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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of The urbanization of forests. Forest Service
ID: 128
In-Filling Reduces the Urban Forest to the Detriment of Humans and Wildlife Habitat

The urban landscape, because of its developed infrastructure, has less ecological services than a forested rural landscape and any further erosi ...

Principal Investigator : Wayne C. Zipperer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Indiana bat. Caroline Byrne, Indiana State University.
ID: 1076
A Landscape Model for Predicting Roost Habitat of the Endangered Indiana Bat in the Southern Appalachians

The endangered Indiana bat commonly roosts in yellow pines in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Service scientists at the agency’s Southern Re ...

Principal Investigator : Susan C. Loeb

Wildlife and Fish2016SRS
Photo of Longleaf pine communities are one of the most diverse ecosystems outside the tropics. William D. Boyer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 715
A Roadmap to Recovery for Degraded Longleaf Pine Plant Communities

Less than 3 percent of the historical longleaf pine ecosystem remains; although much of the southeastern United States has the potential for rec ...

Principal Investigator : Joan L. Walker

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Seized illegal logs in Riau, Indonesia. CIFOR
ID: 932
A Scientist Finds that the Lacey Act Amendment of 2008 Works to Limit Illegal Wood Imports

Forest Service scientist Jeffrey Prestemon evaluated U.S. import trade data from countries that are suspected sources of illegally obtained wood ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Loblolly pine is frequently harvested for use as a biofuel. Erich Vallery, USDA Forest Service
ID: 727
A Simple Technique to Improve Woody Biomass Quality

The commercial markets for biofuels and bio-based products will require cost-competitive raw materials to compete with rival energy sources. The ...

Principal Investigator : John Klepac

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of As urban natural resource stewardship is a priority at the Forest Service, it is critical to understand how the distribution of urban green spaces can influence public health amongst diverse communities. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1139
Advancing Sustainability through Urban Green Space: Cultural Ecosystem Services, Equity, and Social Determinants of Health

Although the benefits of urban forests, gardens, parks, and other green spaces have been documented, the nuances of this relationship continue t ...

Principal Investigator : Viniece Jennings

Outdoor Recreation2016SRS
Photo of The Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT) is a user-friendly, Web-based support system that helps natural resource managers address uncertainties inherent in land management decisions. Forest Service
ID: 416
advancing the Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT)

The Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center and the University of North Carolina Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and A ...

Principal Investigator : Steve Norman

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 266
American Chestnut Restoration Research

Hundreds of blight-resistant American chestnut trees planted last winter in three national forests in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia ar ...

Principal Investigator : Stacy Clark

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of Economic costs of fighting the largest fires are increasing. Georgia Forestry Commission
ID: 732
Analyzing How to Increase Fireline Production Efficiency

Operational data on fireline production rates are generally lower than the rates identified by expert panel estimates. This study found the lowe ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas P. Holmes

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 263
Assessing Nonnative Invasive Species

The U.S. Forest Service's Southern Region Task Force for Assessing Nonnative Invasive Species (NNIS) was assembled to prioritize NNIS that pose ...

Principal Investigator : James Miller

Invasive Species2010SRS
Photo of A plain pocketbook mussel (Lampsilis cardium) with the lure it uses to draw fish close enough to deposit larvae in their gills as part of its unique reproductive cycle. Wendell Haag, USDA Forest Service
ID: 706
Assessment of conservation strategies for North American freshwater mussels.

North America has the most diverse freshwater mussel fauna on Earth, but over half of the 300 native species are in danger of extinction. Extens ...

Principal Investigator : Wendell R. Haag

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of Across much of the U.S., wildfires are likely to become larger, more intense, and increasingly difficult to contain with climate change. Andrew J. Boone, South Carolina Forestry Commission
ID: 721
Assessment of the Interaction of Climate Change, Fire, and Forests in the U.S. Published

Fire has been one of the most frequent and severe disturbances to ecosystems globally and, as such, one of the major regulators of forest compos ...

Principal Investigator : Chelcy F. Miniat

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of Loblolly pine is an economically significant species in the southern U.S. David Stephens
ID: 720
Best Map Yet of the Pine Genome

Southern pine plantations supply 60 percent of wood products in the United States and 18 percent worldwide. These percentages can increase with ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 268
Bioenergy Production

SRS scientists are studying the viability of producing energy from woody biomass. Researchers are using a gasification-combustion-electricity ge ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas Elder

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of A new book provides land managers and policy makers with key information about the potential impacts of climate change on southern forest ecosystems. Sarah Farmer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 734
Book Published to Help Managers of Southern Forests Cope with the Effects of Climate Change

Resource managers and policy makers require new insights into the implications of a rapidly changing climate on forest ecosystems and their valu ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 295
Buffer Guidelines

Buffer Guidelines: This field guidebook was promotes multifunctional landscape management through a concise yet comprehensive and easy-to-unders ...

Principal Investigator : Gary Bentrup

Water, Air, and Soil2010SRS
Photo of A prescribed fire burns in a southern forest.
ID: 1306
Burning forests can impact water supplies

The number of wildland fires and burned areas in the U.S. is on the rise as a result of a warming climate, drought, and increasing human ignitio ...

Principal Investigator : Ge Sun

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Fire approaching study plots during a winter controlled burned in the Ouachita Mountains. USDA Forest Service
ID: 929
Burning the Leafy Blanket: Winter Prescribed Fire and Litter Roosting Bats

Rather than hibernating in caves, some bat species in the southeastern U.S. get through the coldest parts of winter by roosting under fallen lea ...

Principal Investigator : Roger W. Perry

Wildlife and Fish2015SRS
Photo of The invasive plant collection team after a morning of vacuuming seeds from refrigerated shipping containers at the Port of Savannah in November 2016. The team collected non-native, potentially invasive, plant seeds with backpack vacuums.
ID: 1316
Can plant invasions be prevented? Multidisciplinary identification and interception of non-native, invasive plants at the Port of Savannah, Georgia, USA

The positive relationship between increasing national gross domestic product (GDP) and non-native plant species-richness suggests that internati ...

Principal Investigator : Rima Lucardi

Invasive Species2017SRS
Photo of Mixed Species Forest. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1180
Carbon Accