeast represent an increasing sector of the nation's agriculture. These farms encompass semi-natural habitats ...

Principal Investigator : David King

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of Robin from kitchen window. J. Amy Belaire, University of Illinois at Chicago
ID: 854
Birds Connect Urban Residents to Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Birds can help urban residents make connections to the outdoors. Forest Service scientists surveyed urban residents and found that most of them ...

Principal Investigator : Lynne M. Westphal

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2015NRS
Photo of Variation in black cherry crown health: Left-- a healthy tree; Right--an unhealthy declining tree. Robert Long, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1159
Black Cherry Crown Health and Mortality on the Allegheny National Forest

Black cherry, an important timber and wildlife species in the Allegheny hardwood forest, is suffering from poor crown health and increased morta ...

Principal Investigator : Robert P. Long

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Upper panel: Black cherry raceme with individual flowers. Robert Long, USDA Forest Service
Lower panel: Mature black cherry seed at the base of a tree in fall 2010
ID: 1244
Black cherry regeneration difficulties: Are They Related to Stand Age or Something Else?

Forest managers report that black cherry regeneration is impeded by poor and erratic seed production. Tree stand age has been suggested as one o ...

Principal Investigator : Robert P. Long

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of Establishing a blight resistant planting at Buck Creek on the Hoosier National Forest in Spring, 2012. James McKenna, Forest Service
ID: 65
Blight Resistant Seeds May Be Key to Comeback for American Chestnut Tree

Restoration plantings poise this once mighty tree species for a comeback

Principal Investigator : Charles H. Michler

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of A new book provides land managers and policy makers with key information about the potential impacts of climate change on southern forest ecosystems. Sarah Farmer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 734
Book Published to Help Managers of Southern Forests Cope with the Effects of Climate Change

Resource managers and policy makers require new insights into the implications of a rapidly changing climate on forest ecosystems and their valu ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of Dry forest restoration in Hawai'i. Forest Service
ID: 103
Breaking the Grass-Fire Cycle in Dryland Ecosystems in Hawai'i

Scientists develop practical tools to manage and restore tropical dry forest landscapes on military lands in the Pacific

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2012PSW
Photo of On the leaf is a normal tree compared to a tree with a chromosomal break that leads to altered wood development and growth habit. On the right is a diagram showing the precise location of the chromosome break. The genes responsible for the wood and growth habit changes reside in this region, and can now be studied in detail. Andrew Groover, USDA Forest Service
ID: 689
Breakthroughs in Poplar Genomics Improve Bioenergy Feedstock Options

Developing fast growing poplar cultivars for biofuels production is a major step towards renewable, tree-based energy. Optimal properties of sho ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2014PSW
Photo of Contrasting low (left) and high (right) stocking in ponderosa pine forest in Taylor Woods, Fort Valley Experimental Forest. Alessandra Bottero, University of Minnesota
ID: 613
Building Forests That are Adapted to Drought

Climate change models predict increased summer droughts throughout much of the United States. Forest Service scientists are showing that silvicu ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Street trees lining California’s roadways provide $1 billion in services each year.  U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 978
California ‘Street’ Tree Benefits Valued at $1 Billion

Forest Service researchers use a computerized tree inventory and management program to quantify the number and types of tree species lining Cali ...

Principal Investigator : E. Gregory McPherson

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2016PSW
Photo of Stands that have seen managed fire, such as this one in the Gila Wilderness, should exhibit a reduced probability of high-severity fire. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1081
Can Managed Fires Restore Forests at Landscape Scales? Lessons from Two Southwestern Wilderness Areas

The goal of this project was to evaluate the ability to restore wildfire at landscape scales within two wilderness areas in the southwestern U.S ...

Principal Investigator : Jose Iniguez

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2016RMRS
Photo of Greenhouse seed bank germination trials with closeup of one tray. Todd E. Ristau, Forest Service
ID: 34
Can We Bank on Forest Seed Banks

Community composition of seeds stored in forest soils becomes increasingly divergent over time

Principal Investigator : Alejandro A. Royo

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Trees in New York City Central Park. Dave Nowak, USDA Forest Service
ID: 472
Carbon Sequestration by Urban Trees Valued in the Billions of Dollars Annually

Forest Service scientists quantified carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the United States to assess the magnitude and role of ur ...

Principal Investigator : David J. Nowak

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Caption: Retreating glaciers leave loose sediment exposed, increasing risk of large debris flows following heavy rain. Gordon Grant, Forest Service
ID: 352
Cascade volcanoes may be at greater risk for debris flows as climate warms

Scientists with the Pacific Northwest Research Station discovered previously unreported links between receding glaciers, areas of stagnant and d ...

Principal Investigator : Gordon Grant

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Molecular model of cobalt salcomine with an oxygen attached. Tom Elder, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1047
Catalytic Pulping of Wood

The kraft pulping process has been around for more than 100 years. It is cost effective and efficient but provides a low fiber yield and a compl ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of 1. A street of vacant and abandoned rowhomes in Baltimore.
2.  Inside a deconstructed rowhome; wood and brick salvaged from homes can be reused rather than landfilled.  Deconstruction create substantial economic benefits, including 6-8 times as many jobs as demolition.
3. The Forest Service facilitates restoration of land after rowhomes have been removed.  Forest Service social-ecological research looks at the watershed, community development, and human health benefits of urban restoration.
ID: 1274
Catalyzing an urban wood and restoration economy in Baltimore

The Weeks Act of 1911 enabled the newly established U.S. Forest Service to restore land and watersheds. One hundred and six years later, agency ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah J. Hines

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Wildlife and Fish
2017NRS
Photo of Forest Service scientists Alan Rudie (left) and Richard Reiner stand with cellulose nanocrystals manufactured at the Forest Products Laboratory. Steve Schmieding, USDA Forest Service
ID: 578
Cellulose Nano-enabled Products: Applications and Volume Estimates

Cellulose nanomaterials are the next big (albeit, small) thing in wood. They can be combined in numerous ways to change the way many products wo ...

Principal Investigator : Ted Bilek

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of the formation of silver nanoparticles on the surface of Tunicate CNCs. Robert Moon, Forest Service
ID: 301
Cellulose Nanocrystals

Cellulose nanocrystals are ultra-small rod-like reinforcement material that can be extracted from trees, plants and some sea animals. This new t ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Sequential vacuum treatment of southern pine with naturally occurring cellulose nanocrystals followed by biocide demonstrated penetration of wood before agglomeration occurred (left), but reversing the treatment sequence resulted in agglomeration  on the surface of southern pine (right). USDA Forest Service
ID: 888
Cellulose Nanocrystals Chemically Entrap Biocide in Wood

Can cellulose nanomaterials play a role in the development of novel preservatives to protect wood products from biodeterioration?

Principal Investigator : Carol A. Clausen

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of
ID: 191
Cellulose Nanocrystals: Novel Templates for the Synthesis of Nanostructures

Harvesting the properties of widely available natural biopolymers for the design of novel systems in nanobiotechnology has been largely ignored ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Flexible electronic substrate made from cellulose nanomaterial. Forest Service
ID: 8
Cellulose Nanofiber Composites Can Serve as Substrate for Flexible Electronics

Transparent films made from cellulose nanofibers have low thermal expansion and the potential to serve as a foundation for flexible electronics. ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of
ID: 170
Centennial Edition, Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material

The Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material serves as a primary reference document for a wide variety of users-from the general publ ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Transmission electron microscope image of cellulose nanocrystals. Robert Moon, USDA Forest Service
ID: 449
Ceramic-Like Thermal Expansion Obtained from Cellulose Nanocrystal Films

One of the unique properties of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) are their low dimensional change with changes in temperature. Understanding the rol ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Assessment of a stream reach that combines open channelization with built-up, impermeable (gray) riparian areas and canopy forming vegetation (green) riparian with permeable surfaces of the Rio Piedras watershed. Luis Weber-Grullón, Arizona State University.
ID: 1154
Challenges to Riparian Function in a Tropical, Urban Stream Network

Limited connectivity of riparian areas, pluvial drainages, and highly modified stream channels affect hydrological function of green spaces in u ...

Principal Investigator : Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016IITF
Photo of This black cherry seedling is infected with black cherry leaf spot. Managers and scientists have observed this infection more frequently in recent years. Robert Long, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1086
Changes in Black Cherry on the Allegheny Plateau

Increased tree mortality, decreased seed production, and seedling growth. Managers and scientists have been observing these changes in black che ...

Principal Investigator : Patrick Brose

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016NRS
Photo of The Border Lakes Ecoregion contains (top) has starkly different land management histories separated by political boundaries.  Divergent land management histories created differences in landscape patterns of spruce budworm host (i.e., spruce and fir) that were mapped using remote sensing.  Spruce budworm disturbance histories reconstructed via tree-ring analyses across this study area include a range of outbreak frequencies and intensities (lower left, where position roughly corresponds to geographic location).  The greatest variation in the time-series of outbreak patterns were explained by forest configuration, followed by forest proportion, and then the variance shared by these two variables, while climate accounted for comparatively little variation (lower left). USDA Forest Service
ID: 886
Changes in Host Abundance Following Harvesting Desynchronize Forest Insect Pest Outbreaks

A Forest Service scientist led an international team to investigate how different historic forest management practices have affected spruce budw ...

Principal Investigator : Brian R. Sturtevant

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of View of the Bisley Experimental Watersheds, Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico with Cecropia schreberiana (yagrumo) in the valleys and Dacryodes excelsa (tabonuco) in the ridges. Forest Service
ID: 195
Changes in Structure, Composition, and Nutrients During 15 years of Hurricane-Induced Succession in a Subtropical Wet Forest in Puerto Rico

Quantifying the impacts and recovery of forest resources to hurricanes and multiple disturbances is essential to managing forests in hurricane-p ...

Principal Investigator : Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2010IITF
Photo of Comparative expression levels of Paenibacillus sp JDR-2 polysaccharide utilization genes when grown on select plant-derived substrates. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 955
Characterization of Microbial Biocatalysts in Lignocellulosic Utilization

Bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass would benefit from development of second generation bacterial biocatalysts. The bacterium Paenibacillus ...

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of
ID: 189
Characterizing cellular properties in wood to better understand bulk wood properties

A current aim in forest products research is to efficiently modify wood to tailor it for specific end uses, such as hardening softwoods for floo ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of EDXRF image showing intra-annual variation (inset) and increased potassium associated with living sapwood to the right of the heartwood/sapwood boundary in oak. USDA Forest Service
ID: 484
Chemical Analysis of Precisely Dated Tree Rings Used in Environmental Forensics

Dendrochemistry, the chemical analysis of precisely dated tree rings, provides a dynamic record of change for the landscape and within the livin ...

Principal Investigator : Kevin T. Smith

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2013NRS
Photo of Before completing meander studies of floristic diversity in the water, volunteers and staff plant monitors take a break in the South Patrol Road Prairie at Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie in Wilmington, Ill. (Left to Right) Emilie Pfeiffer (USFS), Don Nelson, Chris Nelson, Len LeClaire, Espie Nelson, Michelle Pearion (USFS), Daniella DeRose (Chicago Botanic Garden), Mike Rzepka, Grace Wu (USFS).
ID: 1394
Choices in the face of uncertainty: Study points to thresholds and framing as major influencing factors

This research, published in the journal Climatic Change, highlights human incentives for positive change in uncertain situations. The research s ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas C. Brown

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017RMRS
Photo of RMRS scientists and university collaborators collect buds from the Buffalo Gap National Grassland for a growth chamber experiment.  Jacqueline P. Ott, South Dakota State University
ID: 798
Climate and Grazing Affect Prairie Grass Reproduction

Climate Change and Grazing Can Alter the Amount of Bud Outgrowth of Both Invasive and Native Grasses.

Principal Investigator : Jack L. Butler

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2015RMRS
Photo of Arctic average temperatures have risen at almost twice the rate of the rest of the world over the past few decades. Herbaceous dicots, sedges and grasses, and shrubs have been increasing while the cover of both Sphagnum and other mosses have been decreasing over the last two decades. Forest Service
ID: 184
Climate and vegetation change in Alaskan tundra.

Studies of tundra vegetation changes in recent decades have predicted an increase in the relative abundance of shrubs in response to climate war ...

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2010IITF
Photo of A western wheatgrass bud has started to grow out from the base of its parent stem. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1012
Climate Change and Grazing Alter Invasive and Native Perennial Grass Stem Recruitment

Scientists found that smooth brome, an invasive perennial grass, out-performed the native western wheatgrass under a variety of temperature and ...

Principal Investigator : Jack L. Butler

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Ten-year moving averages of annual simulated flow components as percent of simulated historical mean (1953-2012) using mid-summer drought, range of general circulation models, and multimodel general circulation model ensembles for the northern U.S. region. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1104
Climate Change and Water Resources in a Tropical Island System

Forest Service scientists study propagation of uncertainty from statistically downscaled climate models to hydrologic models.

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016IITF
Photo of The mixture of native and nonnative woody vegetation along the San Juan River has greater structural diversity than the adjacent plant community.
ID: 1373
Climate change and wildfire effects in aridland riparian ecosystems

A frequently discussed function of aridland riparian ecosystems is the contribution of woody riparian plants to breeding bird habitat. The struc ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah M. Finch

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Cooling degree-days (CDD) form the multimodel average of all 12 GCMs under the (a) A2, (b) A1B, and (c) B1 scenarios at 28 stations and their averages. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1099
Climate Change Implications for Tropical Islands

Interpolating and Interpreting Statistically Downscaled General Circulation Model Projections for Management and Planning

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016IITF
Photo of Badger Creek in Lewis and Clark National Forest, Mont. Streams in the northern Rocky Mountains are already being affected by increased air temperatures and declining snowpacks.
ID: 1369
Climate change in the Rocky Mountains

Major effects likely for the natural resources in the northern Rockies, although adaptation options are available to reduce negative outcomes.

Principal Investigator : David L. Peterson

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW
Photo of A flooded stream on the Chugach National Forest. John S. Lang, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1155
Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Chugach National Forest and the Kenai Peninsula

The Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment is being used to help revise the Forest Management Plan for the Chugach National Forest. The assessm ...

Principal Investigator : Teresa Hollingsworth

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Landowners and land managers across the southeastern region need information for coping with increasing climate variability such as more frequent or severe floods and droughts. Lance Cheung, U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service.
ID: 1084
Climate Risk Assessment Aids Natural Resource Professionals in the Southeast

USDA's Climate Hubs deliver science-based, region-specific information and technologies to assist farmers and forest managers with climate-smart ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of The image is an example of canopy gap delineation. On the right is the post-burn, leaf-on imagery from the USDA National Agricultural Imagery Program used to identify the canopy gaps created by prescribed fire. Gap boundaries also superimposed on pre-burn imagery on the left side of the image.
ID: 1243
Collaboration makes fire science available and useful to land managers

Forest Service researchers and foresters are partnering to document the effects of landscape-scale prescribed fire on the George Washington and ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2017NRS
Photo of Infographic that demonstrates the approach for developing vulnerability assessments for Southern Rockies Landscape Conservation Cooperative partners designed to maximize the integration of partner feedback. Southern Rockies Landscape Conservation Cooperative.
ID: 943
Collaborative Venture Between Southern Rockies Landscape Conservation Cooperative and the Forest Service’s Rocky Mountain Research Station

Successful management of natural and cultural resources needs to account for increasing stress due to climate change, wildfire, and anthropogeni ...

Principal Investigator : Megan M. Friggens

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2016RMRS
Photo of A thinned riparian site within the Density Management and Riparian Buffer Study, Oregon. Deanna Olson, USDA Forest Service
ID: 526
Collected Works Summarize Forest Dynamics and Ecosystem Responses to Partial Overstory Harvests

Density Management in the 21st Century: West Side Story presents abstracts and peer reviewed papers from a 2011 regional conference highlighting ...

Principal Investigator : Paul Anderson

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2013PNW
Photo of Douglas-fir wood at 57X magnification. Chemical analysis shows that Douglas-fir wood from different geographic regions has distinct chemical “fingerprints,” which can be used to identify the geographic origin of the wood.
ID: 1408
Combatting illegal logging with technology

Chemical fingerprints can determine the geographic origin of wood.

Principal Investigator : Richard Cronn

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of Mountain pine beetle has killed millions of acres of pine trees, including on the Helena National Forest, Montana. Barbara Bentz, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 697
Combined Effects of a Changing Climate Drive Mountain Pine Beetle Outbreaks

An ideal combination of temperature and precipitation associated with a changing climate are responsible for recent mountai pine beetle populati ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara J. Bentz

Resource Management and Use2014RMRS
Photo of Hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae), Ovisacs on the underside of a branch. Michael Montgomery, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 986
Combining Genetics and Environmental Analysis to Assess Conservation Options for Eastern Hemlock

Eastern hemlock is currently facing a dual threat by the invasive insect hemlock wooly adelgid and anthropogenic climate change. Combining genet ...

Principal Investigator : Anantha M. Prasad

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2016NRS
Photo of Three dimensional model of the Button Mushroom enzyme that metabolizes degraded leaf litter. Daniel Cullen, USDA Forest Service
ID: 445
Common Button Mushroom Studied for Key Role in Recycling Carbon

Recent genome studies of Agaricus reveal specialized adaptations to litter- and soil-rich environments which may be used to remediate contaminat ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Woodchips fuel the boiler used by the Tok School District, Alaska. USDA Forest Service
ID: 784
Community Biomass Handbook for Alaska Published

Volume 2 of the Community Biomass Handbook focuses on Alaska. It is designed to empower communities by helping them determ the best choices for ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Screen shot of the wood energy fiancial application. USDA Forest Service
ID: 667
Community Biomass Handbook Guides Businesses Seeking to Replace Fossil Fuels with Wood Energy

Available as an eBook, this biomass handbook containes a wood energy financial application that allows users to quickly assess whether wood ener ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of Community Biomass Handbook volume 4 helps users identify complementary biomass products that make ecologic and economic sense.
ID: 1361
Community Biomass Handbook Volume 4

The Community Biomass Handbook Volume 4: Enterprise Development for Integrated Wood Manufacturing is a guide for creating sustainable business e ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of Overview map of treatment and control lots in Youngstown, OH. Michelle Kondo, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 957
Community Greening Can Reduce Crime

In Youngstown, Ohio, vacant lots greened by community members experienced reductions in violent assaults, while vacant lots greened by contracto ...

Principal Investigator : Michelle Kondo, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 232
Community Tree Guides Help Managers Show that Trees Pay Us Back

The 16th and final Community Tree Guide was published for Central Florida based on research conducted in Orlando. Providing complete coverage of ...

Principal Investigator : E. Gregory McPherson

Resource Management and Use2010PSW
Photo of Longleaf pine forests are important ecosystems in the southeastern United States. USDA Forest Service
ID: 713
Comparing Reproduction Techniques for Longleaf Pine Forests

Methods of even-aged management for longleaf pine are well known, but techniques for uneven-aged management have been poorly understood and larg ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Comparing number of non-native and native species. Sandy Liebhold, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1178
Comparison of Native and Non-native Insect Communities Reflects Importance of Pathways

Insect species are accidentally moved around the world and often cause considerable damage when established. An analysis of insect invasions wor ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew M. Liebhold

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Mass Loss Calorimeter modified to include thermopile on chimney walls to compensate for radiant energy errors of the in-flow thermopile. Laura Hasburgh,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 899
Comparison of Two Bench-scale Tests Used for Obtaining Heat Release Rate

There is a growing demand for material properties to be used as inputs in fire behavior models designed to address building fire safety. This co ...

Principal Investigator : Laura Hasburgh, E.

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Gravel application to a newly constructed forest road to protect the road surface from erosion, and woody material from the road right-of-way positions as a windrow on the fillslope (right side of photo) to trap any sediment transported off the road.
ID: 1242
Comprehensive information about road best management practices effectiveness helps protect water quality on forest lands

Sediment is the most common pollutant associated with forests, and roads are the most common sources of sediment in forests. Best management pra ...

Principal Investigator : Pamela Edwards

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017NRS
Photo of Cone calorimeter testing simulates realistic fire scenarios. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 13
Cone Calorimetry Takes Center Stage in Evaluating Fire Retardancy of Wood Products

Evaluations of cone calorimeter tests are now documented in handbook

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of The following images are
ID: 1343
Conservation and restoration of the sagebrush biome

Land management agencies face the need for effective strategic conservation actions for the conservation and restoration of sagebrush ecosystems ...

Principal Investigator : Jeanne C. Chambers

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Outdoor Recreation
Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2017PSW
Photo of High-elevation bristlecone pines exhibiting characteristic partial cambial dieback and gnarled physiognomy at Bristlecone Park, Colorado (3676 m elevation).
ID: 1357
Conservation of bristlecone pine: proactive management today and resources for tomorrow

Rocky Mountain bristlecone pines are long-lived, exhibit delayed maturation, have low genetic diversity, and inhabit cold, high-elevation enviro ...

Principal Investigator : Anna W. Schoettle

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Mangrove reforestation in Puerto Rico. USDA Forest Service
ID: 771
Conserving Mangroves in the Context of the Anthropocene

Mangroves of the Anthropocene will be on the move as a result of sea level rise and atmospheric warming as well as human activity and therefore ...

Principal Investigator : Ariel Lugo

Resource Management and Use2015IITF
Photo of House under construction in the framing stage. Michael Luckado
ID: 646
Construction-Sector Developments in Europe, 2012-2013

A Forest Service scientist has analyzed the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe area's housing construction market.

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Site at Coconino National Forest, which is representative of open understories typical of southwestern forests. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1003
Contemporary Fire Effects on Birds Dependant on Historical Fire Regime

Wildfire strongly shapes landscape structure and animal communities in dry forests of western North America. Forest Service research documents r ...

Principal Investigator : Quresh Latif

Wildlife and Fish
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Blackgum trees are one of the species whose ranges may shift. Vern Wilkins,  Indiana University
ID: 742
Cooperation Leads to Continued Research on Tree Range Shifts in the Eastern U.S.

In an attempt to understand the potential impact of climate change on tree species ranges in the eastern U.S., teams of researchers from the For ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher M. Oswalt

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2014SRS
Photo of  Gary Bentrup, landscape planner from the USDA National Agroforestry Center, gives a presentation July 28, 2014, on Capitol Hill, on the role trees play in urban agriculture. seminar sponsored by the National Coalition for Food and Agricultural Research. Tom Van Arsdall, National Coalition for Food and Agricultural Research.
ID: 747
Cornucopia in the Cities: Growing Urban Agriculture with Trees

Advances in research show how incorporating trees in urban landscapes contributes to diverse sustainable systems for growing food in cities that ...

Principal Investigator : Gary Bentrup

Resource Management and Use2014WO
Photo of Serious wood/metal corrosion of a fastener under a deck in Branson, MO. Samuel L. Zelinka, Forest Service
ID: 278
Corrosion of metals in wood

Corrosion data are necessary for the safe design and construction of wood decks and patios. Previous research was unable to calculate corrosion ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Graphene produced from lignin, a complex polymer commonly derived from wood. Zhiyong Cai, USDA Forest Service
ID: 442
Creating Advanced Graphene Material from Lignin

Graphene materials are produced from carbon containing compounds by physical, thermal, or chemical process in either the gas, liquid, or solid p ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of The General Technical Report and Urban Tree Database provide species-specific data on tree growth that are critical to projecting uptake of air pollutants and other services that trees provide.
ID: 1381
Database captures urban tree sizes, growth rates across U.S.

Sometimes in the cramped environs of U.S. cities every inch counts, especially if attempting to make space for nature. City planners and urban f ...

Principal Investigator : E. Gregory McPherson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PSW
Photo of A galvanized joist hanger corrodes on a wood deck. Forest Service researchers developed a desk reference to help people select the appropriate construction materials to prevent these failures. Samuel Zelinka, USDA Forest Service
ID: 438
Desk Reference on Fastener Corrosion Created for Engineers

Fastener corrosion is a design consideration when building exterior wood structures. Forest Products Laboratory researchers recently developed a ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of View of the Desert Experimental Range and administrative buildings after a summer rain. USDA Forest Service
ID: 799
Detecting Ecosystem Stress at the Desert Experimental Range

The Desert Experimental Range became an outdoor laboratory representative of a prominent ecosystem under stress with expectations that the rese ...

Principal Investigator : Stanley G. Kitchen

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2015RMRS
Photo of Skidder and delimber operating on a fuel management research project in the Priest River Experimental Forest in Idaho. Forest Service
ID: 274
Determining the cost of biomass removal

The Western Biomass Tool estimates the costs of harvesting, chipping and transporting biomass. The Western Biomass Tool can also be used to calc ...

Principal Investigator : Frank H. McCormick

Resource Management and Use2010RMRS
Photo of Commercial dry kiln is used to heat treat freshly cut hardwood firewood for interstate commerce. Forest Service
ID: 279
Develop thermal verification guidelines for firewood heat treatment

To stop further spread of the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB), the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has enforced a heat treatment ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Forest Service fire fighter using a drip torch on a prescribed burn.
ID: 1385
Developing strategies to increase the pace and scale of forest restoration.

Two published papers by Forest Service scientists are a foundation for the new forest plans being developed by three of the eight early adopter ...

Principal Investigator : Malcolm P. North

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017PSW
Photo of Atomic force microscope image of nanoindents placed in a Loblolly pine cell wall. For perspective, a typical human hair is about 50 m in diameter. Joseph E. Jakes, Forest Service
ID: 290
Developing tools to assess mechanical properties of wood cell walls

Nanoindentation is a tool capable of probing mechanical properties at the sub-micrometer level, such as in wood cell walls, individual component ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Close-up of pelletized biochar. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 970
Development of a Forest Biochar Spreader

Biochar can be used to restore forest, range, or mine soils by adding organic matter, providing buffer from droughts or floods by increasing wat ...

Principal Investigator : Nathaniel (Nate) Anderson

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of Proposed Van der waals interactions between a xylooligosaccharide and an appendage depended xylan degrading enzyme. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 954
Development of Enzymes for use in Lignocellulose Processing

The ultimate best use of lignocellulose allows for the selective extraction of defined value streams. To facilitate this, Forest Service researc ...

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016FPL
Photo of Scanning electron image of cellulose nanocrystals coordinated to the surface of an epoxy particle. Natalie Girouard, Georgia Institute of Technology
ID: 894
Discovery of Cellulose Nanocrystals as Pot-life Stabilizers for Epoxy Coatings

Waterborne epoxy coatings are high-value, sought-after environmentally friendly products in the coating industry mostly due to their ease of use ...

Principal Investigator : Gregory Schueneman

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of A healthy, vigorous  2 year old DED-tolerant American elm seedling growing on a reclaimed mine site. USDA Forest Service
ID: 847
Disease-resistant American Elms are Suitable for Mine-land Reforestation

Almost 1 million acres of reclaimed mine land in the Appalachians are no longer forested. Restoring these lands to productive forests requires ...

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of Regional change in southeast Alaskan forests is created by asymmetrical fine-scale disturbance and growth. USDA Forest Service
ID: 765
Disturbance and Regrowth in Southeast Alaska Forests Shows Spatial Patterning

Southeast Alaska is gaining forest area on the northern side of mountain slopes, higher latitudes, and higher elevations while losing forest are ...

Principal Investigator : Tara M. Barrett

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2015PNW
Photo of A structurally complex and diverse red pine forest. Christel Kern, USDA Forest Service
ID: 468
Diversity is Key to Restoring Resilience of Iconic Great Lakes Pine Forests

Mixed-pine forests of the western Great Lakes region contain fewer tree species and fewer age classes than their historical equivalents. Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Examples of rust on various tree species. USDA Forest Service
ID: 778
DNA-based Analyses Provide Critical Insights Into Threats Posed by the Invasive Myrtle Rust Pathogen

Using DNA-based studies, scientists have investigated the movement of myrtle rust, a pathogen that negatively impacts the health of various tree ...

Principal Investigator : Ned B. Klopfenstein

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2015RMRS
Photo of Adhesive test with low-quality veneer.  Forest Service
ID: 1
Do Not Blame Adhesives When Veneers Are Guilty

Perfectly good adhesives may be wrongly discarded after failing a performance test when in actuality the veneer caused the failure.

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Mapped distribution of drought tolerance based on forest composition of (A) dominant tolerance classes among species with suitable habitat, and (B) all species (mixed not used). DIT_x = drought intolerance class level, with 3 being the most intolerant; DT_x = drought tolerance level, with 3 being the most tolerant. USDA Forest Service
ID: 811
Drought and Forest Composition

Forest Service researchers used the cumulative drought severity index to examine the long-term influence of drought frequency and intensity duri ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew P. Peters

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Floral scents are captured by enclosing flowers in clear plastic cups and pulling air out of the cups through an odor trap. Scientists found that drought changed the smell of all four species studied and reduced pollinator visitation to three of the four plant species. Justin B. Runyon, USDA Forest Service
ID: 699
Drought Stress Changes Floral Scent and Reduces Pollinator Visitation

Pollinators assist 80 percent of flowering plants in their reproduction, which accounts for much of the food ingested by humans and wildlife. Th ...

Principal Investigator : Justin B. Runyon

Resource Management and Use2014RMRS
Photo of Stake plots in the Harrison Experimental Forest, Saucier, Mississippi, evaluate the durability of wood products. Stan Lebow, Forest Service
ID: 291
Durable wood product evaluations

In an effort to reduce the amount of time required to obtain meaningful durability data for wood products, it has become widely accepted to use ...

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of FISH with Dryad DNA probe on loblolly pine chromosome spread showing the distribution of Dryad elements on the pine genome (scattered red signals). The green signals are from ribosomal rDNA (18S-28S rDNA). Insert is an interphase nucleus. Nurul Faridi, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1098
Early Transfer of DNA from Insects to Pines

Repetitive DNA sequences move across species boundaries relatively often, but rarely occur between kingdoms; however, Forest Service scientists ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 267
Early Warning System Detects Seasonal Vegetation Changes

SRS' Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center is partnering with NASA's Stennis Space Center to produce a series of seamless datase ...

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of The Discover the Forest and earth camps attracted diverse candidates from across the Northeastern United States. Kyle Lolar
ID: 506
Earth Camps Connect Students to Nature

The University of Maine's first high school forest resource camps, a partnership with the Forest Service's Northern Research Station, attracted ...

Principal Investigator : Laura S. Kenefic

Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2013NRS
Photo of Hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus) are the most frequent fatalities at wind energy facilites. Forest Service
ID: 105
Echolocation Monitoring Models Bat Occupancy Near Wind Energy Facilities

Model could mitigate the effects of wind energy development on populations of migratory bats

Principal Investigator : Ted Weller

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Phase-contrast light microscopy of some protists found in the subterranean termite, Reticulitermes virginicus.  A) Pyrsonympha minor, B) Spirotrichonympha flagellata, C) Trichonympha burlesquei, D) Holomastigotes elongatum, E) Trichonympha agilis, F) Monocercomonas species.  Scale bars are indicated for A and F, while B-E use the same scale bar as in A.
ID: 1278
Eco-friendly biopesticide protects wood from termites by affecting their hindgut symbionts

Chitosan kills termites by targeting their hindgut protists rather than the termite itself.

Principal Investigator : Juliet D. Tang

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Book cover
ID: 458
Ecological Gradient Analyses in Tropical Ecosystems

Forest Service scientists recently published a book that contains a comprehensive analysis of ecological gradients in the Luquillo Mountains of ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2013IITF
Photo of Harvest for woody biofuels. Anthony D'Amato, University of Minnesota
ID: 622
Ecological Limits to Biomass Harvesting

Removing forest biomass for fuel can provide an alternative to fossil fuels and may mitigate atmospheric carbon dioxide increases, but it may ch ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of A juvenile Mexican spotted owl perched in a large, old Douglas-fir tree shortly after fledging. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1138
Ecology of Mexican Spotted Owls in the Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico

Forest Service scientists identify owl habitat health, allowing managers to focus restoration treatments outside of owl nest areas.

Principal Investigator : Joseph L. Ganey

Inventory and Monitoring
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Forest Service staff and the Lakeview Stewardship Group discuss post treatment monitoring in the West Drews project area in the Fremont-Winema National Forest, Oregon. Eric White, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1179
Economic Benefits Associated with Federal Forest Restoration

Federal forest restoration and forest collaboration support increased economic activity in eastern Oregon. The Oregon Department of Forestry use ...

Principal Investigator : Eric M. White

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Historical data on real prices of softwood sawtimber in the U.S. South and overlapping 2012 baseline projections of prices to 2060 (in 2006 dollars per cubic meter). Peter Ince, Forest Service
ID: 26
Economic Model Predicts U.S. Forest Product Markets and Timber Demand Trends

Model provides insights on how U.S. competition and trade in forest products could be affected by expanded global use of wood for energy in futu ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of An energy-wood harvest on Potlatch Lands in Minnesota. Anthony D'Amato, University of Minnesota
ID: 467
Ecosystem Impacts of Wood Harvests For Biofuel

Current interest in harvesting typically non-merchantable material for biofuel warrants a closer look at the ecosystem impacts of intensive harv ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2013NRS
Photo of Seventeen-year-old hybrid poplars used for phytoremediation at an industrial brownfield in North Carolina. Ron Zalesny, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1129
Ecosystem Services and Environmental Technologies of Woody Crop Production Systems

Long-term research led by Forest Service scientists show that short rotation woody crops such as poplar and willow can be grown to enhance ecosy ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of A forested watershed in Wyoming.
ID: 1352
Effect of forest cover on water treatment costs

Intact forests preserve water quality in our lakes and streams, providing cost savings for municipal water providers. American water utilities s ...

Principal Investigator : Travis Warziniack

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Fine woody biomass (tops and limbs) of northern hardwoods removed post-harvest and stacked for processing, Chequemegon-Nicolet National Forest, Wisconsin. Deahn Donner, Forest Service
ID: 49
Effect of Woody Biomass Removal on Forest Biodiversity and Nutrient Cycling

Findings represent short-term effects and give a baseline for long-term study

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of The stakes in the image are southern pine pressure treated with extractives of naturally durable wood species. These stakes have been installed in ground contact in Mississippi and Wisconsin and will be evaluated for the next 10 years.
ID: 1298
Effective utilization of naturally durable wood biomass offers an overlooked source of potential wood protectants

Forest Service researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory in Madison, Wisc., are evaluating extractives as potential next-generation wood pre ...

Principal Investigator : Grant T. Kirker

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Contributions of elevated CO2 concentration, N deposition, climate variability, and regrowth + disturbances to regional accumulated net biome productivity (NBP). Forest Service
ID: 41
Effects of Disturbance, Climate, and Management on U.S. Forest Carbon

Forest response to fire, insects, harvesting, etc., is responsible for nearly one-half of the U.S. forest carbon sink, offsetting about 12 perce ...

Principal Investigator : Yude Pan

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS
Photo of A firefighter is in the process of lighting a prescribed fire with a drip torch as a utility task vehicle follows behind.
ID: 1364
Effects of prescribed fire on wildlife and wildlife habitat in selected ecosystems of North America

Prescribed fire provides an important resource management tool that is effective at maintaining or enhancing habitats for many species of wildli ...

Principal Investigator : Paulette L. Ford

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017RMRS
Photo of Effects of Press Sizes on Internal Steam Pressure during Particleboard Hot-Pressing Process. Forest Service
ID: 163
Effects of Press Sizes on Internal Steam Pressure during Particleboard Hot-Pressing Process

Internal steam pressure produced during the hot-pressing cycle in particleboard production is critical to the newly developed bond strength that ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of
ID: 112
Effects of Rising Temperature on Carbon Cycling and Storage in Ecosystems

Scientists find that as ecosystems warm, they store more carbon, not less

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Dr. Felix Ponder standing at one of his LTSP sites. Forest Service
ID: 52
Effects of Timber Harvesting and Biomass Removal on Forest Health Studied

A 10-year study shows that forest sites are able to experience high levels of soil compaction and biomass removal with little negative effects o ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of Green stormwater infrastructure in Center City, Philadelphia. Rebecca Schwartz, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 952
Elemental Concentrations in Urban Green Stormwater Infrastructure Soils

A study by a Forest Service scientist and her partners found that in an urban area, soils in green stormwater infrastructure facilities appear t ...

Principal Investigator : Michelle Kondo, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016NRS
Photo of Mountain pine beetle-caused whitebark pine mortality near Black Butte, MT. Barbara Bentz, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1172
Elevational Shifts in Thermal Suitability for Mountain Pine Beetle in a Changing Climate

By the end of the century, climate change-driven optimal temperature suitability for mountain pine beetle population growth is predicted to be g ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara J. Bentz

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of American elm cuttings growing in the greenhouse. Kathleen Knight, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 995
Elm Disease Resistance Research Gets a Boost

Great news for disease-tolerant American elm! A grant from The Manton Foundation has provided the Forest Service’s Northern Research Station w ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen Knight

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 280
Elucidating Covalent Bond Formation and Cleavage in Wood

A new technique has been developed to monitor structural changes in the polymers present in wood cell walls. This allows researchers, for exampl ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel J. Yelle

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of The figure shows two-dimensional NMR spectra of control (unreacted) loblolly pine and loblolly pine that has been reacted with a model compound of pMDI adhesive. The labels A, B, and C (and α, β, γ positions) relate to the chemical structures at the bottom of the figure. The contours labeled with a subscript r show reacted wood cell wall polymers. The reactivity of the lignin sidechains clearly dominates over all other wood cell wall polymers. Forest Service
ID: 173
Elucidating Covalent Bond Formation and Cleavage in Wood

Working with a group at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Biochemistry, FPL researchers have discovered mechanistic details beh ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel J. Yelle

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of FPL-2017-117
ID: 1289
Enabling cellulose nanomaterial commercialization

Cellulose nanomaterials are a high-value product that can be made from low-value wood.

Principal Investigator : Carl J. Houtman

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Typical post-harvest stand conditions that have supported long-term running buffalo clover persistence. Tom Schuler, USDA Forest Service. Inset: Running buffalo clover flower (Trifolium stoloniferum). Sarena Selbo, US Fish and Wildlife Service.
ID: 482
Endangered Running Buffalo Clover Finds a Home in West Virginia

Running buffalo clover was once thought to be extinct but was rediscovered in 1983 and is now classified as a federally endangered species. It i ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas M. Schuler

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of John Schelhas discusses family land history with Eleanor Cooper Brown in South Carolina. Sarah Hitchner, University of Georgia Athens.
ID: 1134
Engaging African American Forest Owners in Sustainable Forest Management

Baseline research was conducted in three southern U.S. states for a community- based outreach program: the Sustainable Forestry and African Amer ...

Principal Investigator : John Schelhas

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of The process elements for the biomass gasification concept that are incorporated into the spreadsheet model. Edward M. (Ted) Bilek, Forest Service
ID: 303
Engineering and Economic Modeling of Biofuels Production

FPL researchers developed a flexible and customizable computer model that allows users to do a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of inco ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 188
Engineering Standard for Moisture Control in Buildings

ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 160-2009, Criteria for Moisture-Control Design Analysis in Buildings, was published in May 2009. This engineering standard ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Nanocellulose (upper left), an engineering plastic (upper right), and compound made from them (center). Test specimens made from the compound (bottom). Craig Clemons, USDA Forest Service
ID: 580
Enhancing High-Performance Plastics with Nanocellulose

Forest Service scientists are using nanocellulose to improve the performance of engineering plastics. By applying advanced processing methods, t ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Wood thrush nests were monitored to gauge reproduction on managed forests. Melanie Klein, University of Massachusetts Amherst.
ID: 967
Enhancing Songbird Populations in Eastern Forests with Forest Management

Many forest bird populations are declining. Can forestry actually enhance habitat quality for these species? Forest Service scientists at the ag ...

Principal Investigator : David King

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2016NRS
Photo of Eight-year-old poplars ready to be harvested. R. Zalesny, Forest Service
ID: 349
Environmental and Economic Benefits of Short-Rotation Poplar Energy Crops

Woody production systems and conversion technologies help maintain healthy forests and ecosystems, create high-paying manufacturing jobs, and me ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS
Photo of Design Building on the Amherst campus of the University of Massachusetts.
ID: 1270
Environmental building declaration prepared using life cycle assessment

An environmental building declaration for the Design Building on the Amherst campus of the University of Massachusetts was prepared from a whole ...

Principal Investigator : Hongmei Gu

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017FPL
Photo of  Near-woods integrated system for processing post-harvest residues into bioenergy products. Richard Bergman, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 988
Environmental Evaluation of Converting Post-harvest Forest Residues to Bioenergy Products

Forest residues are a low-value byproduct of timber harvest operations that are typically burned or left to rot. Using forest residues as a bioe ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Koa tree along Saddle Road on east side of the Big Island of Hawaii.
ID: 1404
Environmental factors associated with genetic variation in the Hawaiian koa tree

Forest Service scientists looked at the association between environmental variables and genetic variation in the endemic Hawaiian tree species, ...

Principal Investigator : Christina Liang

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017RMRS
Photo of Environmental Futures Word Cloud. David Bengston, USDA Forest Service
ID: 501
Environmental Futures Research: Experiences, Approaches, and Opportunities

A Forest Service scientist organized a conference session that explored the trans-disciplinary field of futures research and its application to ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Sweetgum trees at free-air carbon dioxide enrichment study plot.
ID: 1276
Environmental impacts on tree bark chemistry

Evidence shows changes in tree bark chemistry from a long-term elevated carbon dioxide treatment have the potential to impact their conversion t ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas L. Eberhardt

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2017FPL
Photo of FPL researchers developed a new method for producing a suitable component of bioplastics from glucose, which can be derived from wood and other forms of biomass. Thinkstock
ID: 437
Enzyme Combo Results in Bioplastics Composite

Developing bioplastics as a means of moving away from non-renewable, petroleum-based products has many economic and environmental benefits. Rese ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Kersten

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of
ID: 265
Estate Planning for Forest Landowners

The Station recently released an updated version of the tax planning guide titled, 'Estate Planning for Forest Landowners: What Will Become of Y ...

Principal Investigator : John L. Greene

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of A schematic diagram showing (a) the pond hydrological processes and water budget used in model development and (b) a photo of a pond in Macon, Mississippi used for model application.
ID: 1336
Estimating the ratio of pond size to irrigated crop land: A tool to conserve groundwater resources in Mississippi

Groundwater withdrawals in the Mississippi Delta region and around the nation have increased dramatically since the last century, resulting in t ...

Principal Investigator : Ying Ouyang

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 159
Estimation of environmental emissions associated with U.S. production of lumber and wood panel products including harvesting, forest regeneration, transport and manufacturing

Life-cycle research on wood products plays a vital role in developing strategies for mitigating climate change. The main driving force behind cl ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Spatial patterns in self- calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index (scPDSI) in 2014 across California. The gray area denotes trends in scPDSI with latitude and longitude. Negative values indicate drier conditions.
ID: 1395
Evaluating changes in drought resistance across California ecosystems

Using satellite imagery, this study identifies California ecosystems that are most resistant to drought. Changes in water use efficiency were us ...

Principal Investigator : Sparkle L. Malone

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017RMRS
Photo of Pilot scale near-woods torrefaction system operated at Samoa, CA.
ID: 1293
Evaluating near-woods processing of post-harvest forest residues for energy production

Forest Service researchers are evaluating the environmental viability of converting post-harvest forest residues into high-quality bioenergy pro ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Flooring made of old-growth Douglas-fir salvaged from deconstructed military barracks. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 281
Evaluating the environmental impact of building material recovery and reuse

Within the green building and sustainable construction fields, there is a growing movement to recover and reuse building materials in lieu of de ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Oxygen index test of a wood-plastic composite. Forest Service
ID: 161
Evaluation of Various Fire Retardants for Use in Wood Flour/Polyethylene Composites

Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) represent a class of materials increasingly used in residential construction and furniture-making. The fire perfo ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Drought conditions under future climate change projections from three general circulation models and two representative concentration pathways. Matthew Peters, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1067
Examining Potential Drought Conditions Under Projected Climate Change

Using future climate projections, 54 years of potential drought conditions were evaluated against recent conditions. Assessing how drought condi ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew P. Peters

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Wildland fire can have destructive ecological and social effects.  Georgia Forestry Commission
ID: 730
Examining Trade-offs in Wildland Fire Management Decisions

Reducing or mitigating the negative effects of wildland fire is a major priority in communities all across the United States and must be address ...

Principal Investigator : Danny C. Lee

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2014SRS
Photo of Location of four experimental forests included in the integrated restoration study.
ID: 1407
Experimental Forests: Great places to learn about forest science and management

Scientists used an experimental forest network to develop different management strategies and make science accessible for managers and other par ...

Principal Investigator : Terrie B. Jain

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2017RMRS
Photo of El Yunque - Participatory mapping individual. Forest Service
ID: 410
Exploring the views and perspectives of different groups of people about the ecosystem services provided by Puerto Rico's El Yunque National Forest (El Yunque)

Interface South, the University of Puerto Rico, El Yunque National Forest and the International Institute of Tropical Forestry surveyed stakehol ...

Principal Investigator : Annie Hermansen-Baez

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Fabrication of recycled fiber. Forest Service
ID: 165
Fabrication Utilization of Recycled Fiber/Agricultural Fiber Panels and Exhibit

The Forest Products Laboratory's research using anaerobically digested agricultural waste fibers combined with recycled paper fibers to make str ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Family forestland owners.  Thinkstock.com
ID: 843
Family Forest Owners See the Trees, Not the Forest

Family forest owners, people who own more forest land in the U.S. than any other group, do not perceive themselves as owning “forests.” Work ...

Principal Investigator : Brett J. Butler

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2015NRS
Photo of
ID: 178
Fast Forward' Genetics for Renewable Fuels

Researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory used mutagenesis, strain selection and genetic manipulation over a period of seven years to develo ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of
ID: 43
Feedbacks Through the Land Market Affect Success of Open Space Conservation Policy

A new planning tool helps decide which land parcels to save

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2012NRS
Photo of An exclusion structure allowed researchers to simulate a 30 percent rainfall reduction in the loblolly plots. Marshall A. Laviner, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
ID: 933
Fertilized Pines Use Water More Efficiently But May Suffer Worse in Droughts

Fertilized loblolly pine trees produce more wood than their unfertilized counterparts, even when less water was available, butthis may also indi ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Shifting agriculture and forest fragmentation in Nicaragua demonstrate some of the complex challenges addressed by the international forest governance regime. Forest Service
ID: 313
Finding Synergistic Approaches for Complex Forest Issues through Global Forest Governance

Despite significant efforts to develop governmental and nongovernmental institutions to address the world's forest problems, there is a sense th ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen McGinley

Resource Management and Use2011IITF
Photo of A koa log. Forest Service
ID: 95
Finding Value in Young-Growth Koa Wood

A demonstration project informs the forest industry in Hawai'i of the quality and uses for young-growth Koa wood

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Results of herbicide application using different surfactants with glyphosate to control striped maple and American beech. Bars with the same letter are not different at p < 0.05. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1059
Fine-tuning Herbicide Prescriptions in Northern Hardwood Forests

Fine-tuning existing herbicide prescriptions leads to better results for forest managers and landowners.

Principal Investigator : Todd Ristau

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Fire damaged logs from the Fernow Experimental Forest in West Virginia were transported to the mill for processing and analysis of potential losses in volume and quality. Jan Wiedenbeck, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 619
Fire in my hardwood forest... is my investment in my family's future lost

Does the idea "What doesn't kill you makes you stronger" apply when a low- to medium-intensity wildfire or prescribed fire has run through a har ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Trees killed by sudden oak death near Big Sur, Calif.
ID: 1367
Fire in the wake of sudden oak death

Study predicts future flammability in plant communities where tanoak has been killed by sudden oak death.

Principal Investigator : Julian (Morgan) Varner

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW
Photo of Flashover occuring during test 2 with a partially exposed CLT ceiling.
ID: 1273
Fire performance of CLT buildings

Fire tests demonstrate that CLT buildings can be designed to withstand fire.

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Vial of silver flies ready for field release. USDA Forest Service
ID: 860
First Release of a New Biological Control of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid

Forest Service scientists and their research partners tested and released two species of silver flies from the western United States for biologi ...

Principal Investigator : Nathan P. Havill

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Because the small white lady’s slipper tends to occur in isolated populations within a highly fragmented landscape, opportunities for dispersal to new sites and inter-population genetic exchange are minimal, which may limit its capacity to adapt to climate. Justin Meissen, University of Minnesota.
ID: 1034
For the Rare Prairie Orchid, Science is Making Climate Change Local

Forest Service researchers, along with their research partners from the University of Minnesota, are helping land managers answer key questions ...

Principal Investigator : Stephanie Snyder

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Numbers indicate the future:current ratio, while colors represent the change class, where red=large decrease (future:current ratio 0.5 & 0.2 & 1.2 & 2.0). Louis Iverson, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1074
Forecasts from Multiple Models Provides more Reliable Results

Using multiple models instead of a single model allows researchers to develop more reliable forecasts of future forest change.

Principal Investigator : Louis Iverson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016NRS
Photo of Map showing projected risk level for each mile-square for 2017 based on site characteristics and history of precipitation and tree mortality up to September 2016. The accompanying boxplots show the range and distribution of expected values for each of the ten risk levels based on data from 2005-2016.
ID: 1378
Forecasts of tree mortality in California and the Pacific Northwest

Tree mortality forecasts aid forest managers in California and the Pacific Northwest.

Principal Investigator : Haiganoush K. Preisler

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PSW
Photo of Eighteeen educators, administrators and community members participated in Wisconsin's first replication of Forest For Every Classroom. Barbara McGuinness, Forest Service
ID: 51
Forest For Every Classroom Engages Students in Environmental Topics

Building a network for place-based environmental education in Wisconsin

Principal Investigator : Barbara McGuinness

Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of The NRS LT visiting the demonstration area via the Zero Grade Trail, which has universal access design features.
ID: 1237
Forest management demonstration area highlights working forest

New research published in 2017 describes the results of a 60-year forest management demonstration area on the Fernow Experimental Forest and the ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas M. Schuler

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of Shaded coffee plantation under pine forest. Thomas Brandeis, USDA Forest Service
ID: 729
Forest Management Economics for Private Forest Landowners in Honduras

This work will help improve private landowner participation and livelihood through an economic assessment of forest management needs and recomme ...

Principal Investigator : Consuelo Brandeis

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Landscape photograph of the Missouri Ozark forests. Dan Dey, USDA Forest Service
ID: 609
Forest Management Guidelines Help Improve and Sustain Missouri's Forest Resources

Missouri landowners and resource managers need state-of-the-art, science-based knowledge of forest management planning, silviculture, and best m ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Top 20 energy conservation recommendations for SIC 24 (Lumber and Wood Products, Except Furniture) based on 437 assessments conducted under the Department of Energy’s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program during the period 2000-July 2015.  If all of the 3,295 recommendations offered were implemented, the annual energy savings for this industry sector would be 10 percent per year.  Based on the actual implementation rate, the energy savings is 4.2 percent per year. USDA Forest Service
ID: 868
Forest Products Industry Competitiveness Strengthened Through Energy Management and Savings

Cutting energy costs in wood products manufacturing is good for the environment and a long-overlooked way for companies to reduce their operatin ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Reviewing Compliance of Harvest Plans in the Consorcio Forestal Amazonico, Ucayali, Peru. Forest Service
ID: 18
Forest Regulations are Rigorous throughout much of the Americas, but Implementation Remains a Challenge in Latin America

On paper, Latin America is often stricter on forestry than many States in the United States, but lack of enforcement and compliance continue to ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen McGinley

Resource Management and Use2012IITF
Photo of A stand of grand fir and Douglas-fir in eastern Oregon. Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service
ID: 665
Forest restoration efforts yield climate benefits

In Douglas-fir and true-fir dominated dry mixed-conifer forests of the northwest, implementing selective harvest and surface fuel treatments gen ...

Principal Investigator : Jeremy S. Fried

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of Electron micrograph image showing the unusual failure of release coating on a postage stamp. Dark regions are pressure-sensitive adhesive; light regions are silicone-release coating that has pulled away from backing paper liner. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 22
Forest Service Continues To Make a Better Postage Stamp

Latest research reduces the environmental effect of stamp materials

Principal Investigator : Carl J. Houtman

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Photo (1) USDA employee inoculating an American elm tree with the Dutch elm disease fungal pathogens. 
 
Photo (2) Healthy American elm tree (left) and a tree that has succumb to DED (right).
ID: 1265
Forest Service moves American elm tree a big step closer to landscape restoration

Over the past several decades, mature American elm trees have virtually disappeared from city streets and eastern forests as a result of Dutch e ...

Principal Investigator : Jim Slavicek

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2017NRS
Photo of MillionTreesNYC Training Program participants at a volunteer planting day in Staten Island, NY. Brian Aucoin, New York City Department of Parks & Recreation
ID: 496
Forest Service Partnership with MillionTreesNYC

The demand for a well-trained green-collar labor force will increase as many cities implement sustainability and green infrastructure plans. Add ...

Principal Investigator :

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Nancy Falxa Sonti shows students how to evaluate tree health in the Bronx as part of the Wave Hill mentoring program. Rich Hallett, USDA Forest Service
ID: 657
Forest Service Program Mentors New York City Students in Environmental Science

An innovative research mentorship with a Forest Service scientist gets New York City teens out into the urban woods, learning how to measure for ...

Principal Investigator : Nancy Falxa Sonti

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Cover image for Natural Inquirer issue
ID: 659
Forest Service Research on Morel Mushrooms Featured in Natural Inquirer

The Natural Inquirer's monograph series for middle school students and educators showcased a Forest Service researcher's work on local knowledge ...

Principal Investigator : Marla Emery

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Greater sage-grouse with solar-powered PTT-100 global positioning system transmitter in a study of movement patterns in Wyoming. Brian Dickerson, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1146
Forest Service Science Bolsters Sagebrush and Sage Grouse Conservation

The Forest Service has been a leader for several decades in developing science and applications to support conservation and restoration of sageb ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah M. Finch

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2016RMRS
Photo of Eucalyptus stand in South Africa. Donald Owen, California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
ID: 735
Forest Service Scientists Assess Potential Impacts of Eucalyptus on Water Resources in the Southern U.S.

At the request of the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Center for Integrated Forest Science led interdisciplinary analyses t ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Dr. James Trappe (Forest Service, emeritus scientist) and Mr. Turgut Keskin (Turkish entrepreneur interested in developing a commercial truffle industry in Turkey) enjoy the aroma of Tuber aestivum near Denizli, Turkey. Michael Castellano, USDA Forest Service
ID: 492
Forest Service Scientists Help Turkish Foresters Cultivate Truffle Species

Forest Service scientists provided training to Turkish Ministry of Forestry personnel in the importance of ectomycorrhizal fungi to forest produ ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Castellano

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
2013NRS
Photo of Prescribed burning in central Oregon ponderosa pine research plots.
ID: 1338
Forest soil resilience following biomass thinning and repeated prescribed fire

The soil organic horizon, or forest floor, it vital to the function and health of most conifer forests. As a source of soil carbon and nutrients ...

Principal Investigator : Matt D. Busse

Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2017PSW
Photo of Example of regionally (Ridge and Valley) defined species Gaultheria procumbens. Cynthia D. Huebner, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 969
Forests Characterized More by Regionally Defined Understory Species are Less Vulnerable to Invasion

Current forest understory composition may help predict future invasion by exotic plants. Sites with species that can be found across regions and ...

Principal Investigator : Cynthia Huebner

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of Deciduous forest. Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan
ID: 739
Forests Important in Mitigating Heat-related Mortality

This research seeks to understand the relationship between heat-related illness and forest type and composition. Forest Service scientists exami ...

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of ForWarn forest change image: blue indicates normal forest conditions compared to the previous year and green to red indicates moderate to extreme vegetative change. Forest Service
ID: 132
ForWarn Monitors Forests Coast-to-Coast

Web-based tool provides a weekly snapshot of U.S. forest conditions to aid forest managers

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012SRS
Photo of This fossil forest in Ethiopia once had a very different climate. John Kappelman, University of Texas
ID: 915
Fossil Forests of Ethiopia Suggest Region’s late Oligocene Climate was Wetter Than Today

Don’t believe in climate change? Check out the woods from this Oligocene forest in Ethiopia.

Principal Investigator : Michael C. Wiemann

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Mature shortleaf and loblolly pines on the Crossett Experimental Forest in southeast Arkansas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 908
Frequent Fire Maintains Shortleaf Pine as a Distinct Species

Fire effectively selects against loblolly pine genes in mixed stands of loblolly and shortleaf pines and appears to be required to maintain the ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Kayakers in Freshkills Park, NYC. Forest Service
ID: 54
From World's Largest Landfill to New York City's Newest Park

The story of the restoration of Fresh Kills Salt Marsh, Staten Island, NY

Principal Investigator : Lindsay K. Campbell

Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
2012NRS
Photo of A prescribed fire being ignited under controlled conditions to promote open woodland habitat suitable for endangered species in the Ouachita Mountains. Virginia McDaniel, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1040
Fuel, Smoke, and Prescribed Fire in the Ouachita Mountains

Prescribed burning is a key tool in restoration and management of native stands of southern pines in the southern U.S., but the smoke produced b ...

Principal Investigator : Virginia McDaniel

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of A study site at the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range that was thinned and then fenced to exclude ungulate herbivory. USDA Forest Service
ID: 826
Fuels Reduction and Ungulate Grazing Effects on Exotic Plant Species are Short-lived in Upland Forest Understories

Disturbances of fire and domestic ungulates have been shown to facilitate the spread and establishment of exotic plant species in many grassland ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Wisdom, Dr.

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Postia, a genus of brown rot fungi. Dan Cullen, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 963
Fungi Use Multiple Strategies for Deconstruction of Woody Biomass

A diverse array of enzymes catalyze the bioconversion of wood toward biofuels and other high-value products.

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Cover of Future Forests of the Northern United States Report. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1073
Future Forests of the Northern United States

The recent publication of Future Forests of the Northern United States and associated databases caps a 6-year effort to examine past trends, cur ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Gender and Forests, published in 2017.
ID: 1366
Gender bias affects forests worldwide

A new book compiles 30 years of key articles on gender and forests and concludes gender biases persist in forestry research and practice.

Principal Investigator : Susan Stevens Hummel

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of Image shows how full genome sequencing from an individual tree was used to determine position of chromosomal dosage variation. Andrew Groover, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1115
Gene-sequenced Poplars Potential Research Boon for Bioenergy

A large population of poplar trees with altered gene dosage has been developed for bioenergy feedstock research. Each of the trees has been subj ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2016PSW
Photo of During a field tour of Heen Latinee Experimental Forest, Alaska, attendees learned about ongoing research on yellow-cedar. Judy Mason, USDA Forest Serivce
ID: 669
Genetic Analysis Shows the Scale and Pattern of Spatial Genetic Variation in Yellow-Cedar

Genetic analysis shows that yellow-cedar is a diverse and highly mobile species.

Principal Investigator : Richard Cronn

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of White rot fungus, Panerochaete chrysosporium colonizing wood chips.
ID: 1295
Genetic basis of lignocellulose degradation

Exploiting the recent availability of fungal genomes, Forest Service researchers have developed computational approaches for the identification ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017FPL
Photo of Researchers have discovered evolutionary groups within ponderosa pine that may have different responses to climate change, bark beetles, and other threats. Kevin Potter, North Carolina State University
ID: 921
Genetics Matter: Forest Tree Species at Risk

To conserve the genetic foundations that tree species need to survive and adapt to ever-changing threats, forest management decisions must consi ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Regional groupings of tropical montane cloud forest and associated lower and upper altitudinal limits of the cloud belt (modified after Scatena 2010). U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1158
Geographic, Environmental, and Biotic Sources of Variation in the Nutrient Relations of Tropical Montane Forests

Incorporating other geographic, environmental and biotic variables in tropical montane forests biogeochemistry, might give scientists a more acc ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016IITF
Photo of
ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 431
Global Bioenergy Partnership Sustainability Indictators for Bioenergy

The Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) agreed on a set of science-based, voluntary, practical sustainability indicators with the aim of helping ...

Principal Investigator : Marilyn Buford

Resource Management and Use2011WO
Photo of Forest interior in a permanent plot in Amazonian Peru; note the buttressed tree being measured at 5m with the help of a ladder. Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza, University of Leeds, UK
ID: 321
Global Forests Sequester One-third of Annual Fossil Fuel Emissions, Much More Than Previously Thought

Forested land plays a much larger role in removing carbon from the atmosphere than was previously thought, according to Forest Service scientist ...

Principal Investigator : Yude Pan

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011NRS
Photo of Students get outdoor instruction as part of the Go Green Club. Nikka Labella, Bradford Area School District
ID: 658
Go Green Club Introduces Students to the Forest

The Forest Service's Northern Research Station and Allegheny National Forest are key partners in establishing the "Go Green Club," an after-scho ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara McGuinness

Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014NRS
Photo of Forest Service researchers are treating young forests to create northern goshawk habitat and resistant bark beetle structures that also produce timber products.
ID: 1351
Goshawks, bark beetles, and timber management: Can they coexist?

Wildlife habitat and timber production are critical elements of the management of many national forests. The Black Hills National Forest in West ...

Principal Investigator : Russell T. Graham

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Scientist Barbara Bentz stands next to a Great Basin bristlecone pine, which are some of the oldest trees in the west and are highly resistant to mountain pine beetle attacks.
ID: 1402
Great Basin bristlecone pines are highly resistant to mountain pine beetles

Mountain pine beetle has killed millions of pines in the past two decades. We discovered that when confined on a Great Basin bristlecone pine, a ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara J. Bentz

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) with VHF transmitter. Carbon County, WY. Brian Dickerson, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 991
Greater Sage-grouse Demographics Prior to Wind Energy Development

Wind energy is an alternative form of energy production that is generally accepted by the public as an answer to nonrenewable forms of energy pr ...

Principal Investigator : Brian E. Dickerson

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2016RMRS
Photo of The Interior West Climate Change Working Group addresses the impacts of changing climates throughout the Interior West and Great Plains. Forest Service
ID: 394
Group Addresses Climate Change Impacts

New Forest Service group addresses the impacts of changing climates across the diverse landscapes of the Intermountain West and Great Plains.

Principal Investigator : Jan M. Engert

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of How much forest biomass to leave behind or remove Shawn Grushesky, West Virginia University Appalachian Hardwood Center
ID: 55
Guidelines for Forest Biomass Utilization

Online resource offers environmentally and economically sound biomass utilization in the Appalachian Mountains

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of Slash pine needles raked into piles for later collection and baling. Pine needles are among the most common non-timber forest products collected from State Forests in five southern states. David Dickens, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org.
ID: 1083
Half of States in the Southern U.S. Allow Harvest of Non-timber Forest Products in State Forests; can also Document Illegal Harvesting

Little is known about of the harvest of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in state forests of the southern U.S. Forest Service scientists docum ...

Principal Investigator : Gregory E. Frey

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of Log bucking in Buckhannon, West Virginia. Iris Montague, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 617
Hardwood Log Procurement and the Role of Log Brokers

Forest Service researchers analyzed hardwood log procurement practices and the effects of log brokers on the hardwood distribution system. They ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Examples of mixedwood types in eastern North America: A) shortleaf pine – oak forest in southern Missouri (credit: Missouri Department of Conservation); B) white pine – red oak forest in southern Maine (credit: Justin Waskiewicz); C) spruce – fir – hardwood forest in Quebec (credit: Patricia Raymond); D) hemlock – hardwood forest in northern Wisconsin. Kate Gerndt.
ID: 965
Hardwood-Softwood Mixtures for Future Forests in Eastern North America: Assessing Suitability to Projected Climate Change

Despite growing interest in management strategies for climate change adaptation, there are few methods for assessing the ability of stands to en ...

Principal Investigator : John Kabrick

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 241
Harvest pattern influences survival of forest-dependent species

The Demonstration of Ecosystem Management Options (DEMO) study was established in 1994 to evaluate the benefits of leaving some live trees stand ...

Principal Investigator : Charles Peterson

Resource Management and Use2010PNW
Photo of A two-age stand developing on the overstory study site in Washington's Capitol State Forest. Leslie Brodie, USDA Forest Service
ID: 521
Harvesting Overstory Trees Results in Little Damage to Residual Trees

A growing number of land owners and managers have expressed interest in harvest treatments that retain a partial overstory of trees to reduce th ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie C. Brodie

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Bartlett Haystack Mountains, Bartlett, N.H. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1114
Has Climate Affected Tree Species Distribution in New England?

Remeasurement of plots 70 years after establishment on the White Mountain National Forest shows no evidence of changes in elevations among clima ...

Principal Investigator : William Leak

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 185
Heat Sterilization of Firewood for Thermal Eradication of Emerald Ash Borer

FPL researchers have led a joint research effort with USDA APHIS and state regulatory staff to evaluate various heat treatment options and heati ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Wooden ammunition pallets are placed in a laboratory kiln to be heat treated for ISPM-15 standard. Xiping Wang, Forest Service
ID: 282
Heat treating wooden ammunition pallets for invasive species

Wood pallets serve as support for munitions loads and other military supplies transported within the continental U.S. and internationally. Despi ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Cross-section of wood cell wall. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1048
Heat Treatment of Green Wood Accomplishes Crystal Hardening

After centuries of study, the structure of the woody cell wall remains poorly understood. Regarding cellulose crystals in green wood, X-ray meth ...

Principal Investigator : Umesh P. Agarwal

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Firewood for home heating.  Forest Service
ID: 71
Heating with Wood in Alaska

Converting oil heating systems in residential and commercial buildings in Alaska to renewable wood energy would require 1.3 to 1.7 million cords ...

Principal Investigator : Allen M. Brackley

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of
ID: 413
Helping federal agencies manage fire budgets

Budgeting for wildfire suppression is increasingly difficult for federal for the Forest Service and Department of the Interior. In the past, fir ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Wood decay fungus Ceriporiopsis subvermispora colonizing wood vessels. Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota
ID: 9
Hidden Lives of Wood Decay Fungi Uncovered by Genome Sequencing

The decoded genomes of 12 species reveal a complex repertoire of proteins involved in the deconstruction of key polymers within wood cell walls

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Greater frequency of harvests and physical disturbance of soil in managed forests results in higher respiration and soil carbon loss. U.S. Forest Service - Bugwood.org
ID: 938
High Forest Productivity Often Comes at the Expense of Soil Carbon Storage

Forest Service scientists and their research partners are studying the role of managed forests in regional carbon, water, and energy exchange to ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of TEM micrograph of electrospun polymethyl methacrylate fibers containing 17 weight percent cellulose nano-crystals/Alan Rudie, Forest Service
ID: 283
High Performance nano-Cellulose Composites

Cellulose nano-crystals (CNC) and cellulose nano-fibrils (CNF) provide strength properties equivalent to Kevlar and can be used in optically cle ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Uniform dispersion and neutral color of a polypropylene: CNC composites produced with solid state shear pulverization (a), and the opposite case for a standard melt mixer composite with excessive thermal degradation (b). Krishnan Iyer, Northwestern University
ID: 892
High-performance Cellulose Nanocrystal Polyolefin Composites are an Attractive Filler for Polymer Composites

Nanocellulose-polypropylene and nanocellulose-polyethylene composites exhibited the greatest improvement ever reported for such composites made ...

Principal Investigator : Gregory Schueneman

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of The southern part of the San Juan Bay Estuary, a hilly area with soils  derived from volcanic soils, is less densely developed and has higher  tree cover than other parts of the watershed. Tom Brandeis, USDA Forest Service
ID: 738
Highly Dynamic Urban Forest in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Between 2001 and 2010, the urban forest in the San Juan Watershed in Puerto Rico was highly dynamic. Nearly 50 percent in trees originally sampl ...

Principal Investigator : Wayne C. Zipperer

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2014SRS
Photo of Schematic illustration of the capillary photoelectrochemical water splitting process. Tivoli C. Gough, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 980
Highly-Efficient Capillary Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Using Cellulose Nanofiber-Templated TiO2 Photoanodes

Among current endeavors to explore renewable energy technologies, photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting holds great promise for conversion ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of
ID: 233
Historic Critchfield Memorial Herbarium Goes Digital: Believed to Be the Largest Collection of Pine Specimens in the World

The USDA Forest Service's Pacific SouthwestResearch Station, Institute of Forest Genetics, Placerville, CA, has released the online version of i ...

Principal Investigator : Jessica W. Wright

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2010PSW
Photo of
ID: 158
History of lumber submissions under ASTM D 1990 since the North American In-Grade testing program

The North American In-Grade Testing Program, begun in the mid-1970s, tested more than 70,000 full-size specimens of North American production lu ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Historically, U.S. housing construction and sales have been a major component of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP).
ID: 1288
Housing markets are critical to the wood products industry

U.S. and international housing markets are critical to the wood products industry, as new single-family units consume more value-added wood prod ...

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Image 1: Acoustic monitoring device placed in landscapes around Silver Mountain Mine, Ottawa National Forest, Michigan.
ID: 1262
How do bats use landscapes around hibernaculum?

The answer to that question may be key to their survival. Understanding how bats use the landscape during all stages of their life cycle is cruc ...

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of Lingering ecological effects can be found along the edges of past harvests for decades.
ID: 1365
How do old clearcuts affect old-growth?

The edge influence of past clearcutting on the structure of neighboring uncut old-growth forests is widespread and persistent. These indirect an ...

Principal Investigator : David M. Bell

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of The dots are microscopic beads and the lines are fungal hyphae. The beads turn from red to green when exposed to oxidation. Notice that the bead next to the fungus is more green than the others. USDA Forest Service.
ID: 912
How Does Wood Decay Start?

How do fungi rot wood? Using new tools, fluorescent dye attached to tiny beads, and laser confocal microscopy, Forest Service scientists were ab ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher G. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of
ID: 415
How much does a woodpecker cost

Using simulations to predict the value of timber production lost due to conserving an endangered species

Principal Investigator : James M. Guldin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Photo 1.  A typical mountain laurel thicket in a mixed-oak forest in central Pennsylvania.  Such thickets prevent oak seedlings from becoming established and developing into competitive reproduction.  Note the 8-foot range pole in the center of the photo to appreciate the density and height of the shrubs. 
Photo 2.  A fall prescribed fire being conducted by Pennsylvania Bureau of Forestry personnel in a mountain laurel thicket that had been cut approximately 2 years earlier.  Initially, this combination of treatments showed the most promise of controlling mountain laurel, but after 5 years the shrubs had sprouted and the thicket was quickly reforming.
ID: 1258
How not to kill mountain laurel

Sometimes failure can be as important as success when it comes to developing appropriate silvicultural treatments for controlling interfering un ...

Principal Investigator : Patrick Brose

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of Southeastern forests may be affected by climate change. Sarah Farmer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 737
Hub Helps Landowners "SERCHing" for Climate Change Answers

Land managers face new challenges every year from the growing effects of climate change. The regional livelihoods of farmers, foresters, and ran ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Educators can now use Hubbard Brooks long-term data sets to teach inquiry in their classrooms. J. Wilson, Hubbard Brook Research Foundation
ID: 347
Hubbard Brook Environmental Literacy Program

One of the Northern Research Station's primary partnerships supporting environmental literacy is with the Hubbard Brook Research Foundation, whi ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara McGuinness

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2011NRS
Photo of At a community meeting in Issaquah, Washington, particpants discuss maps created by the public and their role in travel management planning. Lee Cerveny, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1045
Human Ecology Mapping Reveals Public Priorities for Forest Destinations and Roads

Public land managers often must prioritize among ongoing construction and maintenance of infrastructure and facilities valued by the public. Hum ...

Principal Investigator : Lee K. Cerveny

Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2016PNW
Photo of Forest Service employee Robert Eaton stands beside an eight year old Eucalyptus benthamii growing near Ravenel, S.C. Chris Maier,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 718
I Water Use of Intensively Managed Eucalyptus Plantations Studied

In parts of the southern U.S., short-rotation Eucalyptus plantations have the potential to substantially increase forest productivity for biomas ...

Principal Investigator : Chris A. Maier

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of Municipal planners and university students during an i-Tree training session in the Colonial City of Santo Domingo. Jorge Paniagua, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1173
i-Tree Serves as a Green Infrastructure Assessment Tool to Municipal Planners and Researchers in the Dominican Republic

The iTree tool was implemented for the first time in the Colonial City of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, to assess the value of ecosystem-ba ...

Principal Investigator : Tischa A. Munoz-Erickson

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2016IITF
Photo of Sporulating fusiform rust gall on pine. USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org
ID: 907
Identification of Fusiform Rust Resistance Genes in loblolly Pine

Knowledge of rust resistance genes provides tree breeders and forest managers with efficient tools for minimizing losses to fusiform rust, a fun ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Photo of the Baltimore skyline.  Baltimore is one of four urban research locations officially chartered as an Urban Field Station within the Northern Research Station.  As an engaged network, our urban field stations are national and international assets. Morgan Grove, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1066
IITF and NRS each established a Charter for Urban Field Stations and Networks

IITF and NRS officially established charters for Urban Research Stations in San Juan, Puerto Rico and Baltimore, Chicago, New York City, and Phi ...

Principal Investigator : Tischa A. Munoz-Erickson

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Two-dimensional rendering of three-dimensional chemistry of poplar wood with representative spectra of lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose. Barbara Illman and USDA Forst Service
ID: 914
Imaging Wood Chemicals in Three Dimensions

For the first time, chemicals in wood were visualized in 3-dimensions. This advance in chemical analysis will help clarify scientists’ underst ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara L. Illman

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of High-resolution point cloud image of a scanned red oak log. Ed Thomas, USDA Forest Service
ID: 635
Improved Automated Detection of Surface Defects on Hardwood Logs

In less than one second, a new parallel computer algorithm processes more than a million surface data points on a hardwood log to find the defec ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 160
Improved Composites from Wood Flour and Mixed Plastics

In a cooperative project with Louisiana State University, Forest Products Laboratory researchers have used crosslinking technologies, commonly u ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Map of Borneo showing areas of forest loss between 2000 and 2010 in yellow, areas of forest persistence from 2000 to 2010 in green, and areas that were not forest in 2000 in black.
ID: 1350
Improved predictions of deforestation in Borneo

A collaborative team led by Forest Service research ecologist Samuel Cushman has produced a substantial breakthrough in advancing predictive mod ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel A. Cushman

Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2017RMRS
Photo of
ID: 156
Improving Accelerated Testing of Durable Wood Products

Durable wood products such as posts, poles and timbers are expected to resist decay and termite attack for several decades. Testing the durabili ...

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of FPL-2017-101
ID: 1271
Improving biopolymers for packaging applications using surface-tailored cellulose nanocrystals

Demand is rapidly increasing for environmentally friendly packaging materials that are derived from renewable resources and are biodegradable, b ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Dynamic vapor sorption instrument.
ID: 1292
Improving experimental techniques that probe wood-moisture interactions

Prior methods using dynamic vapor sorption instruments mischaracterized the equilibrium moisture content of wood. Equilibrium is reached after m ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers who performed small angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments to study the effects of chemical modifications and moisture on the wood nanostructure at the ORNL High Flux Isotope Reactor Bio-SANS beamline. From left to right, Joseph Jakes (FPL), Nayomi Plaza (FPL), Shou Qian (ORNL), and Venky Pingali (ORNL). Joseph Jakes, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 956
Improving Moisture Durability of Forest Products Using Small-angle Neutron Scattering

Moisture is the underlying cause of numerous durability issues in forest products, including decay, lack of dimensional stability, and fastener ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Researchers are developing improved methods for processing cellulose nanofibrils. Rob Sabo, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1029
Improving the Hydrolysis and Fibrillation of Wood Into Cellulose Nanomaterials

Cellulose nanomaterials have been receiving an increasing amount of interest from both the scientific and industrial communities because of thei ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of
ID: 292
Improving Workplace Safety in Forest Operations

Working with the U.S. Forest Equipment Standards Committee in SAE and the International Organization for Standardization, SRS researchers examin ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Rummer

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of Immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
ID: 1325
In Hurricane Katrina’s aftermath, ecological changes driven primarily be socieconomics

Ten years after Hurricane Katrina, vegetation analysis showed that ecological changes in New Orleans were driven primarily by socioeconomics. Ho ...

Principal Investigator : Wayne C. Zipperer

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Samples from increment borer shows the growth of a tree.  Does increasing CO2 affect the maximum number of trees that can be sustained in a forest?  If it does then all forest density management guides need a revision.
ID: 1226
Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration alters forest stand development, so do management guidelines need revision?

A decade ago, increased atmospheric carbon dioxide was at the heart of the Aspen Free-Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment Experiment. Forest Service r ...

Principal Investigator : Mark E. Kubiske

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of Housing development near the Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Washington. Rhonda Mazza, USDA Forest Service
ID: 675
Increasing Development Near Public Forest Lands in Washington and Oregon Has Implications for Public Land Management and Fire Suppression

Areas bordering public forest land in Washington and Oregon are showing substantial increases in development, with the number of structures on p ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew Gray

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2014PNW
Photo of
ID: 174
Increasing the Value of Slash by Use in Oriented Strand Board

The project takes a closer look at chunkwood processing first developed in 1977 at the Northern Research Station lab in Houghton, MI. Branches a ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2010FPL
Photo of Bole charring caused by a wildfire in a ponderosa pine forest. The extent of bole scorch is related to the probability of infestation by pine engraver beetles. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1105
Insects Associated with Fire-injured Ponderosa Pine

Forest Service scientists examined various aspects of the interaction between fire injury and subsequent insect infestations. Different types of ...

Principal Investigator : Jose Negron

Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Researchers evaluated the Ming Dynasty Tombs and the Palace Museum located in the Forbidden City, Beijing, China. Thinkstock
ID: 586
Inspection Protocols Help Preserve Ancient Chinese Structures

Forest Service scientists worked with Chinese scientists and engineers to develop inspection procedures to aid in the preservation and restorati ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of The arctic field ecology youth-elder-science camp observing microscopic soil invertebrates. Forest Service
ID: 325
Integrating Research, Education, and Traditional Knowledge in Ecology

Integrating research and education is a fundamental goal of research institutions and agencies but specific approaches not widely published in e ...

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011IITF
Photo of
ID: 304
Integrating the Production of Nanofibrillated Cellulose and Biofuels

FPL researchers have demonstrated a method of integrating the production of cellulose nanofibers and biofuels. Such a strategy is expected to im ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Paper birch trees with evidence of bark harvesting. USDA Forest Service
ID: 808
Integrating Traditional Ecological Knowledge into Natural Resource Inventories and Management of Paper Birch Trees

The “Paper Birch in the Great Lakes” project is a collaborative effort to incorporate traditional ecological knowledge into research and nat ...

Principal Investigator : Northern Research Station

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of Workshop participants map priority areas as part of the Human Ecology Mapping Project. Renee Bodine, USDA Forest Service
ID: 510
Interactive Mapping Project Advances All Lands Conservation

Mapping human connections both on and off the forest helps land managers better anticipate how changes to access in other jurisdictions may affe ...

Principal Investigator : Lee K. Cerveny

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Salvage operation following windthrow in the Allegheny high plateau region. USDA Forest Service
ID: 803
International Symposium Improves Understanding of Disturbance and Salvage Logging and Forest Sustainability

The Forest Service’s Northern Research Station along with the University of Pittsburgh and the Carnegie Museum of Natural History sponsored an ...

Principal Investigator : Alejandro A. Royo

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2015NRS
Photo of Flames in wood crib of creosote-treated timbers, approximately eight minutes after application of hot metal wafer. Robert White, USDA Forest Service
ID: 589
Intumescent Coating for Fire Protection of Structures

After years of development by industry, Forest Service scientists conducted specialized fire tests to prove the value of intumescent coating for ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Laser scanned image of a low grade, small diameter yellow-poplar log with large knots.
ID: 1227
Investigating the potential of cross-laminated timber panels made from low-grade hardwoods for building construction

The emergence of cross-laminated timber (CLT) for building construction in North America may provide an additional and valuable product market f ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of Fence line of one of the plots with canopy gaps.  The vegetation is noticeably taller and denser inside the fence as compared to outside the fence. USDA Forest Service
ID: 866
Investigating the Roles of Fire, Browse, and Canopy Gaps in the Understory of an Oak-dominated Forest

Current forests developed under conditions different from original forests, with more deer, less fire, and smaller canopy gaps. This has resulte ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Longleaf pine trees growing on sandy uplands.
ID: 1323
Is the relationship between tree height and diameter consistent across species and ranges?

Scaling exponents reveal differences in longleaf pine height-diameter relationships across its range, possibly due to water availability. Tree s ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of The Cox Ford Bridge in Parke County, Indiana, has a Burr-arch truss configuration. James Wacker, USDA Forest Service
ID: 433
Keeping America's Historic Covered Bridges Safe for Vehicular Traffic

The Forest Products Laboratory, in partnership with the Federal Highway Administration and the National Park Service is sponsoring a comprehensi ...

Principal Investigator : James P. Wacker

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of A technician stands in a thinned stand in the Daniel Boone National Forest, Ky.
ID: 1329
Keeping oak forests in oak

Maintaining oaks in southeastern forests is desirable for economic and ecological reasons. Forest managers face many challenges as oak forests g ...

Principal Investigator : Callie Schweitzer

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017SRS
Photo of An excerpt from a Business to Consumer EPD for western redcedar decking. Jennifer O'Connor, FPInnovations
ID: 285
Labeling Wood Products Based on Environmental Impacts - Helping consumers make sustainable choices

Environmental product declaration (EPD) is a summary of the environmental impacts associated with producing and using a product or service. An E ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 239
Land use policies affect levels of carbon sequestration

Researchers used the Forest and Agriculture Sector Optimization Model-Greenhouse Gases Model to analyze alternative policy scenarios and compare ...

Principal Investigator : Ralph Alig

Resource Management and Use2010PNW
Photo of Afforestation is one means of increasing carbon storage on family forest lands. Stephanie Snyder, USDA Forest Service
ID: 503
Landowners Interested in Managing Family Forest Lands for Carbon

The nation's family forest lands have the potential to be an important contributor to carbon sequestration efforts, but only if their owners are ...

Principal Investigator : Stephanie Snyder

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Stream restoration near the Seneca Rocks Discovery Center, Monongahela National Forest. Kristin Floress, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1017
Landscape Scale Conservation Evaluation of the West Virginia Restoration Venture

Long-term investment in relationships with local organizations increases opportunities for landscape scale conservation.

Principal Investigator : Kristin Floress

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 217
Landscape-level Deer Herd Reductions Restore Forest Understory Plant Communities but Not Species Diversity

Since 2001, NRS scientist Alejandro Royo has tracked the response of herbaceous plant communities to deer herd reductions throughout the 70,000- ...

Principal Investigator : Alejandro A. Royo

Resource Management and Use2010NRS
Photo of The user-interface of LandViz showing LANDIS-II projections of quaking aspen biomass on the Chippewa National Forest after 100 years of “business as usual” management under current climate and (left) and a warmer and wetter climate (right). Melissa Lucash, Portland State University.
ID: 1111
LandViz: Visualization of Landscape Model Outputs to Support Management Decisions

Forest Service scientists developed an intuitive, browser-based tool called "LandViz" that allows stakeholders to easily visualize how climate a ...

Principal Investigator : Eric J. Gustafson

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2016NRS
Photo of Example of high-resolution LiDar data of canopy heights. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1031
Laser Technology and Modeling Tools for Precision Forest Inventory, Monitoring, and Planning

Forest Service scientists and their partners are developing relationships between LiDAR estimates and traditional forestry measures collected on ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Hudak

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of A Latino family enjoys a day at the park. Forest Service
ID: 135
Latino Community Access to Urban Green Space

Addressing environmental justice in terms of access to urban green space for an immigrant community in Georgia

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Field crew collecting soil samples on the banks of Rio Roberts creek on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. Dave D'Amore, Forest Service
ID: 339
Learning more about the role of salmon-derived nutrients in Southeast Alaska watersheds

This research tested a common assumption and found that, contrary to conventional wisdom, younger soil closest to the stream had lower concentra ...

Principal Investigator : David V. D'Amore

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011PNW
Photo of
ID: 374
Levels of delayed tree mortality following early and late season burns in ponderosa and Jeffrey pine forests

Historically, wildfires occurred most frequently in the late summer and early fall in ponderosa and Jeffrey pine forests. Accordingly, late sea ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Fettig

Resource Management and Use2011PSW
Photo of LiDAR-derived map of canopy cover for the Bartlett Experimental Forest and surrounding area. Values are a percentage; the dark blue colors are 100 percent canopy closure. Coeli M Hoover, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1075
LiDAR: A Bird’s-Eye Look at Wildlife Habitat

Wildlife species often prefer habitats with specific characteristics. For example, many birds need dense brushy areas where they can safely nest ...

Principal Investigator : Coeli Hoover

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Wildlife and Fish
2016NRS
Photo of Soil pit with golf tees marking horizons to be sampled. Robert Long, USDA Forest Service
ID: 650
Liming Effects Help Maintain Sugar Maple Growth and Health and Persist for More Than 20 years

Long-term inputs of acidic deposition have depleted soils of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) on ridge-top, unglaciated sites in Pennsylvania. Su ...

Principal Investigator : Robert P. Long

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2014NRS
Photo of Uniaxial strains (?y) and stiffnesses (Q) for two paperboard specimens. Horizontal gray lines represent median failure location.
ID: 1283
Local stiffness variation of paperboard examined in uniaxial tension

Small regions of heterogeneity in paper stiffness can provide places for sheets to fail. Forest Service researchers are the first to develop met ...

Principal Investigator : John M. Considine

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of The Forest Service/USDA National Agroforestry Center's Mike Dosskey presents his conservation buffer research results on Capitol Hill, July 30, 2012, at a seminar sponsored by the National Coalition for Food and Agricultural Research. Forest Service
ID: 169
Location, Location, Location! Putting Buffers in Their Place

Forest Service conservation buffer research highlighted at Capitol Hill seminars

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use2012WO
Photo of Deer browsing exerts top-down selection on plant communities, which over time ricochets back up the trophic web to affect insects and birds. Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Irvine, PA
ID: 315
Long-Term Differences in Forests With Different Deer Densities

Thirty years after a study on the effects of deer on forest ecosystems established new forest stands at deer densities ranging from 10 to 64 dee ...

Principal Investigator : Scott H. Stoleson

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2011NRS
Photo of Airborne Carnegie Airborne Observatory-LiDAR image from a January 2008 flight showing vegetation height for more than 100 kipuka on the Island of Hawaii. Inset shows one example kipuka of roughly 25 hectares. Greg Asner, Carnegie Institution of Science
ID: 901
Long-term Fragmentation Reduces Ecosystem Carbon Storage and Productivity

In the naturally fragmented tropical montane landscape in Hawaii, Forest Service researchers used a highly replicated (more than 600) set of fra ...

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2015PSW
Photo of Pitch pine common garden plots in the Brendan T. Byrne State Forest, New Jersey, were planted in 1973 and 1974. The experiments include progeny of hundreds of trees raised from seeds collected in 72 different stands or “seed sources” throughout the natural distribution of pitch pine, ranging from Georgia to Quebec and from the coast of Maine to Ohio. John Hom, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1121
Long-term Provenance Trials for Selection of Future Forests

Long-term experiments initiated in 1973 and revisited in 2010 provide insights into pitch pine response to climate change and disturbance.

Principal Investigator : John Hom

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Sign at entrance of Fort Valley Experimental Forest where this research occurred. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 966
Long-term Thinning Alters Ponderosa Pine Reproduction in Northern Arizona

This study tested the relationship between overstory density and seedling survival in ponderosa pine forests. They used a long-term ( more than ...

Principal Investigator : W. Keith Moser

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of Abundant longleaf pine cones at the Stuart Seed Orchard in the summer of 2014 point to a bumper seed crop in the fall of 2014.
ID: 1307
Longleaf pine seed collection in Texas boosts restoration efforts of this important species

Longleaf pine is an unpredictable seed producer and adequate or better seed crops occur once every five years or even more infrequently. Efforts ...

Principal Investigator : James M. Guldin

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of The upper left is the modeled historic probability of occurrence of shortleaf pine based on General Land Office Survey data, the upper right is the current probability of occurrence of shortleaf pine based on FIA data.  The lower left is the modeled historic probability of occurrence of white oak based on General Land Office Survey data, the lower right is the current probability of occurrence of white oak based on FIA data. Daniel Dey, USDA Forest Service
ID: 504
Loss of diversity in the Missouri Ozark Highlands Places Ecosystem at Risk

Past land use over the last 200 years has made Missouri's Ozark Highlands less diverse and more homogeneous in the condition of its vegetation. ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2013NRS
Photo of Doors and windows remediation before and after. USDA Forest Service
ID: 855
Low-cost Urban Building Improvement Can Reduce Crime

In a study by a Forest Service scientist and her partners, Philadelphia’s “Doors-and-Windows Ordinance,” which requires repairs to abandon ...

Principal Investigator : Michelle Kondo, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Surface color of modified (B, C, D) and unmodified (A) western red cedar before (0 h) and after (720 h) of artificial weathering in a WeatherOmeter. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 305
Lumen filling and sol-gel reinforcement of the wood cell wall

FPL researchers used a two-prong strategy to enhance weathering properties of wood. This dual treatment showed promise in protecting wood agains ...

Principal Investigator : Rebecca E. Ibach

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Baldcypress leafroller adult and empty pupal case on a baldcypress shoot. Gerald J. Lenhard, Louisiana State University
ID: 725
Lure Developed for Killer of Louisiana Baldcypress

The land surface of southern Louisiana is sinking as an unintended consequence of humans channeling water flow. Persistent and deeper flooding o ...

Principal Investigator : Brian Sullivan

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Researchers collect the forest floor to determine amount of carbon. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 974
Maintaining Long-term Productivity of Inland Northwest Forests After Bioenergy Harvesting

As the U.S. moves towards a more green economy, it is critical to understand the long-term impacts of harvest operations on both above and below ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016RMRS
Photo of A drained tundra lake with remnant pools in northwest Alaska. USDA Forest Service
ID: 825
Major Shifts in Wildlife Habitats Projected for the 21st Century in Northwest Alaska Under Changing Climates

Climate is changing roughly twice as fast in the Arctic than it is further south, thus providing an "early warning system" for impending changes ...

Principal Investigator : Bruce G. Marcot

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2015PNW
Photo of Slash pile resulting from forest restoration activities. USDA Forest Service 
Figure 1. Building a slash pile to maximize biochar production. USDA Forest Service
Biochar pellets. Biochar pellets can be made to reduce dust and ease transportation and application.
ID: 1333
Making biochar with waste woody biomass

Forest restoration treatments create tons of waste residues that are normally burned in slash piles that damage the soil and cause pollution. F ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Peaks of El Yunque National Forest, Puerto Rico. Gerald Bauer, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1145
Making Management More Adaptive Through Research in El Yunque National Forest

Research is an integral part of decision making on the El Yunque National Forest as forest management adopts an adaptive approach to resource pl ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen McGinley

Resource Management and Use2016IITF
Photo of Rangelands occupy 25 percent of America's landscape.
ID: 1389
Managing climate change risks in rangeland ecosystems

Rangelands are ecologically diverse ecosystems in the drier parts of the United States, occupying around 25 percent of the United States land ar ...

Principal Investigator : Linda A. Joyce

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of A public field tour in the Deschutes National Forest, Oregon. Resource managers, scientists, and the public discuss management strategies for fire-prone forests such as the Deschutes National Forest.
ID: 1340
Managing fire-prone forests in multi-ownership landscapes

A Forest Service study reveals many new insights into a multi-ownership fire prone landscape in Oregon's eastern Cascade Range.. For example, fe ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas Spies

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW
Photo of The Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge provides a wide variety of ecosystem services including clean water and air, wildlife habitat, and scenic beauty. Tom Iraci, Forest Service
ID: 72
Managing for Ecosystem Services on Public Land

New report provides an overview of how national forests can address ecosystem services and tradeoffs associated with forest management plans and ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey D. Kline

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of A sagebrush ecosystem in north central Nevada converted to the invasive annual brome-grass, cheatgrass, by wildfire. Nolan E. Preece.
ID: 999
Managing Invasive Annual Brome Grasses and Altered Fire Regimes

Invasive annual brome grasses are resulting in altered fire regimes and conversion of native arid and semi-arid ecosystems in the western United ...

Principal Investigator : Jeanne C. Chambers

Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Exterior walls of test huts viewed from the southeast. Lance Barta, Home Innovation Research Labs
ID: 911
Managing Moisture in Energy-efficient Wall Systems

Moisture durability is critical for design and construction of energy-efficient buildings. Field measurements of moisture characteristics for hi ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Tropical Montane Cloud forest from the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. van Vicens, Forest Service
ID: 310
Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

Over the course of a decade, USFS researchers have collaborated with international researchers to complete research needed to better manage and ...

Principal Investigator : International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011IITF
Photo of Tree failure resulting in damage to house, Kennebunkport, ME. USDA Forest Service
ID: 654
Managing Wood Decay in the Urban Forest

Arborists need tools to help identify patterns of wood decay as part of tree risk analysis and decisions on the proper care of urban and communi ...

Principal Investigator : Jessie A. Glaeser

Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2014NRS
Photo of The anticipated arrival of average annual temperatures that are outside historical ranges within the conterminous Unites States if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise throughout the 21st century. Becky Kerns, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1187
Mapping Coincidence of Landscape Exposure to Multiple Stressors Including Climate Change

New maps factor in climate change and illustrate landscape exposure to additional stressors (wildfire potential, insects and disease risk, urban ...

Principal Investigator : Becky K. Kerns

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Cover of the WUI Atlas document.
ID: 859
Maps Locate the Wildland-urban Interface Across the United States

Exciting new U.S. Forest Service research products provide visually-appealing, high-resolution maps of wildland-urban interface (WUI) areas acro ...

Principal Investigator : Cherie LeBlanc Fisher

Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of Understanding rates of biomass accumulation is critical to understanding how forest disturbance and regrowth influence carbon dynamics. Connie Harrington, Forest Service
ID: 340
Maps of biomass dynamics support North American Carbon Program

Forest Service scientists and collaborators modeled live, aboveground tree biomass by using Forest Inventory and Analysis field data and applied ...

Principal Investigator : Warren B. Cohen

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of A marbled murrelet. Josh London, NOAA
ID: 537
Maps of Marbled Murrelet and Northern Spotted Owl Habitat Look 50 Years Ahead

Station scientists developed detailed wall-to-wall maps of marbled murrelet and northern spotted owl habitat, both current and 50 years into the ...

Principal Investigator : Martin G. Raphael

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2013PNW
Photo of Precipitation manipulation experiment, Sevellita LTER, New Mexico. The troughs exist to limit precipitation on plants, simulating drought conditions. William T. Pockman, University of New Mexico
ID: 597
Mechanistic Landscape Modeling of Drought Effects

Drought is expected to become more prevalent and will probably be a major factor in increasing tree mortality. Landscape-scale forest models hav ...

Principal Investigator : Eric J. Gustafson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014NRS
Photo of Wood char particles and carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles. Forest Service
ID: 4
Metal Core Nanoparticles Created From Wood Char, a Bioenergy Byproduct

Shell-encapsulated metal core carbon nanoparticles have potential applications in magnetic data storage, xerography, drug delivery, and as a cat ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Debarking of some declining hybrid poplars revealed numerous A. fleischeri larvae and their extensive feeding galleries under the bark. Leah S. Bauer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 608
Mitigation of Invasive and High-Risk Wood-Boring Insects in China

The number of accidental introductions of wood boring insect pests to U.S. forests from Asia has escalated dramatically during the last two deca ...

Principal Investigator : Leah Bauer

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2014NRS
Photo of Leaf scorch is a drought symptom in linden trees.  Joseph O'Brien, Forest Service
ID: 59
Model Assesses the Influence of Drought Stress on Forest Relative to Other Factors

Drought stress data added to a forest landscape disturbance and succession model show that length of drought is more important than severity

Principal Investigator : Eric J. Gustafson

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of Physical phenomena described by mathematical models for indoor humidity in homes. Forest Service
ID: 153
Modeling indoor humidity in homes

Indoor humidity levels in a home influence not only occupant comfort and indoor air quality but also the durability of the building, especially ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Prescribed, low-severity surface fire carried by needles, cones, dried grass, and forbs. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1042
Modeling Soil Heat, Moisture, and Evaporation Dynamics During Fires

With the increasing use of prescribed fire by land managers and increasing likelihood of wildfires due to climate change there comes the need to ...

Principal Investigator : William J. Massman Jr

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016RMRS
Photo of Homes with raised floors in New Orleans, Louisiana. Samuel V. Glass, Forest Service
ID: 286
Moisture Control in Crawl Spaces in Louisiana

Builders and homeowners in the Gulf Region often ask how to insulate a crawl space to avoid moisture problems. The Forest Products Laboratory (F ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 114
Monitoring Network Saves Wealth of Data on American Bird Populations

Network archives data sets to address future large-scale conservation issues

Principal Investigator : C. John Ralph

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Woody debris after logging was removed at the site above; 3 years later Scotch broom, a nonnative invasive shrub, covered 26 percent of the area, whereas it covered 6 percent of the area when logging debris was left on site. Tim Harrington, Forest Service
ID: 341
More Scotch broom found where logging debris was removed

Scotch broom, a nonnative, invasive species, is a severe competitor of young Douglas-fir.

Principal Investigator : Timothy B. Harrington, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Field crew with the Pacific Northwest Research Station sample willow shrubs on the Pumice Plain of Mount St. Helens. Pyroclastic flows during the 1980 eruption removed all traces of the old-growth forest here, about four miles north of the volcano. USDA Forest Service
ID: 767
Mount St. Helens Plays a Central Role in the Field of Volcano Ecology

Ecological lessons and methods developed during studies on Mount St. Helens are now used to shape research and monitoring at other volcanic site ...

Principal Investigator : Charlie Crisafulli

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2015PNW
Photo of Researchers collect soil samples to learn what mycorrhizal fungi are present in this stand of lodgepole pine on the Deschutes National Forest. Jane E. Smith, USDA Forest Service
ID: 673
Multi-host Fungi May Facilitate Migrations of Pine Species with Climate Change

Mycorrhizal fungi networks provide conduits for nutrient exchange between tree species. In an assisted migration management approach, mycorrhiza ...

Principal Investigator : Jane E. Smith

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2014PNW
Photo of Contractors remove trees infested by emerald ash borer, Shields, MI, 2004. David Cappaert, Michigan State University
ID: 639
Municipal Cooperation in Managing Emerald Ash Borer Increases Urban Forest Benefits

The best approach to managing an emerald ash borer (EAB) infestation is to fight it like a human health epidemic. Just as epidemiologists cannot ...

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2014NRS
Photo of Continuous fiber spun from nanocellulose and other polymers and additives. Craig Clemons, USDA Forest Service
ID: 443
Nanocellulose Gels Spun Into Continuous Fibers for Use in Advanced Composites

Forest Service scientists worked with the University of Wisconsin to spin nanocellulose gels into continuous fibers so that they can be used mor ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Manufacturing process of the triboelectric fiberboard.
ID: 1290
Nanocellulose-based triboelectric nanogenerator for green and sustainable electricity generation

Triboelectric nanogenerator fiberboard made from recycled wood fibers and functionalized cellulose nanofibril films demonstrates the possibility ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Fumigating with essential oils from plants like dill kills termites. Forest Service
ID: 152
Natural fumigants protect wood against termites

Forest Products Laboratory researchers discovered that essential oils from some common plants such as dill, rosemary and lemongrass can be used ...

Principal Investigator : Carol A. Clausen

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of An unidentified waxy substance in honey mesquite cells creates a physical barrier against fungal hyphae. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 7
Natural Wood Durability Studied to Estimate Wood's Performance

Naturally occurring chemicals in some wood species make them more durable against deterioration

Principal Investigator : Grant T. Kirker

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012FPL
Photo of Infestation of European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.) on left with bush honeysuckle on right. Chris Evans, River to River Cooperative Weed Management Area, Bugwood.org
ID: 68
Nature Dominates in City Tree Regeneration

Assessment of tree planting and natural regeneration in cities reveals that most trees in cities are not planted

Principal Investigator : David J. Nowak

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of The acoustic measurement system developed by Forest Service scientists and their collaborators has been integrated into the harvesting processor head, enabling tree quality evaluation during the harvesting operation. Peter Carter, Fibre-gen
ID: 436
New Acoustic Technology Evaluates Wood Quality of Standing Trees

Lack of techniques to assess the quality of standing trees results in inefficient allocation of timber resources and also limits the ability of ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Figure 1. Wood feedstock to final product conversion:  (a) micro-chips made from the wood of coniferous tree species; (b) biochar from wood chips carbonized in a pyrolysis system; and (c) activated carbon made from biochar activated using steam in a rotary calciner.
ID: 1294
New bio-based technology uses waste wood to produce high-value activated carbon

Forest Service scientists investigated making activated carbon products from renewable woody biomass material such as forest or mill residues fo ...

Principal Investigator : Hongmei Gu

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Book cover. USDA Forest Service
ID: 653
New Book Documents Contributions from Forest Service's Long-Term Research Sites

From the role of fire in forests to responses to clearcutting controversies, from the discovery of acid rain to the development of biogeochemica ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Stout

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014NRS
Photo of FPL's Rick Reiner (right) toured USDA Under Secretary Sherman (left) through the nanocellulose facility, explaining its capabilities and the promise this new material offers to a wide variety of industries. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 14
New Cellulose Nanomaterials Pilot Plant Keeps Up With Market Demand

Materials are being supplied to three government agencies and six partner universities to accelerate the development of advanced cellulose-reinf ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of The San Francisco Peaks in northern Arizona are sacred to many Native American groups. Forest Service
ID: 398
New collaborative project focuses on tribal climate change issues in the Southwest

This southwestern project is helping Native American tribes identify how climate change is affecting them and how to address these issues.

Principal Investigator : Carol B. Raish

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Under the canopy of contemporary climate change, some native plant species, such as western larch, will be unable to adapt or migrate fast enough to track the projected changes. Mary Williams, USDA Forest Service
ID: 557
New Database Established for Tracking Climate Change and Assisted Migration

A new literary database about native plant transfer guidelines, climate change and assisted migration provides information on assisted vegetatio ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2013RMRS
Photo of English ivy is a common invasive woody climbing plant. David J. Moorehead, University of Georgia
ID: 736
New Database Will Help Identify Potentially Invasive Plants in the United States

In order to examine parameters of plant invasion success in the United States, scientists with the Forest Service's Eastern Forest Environmental ...

Principal Investigator : Qinfeng Guo

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 5
New Drying Process Gives Black Locust Wood Exotic Appearance

Heat treatment that prevents discoloration increases uses of this fast growing wood

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Thicket of trees in a ponderosa pine forest located on the Long Valley Experimental Forest depicts unhealthy forest conditions. Richard T. Reynolds, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 698
New Framework Guides Land Managers in Restoring Forests to Historic Conditions

Forest Service and university scientists and managers synthesized 100 years of published forestry science to help forest managers better underst ...

Principal Investigator : Richard T. Reynolds

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2014RMRS
Photo of The Cedarburg Covered Bridge, WI was one of the bridges included in this study. Stan Lebow, Forest Service
ID: 10
New Guide Advises Treatments and Technologies To Protect Historic Wooden Bridges

Forest Service and university researchers collaborate to evaluate methods of protecting wooden bridges from fire and biodegradation.

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Invasive Scotch broom shades out tree seedlings and other native vegatation. Eric Coombs, Oregon Department of Agriculture
ID: 678
New Herbicides Developed to Fight Scotch Broom

Scotch broom is a large, nonnative shrub that has invaded forest sites throughout the Pacific Northwest. Three recently developed herbicides pro ...

Principal Investigator : Timothy B. Harrington, Ph.D.

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2014PNW
Photo of
ID: 240
New hypothesis for yellow-cedar decline links calcium accumulation to nitrogen cycles and rooting depth

Station scientists formulated a new hypothesis that explains how cedar trees survive in marginal conditions, yet have roots that are susceptible ...

Principal Investigator : David V. D'Amore

Resource Management and Use2010PNW
Photo of The ability of chemicals to move in cell walls enables fastener corrosion and decay to occur. Stan Lebow, USDA Forest Service
ID: 588
New Insight into Wood Damage Mechanisms

Wood fails because bad things start to happen when wood gets wet. Dimensional stability, mold growth, fungal attack, fastener corrosion, all are ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Prescribed burns, such as this one in the Coconino National Forest in northern Arizona, are an effective way to reduce accumulated fuels. New insights on the physiological response of trees to heat stress will help land managers determine the likelihood of tree mortality following a burn.
ID: 1346
New insight to how exposure to sub-lethal temperatures affects trees

When woody tree tissues reach 86 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (30 to 60 degrees Celsius) during a fire, three physiological mechanisms may be trig ...

Principal Investigator : Rick G. Kelsey

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of White cedar browsed by deer.  Laura Kenefic, Forest Service
ID: 69
New Management Guide Offers Strategies for Northern White-Cedar

Guide contains newly discovered and proven management strategies for one of the least-studied commercially important North American tree species

Principal Investigator : Laura S. Kenefic

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 293
New Management Technique Offers Promise for Longleaf Pine Forests and Beyond

SRS researchers and partners developed a new technique for managing longleaf pine forests called the Proportional-B (Pro-B) Method. Results show ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of The localized stiffness of thin paper materials can now be measured with a single test. Thinkstock
ID: 444
New Method Measures Localized Stiffness of Thin Paper Materials with a Single Test

Forest Products Laboratory researchers have developed a method to measure localized stiffness of thin paper materials with a single test. Althou ...

Principal Investigator : John M. Considine

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Map of mean fire interval years in the United States. Forest Service
ID: 67
New Model Estimates Historic Fire Frequency

Model will help restore fire-dependent ecosystems and assess effects of changing climates

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012NRS
Photo of Preliminary state diagram of water in wood constructed from literature data on the glass transitions of wood polymers and calorimetric studies on water in wood Samuel Zelinka, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 979
New Model for Understanding the Fiber Saturation Point of Wood

The fiber saturation point is a key measure of how much water can be held within wood before free water forms in empty spaces within wood struct ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Tree height, crown base, and leaf area for same-aged green ash in Fort Collins, CO and Cheyenne, WY. Upper lines represent height, lower lines represent height to first branch.  Ash have only 55 % of the Fort Collins' ash leaf area, largely due to differences in climate and soils. Forest Service
ID: 104
New Model Predicts Urban Tree Growth

New study developed growth equations for urban tree species throughout the United States

Principal Investigator : E. Gregory McPherson

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of Solar cells fabricated on cellulose nanocrystal films open the door for truly recyclable solar cell technology. Thinkstock
ID: 447
New Process Fabricates Efficient Reclyclable Solar Cells Using Natural Substrates

Solar cells fabricated on optically transparent cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) films reach a power conversion efficiency of 2.7 percent, an unprece ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). Charlotte Ganskopp, USDA Agricultural Research Service
ID: 705
New Research on Resilience of Sagebrush Ecosystems Used for Improving Sage-grouse Habitat

New research from the Forest Service's Rocky Mountain Research Station on sagebrush ecosystems is being put to use to benefit Greater Sage-Grous ...

Principal Investigator : Jeanne C. Chambers

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014RMRS
Photo of Pondberry foliage and maturing fruit, which is red, growing in partial sunlight at the Flooding Research Facility, Sharkey County, Miss.
ID: 1301
New research sheds light on fate of the imperiled pondberry plant

Some consider pondberry to be the rarest shrub in the southeastern U.S. as it is found in only 36 populations distributed in six states. Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Brian R. Lockhart

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Decayed red spruce (Picea rubens) penetrated by fine roots, mycelium, and mycelial cords after 12 years in ground contact. Cords are pathways for wood decay fungus to exchange chemical elements between decaying wood and forest soil. Kevin Smith, Forest Service
ID: 39
New Research Suggests Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 Have Reduced the Exposure of Tree Roots and Surface Water to Harmful Aluminum

Wood decay fungi add humus to the forest floor with a high proportion of essential calcium and low amounts of potentially toxic aluminum, which ...

Principal Investigator : Kevin T. Smith

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of Researchers and crew plant bluebunch wheatgrass to test the efficacy of seed transfer zones for improved restoration success at Steens Mountain, Oregon. USDA Forest Service
ID: 807
New Seed Zones for Bluebunch Wheatgrass Tested

New seed zones for bluebunch wheatgrass will help local, state, and federal land managers in the Interior Northwest to determine sources of blue ...

Principal Investigator : Holly R. Prendeville

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Burned sagebrush sites can be seeded using rangeland drills to re-establish native perennial plants. Matthew Fisk, USDA Forest Service
ID: 702
New Seeding Techniques Restore Sagebrush Ecosystems Following Wildfire

Sagebrush ecosystems of the Great Basin are being rapidly converted to annual grasslands dominated by invasive weeds such as cheatgrass (Bromus ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey E. Ott

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2014RMRS
Photo of
ID: 3
New SPORL Process Efficiently Converts Biomass to Sugars and Ferment

Preliminary laboratory evaluation confirms the high performance of the SPORL process for pretreatment of Douglas fir

Principal Investigator : J.Y. Zhu

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of One of the partially harvested treatment units of the “Variable Retention Salvage” study on the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest, Lassen National Forest, Calif., in June 2006, four years after the Cone Fire and three years after salvage harvest.
ID: 1332
New study finds post-wildfire recovery of understory vegetation is little affected by salvage logging

After the 2002 Cone Fire burned into the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest on the Lassen National Forest in northeastern California, scientist ...

Principal Investigator : Eric E. Knapp

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
2017PSW
Photo of The details of how a wood veneer is cut dramatically effects surface quality. These pictures show bits of wood (white) torn off veneers that were cut at different temperatures. Anti Rohumaa, Aalto University.
ID: 950
New Test of Raw Material Quality Improves the Strength of Wood Laminates

Plywood and laminated veneer lumber are built from wood veneers. Because the test for surface quality of the veneer was not very useful, Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Fremont-Winema National Forest.
ID: 1370
New tool helps in rapid forest health assessment to aid forest restoration

Tool pre-loads maps of trees in poor health to iPads for field verification and use.

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Grulke

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of The Seedlot Selection Tool
ID: 1411
New tool puts the right seed in the right place for the coming climate

The web-based Seedlot Selection Tool helps forest and restoration managers match seedlots with planting sites based on climate information.

Principal Investigator : Brad St. Clair

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of Whole-tree harvest in 1935. Bartlett Experimental Forest, Bartlett, NH.  USDA Forest Service
ID: 903
No Signifigant Losses of Stand Productivity From Whole-tree Harvesting and Clearcutting in New England Forests

Silviculturalists have been concerned over nutrient losses from clearcutting and, more recently, whole-tree harvesting in New England since the ...

Principal Investigator : Mariko Yamasaki

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Oak wilt pocket next to house. Joe O'Brien, Forest Service
ID: 330
Non-native Forest Pathogens Cost Homeowners Millions of Dollars Annually

Two big killers of residential trees--the oak wilt pathogen in the East and the sudden oak death (SOD) pathogen in the West cost homeowners mill ...

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2011NRS
Photo of Screen capture of the NTFP Calculator. Gary Bentrup, U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agroforestry Center.
ID: 1141
Non-Timber Forest Product Calculator: A Tool for Merging Conservation and Production

The new non-timber forest product calculator allows landowners to estimate the income potential of harvesting and selling non-timber forest prod ...

Principal Investigator : Gary Bentrup

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2016WO
Photo of FPL's Centennial Research Facility, opened in June 2010, is a combined steel and wood structure with precast concrete panel exterior skin, composite wood fins, and an EPDM roof system. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 287
Nonresidential Building Construction in the United States,

The construction of low-rise nonresidential buildings is an important market for lumber, structural and nonstructural wood panels, and engineere ...

Principal Investigator : David B. Mckeever

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 187
North America's pellet sector

The U.S. Forest Products Laboratory's nationwide mission to assess the wood sector's status and trends placed this research within its sphere. I ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of The Tucker Renewable Natural Gas unit is a new bioenergy technology that uses wood such as forest biomass as its fuel source. Richard Bergman, USDA Forest Service
ID: 577
Novel Technology Uses Waste Wood to Make Bioenergy while Sequestering Carbon

Wood companies need high-value uses for wood residues. A new technology developed by Forest Service researchers and their partners converts wood ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of A highly unusual yeast, Spathaspora passalidarum, is benefitting biofuels production. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 11
Novel Yeast Makes Bioconversion Faster and Less Expensive

Faster, cheaper biofuel production is possible for commercial use

Principal Investigator : Thomas W. Jeffries

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Daniel Crockett, former employee on the London Ranger District, stands next to a 200 year-old white oak tree that was left following an oak woodland restoration treatment.
ID: 1318
Oak woodland restoration improves forest health

Conversion of a closed canopy oak forest to an oak woodland improved forest health, according to a long-term study initiated on the Daniel Boone ...

Principal Investigator : Stacy Clark

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Impacts of drought and insects at Bass Lake Ranger District, Sierra National Forest, May 2016. Christopher J. Fettig, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1023
Observed and Anticipated Impacts of Drought on Forest Insects and Diseases

Changes to Earth’s climate are projected to include increases in temperature and changes in precipitation patterns that will increase the freq ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Fettig

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016PSW
Photo of Existing and potential tree canopy cover percentages for Los Angeles by Council District. Greg McPherson, Forest Service)
ID: 361
One Million Trees LA Canopy Cover Assessment

The day after Antonio Villaraigosa was elected mayor of the City of Los Angeles he planted a tree and announced his plan to plant one million tr ...

Principal Investigator : E. Gregory McPherson

Resource Management and Use2011PSW
Photo of Image of the mapping tool as viewed online through the San Juan ULTRA website http://sanjuanultra.org/.  Tischa Munoz, USDA Forest Service
ID: 459
Online Mapping Tool Helps Identify Green Areas for Sustainability Planning in San Juan

The tool also allows multiple stakeholders in the city to deliberate and model multiple scenarios for green connectivity and their utility in ad ...

Principal Investigator : Tischa A. Munoz-Erickson

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2013IITF
Photo of National Forests in the Sierra Nevada color-coded by percent of each watershed available for mechanical treatment. USDA Forest Service
ID: 817
Opportunities to Wield the Saw and the Flame to Restore California Forests

Researchers analyzed how different kinds of constraints on forest thinning influence opportunities to reduce wildfire risks across the Sierra Ne ...

Principal Investigator : Jonathan W. Long

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2015PSW
Photo of Storm damage to timber. Donald L. Buckner, Diversified Consulting Services.
ID: 1162
Options for Timber Salvaging After Natural Disasters in the Gulf States

Forest Service researchers analyzed timber salvaging data collected in the Gulf State region after major hurricanes. Post-hurricane analysis lea ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of A field tour of potential collaborative projects on the Sweet Home Ranger District, Willamette National Forest. Emily Jane Davis, Oregon State University
ID: 788
Oregon Forest Collaboratives: What Are the Similarities and Differences Among Them?

Collaboration is a currently a popular approach to resolving conflict around national forest management, particularly in regard to forest health ...

Principal Investigator : Lee K. Cerveny

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Science-based guidelines for planting and caring for Oregon white oaks have been quickly adopted by people planning regeneration programs to halt the decline of this native tree. Above, a technician examines growth on an oak seedling 8 years after planting. Warren Devine, Forest Service
ID: 338
Oregon white oak regeneration enhanced through proper seed and seedling management

Planting Native Oak in the Pacific Northwest is the first comprehensive study of Oregon white oak planting technique. Without post-planting man ...

Principal Investigator : Connie Harrington

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Hardwood lumber ready to ship to woodworking plants.
ID: 1256
Overall investment activity in the woodworking industry is likely to increase

Business investments are critical to the productivity and competitiveness of the U.S. woodworking industry. With employment and sales volume imp ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of Invasive grass fire in Hawai'i. Susan Cordell, Forest Service
ID: 118
Pacific Fire Exchange Is the Hottest Partnership in the Pacific

A new collaboration promotes and uses the best available science to reduce wildfire management costs and improve land managers' ability to prote ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2012PSW
Photo of The 100% sustainable stage set for the 20th Century Fox show “Raising Hope.” John Zachary, 20th Century Fox
ID: 451
Panels Made from Wood and Recycled Fibers Go To Hollywood and Around the World

The Forest Service's Forest Products Laboratory is moving sustainable structural panel forming technology from the laboratory to commercial real ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of
ID: 164
Particleboard Panels Manufactured from Rice Straws of Different Geometries

Faced with worldwide shortages of forest resources, environmental pollution and waste of biological resources resulting from field burning of ri ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Bio-based boards have many applications and are produced from renewable sources including forest thinnings and recycled paper fibers. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 28
Partnership Produces 3D (3-Dimensional) Engineered Fiberboard Panels

Naturally bonded boards can use fibers produced from a variety of renewable sources including wood from forest thinnings and recycled paper fibe ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Aerial view of Wisconsin Forests in the Fall. Scott Pearson
ID: 601
Past and Prospective Carbon Stocks Assessed in Forests of Northern Wisconsin

Forest Service scientists and cooperators assessed past and prospective carbon stocks for 4.5 million hectares (about 11 million acres) of fores ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Birdsey

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Reconstructed pattern of spread in Worcester. USDA Forest Service
ID: 861
Patterns and Probabilities of Spread Highlight Hot Spots in Asian Longhorned Beetle Infestations

A Forest Service scientist in collaboration with the Animal Plant Health Inspection Service is accelerating the fight against the Asian longhorn ...

Principal Investigator : R. Talbot Trotter, III

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of A stand of old-growth Douglas-fir in the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Oregon.
ID: 1359
People, Forests, and Change: Lessons from the Pacific Northwest

A new book explores the past four decades of change in forest science and management in the Pacific Northwest

Principal Investigator : Deanna ("Dede") H. Olson

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW
Photo of Tsunami damaged building in the town of Dichato, Chile, 2010. Forest Service
ID: 179
Performance of Wood Structural Systems in Earthquake Zones

FPL scientists were actively involved in field assessments of low-rise structures, particularly wood structures, looking for seismic and tsunami ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) seeds and foliage, Chuck Bargeron, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
ID: 1119
Persistence of Ailanthus Seeds in Forest Floor Seed Bank

Ailanthus is an aggressive non-native invader of mixed hardwood forests, where it can outcompete native vegetation, including both trees and oth ...

Principal Investigator : Joanne Rebbeck

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of Figure 1. (A) The study sites were located in the Luquillo Experimental Forest in northeastern Puerto Rico; (B) Logs of two species and two stages of decomposition were selected (20 logs total) and paired soil and core samples were collected and; (C) PRS-probes (Plant Root Simulator) (ion exchange membranes) were collected from underneath and 50 cm away from the logs. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1152
Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties of Soil Under Decaying Wood in a Tropical Wet Forest in Puerto Rico

Decaying wood is related to nutrient cycling through its role as either a sink or source of nutrients; however, at micro scales, what is the eff ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016IITF
Photo of Woody biomass, such as wood chips, can be converted into synthetic gas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 728
Pilot Scale Gasification of Woody Biomass

Silvicultural management regimes are designed to generate many societal products in an environmentally healthy and sustainable manner. The wood ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie Groom

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Flock of pinyon jays in juniper tree. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 994
Pinyon Jays: Orchardists of the Great Basin’s Woodlands

Expansion of pinyon-juniper woodlands into neighboring shrublands and grasslands can have detrimental impacts to species that prefer treeless ar ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher Witt

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2016RMRS
Photo of Photo of permanent study plot in 2007 immediately prior to timber harvest. Jack Butler, USDA Forest Service
ID: 701
Ponderosa Pine Understory Vegetation Recovers Quickly Following Timber Harvest

Creating and maintaining a healthy forest relies on the resiliency of understory vegetation. The understory vegetation is largely responsible fo ...

Principal Investigator : Jack L. Butler

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Invasive Species
2014RMRS
Photo of A flush of new growth on an ultra-fast growing mahogany sapling. Forest Service
ID: 180
Population Dynamics of Big-leaf Mahogany in the Brazilian Amazon

The Mahogany Project seeks to understand what makes big-leaf mahogany 'tick' in southeast Amazonia by monitoring vital rates for all stages of i ...

Principal Investigator : International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Resource Management and Use2010IITF
Photo of Computer-based simulation tools allow designers to gauge the risk of moisture problems in building design. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 581
Possibilities and Pitfalls of Computer Simulation for Building Moisture Analysis

Moisture problems are much less expensive to correct in the building design phase than after the building is constructed. Computer-based simulat ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of A simulated forest canopy opening in the Luquillo Experimental Forest to mimic hurricane disturbance and investigate changes in microclimate, biota, and ecosystem processes. Aaron B. Shiels, National Wildlife Research Center; USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
ID: 800
Post-hurricane Canopy Openings Influence Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Rainforest

Forest Service researchers collaborated with external scientists to examine the effects of hurricane disturbance on tropical forest ecosystems. ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2015IITF
Photo of A burned stand that has not been salvaged logged. USDA Forest Service
ID: 790
Postfire Logging Reduces Future Surface Woody Fuels in Dry Coniferous Forests

Severe wildfires create pulses of dead trees that influence future fuel loads, fire behavior, and fire effects as they decay and deposit surface ...

Principal Investigator : David W. Peterson

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2015PNW
Photo of
ID: 421
Posting of 2010 Southern Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) annual data

Decision-makers such as Congress, government agencies, and industry managers require current data on the state of the Nation's forests for effec ...

Principal Investigator : Ali Conner

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Chart of percent increase in number of taps estimated for Vermont, Wisconsin, and Kentucky at three dates (2040, 2070, 2100) and for two scenarios of climate change to maintain current production levels (PCM B1 - mild, and Hadley A1FI - harsh). Also presented is estimated added costs for taps, at $6 per tap. USDA Forest Service
ID: 805
Potential Changes Expected in Sugar Maple Syrup Production

Scientists expect climate change to decrease the quantity of maple syrup produced per tap, especially in locations more peripheral in the curren ...

Principal Investigator : Louis Iverson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2015NRS
Photo of Satellite imagery of clumped (lower left) and dispersed retention (upper right) at Tenderfoot Creek Experimental Forest, Montana. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service
ID: 946
Potential Fire Behavior Depends on Cutting Pattern in a Montana Lodgepole Pine Forest

Forest Service researchers tested silvicultural treatments that can minimize the probability of severe wildfires and create resilient forests. T ...

Principal Investigator : Elaine K. Sutherland

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016RMRS
Photo of A sporulating white pine blister rust canker from a recent infection on a branch of a susceptible limber pine. Anna Schoettle, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1137
Potential for Maladaptation During Active Management of Limber Pine

Active management is needed to sustain healthy limber pine (Pinus flexilis) forests in the southern Rocky Mountains as they are threatened by th ...

Principal Investigator : Anna W. Schoettle

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Sweetgum plantation at Oak Ridge National Laboratory Free-Air CO2 Enrichment study site. Jeffrey M. Warren, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
ID: 900
Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tree Bark

Evidence shows changes in bark chemistry from an elevated carbon dioxide treatment applied to sweetgum trees.

Principal Investigator : Thomas L. Eberhardt

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Managed forest land in western Oregon. A carbon offset sales program could encourage forest landowners to manage in ways that increase the amount carbon stored on their land. Jeff Kline, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 945
Potential Land Use and Forest Management Implications for a Carbon-offset Incentive Program

A new Forest Service study describes the potential implications for land use and management if a program where a forest owner could sell carbon ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey D. Kline

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Publication:  Profitable Farms and Woodlands: A Practical Guide in Agroforestry for Landowners, Farmers and Ranchers. Forest Service
ID: 167
Practical Agroforestry Guide Released for Landownders, Farmers, and Ranchers

Guide informs underserved and limited resource farmers in the Southeast ways to use agroforestry to better manage their lands and boost profits

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use2012WO
Photo of View of active fire burning surface fuels in a prescribed burn block at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida on Feb. 6, 2011. The overstory is dominated by fire-dependent longleaf pine. Andrew T. Hudak, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1033
Prescribed Fires: Mapping Fuels and Energy Release Across the Landscape

Pine needles, deciduous leaves, and downed woody debris accumulate in the absence of fire along with grass and other dead plant material. This b ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Hudak

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016RMRS
Photo of
ID: 342
Presence of tanoak reduces Douglas-fir mortality from black-stain root disease

Black-stain root disease is a native pathogen of conifers in the Pacific Northwest. The disease reduces growth and ultimately kills the infected ...

Principal Investigator : Timothy B. Harrington, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Extent of light pollution in the island of Puerto Rico, Vieques and Culebra, 1992-93 to 2000. Global data source accessible from NOAA NGDC Earth Observation Group (EOG) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Forest Service
ID: 193
Preserving the nighttime environment for future generations in Puerto Rico

Currently, Forest Service scientists are helping to monitor the state and extent of artificial light pollution in Puerto Rico. Scientists are cu ...

Principal Investigator : Olga Ramos

Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2010IITF
Photo of Cover of the PRESTO User Guide.
ID: 812
PRESTO: A Web-based Tool for Estimating Carbon in Wood Products

Carbon is stored not only in living trees but also in products made from the wood of harvested trees. PRESTO, an easy-to-use web-based tool for ...

Principal Investigator : Coeli Hoover

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2015NRS
Photo of Aqueous extract solutions under different pretreatments. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 306
Pretreating Wood Chips for Manufacturing Medium Density Fiberboard

FPL researchers studied how pretreating wood chips before manufacturing medium density fiberboard affected both the end product and the amount o ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of The beetle-killed to biochar process. Forest Service
ID: 385
Producing biochar from forest biomass

All that dead wood in our forests can be used to make charcoal, synthetic gas, and even fuel for our vehicles.

Principal Investigator : Dan W. McCollum

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Typical aspen slash wood (left) and flakes (right) sliced from the slash wood. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 307
Producing Value-Added Composite Panels from Aspen Slash Wood

The disposal of forest thinning residue is a concern when looking at sustainable forest management. Researchers found this material could be a ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Industrial poplar farm. Wisconsin Ron Zalesny, USDA Forest Service
ID: 656
Production Costs of Poplar Energy Crops in the Great Lake States

Short-rotation woody crops have historically been used as feedstocks for energy and fiber, yet their relevance for environmental remediation tec ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014NRS
Photo of Lignin-containing cellulose nano-crystals.
ID: 1284
Production of cellulose nanocrystals from raw wood via hydrothermal treatment

Hydrothermal treatment can be used for production of cellulose nanocrystals directly from green wood. Forest Service scientistsused Raman spectr ...

Principal Investigator : Umesh P. Agarwal

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Project SMART provides opportunities for students to conduct hands-on research in environmental sciences. Stephanie Meyer, Forest Service
ID: 332
Project SMART: Educating and Motivating Talented High School Students in Math and Science

Forest Service funding from the Northern Research Station's Civil Rights Diversity Committee's Special Project Funds and Conservation Education' ...

Principal Investigator : Rakesh Minocha

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2011NRS
Photo of A new map product in the recently inaugurated FS Research & Development Research Map Series (RMAP) summarizes the relative amounts of federal, local, and nongovernmental ownership and management, and degree to which biodiversity conservation is a priority. Forest Service
ID: 183
Protected areas of Puerto Rico: Terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity protection.

Forest Service scientists have mapped public and private lands designated for special protection in Puerto Rico. We identified 115 terrestrial a ...

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2010IITF
Photo of California myotis (Myotis californicus). Norman Barrett, Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest
ID: 498
Protecting Habitat for Bats in the Face of Development Pressure

Wildlife managers and planners make their best estimates of where to purchase or acquire conservation easements on areas for habitat protection ...

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2013NRS
Photo of The structure model of the new glycoside hydrolase family 30-8 (GH30-8) xylanase (green) overlaid with the previously determined protein structure of a canonical GH30-8 xylanase (blue) indicating that although the new xylanase is functionally unique, it does not structurally differ from the canonical GH30-8 xylanases (top). An alignment showing the specific region of primary amino acid sequence containing the altered sequence (red boxes) attributed to the observed difference in mode of action of this new enzyme against its xylan substrate. USDA Forest Service
ID: 893
Protein Structure and Biochemical Characterization of a Novel Functioning Xylanase

Scientists identified and characterized a xylanase with unique function that may have applications in processing of woody biomass substrate.

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Vegetative recovery five years after a fire in a mountainous big sagebrush community. Scattered sagebrush plants grew from seeds that survived the fire and are now large enough to begin producing the seeds that will give rise to a second post-fire generation. Plant density is sufficient for full sagebrush recovery in 25–35 years after the fire.
ID: 1376
Providing science-based information for future conservation and management efforts of sagebrush ecosystems

Conservation and restoration of sagebrush ecosystems is the first step in reducing the threat to the greater sage-grouse. Holistic management of ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah M. Finch

Wildlife and Fish
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2017RMRS
Photo of A volunteer collects seed from bluebunch wheatgrass in the Blue Mountains, WA, as part of a study to develop seed zones and population movement guidelines. Bluebunch wheatgrass is often used to restore rangeland and burned forested areas. Brad St.Clair, USDA Forest Service
ID: 674
Provisional Seed Zones Developed to Guide Seed Source Decisions for Restoration of Native Species

Forest Service scientists developed generalized provisional seed zones that can be applied to any plant species in the United States to help gui ...

Principal Investigator : Brad St. Clair

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of Forest management on private land tends to decrease as proximity to residential development increases. USDA Forest Service.
ID: 785
Proximity and Amount of Development Affects Forest Structure, Invasive Plant Abundance, and Probability of Management of Remaining Forested Lands

Rural residential development in forests of Oregon and Washington continues to be a key driver of land use change. With greater housing density ...

Principal Investigator : Pacific Northwest Research Station

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Trees burned along a hillside at the edge of the 2011 Wallow Fire. Sarah McCaffrey, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 863
Psychological Impacts of Experiencing a Wildfire

New research by Forest Service scientists is examining how wildfire impacts to the landscape affect the post-fire psychological health of people ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah M. McCaffrey

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2015NRS
Photo of Map of the Kinzua Quality Deer Cooperative, highlighting the sub-project special hunting regulations areas sponsored by the cooperative. Susan Stout, USDA Forest Service
ID: 509
Public - Private Cooperation Improves Management of Deer and Forests

The Kinzua Quality Deer Cooperative (KQDC) was established in 2000 to test new approaches to stewardship of white-tailed deer and forest habitat ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Stout

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of
ID: 157
Public Access to Actual Data Files for Cone Calorimeter Tests of Wood Products

The cone calorimeter test is a fire test used internationally for research and development of new fire retardants and to provide input data to m ...

Principal Investigator : Robert H. White

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of A pygmy rabbit. Boise State University, Boise State Univsersity
ID: 668
Pygmy Rabbits Use Nutritional and Chemical Cues While Making Foraging Decisions

Pygmy rabits are dietary specialists that feed on sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) and forage on specific plants more than others within a foraging pa ...

Principal Investigator : Rick G. Kelsey

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2014PNW
Photo of (A) A deteriorating aspen stand. (B) A vigorous aspen stand. Response to treatment would better in (B). Justin DeRose, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1065
Quaking Aspen Response to Management Factors

There is considerable interest in the growth and mortality of quaking aspen in the western United States. Looking at the past 10 years of silvic ...

Principal Investigator : R. Justin DeRose

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2016RMRS
Photo of An 83-year-old longleaf pine stand planted by the Civilian Conservation Corps at Fort Polk in Louisiana. John R. Butnor, USDA Forest Service
ID: 719
Quantifying and Managing Carbon Sequestration in Longleaf Pine Ccosystems.

Forests can offset greenhouse gas emissions by sequestering carbon dioxide in tree biomass, understory vegetation, forest floor litter, detritus ...

Principal Investigator : John Butnor

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Lake Tahoe is renowned for its intense blue hue. Wikimedia Commons.
ID: 1113
Quantifying Phosphorus Delivery Pathways in Forest Watersheds

Forest streams and lakes are renowned for their clarity, but scientists’ concern that forest streams are carrying excessive amounts of phospho ...

Principal Investigator : William J. Elliot

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016RMRS
Photo of Kiowa National Grassland, southern Great Plains, during drought conditions. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1005
Rangeland Drought: Effects and Adaptation Strategies

There is a critical need to understand how drought affects rangelands because drought severity and drought-associated disturbances are expected ...

Principal Investigator : Paulette L. Ford

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Fremont-Winema National Forest, southern Oregon.
ID: 1339
Rapid forest health assessment to aid forest restoration

Tool pre-loads maps trees in poor health to iPads for field verification and use.

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Grulke

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017PNW
Photo of Two copper-tolerant decay fungi, Fomitopsis palustris (left) and Wolfiporia cocos (right), exhibit delayed establishment on wood treated with copper plus targeted biocide (bottom wafer, 93) compared to wood treated with copper alone (top wafer, 44).
ID: 1286
Rational approach for discovering new, targeted biocides for wood protection

Forest Service researchers used a rational approach based on gene expression studies to identify a novel application of a fungicide for use in c ...

Principal Investigator : Juliet D. Tang

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Screenshot of Hardwood Log Sawing Program showing control panel, log end and side views. Ed Thomas, USDA Forest Service
ID: 485
RAYSAW Computer Program Can Grade Hardwood Logs and Calculate its Value

RAYSAW is a computer program developed by Forest Service scientists for hardwood log sawing that processes high-resolution laser-scanned hardwoo ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Repeat prescribed fire intended to reduce fire hazard and restore historical forest conditions in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Brandon Collins, Forest Service
ID: 364
Re-sampling historical inventory plots indicates degree of forest changes over the last 100 years

A 100 years of forest change is documented. Contemporary forests are compared to their historical counterparts. The findings presented here ca ...

Principal Investigator : Brandon M. Collins

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 171
Recalculating the Decay Hazard Index

Climate index values for estimating decay hazard to wood exposed outdoors above ground, commonly known as Scheffer index values, were calculated ...

Principal Investigator : Charlie G. Carll

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of
ID: 422
Recovery of Carbon and Nutrient Pools in a Northern Forested Wetland

There has been long-standing concern about the effects of silvicultural practices on the functions of forested wetlands. This work shows that th ...

Principal Investigator : Carl C. Trettin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Partially cut Engelmann spruce stand, Routt National Forest, Colorado. Forest Service
ID: 276
Reducing Spruce Beetle-Caused Mortality in the Southern Rocky Mountains

Rocky Mountain Research Station scientists, partnered with Forest Service Forest Health Protection, have determined that partial forest cutting ...

Principal Investigator : Rocky Mountain Research Station

Resource Management and Use2010RMRS
Photo of Life-cycle assessments help compares the environmental impacts of using wood decking versus non-traditional products. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 441
Redwood Decking is a Good Choice for the Environment

Building products produce emissions throughout their lifespan, from harvest and manufacturing to use and final disposal. Using building products ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of
ID: 294
Regional Oak Regeneration Study

SRS scientists are partnering with the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission and the Stevenson Land Company to initiate a regional study ...

Principal Investigator : Katie H. Greenberg

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of Normally tree stems make a single layer of wood (blue cells, bottom of left panel). Changing expression of a single regulatory gene results in the formation of a second wood forming layer (right panel). Dr. Juan Du, Forest Service
ID: 365
Regulation of bark and wood growth in trees

The dividing cells of the cambium meristem provide cells that differentiate in either wood or bark. Although fundamental to how trees grow, regu ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2011PSW
Photo of Forest Service researchers are developing films for water decontamination using cellulose nanofibers. Thinkstock
ID: 450
Removing Organic Compounds from Water with Reusable Nanofiber Films

Researchers produced films for water decontamination using cellulose nanofibers as a matrix material for the suspension of photocatalytic nano p ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of The Enviva Corporation wood pellet mill, Northampton, NC. The South is now the largest wood pellet producing region in the U.S., and this industry is forecast to continue to expand over the next few years. Nearly all (99 percent) of these pellets are being exported to the European Union to burn for electricity.  USDA Forest Service
ID: 925
Renewable Energy Policies in the European Union Influencing Timber Markets and Forests in the Southern U.S.

Forest Service scientists Karen Abt and Ken Skog, with their university collaborators, evaluated the status and outlook of the export of wood pe ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Lee Abt

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Blown film extrusion of completely biobased poly(lactic acid) and cellulose nanocrystal polymer composites.  Sonal Karkhanis and Anna Kace Marra, Michigan State University.
ID: 1037
Renewable, Biodegradable Polylactic Acid-Cellulose Nanocrystal Composites for Packaging Applications

Packaging research conducted at the Forest Products Laboratory is aimed at developing fully biobased composites containing cellulose nanomateria ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Repeated prescribed fires may improve the regeneration potential of oak in canopy gaps. Forest Service
ID: 61
Repeated Prescribed Fires Help Sustain Oak Regeneration in Eastern Forests

Research findings can help managers in their quest to sustain this forest type throughout Eastern North America

Principal Investigator : Todd Hutchinson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS
Photo of Fourteen-year-old oaks planted as repeatedly air-root-pruned container stock on mounds on a frequently flooded site high in clay with poor internal drainage. Jerry Van Sambeek, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 947
Repeatedly Air-Root-Pruned Container Stock Out-performs Bare-root Planting Stock after 10 Years

Repeated exposure of tree roots to air, known as air-root-pruning, provides swamp white oak seedlings that continues to out-perform nursery bare ...

Principal Investigator : J.W."Jerry" Van Sambeek

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Forests of the Northern United States uses more than 100 maps, graphs, and tables to summarize current conditions and recent trends for the 172 million acres of forest land in the 20 States that comprise the U.S. North. Forest Service
ID: 53
Report Details Trends and Current Conditions for Northern Forests

Overarching issues include the interaction of forests and people, managing invasive species, sustaining biodiversity, and sustaining capacity fo ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2012NRS
Photo of Children join in a game of tug of war. Forest Service
ID: 143
Report Investigates Connection Between Urban Green Spaces and Environmental Justice

Ecosystem services from urban green spaces have numerous benefits for the landscape and public health

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 115
Report Offers New Management Strategies for Sierra Nevada Forests

Concrete examples of science-based strategies are a hit with managers and stakeholders

Principal Investigator : Malcolm P. North

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of Forest Service
ID: 63
Research Addresses Decline of Young Forests in Central Hardwood Region

Report details how young forests can be sustainably created and managed in a landscape context

Principal Investigator : Frank R. Thompson

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2012NRS
Photo of Fruit bodies of sequenced wood decay fungi Bjerkandera adusta (right image) and Ganoderma species (left image). Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota
ID: 446
Research Demystifies Wood Decaying Fungi

Newly sequenced fungal genomes provide insight into the enzymatic conversion of wood into high value products.

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Healthy sagebrush common garden at Great Basin Experimental Range. Forest Service
ID: 110
Research Helps Conserve and Restore Shrub Dominated Ecosystems

Helping to make prudent, research-based decisions to improve shrublands in the Interior West

Principal Investigator : Bryce A. Richardson

Resource Management and Use2012RMRS
Photo of More than 70 years of uneven-aged silviculture practices in the Farm Forestry Forties of the Crossett Experimental Forest in Arkansas have produced a complex stand with many different age classes capable of responding differently to subtle variations in harvest treatments. USDA Forest Service
ID: 931
Research Reveals Age-based Lessons from Decades of Uneven-aged Harvests

Seventy-two years of uneven-aged silviculture has had a profound influence on the development of two pine-dominated stands on the Crossett Exper ...

Principal Investigator : Don C. Bragg

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance is determining the feasibility of producing jet fuel from woody biomass in Oregon and Washington. Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance
ID: 523
Research Station Helps National Renewable Biofuels Project Engage Community and Industry Leaders

The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance is working to form regional alliances and find communities that might fit into a sustainable biofuels ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Blackbrush plant community in the Arches National Park, Utah. USDA forest Service
ID: 918
Research to Guide Restoration in Changing Climates

Understanding how climate affects species and populations of plants are critical for contemporary ecosystem management and future planning.

Principal Investigator : Bryce A. Richardson

Resource Management and Use2015RMRS
Photo of Image 1: A picture of PbXynA1 (an xylanases enzyme) with the a xylooligosaccharide (sugar polymer) bound into the active site. Image 2: A close up revealing a large pocket not previously observed in other xylanases (enzymes) of this family. Franz St John, USDA Forest Service
ID: 452
Researchers Determine the Structure of Bacterial Protein Involved in Biomass Conversion

Researchers structurally characterized a bacterial protein involved in biomass degradation. The knowledge obtained from this novel protein sugge ...

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of The Adaptation Workbook online tool is a structured tool for land managers to use to integrate climate change into management plans. Users of the tool draw from ecosystem vulnerability assessments published by the Forest Service’s Northern Research Station. Danielle Shannon, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science.
ID: 1125
Resources Help Land Managers Adapt to a Changing Climate

An adaptation planning tool developed by the Forest Service and its partners has helped generate more than 185 examples of climate change adapta ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 81
Responding to Climate Change on National Forests

A new guidebook provides a scientific foundation and framework for preparing for climate change

Principal Investigator : David L. Peterson

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Ferruginous hawk instrumented with a solar GPS transmitter. USDA Forest Service
ID: 834
Response of Nesting Ferruginous Hawks to Energy Development

Over the past decade and a half, raptors nesting in prairie ecosystems have been subjected to sharp increases in nearby energy development activ ...

Principal Investigator : John R. Squires

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2015RMRS
Photo of The compound figure shows historic photos of large trees. the first is one that had been used as an example of an American chestnut in the pre-blight forest, the second photo shows a similar tree and setting that is of a redwood in California, the third photo is a documented photo of a large American chestnut before the blight. The figure was published in the journal Chestnut.
ID: 1009
Restoration of a Forest Giant

The blight resistance of a variety of families of hybrid American chestnuts is under study on the Monongahela National Forest in West Virginia. ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Planting limber pine seedlings near objects, such as this rock, increases successful seedling establishment and survival. Anna Schoettle, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1026
Restoration Planting Options for Limber Pine in the Southern Rocky Mountains

Successful restoration planting of limber pine (Pinus flexilis) is essential to sustain healthy populations in the wake of native insect outbrea ...

Principal Investigator : Anna W. Schoettle

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Herbicide treated plot, where planted longleaf pine seedlings are free to grow with minimal completion from hardwoods. Forest Service
ID: 133
Restoration Treatments for the Post-Hurricane Recovery of Longleaf Pine

Scientists recommend herbicide use to control hardwoods in plantings of longleaf pine after hurricane damage

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Fisheye imagery of the forest canopy at Kumbrabow State Forest in West Virginia illustrating the nearly continuous hardwood overstory above red spruce saplings. At times the red spruce saplings can be nearly as old as the overtopping hardwood trees. Thomas Schuler, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1102
Restoring Fed Spruce Forests in the Central Appalachians

Red spruce forests once dominated the mountain tops of the Central Appalachians, but following exploitive logging and destructive wildfires a ce ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas M. Schuler

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of In the dry tropical forest zone of Ghana, a combination of extractive logging without adequate regeneration, fire, and invasion by Chomolaena odorata resulted in severly degraded forests. John Stanturg, USDA Forest Service
ID: 710
Restoring Forest Landscapes

An estimated 1 billion acres of globally degraded forest are in need of restoration today and climate change likely will drive more acres into t ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Hikers in the Olympic National Forest, Washington.
ID: 1358
Revealing the economic benefits of outdoor recreation in national forests

Forest Service research provides updated data and technical guidance for computing the economic benefits of recreation at national, regional, an ...

Principal Investigator : Eric M. White

Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
2017PNW
Photo of Cumulative drought severity index (CDSI) for forested lands from 1987 to 2013. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1091
Reviewing the Impacts of Drought on Forests of the United States

Changing climate, especially increased temperatures and lower rainfall, and land management practices have the potential to dramatically influen ...

Principal Investigator : Don C. Bragg

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of Rice straw appears to be a promising agricultural residue for manufacturing composite panels. William M. Brown Jr., Bugwood.org
ID: 308
Rice Straw Particleboard

There has recently been a revival of interest in using agriculture residues to produce particleboards and other composite panels due to competit ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Trout Creek, Washington, after removal of the Hemlock Dam. USDA Forest Service
ID: 783
River Conditions Improve with a Modified Dam Removal Strategy in Washington State

Forest Service scientists used a modified dam-removal strategy on the Hemlock Dam in Washington to successfully minimize downstream sedimentatio ...

Principal Investigator : Shannon Claeson

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2015PNW
Photo of Top hardwood lumber producers and exporters 1995 and 2013.
ID: 876
Role of the United States in Changing Worldwide Hardwood Lumber Production and Markets

Hardwood markets are increasingly global, and understanding the role U.S. hardwood lumber plays in worldwide consumption and trade is valuable t ...

Principal Investigator : William Luppold

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of An example of typical understory conditions in the Summer of 2008 on one of the fenced subplots on the Monongahela National Forest. Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, USDA Forest Service
ID: 621
Roles of Fire, Browse, and Canopy Gaps in the Understory of an Oak-dominated Forest

Current forests developed under conditions different from original forests, with more deer, less fire, and smaller canopy gaps. The difference r ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Collecting sagebrush volatiles (odors) in a common garden near Ephraim, Utah.  U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1041
Sagebrush Scent Identifies Species and Subspecies

Big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) is the dominant plant species across much of the western United States and provides critical habitat and fo ...

Principal Investigator : Justin B. Runyon

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of
ID: 175
Scale-up of cellulose nano material production

There is considerable research internationally on cellulose nano-materials as reinforcement fibers for high strength composites. A persistent pr ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Ponderosa pine fire scar at the Lolo National Forest in Montana. The fire scar is open with woundwood (white arrows) partially closing over the killed portion of the stem. Kevin T. Smith, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1008
Scars Link Fire History to Tree Survival

Fire scars contain dynamic changes in wood anatomy of three important western conifers. These changes reveal strategies for tree survival and ma ...

Principal Investigator : Kevin T. Smith

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016NRS
Photo of Northwoods Environmental Scholars group. Forest Service
ID: 56
Scholars Program Welcomes Youth into the World of Nature

Alleviating nature deficit disorder in the youth of Wisconsin's Northwoods

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
2012NRS
Photo of Eastern Threat Center researchers serve on an interagency science and analysis team working with regional strategy committees to evaluate the relative consequences of alternative courses of action in wildland fire management. Forest Service
ID: 412
Science benefits national fire planning effort

As part of ongoing efforts to reduce human and ecological losses from wildfire, federal agencies responsible for wildland fire management are wo ...

Principal Investigator : Danny C. Lee

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of U.S. forests, such as this bottomland hardwood stand, are susceptible to climate change. Paul Bolstad, University of Minnnesota
ID: 740
Science in supports of the National Climate Assessment

A synthesis of research findings provided the foundation for the analysis of climate change on forest conditions, land use, and forest carbon in ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2014SRS
Photo of The image depicts winter mortality of big sagebrush not adapted to colder areas of the species distribution. USDA Forest Service
ID: 774
Science-based Guidelines for Restoration and Conservation of Sagebrush Ecosystems

Helping to make prudent, research-based decisions to improve shrublands in the Interior West.

Principal Investigator : Bryce A. Richardson

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2015RMRS
Photo of A recently implemented science-based ponderosa pine restoration treatment site on the Pike National Forest near Manitou Experimental Forest. Michael Battaglia, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service
ID: 940
Science-based Ponderosa Pine Forest Restoration on the Colorado Front Range

A large number of forested acres are scheduled for treatment over the next decade in an effort to restore historical forest structure and functi ...

Principal Investigator : Mike A. Battaglia

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of Microscopic characters of Epithele ceracea, a newly discovered wood-decay fungus from Belize and Venezuela. Karen Nakasone, USDA Forest Service
ID: 473
Scientist Finds New Species of Wood-inhabiting Fungi From Belize, Venezuela, and Réunion

Most wood-inhabiting fungi are essential to sustain healthy forests and biodiversity but a few cause serious diseases. Forest Service mycologist ...

Principal Investigator : Karen K. Nakasone

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of This international collaborative team representing the U.S., Japan, South Korea, Germany, and Federated States of Micronesia is an example of the international collaborations necessary to address invasive forest pathogens. Phil Cannon, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1082
Scientists Analyze Distribution and Genetic Diversity of the Invasive Brown Root-rot Pathogen

The invasive brown root-rot pathogen is threatening many tree species in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. Ongoing genetic analyses are ...

Principal Investigator : Ned B. Klopfenstein

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of
ID: 36
Scientists and Managers Work To Develop Climate-Smart Conservation Strategies

Project that addresses the needs of land managers in a changing climate has expanded to nine States and more than 133 million acres

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Social assessment crew member interviews park user on Jamaica Bay. Joana Chan, USDA Forest Service
ID: 638
Scientists Assess Social Meaning of Jamaica Bay Region Parkland

The Jamaica Bay region of New York City is a focus of resiliency planning and adaptive management efforts. Working with natural resource manager ...

Principal Investigator : Lindsay K. Campbell

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of The Forest Service's Northern Research Station published a series of assessments that describe the effects of climate change on forest ecosystems. Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service
ID: 606
Scientists Collaborate to Deliver Best Science on Climate Change and Forests

It's a challenge to bring partners together, but the Forest Service led more than 130 scientists and natural resource managers in the creation o ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Sulphur-flower buckwheat seed. Forest Service
ID: 122
Scientists Conserve the Seeds of Today To Propagate the Best Adapted Plants of Tomorrow

Project is aimed at restoring damaged grasslands, shrublands, and deserts

Principal Investigator : Nancy L. Shaw

Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2012RMRS
Photo of FPL research looks to improve the safety of pulp bleaching at paper mills. Thinkstock
ID: 448
Scientists Determine Critical Factors that Caused Peroxide Explosion in Paper Mill

In 2001, a peroxide bleach stage at a paper mill in Evadale, Texas, exploded, rupturing two bleaching towers, destroying a pump, and propelling ...

Principal Investigator : Carl J. Houtman

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of A headwater stream in western Oregon. USDA Forest Service
ID: 792
Scientists Determine Ideal Buffer Width to Sustain Aquatic and Riparian Resources Along Headwater Streams

How wide does a riparian buffer need to be to maintain aquatic and riparian habitat in and along forested headwater streams when upland forest t ...

Principal Investigator : Deanna ("Dede") H. Olson

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2015PNW
Photo of Fig. 1  General experimental flow diagram of p-TsOH fractionation of wood for producing fibers, cellulose nanofibrils (LCNF), lignin nanoparticles (LNP), sugar/biofuel, and furfural. JY Zhu, USDA Forest Service
Fig. 2 Application p-TsOH fractionation for producing lignin containing cellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and lignin nanoparticles (LNP).
ID: 1287
Scientists discover rapid and near-complete dissolution of wood lignin by a recyclable acid hydrotrope

A low-temperature (below water boiling point) wood fractionation process has the potential for developing disrupting technologies for sustainabl ...

Principal Investigator : J.Y. Zhu

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Contemplating the future of forests, Illinois, USA. International Society of Arboriculture
ID: 603
Scientists Examine the Future of Forests in the Anthropocene

Forest Service researchers analyzed the major issues and factors affecting forests in the decades ahead: deforestation, mega-fires, urban forest ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Yellow-cedar's shallow roots make it vulnerable to freezing injury in spring when snow is not present to provide insulation. Paul Hennon, Forest Service
ID: 75
Scientists Find Cause of Yellow-cedar Death in Alaska's Coastal Forests

Absence of snow to protect shallow roots results in roots freezing and extensive tree death

Principal Investigator : Paul Hennon

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of The brown rot fungus Fibroporia radiculosa is very tolerant to copper. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 24
Scientists Find the Achilles' Heel of Wood Fungi Tolerance to Preservatives

Inhibiting the enzymatic pathway in copper tolerant brown rot fungi can block its tolerance of commercial wood preservatives

Principal Investigator : Katie Ohno, M

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Hardwood logs at a harvest site in northern Wisconsin. Bumgardner, Matthew, USDA Forest Service
ID: 480
Scientists Investigate the Influence of Markets and Forest Management on Small-diameter Hardwood

Despite the potential silvicultural advantages of removing some small-diameter trees during timber harvests, activities such as diameter-limit c ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Forest Service researchers measure a tree in an old-growth stand in The Bowl Research Natural Area in New Hampshire. Coeli Hoover, USDA Forest Service
ID: 465
Scientists Measure Carbon Storage in New England Old-Growth Forests

Managing forests to store carbon is one way to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Measuring carbon in old-growth forests helps managers understa ...

Principal Investigator : Coeli Hoover

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2013NRS
Photo of Aerial view of the Aspen FACE experiment showing the control facilities (middle left), and the 12 atmospheric treatment rings of four treatments with three replicates.  In the ring at bottom center, the different model forest communities are visible. David F. Karnosky, Michigan Tech University.
ID: 463
Scientists Predict Survivability Factors for Northern Forests Given Elevated CO2 and Ozone Levels

The researchers scaled up a high-profile 11-year ecosystem experiment called Aspen-FACE to assess how elevated carbon dioxide and ozone levels m ...

Principal Investigator : Eric J. Gustafson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2013NRS
Photo of Scenic coast with marsh grass. Billy Humphries, Forest Resource Consultants, Inc.
ID: 707
Scientists Quantify How Much Light Seagrasses Require to Survive

Globally, seagrasses provide ecological services valued at nearly 4 trillion dollars per year. Unfortunately, human activities that decrease wat ...

Principal Investigator :

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Phase diagram describing the states of water in wood.
ID: 1282
Scientists study how water changes wood

Water causes a host of wood damage mechanisms such as mold, decay, fastener corrosion, and splitting. This research elucidates how water chan ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of One of the common ground beetles Pterostichus melanarius that responded to lepidopteran outbreaks. Todd Ristau, USDA Forest Service
ID: 495
Scientists Study Long-term Response of Ground Beetle Communities to an Operational Herbicide Application

Ground beetles comprise a large and diverse group of mostly predatory beetles that have long been recognized as a useful barometer of ecosystem ...

Principal Investigator : Todd Ristau

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2013NRS
Photo of Researchers assess a site in southern Oregon after a windstorm. A portion of the study area was later salvaged logged and treated to reduce hazardous fuel. Morris Johnson, USDA Forest Service
ID: 525
Scientists Study Salvage Logging After a Major Windstorm

These results illustrate potential differences between the effects of salvage logging after windstorms and the effects of salvage logging after ...

Principal Investigator : Morris C. Johnson

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of A researcher collects soil samples from an area burned by wildfire on the Deschutes National Forest. Jane Smith, Forest Service
ID: 83
Scientists Study the Effects of Harvesting Fire-Killed Trees

Findings help land managers fine tune their post-fire treatments to speed forest recovery process

Principal Investigator : Jane E. Smith

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Bridge No. 738 located in Yakima County, Washington, remains in satisfactory condition after 75 years of service. James Wacker, USDA Forest Service
ID: 434
Scientists Study True Longevity of Timber Highway Bridges

Do timber bridges last longer than concrete or steel bridges in similar climates� This national project aims to generate more reliable data ab ...

Principal Investigator : James P. Wacker

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of A fallen coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia, in California killed by sudden oak death. Dave Shaw, USDA Forest Service
ID: 534
Scientists Uncover New Information About Tree Resistance to Sudden Oak Death

Sterols and tannins in host tree tissues influence the growth and sporulation of sudden oak death pathogen.

Principal Investigator : Rick G. Kelsey

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Three-week-old hybrid poplars planted to reduce runoff and filter subsurface water flow from a landfill in southeastern Wisconsin.
ID: 1232
Scientists use plants to restore ecosystem health in the Great Lakes Basin

A project funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative is greatly expanding the knowledge base of watershed-level benefits of phytoremediati ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2017NRS
Photo of Red bulletwood (Manilkara bidentata) leaf in a stream flow contributing to seasonally varying tropical stream exports that are resources for aquatic fauna. Forest Service
ID: 30
Seasonality and Forest Succession in Tropical Watersheds Affects Stream Export

Continuous export of organic matter from mountain streams depends on forested headwaters contributing leaf litter of varied quantity and quality ...

Principal Investigator : Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012IITF
Photo of
ID: 219
Second Edition Published of 'Oak Bible'---The Ecology and Silviculture of Oaks

The second edition of The Ecology and Silviculture of Oaks was recently authored by retireed NRS scientist Paul Johnson (Columbia, MO) and NRS s ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Resource Management and Use2010NRS
Photo of Cleaning-and-greening at Wister Street lot.  Robert Grossmann, Pennsylvania Horticultural Society
ID: 856
Seeing a Greened Vacant Lot May Lower Stress

Studies by Forest Service scientists showed that walking adjacent to greened vacant lots decreased participants' heart rate significantly more t ...

Principal Investigator : Michelle Kondo, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Researchers are developing seismic performance factors for cross laminated timber buildings in the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1046
Seismic Performance of Cross-Laminated Timber Buildings

Cross-laminated timber (CLT) buildings are becoming popular in earthquake regions of the United States, but structural engineers need new design ...

Principal Investigator : Douglas R. Rammer

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Figure 1.—Overview of Shade Tolerance Laboratory for growing and evaluating forage productivity and quality of grasses and legumes under three light intensities (0, 45, and 20 percent of full sunlight) in the absence of competition from tree roots.  Credit?
Figure 2.—Jerry Van Sambeek, an USDA Forest Service research plant physiologist, examines growth of Virginia wildrye grass grown in an outdoor structure covered by shade cloth to evaluate effects of dense shade (20% full sunlight) on forage production and quality.
ID: 1238
Selecting the right shade-tolerant forages for restoring savannas or woodlands and implementing different agroforestry practices

Establishing ground covers is a common practice used in agroforestry, silvopasture (combining forestry with grazing), and savanna and woodland r ...

Principal Investigator : J.W."Jerry" Van Sambeek

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of Forest impacted by the mountain pine beetle. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1043
Shape Selection in Landsat Time Series

Understanding trends in forest disturbance and their effects on forest parameters such as tree canopy cover and biomass is important for carbon ...

Principal Investigator : Gretchen Moisen

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2016RMRS
Photo of An oak savannah in McHenry county. USDA Forest Service
ID: 869
Shared Principles of Ecological Restoration

Restoration is growing in application, and Forest Service scientists found a set of guiding principles in effect throughout the Chicago Wilderne ...

Principal Investigator : Lynne M. Westphal

Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of The percentage of hardwood lumber used in higher-value products has decreased in recent years. William Luppold, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1077
Shifts in U.S. Hardwood Lumber Consumption

After the Great Recession, hardwood lumber consumption declined by 43 percent from the peak in 1999. The corresponding changes in consumption pa ...

Principal Investigator : William Luppold

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Short cellulose nanofibrils isolated from wood. DSimaging, LLC
ID: 587
Short Cellulose Nanofibrils Reinforce Aligned Polyvinyl Alcohol Fibers

Cellulose nanomaterials have recently gained much attention for their potential use for reinforcing polymers and for use in functional materials ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Dominant shortleaf pine (left) and loblolly pine (right) at Crossett Experimental Forest, Arkansas.
ID: 1310
Shortleaf pine genetics, hybridization, and restoration

Shortleaf pine is a priority species for restoration in the eastern U.S. Understanding the genetics of the species is important for restoration ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Pin cherry, (Prunus pensylvanica) is an important source of food for many wildlife species. Scott Stoleson, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1169
SILVAH’s Gone Wild!

The SILVAH decision-support tool has provided foresters in the mid-Atlantic region a scientifically based and systematic approach to forest inve ...

Principal Investigator : Scott H. Stoleson

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2016NRS
Photo of Looking east toward the Attitash Mountain Range from the Bartlett Experimental Forest, NH. Ken Dudzik, USDA Forest Service
ID: 618
Silvicultural Guide for Northern Hardwoods in the Northeast Updated

This revision of the 1987 silvicultural guide updates and expands the silvicultural information on northern hardwoods. It provides additional i ...

Principal Investigator : William Leak

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of The mean proportion of grade 1 butt logs for the diameter-limit, single tree selection, and partial cutting harvests as estimated at 15 year fixed intervals. USDA Forest Service
ID: 877
Silvicultural Prescriptions Affect Hardwood Tree Quality Over Five Decades of Management

Analysis of 50-year records of harvests on the Fernow Experimental Forest in west Virginia by Forest Service scientists demonstrates that diamet ...

Principal Investigator : John Brown

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Book cover
ID: 880
Simulation Modeling of Forest Landscape Disturbances

Simulation models of landscape disturbances have proliferated and matured. A Forest Service scientist co-edited the book “Simulation Modeling ...

Principal Investigator : Brian R. Sturtevant

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Chemical modification can make cellulose nanocrystals compatible with polymer resins and thermoplastics. Greg Scheunaman, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 949
Site-Selective Surface Modification of Cellulose Nanocrystals

Forest Service researchers The hydrophilic surfaces of cellulose nanocrystals are synthetically converted to highly reactive functional groups.

Principal Investigator : Gregory Schueneman

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of Small-diameter logs, especially when straight, can yield lumber volumes comparable to larger diameter logs. Jan Weidenbeck, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1010
Small-diameter Hardwood Markets, Revisited

Standard operating procedures for merchandizing hardwood roundwood from timber harvests is to ship small-diameter wood to a wood chipping/strand ...

Principal Investigator : Janice (Jan) K. Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of The Catt Bridge is located in Buchanan County, Iowa, and is supported by GRS abutments and equipped with a smart bridge system.
ID: 1281
Smart timber bridge on geo-synthetic reinforced soil abutments

Forest Service researchers partnered in the construction and monitoring of an innovative bridge abutment system, developed to be lower cost and ...

Principal Investigator : James P. Wacker

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Examples of popular social media platforms now being used in the forest products industry. Iris Montague, USDA Forest Service
ID: 491
Social Media Use in the Forest Products Industry is a New Way to do Business

Forest Service researchers analyzed the Internet and social media usage of forest products producers in major forest-products producing states t ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Liberia is a densely populated nation in West Africa. As a post-conflict nation, it is susceptible to disease epidemics, as well as to climate and environmental stressors. USDA Forest Service
ID: 902
Social Vulnerability and the Ebola Virus Outbreak in Liberia

Social vulnerability indices used in climate change and natural hazards research can also be used in other contexts, such as disease outbreaks. ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of In Guinea, Africa, community forests are an important source of nontimber forest products. Susan Charnley, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 976
Socioeconomic Monitoring and Community Forests in West Africa

Community forests may be effective for conserving forest biodiversity in West Africa and sustaining desirable ecosystem services and forest prod ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Charnley

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Researchers are investigating the softening behavior of difficult-to-pelletize biomass and its effect on pelletizing. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 288
Softening of Biomass and Its Effect on Fuel Pellet Production

Biomass such as torrefied wood or wheat straw are of increasing interest as fuel but are difficult to pelletize. Researchers are investigating t ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Longleaf pine seedlings grow in soils compacted at different levels and held at different moisture contents in the greenhouse. Andy Scott, USDA Forest Service
ID: 716
Soil Condition Affects Longleaf Pine Seedlings More Than Loblolly Pine Seedlings

Restoring longleaf pine forests to previously disturbed soils, especially those that have been compacted by past management, can have problems. ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2014SRS
Photo of Construction machines in theNorth Mills Area, Pisgah Ranger District, Pisgah National Forest, NC.
ID: 1324
Soil sensor system measures machine impacts during forest operations

The heavy machinery required for forest operations can affect soil. Forest Service scientists compared the impact of a dozer and a skidder, usin ...

Principal Investigator : Emily A. Carter

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Forest Service researchers Andy Scott and Rick Stagg sample soil bulk density in Texas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 930
Soil Takes on a New Emphasis in Forest Ecosystems

Forest soils produce tree biomass, high-quality water for consumption and aquatic habitat, sequester carbon, and provide recreation opportunitie ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of
ID: 190
Sol-gel technology to enhance performance properties of wood or wood fiber

With support from industry partners, FPL researchers are developing new sol-gel technologies to enhance performance properties of wood or wood f ...

Principal Investigator : Mandla A. Tshabalala

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of A researcher collects a soil sample that will be analyzed to determine how retention of logging debris affects nutrient levels. Tim Harrington, USDA Forest Service
ID: 520
Some Logging Debris Cover Boosts Growth of Douglas-fir Seedlings on Low-nutrient Site

Stem growth of Douglas-fir seedlings with 40 percent debris cover and competing vegetation was greater than that of seedlings with zero or 80 pe ...

Principal Investigator : Timothy B. Harrington, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Snags and logs provide important resources and biological legacies in mixed-conifer forests. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1144
Southwestern Forests: The Importance of Snags and Logs

Snags (standing dead trees) and logs are a critical component of ecosystems. They contribute to decay dynamics and other ecological processes in ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph L. Ganey

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2016FPL
Photo of Wood products made with soy adhesives, except for the bottom product which was made with a casein adhesive. From top to bottom: decorative plywood, hardboard, medium density fiberboard, particleboard, oriented strandboard, engineered wood flooring, and glulam.
ID: 1269
Soy adhesives resolve two problems at once

Lower formaldehyde emission bonded wood products can be made using plant-based adhesives through an industry-government partnership.

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017FPL
Photo of Bonded wood panel products made with soy adhesives. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 309
Soy-based Adhesives for Wood Products

Soy-based adhesives developed at FPL have been commercialized and allow wood manufacturers to replace adhesives based on fossil fuel with biomas ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 172
Soy-Based Adhesives Provide Wood Composites That Meet California Emission Standards

Ashland- Hercules, working cooperatively with the Forest Products Laboratory, have developed these soy adhesives and have commercialized them fo ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of Maple stump with browsed sprouts outside fence and unbrowsed, tall sprouts within fence. Alejandro A. Royo, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 985
Sprouts as Rapid Bioassays of Browse Impact

Effective browse pressure indicators are necessary to adaptively manage forest landscapes with resident deer. Hardwood tree stump sprouts are a ...

Principal Investigator : Alejandro A. Royo

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Excavating the roots. USDA Forest Service
ID: 857
Staghorn Sumac Out-competes Ailanthus Under Different Light and Density Conditions

In a greenhouse and common garden study led by a Forest Service scientist, staghorn sumac out-competed ailanthus (tree-of-heaven). Thus, at leas ...

Principal Investigator : Cynthia Huebner

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2015NRS
Photo of An aerial view of tree mortality on the Sierra National Forest, California. Steve Dunsky, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1189
Statistical Prediction of Tree Mortality in California

Large parts of California are currently experiencing dramatic levels of tree loss due to a combination of drought and bark beetles. Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Grulke

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016PNW
Photo of Chinese tallow tree in the understory of a managed pine forest on Parris Island, SC, reduces desirable natural forest diversity.
ID: 1326
Strategic treatments to control Chinese tallow tree in maritime forest

Chinese tallow tree is an aggressive and successful invader in coastal forests of the southeastern US. Forest Service researchers were part of a ...

Principal Investigator : Joan L. Walker

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of The coastal tailed frog is one of many species that likely would benefit from linked headwaters that facilitate connectivity among gene pools of subpopulations in adjacent watersheds. Loretta Ellenburg, Forest Service
ID: 343
Strategically linking headwater habitats across ridgelines benefits amphibians and management

Federal biologists, land managers, and watershed stewardship councils are interested in this new design that maintains amphibian habitat and whi ...

Principal Investigator : Deanna ("Dede") H. Olson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011PNW
Photo of The LeMay - America's Car Museum in Tacoma, Washington, exemplifies wood use in nonresidential building construction. APA, The Engineered Wood Association
ID: 432
Study Analyzes Construction Trends to Determine Wood's Potential

By analyzing construction trends from 2011, Forest Service researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory found that the opportunity exists for a ...

Principal Investigator : David B. Mckeever

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Afforestation is one means of increasing forest carbon storage. S.A. Snyder, USDA Forest Service
ID: 624
Study Assesses Private Forest Landowner Attitudes Towards Forest Carbon Management and Carbon Credit Trading

Forest lands, if managed in certain ways, can store excess atmospheric carbon, a key contributor to global climate change. This accumulated carb ...

Principal Investigator : Stephanie Snyder

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 427
Study Forecasts Changes in Southern Forests Between 2010 and 2060

In May 2011, the Forest Service and the Southern Group of State Foresters unveiled the SFFP, a multi-year research effort that among other thing ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Wear

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of The historic landscape of Missouri was more diverse than it is today.  In the past, a mosaic of oak/pine savannas, woodlands and forests intermingled across the state (top panel, left to right), but today the landscape is dominated by forests in the Ozark Highlands (lower panel) or agriculture and riparian forests in the Plains region of northern and western Missouri (photographs by Dan Dey and Paul Nelson, U.S. Forest Service). Brice Hanberry, University of Missouri
ID: 841
Study Guides Restoration of Natural Communities in Missouri

Land use over the last 200 years has decreased diversity, and increased homogeneity, of the vegetative landscape of Missouri. This trend has put ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2015NRS
Photo of Two oak trees of different diameters after prescribed fire. The larger of the two, though charred higher up the bole, is more likely to survive.
ID: 1230
Study reveals how to minimize overstory mortality when using shelterwood-burn techniques to restore oak forests

Hardwood forests, and especially oak forests, in the eastern U.S. often require fire to create forest conditions suitable for successful stand r ...

Principal Investigator : John Brown

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of A wilderness character map of Death Valley National Park shows the range in quality of wilderness character. National Park Service
ID: 551
Study Shows the Overall Condition of Wilderness Character

A new interagency strategy to monitor wilderness character helps managers assess whether wilderness stewardship actions fulfill the mandate to & ...

Principal Investigator : Peter B. Landres

Resource Management and Use2013RMRS
Photo of The only difference between these plywood samples is the direction of cracks in the wood, which obviously affected the adhesive-performance (right image) test results. Anti Rohumaa, Aalto University
ID: 435
Success of Wood Veneers Influenced by Harvesting Season and Temperature: Plywood Performance and Failure: A New Understanding

Cooperation with Finnish researchers results in new understanding of relationships between veneer processing, veneer properties, and product fai ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of A butternut tree in southern Wisconsin with symptoms of butternut canker disease. This tree will die soon. Although other butternut trees in the same stand are relatively healthy, their resistance is not genetic but based on favorable site conditions. Nicholas LaBonte, Purdue University
ID: 804
Surviving Butternut Trees Benefit From Better Sites Rather than Disease Resistance

Butternut trees are rapidly disappearing because of butternut canker disease. Rare healthy trees appeared to hold hope for resistance to buttern ...

Principal Investigator : Keith Woeste

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Screen shot from the Big Leaf Mahogany Growth and Yield Model found at  <a href=http://www.swietking.org target=_new>www.swietking.org</a>
ID: 312
Sustainable Management of Big-leaf Mahogany in the Brazilian Amazon

Big-leaf mahogany is by far the most valuable timber species in seasonally dry forests across the southern rim of the Amazon Basin, but much of ...

Principal Investigator : International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Resource Management and Use2011IITF
Photo of Well-managed northern conifer forests were found to store more carbon than those that have been exploitatively harvested. Laura Kenefic, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1177
Sustainable Northern Conifer Forest Management Stores More Carbon than Exploitative Harvesting

An important part of climate change mitigation is carbon storage in forests and wood products. Yet managers are often uncertain about which mana ...

Principal Investigator : Laura S. Kenefic

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Proportion of grade one trees harvested over time for three harvest types. John Brown, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 641
Sustaining Tree Quality Under Three Harvesting Methods

The quality of trees grown and harvested under various methods exhibits changing patterns over time. A Forest Service scientist studied three me ...

Principal Investigator : John Brown

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of National forests in eastern Oregon and Washington are using information from this new synthesis to plan restoration projects.? USDA Forest Service
ID: 833
Synthesis on Mixed-Conifer Forest Science Provides Scientific and Practical Guidance to Landscape Restoration

Forest Service and university scientists developed a comprehensive synthesis of the best available science about mixed conifer forests in easter ...

Principal Investigator : Paul F. Hessburg, Sr.

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Biocontrol method uses mites to manage mountain pine beetles. USDA Forest Service
ID: 696
Synthesis Paper on the Mountain Pine Beetle Biology and Management Now Available

A series of 10 papers prepared by experts on mountain pine present a synthesis of the state of the knowledge on selected aspects on the beetle b ...

Principal Investigator : Jose Negron

Resource Management and Use2014RMRS
Photo of
ID: 428
TACCIMO Development Team Honored with Regional Forester's Honor Award

The Template for Assessing Climate change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO) development team, composed of researchers from the Southern R ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Longleaf pine stand after a controlled burn. Erich G. Vallery, USDA Forest Service
ID: 714
Tailoring Prescribed Fire for the Private Landowner

The fate of the Range-Wide Conservation Plan for Longleaf Pine will be determined by private landowners' willingness to commit to longleaf pine ...

Principal Investigator : Mary Anne Sword Sayer

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of A sagebrush landscape that is becoming increasingly rare due to disturbance and invasive plants. Nolan E. Preece.
ID: 1049
Techniques to Ensure the Right Sagebrush Seed is Put in the Right Place

Wildfire, invasive weeds, and climate change are threatening sagebrush ecosystems including the flora and fauna that are dependent upon them. Bo ...

Principal Investigator : Bryce A. Richardson

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of Panels made of recycled fiber and based on FPL research are being commercialized. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 322
Technology Transfer in Action

FPL-developed panels made from forest residuals, recycled fiber, and agricultural by-products are being commercialized by two start-up companies ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of The Malone jumping slug (Hemphillia malonei) is one of seven species of jumpingslugs found in the Pacific Northwest. Robin Malone, USDA Forest Service
ID: 671
Terrestrial Mollusks Respond to Logging in Riparian Areas

Little is known about the biology and response to environmental change of native, terrestrial mollusks in the Pacific Northwest. Because of moll ...

Principal Investigator : Alex Foster

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2014PNW
Photo of 2011 landscape photo of mountain pine beetle devastation, northeast of Custer looking north to Harney Peak. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service
ID: 959
The 115 year Bark Beetle Saga in the Black Hills

This research chronicles the science, people, and destruction caused by mountain pine beetles primarily in the Black Hills of South Dakota and W ...

Principal Investigator : Russell T. Graham

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of A view of Baltimore from the old American Brewery Building Morgan Grove. USDA Forest Service
ID: 842
The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology: Space, Scale, and Time for the Study of Cities

The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology is a landmark publication based on more than 20 years of Forest Service research and applications in Balti ...

Principal Investigator : Northern Research Station

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of CLCC logo
ID: 1106
The Caribbean Landscape Conservation Cooperative

A New Framework for Effective Conservation of Natural and Cultural Resources in the Caribbean.

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2016IITF
Photo of Tree regeneration 5 years after herciide treatment and shelterwood harvest. USDA Forest Service.
ID: 870
The Devil is in the Details for Regeneration Success in Mixed-oak Forests

To improve oak regeneration, Forest Service scientists are studying shelterwood harvest with herbicide and prescribed fire treatments. Although ...

Principal Investigator : Todd Hutchinson

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of A researcher collects a twig sample from a Douglas-fir tree growing in one of the garden sites in the Douglas-fir Seed-Source Movement Trial. Brad St. Clair, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 981
The Douglas-fir Seed-Source Movement Trial Sheds Light on Responses of Adaptive Traits to Changing Climates

This multi-site Forest Service study, encompassing a range of climate and soil conditions, is providing some very specific results on tree growt ...

Principal Investigator : Connie Harrington

Resource Management and Use2016PNW
Photo of Río Saliente river in Jayuya, Puerto Rico.  Kasey R. Jacobs, USDA Forest Service
ID: 592
The effects of changing land cover on stream flow simulation in Puerto Rico

Rainfall, terrain, and use of the landscape affect stream flow and water resources availability.

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use2014IITF
Photo of Mameyes river flood event. USDA Forest Service
ID: 780
The Effects of Changing Land Cover on Streamflow Simulation in Puerto Rico

Streamflow models were developed for Puerto Rico, Vieques, and Culebra simulating historic conditions from 1953 to 2012. When land cover was inc ...

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2015IITF
Photo of Climate Change in Grasslands, Shrublands, and Deserts of the Interior American West: A Review and Needs Assessment
ID: 107
The Effects of Climate Change in Grasslands, Shrublands, and Deserts

Studies show that by the turn of the century, climate in the Western United States may be incompatible with current vegetation types, resulting ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah M. Finch

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
2012RMRS
Photo of Tree marked for a restoration treatment on the Deschutes National Forest. Oregon Department of Forestry.
ID: 1109
The Effects of Landscape Restoration Strategies on Fire and Ecosystem Services Vary with Rate of Treatment in a Fire-prone Multi-ownership Region

The results and the landscape modeling tool are being used by the Deschutes National Forest and the Deschutes Collaborative Forest Landscape Res ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas Spies

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2016PNW
Photo of
ID: 424
The Forest Health Initiative

The Forest Health Initiative is a new government-university-industry partnership dedicated to developing workable solutions for improving forest ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Black ash trees girdled to emulate emerald ash borer attack. Brian Palik, USDA Forest Service
ID: 466
The Future of Ash Forests in Minnesota

Ash forests of the Great Lakes region are vulnerable to emerald ash borer (EAB) and climate change. Forest Service scientists are successfully e ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik, PhD

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2013NRS
Photo of Matt Fisk (Left) and Francis Kilkenny (Right) plant bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata) at the Atomic City experimental study site near Atomic City, Idaho. Nancy Shaw, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1058
The Great Basin Native Plant Project

Demand for native plant seed is increasing, especially in federal agencies including the U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Land Manageme ...

Principal Investigator : Francis F. Kilkenny

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016RMRS
Photo of Prediction of historic fire frequency from 165-1850 for the continental U.S. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 958
The History of Fire in the United States and its Future Under Changing Climates

In the past, North America was a fire continent, but the role of fire was highly variable across the country and over time. Fire history researc ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey, Dr.

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2016NRS
Photo of Landtypes (with both formal and colloquial names) derived from the landscape model for a portion of the Athens District of the Wayne National Forest (Bailey’s project area). Maps were generated for the entire 17-county region of SE Ohio.
ID: 1272
The hunt for good oak regeneration sites

Landscape modeling and field sampling may identify the best locations for restoring oak forests. Managers at the Wayne National Forest are using ...

Principal Investigator : Louis Iverson

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017NRS
Photo of RNGR specialists provide necessary on-site support to nursery managers to improve production of native plants for reforestation and restoration. Forest Service
ID: 401
The Intersection of Science and Technology Transfer

Growers and users of the approximately one billion native plants produced each year in the United States now have the best information available ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of School teachers sow paintbrush and yucca seeds in the new Cultural Plant Propagation Center at the Moencopi Day School in Tuba City, AZ. Jeremy Pinto, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1157
The Intersection of Science and Technology Transfer: Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources Team

The Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources (RNGR) Team, established through a Forest Service memorandum of understanding, is tasked wit ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of School teachers sow paintbrush and yucca seeds in the new Cultural Plant Propagation Center at the Moencopi Day School in Tuba City, AZ. Jeremy Pinto, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1050
The Intersection of Science and Technology Transfer: Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources Team

The Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources Team, established through a Forest Service memorandum of understanding, is tasked with trans ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of Outputs from the Landscape Treatment Designer showing planning area priorities for treating ecological departure (A) versus wildfire transmission to the urban interface (B) for the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest in northeastern Oregon. The program can quickly prioritize planning areas and perform trade-off analysis between alternative restoration scenarios. USDA Forest Service
ID: 827
The Landscape Treatment Designer Leads to Optimal Restoration Scenarios

The Landscape Treatment Designer can be used at a range of scales to prioritize management activities and understand policy tradeoffs associated ...

Principal Investigator : Alan Ager

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2015PNW
Photo of Annual rings of a Douglas-fir tree injured by two fires. The rings growing before the injury in 2003 were filled with resin to create a boundary from infection at the injury site. Wood grew over the dead cambium, enclosing the injury, then the tree. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 953
The Making of a Scar: How Fire Scars Develop in Trees

When trees are injured they develop physical and chemical boundaries around the injury wound to resist infection. Trees also grow new wood to cl ...

Principal Investigator : Elaine K. Sutherland

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of
ID: 418
The National Harvest and Utilization Program

The U.S. forest industry is a multibillion dollar business, providing jobs and economic value to local communities across the Nation. With incre ...

Principal Investigator :

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 346
The responses of ecosystems to climate change is influenced by geology and soils

Land managers should be aware of the potential for very different ecological responses to climate change dependent upon soil nutrient status. Nu ...

Principal Investigator : Carl N. Skinner

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011PSW
Photo of U.S. Forest Service scientists use a greenhouse in Washington State to grow bluebunch wheatgrass as part of their current reciprocal transplant project. This project is one of the largest and most intensive projects of its kind ever attempted.
ID: 1401
The tortoise and the hare: Can the slow native plant win?

It has been suggested that exotic plants will be more successful than native plant species as a result of climate change. This is because exotic ...

Principal Investigator : Dean E. Pearson

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of USDA Agriculture Deputy Secretary, Dr. Kathleen Merrigan (left) and John Knubely (right), Deputy Minister, Canada Agriculture and Agri-Food sign a Memorandum of Understanding verifying enhanced collaboration in Agroforestry between the two nations at the United States Department of Agriculture, April 17, 2012 in Washington, DC. Bob Nichols, USDA
ID: 168
The United States Partners with Canada to Increase the Use of Agroforestry Practices

Partnership actions include collaborative research to restore windbreaks across the Great Plains and advancing the goals of the Global Research ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use2012WO
Photo of Walnut tree in suburban neighborhood, St. Paul, MN. Robert G. Haight, USDA Forest Service
ID: 499
The Value of Urban Tree Cover

Forest Service researchers are estimating how much home buyers are willing to spend for greater neighborhood tree cover; and, the results for ho ...

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of The Xylotron uses machine-visioning technology to identify wood species. John Hermanson, USDA Forest Service
ID: 585
The Xylotron: A Field-Deployable Machine-Vision Wood Identification System

The Xylotron is a machine-vision-based wood identification system that uses a custom-designed wood imaging device (the Xyloscope), image analysi ...

Principal Investigator : Alex C. Wiedenhoeft

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2014FPL
Photo of The tradeoffs among carbon storage, wildlife habitat, and timber production depend on the specific management scenario that is used. USDA Forest Service.
ID: 763
Timber and Habitat Tradeoffs Associated with Managing West Cascades Forests to Increase Carbon Storage

A new analysis describes potential timber and wildlife habitat outcomes that could result from national forest policies and management intended ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey D. Kline

Resource Management and Use2015PNW
Photo of Hardwood parts for cabinet doors being manufactured in a U.S. woodworking facility. Urs Buehlmann, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
ID: 867
To What Do Woodworking Firms Attribute Success? Enhancing Technology Transfer to the U.S. Woodworking Industry

Recent research has shown that woodworking firms in the United States attribute their success to actions they have taken and their lack of succe ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of Forest Service researcher conducts an in-grade bending test on Southern pine. David Kretschmann, USDA Forest Service
ID: 440
Traditional Grading System Updated for Structural Lumber

The Forest Products Laboratory has traditionally provided unbiased information on the properties, characteristics, design, and use of structural ...

Principal Investigator : David E. Kretschmann

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of An adult male lion in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Sam Cushman, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1004
Trans-kalahari Predator Conservation Project

Populations of large carnivores are declining globally, and in Africa the ranges of lions, leopards, wild dogs and spotted hyenas have contracte ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel A. Cushman

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2016RMRS
Photo of digitizing core w-slider ring.JPG: An increment core is cradled in a shallow groove of a wood block on a sliding stage, which allows the core to move along under the view of a microscope. The microscope is wired into a computer that crossdates and digitizes the core as it moves from one section to the next.
Digitizing rings w-microscope and sliding stage.png: Research Ecologist Justin DeRose views an increment core through a microscope as he measures ring widths to crossdate and digitize tree-ring features.
ID: 1392
Traumatic resin ducts indicate past beetle outbreaks

The formation of traumatic resin ducts in Engelmann spruce represents an important induced defense in response to environmental perturbations. T ...

Principal Investigator : R. Justin DeRose

Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2017RMRS
Photo of A Forest Service researcher measures the diameter of a seedling in the Douglas-fir Seed Source Movement Trial at the J. Herbert Stone Nursery in Central Point, Oregon. Connie Harrington, USDA Forest Service
ID: 533
Tree Adaptation to Future Climates Involves Multiple Aspects

Genetic variation in growth phenology is a potentially important resource for mitigating some of the effects of climate change. Variation in dia ...

Principal Investigator : Connie Harrington

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Cover of book???
ID: 1390
Tree diseases of the Great Plains

This new book provides visual guide to disease identification for 84 hardwood and 32 conifer tree diseases in the Great Plains, which will help ...

Principal Investigator : Alison Hill

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2017RMRS
Photo of Million Trees NYC Volunteers in Action City of New York / NYC Parks - NYC Parks
ID: 845
Tree Planting Programs a Gateway to Strong Civic Engagement

This study examined how tree planting projects can make an important difference to the social fabric of dense urban communities. Qualitative int ...

Principal Investigator : Erika Svendsen

Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
2015NRS
Photo of Estimated removal per square kilometer of land (tonnes km2) of all pollutants (NO2, O3, PM2.5, SO2) by trees per county in 2010. USDA Forest Service
ID: 634
Trees Improve Human Health and Save Lives

Air pollution is a serious health concern. Trees offer surfaces that remove gaseous and particulate air pollutants. Modeling of local environmen ...

Principal Investigator : David J. Nowak

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Two members from the Los Angeles Conservation Corps plant a tree. The Los Angeles tree programknown as
ID: 688
Trees in Los Angeles: Carbon Dioxide Sink or Source

Tree planting is considered to be among the most effective approaches to cooling urban environments and mitigating carbon dioxide emissions. The ...

Principal Investigator : E. Gregory McPherson

Resource Management and Use2014PSW
Photo of Alexandra Kosiba collecting a woody increment core from a mature red spruce tree. Luke Ingram (University of Vermont Affiliate), University of Vermont.
ID: 1018
Trees Vulnerable to Damage from Acid Deposition Located Using Critical Load Exceedance Maps

A Forest Service scientist and his partners used a computer model to identify locations where inputs of acid deposition were expected to harm tr ...

Principal Investigator : Paul Schaberg

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of Native American student interns identify plants during inventory at the Penobscot Experimental Forest in Maine. Kevin Brusie, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1167
Tribal Collaboration Spreads Knowledge of Invasive Plants

In a unique collaboration aimed at training the next generation of natural resource professionals, the Forest Service partnered with the Univers ...

Principal Investigator : Laura S. Kenefic

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of
ID: 89
U.S. Urban Tree Cover Declining

Analysis of aerial images reveals that U.S. urban areas are losing about 20,000 acres of tree cover per year

Principal Investigator : David J. Nowak

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of The Rocky Mountain Research Station is a partner in helping to protect or restore relationships between residents of the Flathead Indian Reservation and the Mission Mountain landscape. Forest Service
ID: 389
Understanding climate change trends on tribal reservations

Station scientists are working with Native American tribes to understand how tribal members and resource managers perceive forecasted climate ch ...

Principal Investigator : Alan E. Watson

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Chaining a pinyon tree to a crane scale. Forest Service
ID: 148
Understanding Effects of Bioenergy Harvesting in Southern Forests



Principal Investigator : Robert Rummer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of The Santa Rita Mountains in Arizona, a Madrean Sky Island range, are home to unique bird species. Jamie Sanderlin, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1032
Understanding How Forest Genomics Impact Ecosystem Vulnerability to Climate Change Across the Western U.S.

Understanding the interactions between tree genomics and the resilience and vulnerability of forest ecosystems is critical to anticipate and ada ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel A. Cushman

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of
ID: 1299
Understanding how the organization and interactions of the atoms that compose wood control its mechanical properties

To expand the uses and efficient utilization of wood, Forest Service researchers strive to learn how manipulate its molecular-scale structure t ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017FPL
Photo of Simplified schematic representation of a cross-flow energy recovery ventilator core that allows transfer of heat and moisture to incoming supply air from exhaust air. This core helps maintain indoor conditions while bringing in fresh outdoor air. USDA Forest Service
ID: 897
Understanding Impacts of Ventilation on Moisture Levels in Homes

“Build tight, ventilate right” is good for reducing energy use in homes. Ventilation can also change the moisture levels in homes, affectin ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Boardman

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of A mixed-oak forest with a dense understory of mountain laurel in eastern Pennsylvania. Note the 8-foot range pole in the center of the photograph. Recent research shows that when mountain laurel cover exceeds 25 percent, regenerating oaks becomes extremely difficult. Pat Brose, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1112
Understanding Mountain Laurel’s Impact on Oak Regeneration

When did the dense understories of mountain laurel seen in some mixed-oak forests become established, and why? How dense does mountain laurel ha ...

Principal Investigator : Patrick Brose

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2016NRS
Photo of Leptographium longiclavatum newly recorded blue-stain fungus vectored by mountain pine beetles and mites in northern Colorado. Javier Mercado, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1054
Understanding Phoretic Biota of the Mountain Pine Beetle in Northern Colorado

There is minimal knowledge of phoretic processes (where one species transports another) of mountain pine beetle in Colorado. Mountain pine beetl ...

Principal Investigator : Javier E. Mercado

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2016RMRS
Photo of Illustration of moisture sources and sinks in a typical home. USDA Forest Service
ID: 898
Understanding Soil Gas Entry Into Homes

Your home sits on the ground, and hence is influenced by soil gas that can add both moisture and radon to your indoor air. A Forest Service sci ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Boardman

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Soil samples are mixed with stabilizing buffer in preparation for DNA/RNA extraction. Ned Klopfenstein, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1055
Understanding the Influence of Soil Microbial Communities on Forest Ecosystem Health

Forest root diseases, such as Armillaria root disease, are among the most damaging forest diseases in the world and are extremely difficult to m ...

Principal Investigator : Ned B. Klopfenstein

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2016RMRS
Photo of Forest managers can use this new synthesis to develop science-based plans for managing forests and rangelands under changing environmental conditions. USDA Forest Service
ID: 666
Understanding Vegetation Vulnerability to Climate Change

This synthesis paper reviews potential climate change impacts on Pacific Northwest vegetation and provides a scientific basis for developing vul ...

Principal Investigator : David W. Peterson

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of Visualization of the conceptual model used as a heuristic tool for the San Juan ULTRA.  The left side of the box representing the watershed's ecological components and the right side of the diagram represents social components. These are integrated through green, blue and gray infrastructure. USDA Forest Service
ID: 590
Understanding Vulnerability and Sustainability of Urban Social-ecological Systems in the Tropics

Scientists of the San Juan Urban Long-Term Research Area (ULTRA) publish an interdisciplinary synthesis of social-ecological system research in ...

Principal Investigator : Tischa A. Munoz-Erickson

Resource Management and Use2014IITF
Photo of A Plant it Portland sign from the nonprofit organization, Friends of Trees, encourages Portland residence to plant trees. Rhonda Mazza, USDA Forest Service
ID: 676
Understanding What Motivates People To Plant trees Gives Insight on Environmental Justice Concerns

Urban tree-planting programs may inadvertently exacerbate environmental inequality.

Principal Investigator : Geoffrey Donovan

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of Compartment 8C on the Fernow Experimental Forest has been harvested seven times since 1948 using uneven-aged management  and continues to be a productive stand. Richard Hovatter, USDA Forest Service
ID: 627
Uneven-Aged Management: Is It Sustainable

A century ago, after almost all of the old-growth forests in the eastern United States had been harvested, forest managers turned to Europe for ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas M. Schuler

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of U.S. Imports and Exports of Hardwood Lumber and Logs, 1990-2013 (Data Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service). Matt Bumgardner,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 623
United States Maintains Positive Trade Balances for Hardwood Logs and Lumber

Exports have become a vital lumber market for hardwood sawmills in the United States because of the loss of domestic furniture manufacturing and ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of imbedded in attachment S. S. Lawson - ????????
ID: 1250
Unraveling the mystery of figured wood in koa hardwood

Acacia koa (koa), a tropical hardwood only found in the Hawaiian Archipelago, is highly valued for its beautiful figured (with special textures ...

Principal Investigator : Shaneka Lawson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of Limber pine seedlings are migrating upslope in the White Mountains, California, but at only a few locations. Such sites are characterized by the presence of ancient bristlecone pines (Pinus longaeva), which grew there in millennia past under favorable climates, but not at present. Limber pines at this location recruited during the period 1963-2000. White Mountain Peak (14,252'), California's third highest mountain, is in the background. USDA Forest Service
ID: 819
Up, down, and Aaound: High-elevation Pines Respond to Warming in More Ways Than One

Under warming climates, models predict that high-elevation species will migrate up mountain slopes tracking cool conditions. With nowhere to go ...

Principal Investigator : Constance I. Millar

Resource Management and Use2015PSW
Photo of
ID: 218
Urban and Community Forest Summaries for the Lower 48 States

NRS scientist David Nowak and others have recently published several important summaries of tree and forest information.

Principal Investigator : David J. Nowak

Resource Management and Use2010NRS
Photo of Village Of Riverside, one of 10 communities participating in the pilot effort in the Chicago Wilderness region. Michael Collins, Village of Riverside
ID: 852
Urban Forestry Climate Change Response Framework Pilot Launched

Forest Service scientists are working to incorporate climate change considerations into urban forest management in the Chicago area. Recently, t ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie Brandt

Resource Management and Use2015NRS
Photo of
ID: 430
USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework Provides Roadmap to Sustainable Agriculture

On June 6, 2011, the USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework, Fiscal Year 2011-2016 was officially released by USDA Deputy Secretary Kathleen Merr ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011WO
Photo of Changes in age classes for red spruce and red spruce-northern hardwood forest types combined for a section of the study area (about 13,000 acres) at three time steps. Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, USDA Forest Service
ID: 614
Using a Landscape Model for Planning Red Spruce Restoration in West Virginia

A new Forest Service model was developed to answer specific questions about meeting restoration goals for red spruce while protecting habitat fo ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014NRS
Photo of Armillaria fruiting body (mushroom).
ID: 1362
Using DNA to correctly identify destructive vs. beneficial Armillaria fungus

Species of the fungal genus Armillaria are associated with forest ecosystems worldwide. Some species are destructive root disease pathogens, whi ...

Principal Investigator : Ned B. Klopfenstein

Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
2017RMRS
Photo of Photo 1:  Reid Garrison in a regenerating stand where black cherry seedlings are thriving after a nitrogen fertilizer treatment.
Photo 2:  Figures show increased species diversity in fertilizer treated stands.
ID: 1261
Using fertilizer to promote diverse seedling development in Allegheny hardwood forests

Fertilizing the forest understory slows the development of dominance by sweet birch, favors development of black cherry following overstory remo ...

Principal Investigator : Todd Ristau

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017NRS
Photo of Black-backed woodpecker favors unlogged, recently burned forests for nesting.
ID: 1410
Using habitat requirements of woodpeckers to design post-fire salvage logging

Can we conduct economically-beneficial forest management while maintaining wildlife populations in recently burned forests? Study shows trade-of ...

Principal Investigator : Victoria A. Saab

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017RMRS
Photo of High-resolution laser scan image of a log with detected defect areas highlighted and acoustic waves passing through. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1039
Using New Technologies to Improve Log Defect Detection

Scientists from the Forest Service’s Forest Products Laboratory and Northern Research Station cooperated with West Virginia University to enha ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of New model of wood cellulose in never-dried and dried states. Umesh Agarwal,  USDA Forest Service.
ID: 913
Using Raman Spectroscopy to Analyze Wood, Cellulose-Nanomaterials, and Their Composites

Raman spectroscopy provides information based on molecular vibrations and is well-suited to analyze wood and cellulose-nanomaterials. Using a r ...

Principal Investigator : Umesh P. Agarwal

Resource Management and Use2015FPL
Photo of Researchers are studying soy-based adhesives for wood products. Steve Schmeiding, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 964
Using Soybeans to Replace Synthetic Adhesives for Wood Bonding

Soybeans were used to glue the first plywood but were replaced by fossil-fuel-based adhesives after World War II. Scientists at the Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2016FPL
Photo of ForCaMF output showing non-soil carbon storage in all forests burned in Ravalli County, Montana, between 1999 and 2001.  The 100-year projected carbon storage following observed fire patterns and intensities (blue) is contrasted with storage associated with the same stands if no fire had occurred (green).  Error bars represent the standard deviation of 2000 simulations. Forest Service
ID: 382
Visualizing carbon storage of harvested and burned forests

New research at the Rocky Mountain Research Station has developed a process to visualize how harvested and burned stands contribute to overall c ...

Principal Investigator : Sean P. Healey

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Housing permits, starts, and completions, 1968-2012, in thousands. Delton Alderman, USDA Forest Service
ID: 500
Vital Information About the Housing Market Made Available to Stakeholders

Historically, the U. S. housing segment utilizes a substantial quantity of forest products. A Forest Service scientist analyzed the pertinent da ...

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Researchers are studying the freezing and melting of water in solid wood to learn about wood decay and faster corrosion processes. Tatiana Morozova, shutterstock.com
ID: 15
Water Freezing in Wood: How Low Can It Go

The freezing and melting of water in wood gives clues about how water bonds to wood during processes such as wood decay and fastener corrosion

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Douglas-fir in H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Oregon.
ID: 1363
Wetter, warmer conditions will likely favor biomass accumulation in Douglas-fir

Conversely, continued accumulation of forest biomass in drier regions may be more limited.

Principal Investigator : David M. Bell

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017PNW
Photo of
ID: 429
Which American Forest Tree Species are Most at Risk

Several threats will increase the risk that forest trees could experience population-level or species-level extinction under climate change scen ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 275
Whitebark Pine Management Guide Published

Don't expect the Clark's nutcracker, a jay-size bird named for the Lewis and Clark expedition's William Clark, to save the declining whitebark p ...

Principal Investigator : Colin C. Hardy

Resource Management and Use2010RMRS
Photo of Wilderness offers opportunities for solitude, challenge and inspiration and attracts recreationists to remote communities where visitor expenditures enhance local income and job growth.
ID: 1304
Wilderness areas contribute to economic health of rural communities

Forest Service scientists Tom Holmes and Eric White collaborated with Evan Hjerpe of the Conservation Economics Institute to estimate the econom ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas P. Holmes

Resource Management and Use2017SRS
Photo of Looking out over the southwestern portion of the expansive Bob Marshall Wilderness Area in northwestern Montana.
ID: 1379
Wilderness science and its role in wilderness stewardship

Wilderness areas provide a unique and special place to disconnect from civilization and reconnect with nature. It is easy to assume these lands ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Fox

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2017RMRS
Photo of Hayfork Bally looking out over part of the 2008 Miners Fire near Hayfork.  Carl Skinner, Forest Service
ID: 106
Wildfire Can Benefit Landscapes and Reduce Threats to Local Communities

Scientists determine that managing wildfire across large portions of Sierra Nevada forests may alleviate the current hazardous fuels problem tha ...

Principal Investigator : Carl N. Skinner

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2012PSW
Photo of A specimen from the Pinaleño Mountains with seven fire scars between 1785 and 1863, but no scars from 1864 until the tree was killed by bark beetles in 1995. O'Connor, University of Arizona
ID: 695
Wildfires in Southern Arizona are More Severe but Not Bigger

Scientists found that wildfires prior to 1880 burned about 70 percent of the landscape every 20 years. Since 1880 and the onset of fire exclusio ...

Principal Investigator : Ann M. Lynch

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2014RMRS
Photo of Bumble bees and other pollinators are crucial to our nation’s economic health, food security, and ecosystem health; restoring habitat to conserve their populations is the focus of recent federal attention. R. Kasten Dumroese, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1056
Wildflowers are Key to Sagebrush Restoration

Land managers are dealing with an increasing number of imperiled species; often mandates focus on each crisis species independently. A myopic ap ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2016RMRS
Photo of Dark sap staining on the bark surface of a walnut tree (Pterocarya stenoptera) branch caused by underlying damage from the walnut twig beetle (Pityophthorus juglandis) and fungus (Geosmithia morbida) surrounding two beetle entrance or emergence holes.
ID: 1386
Wingnut trees at risk to thousand cankers disease

The walnut twig beetle vectors a fungus that colonizes and kills the plant tissure known as phloem of walnut and butternut trees. Over the past ...

Principal Investigator : Steven J. Seybold

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017PSW
Photo of The figure is the cover of the station publication for the Minnesota work showing the percentage of pyrophilic witness trees across most of Minnesota with photos illustrating typical fire behavior for three areas. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1097
Witness Trees as Indicators of Past Fire

In ecosystem restoration, the question “What was the forest like back then?” is often difficult to answer. Understanding and mapping forest ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2016NRS
Photo of The Monongahela National Forest is classified according to fire influence on species composition. Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, USDA Forest Service
ID: 488
Witness Trees Reveal Where to Restore Fire

To help land managers make decisions and plan for restoration of oak-dominated forests, witness trees from early surveys were used by a Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2013NRS
Photo of Image is a micrograph of tension wood, labelling the specialized cell wall responsible for force generation in red. This cell wall is composed almost entirely of cellulose, which is the starting material for bioenergy production. Andrew Groover, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1116
Wood Biology Breakthrough

Forest Service scientists determined how trees alter wood development to reorient stems in response to mechanical stress and gravity.

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2016PSW
Photo of The Fairbanks House demonstrates design and construction details that have allowed this wood structure to stand for  three centuries. Jeffery Howe, Boston College
ID: 2
Wood Can Last for Centuries if Protected From Moisture

Report dispels myths about wood construction through proper information that educates and empowers the public

Principal Investigator : Carol A. Clausen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Installation of a cross-laminated timber panel for Promega building in Fitchburg, Wisconsin. Steve Schmieding, USDA Forest Service
ID: 439
Wood Construction Goes Beyond Its Traditional Roots

As interest in sustainable building options continues to grow. Wood construction is going beyond its traditional roots in housing and expanding ...

Principal Investigator : David E. Kretschmann

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of
ID: 177
Wood decay enters new era of genomics research

Over the past decade, research collaborations between the Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI) and the Forest Products Laboratory ...

Principal Investigator : Forest Products Laboratory

Resource Management and Use2010FPL
Photo of DAME crystals on a smoldering mesquite tree in Alamo Canyon, ArizLaurence A. J. Garvie, Arizona State University
ID: 890
Wood Decay Fungus Forms Toxic Organohalogen Crystals in Mesquite

A Forest Service scientist identified toxic organohalogen crystals formed by fungi in decaying mesquite. Charcoal production and forest fires i ...

Principal Investigator : Jessie A. Glaeser

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2015FPL
Photo of This research will improve the durability of wood-plastic composite deckboards such as the one shown here being evaluated for color. Nicole Stark, USDA Forest Service
ID: 584
Wood Flour Extraction Improves Moisture Performance of Wood-Plastic Composites

Improving the moisture performance of wood-plastic composites provides a potential avenue toward improving the product's overall durability. For ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Wood Turtle. Joel Flory, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 997
Wood Turtle Habitat Use in Western Edge of Distribution

Efforts to better understand habitat use patterns of the wood turtle at the western edge of their range is important for range-wide conservation ...

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2016NRS
Photo of Fire retardant treatments can reduce the contribution of wood-plastic composites to a fire. Craig Clemons, Forest Service
ID: 6
Wood-Plastic Composites Are More Desirable With Fire Retardant Treatments

Wood-plastic composites treated with fire retardants addresses fire concerns in the wildland-urban interface

Principal Investigator : Robert H. White

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Beetle-killed lodgepole pine fiber treated with potassium methyl siliconate. Cheng Piao, Louisiana State University
ID: 453
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Fiber Pre-Treatment

Scientists determine the dimensional stability of wood-plastic composites can be improved by treating wood sawdust and particles derived from be ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Hollow glass microspheres in wood-plastic composites.  Rebecca Wallace, Forest Service
ID: 12
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Glass

Adding microsized glass particles to wood-plastic composites creates a less dense but stiffer material for use in a variety of building applicat ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of A live Great Basin bristlecone pine surrounded by mountain pine beetle-killed limber pines near Mount Moriah, Nevada. Barbara Bentz, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service
ID: 972
World’s Oldest Tree Species Resistant to Mountain Pine Beetle

Mountain pine beetle (MPB) is the most significant mortality agent of pines throughout western North America, and climate-driven range expansion ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara J. Bentz

Resource Management and Use2016RMRS
Photo of Journal cover. William Peterjohn, WVU.
ID: 507
Writing Appalachian Ecology: Essays and Outreach

In the summer of 2012 and 2013, students from West Virginia University's English Department, along with their instructors, participated in an un ...

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2013NRS
Photo of Phenocam and Antenna on top of the pierce laboratory at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, NH. USDA Forest Service
ID: 881
“Smart Forests” Digital Environmental Sensors and Telecommunications Take Research to New Levels

Scientific breakthroughs of the 21st century will be powered by tools that help researchers collect and manipulate massive datasets, visualize t ...

Principal Investigator : Lindsey Rustad

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2015NRS
Photo of A map showing the boundaries of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine.  The outlines of four national forests are also included.  The results of calculating the percentage of pyrophilic witness tree species from town-level surveys are displayed as a color gradient from red to green, with red indicating a high percentage of pyrophilic species and green a low percentage.  The red starts in the south and grades to green further north.  Also displayed is an approximation of the tension zone line between generally wetter forests to the north and drier forests to the south. USDA Forest Service
ID: 875
“Witness Trees” as Indicators of Past Fire

In ecosystem restoration, the question of “What was it like back then?” is often difficult to answer. Understanding and mapping forest compo ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Resource Management and Use2015NRS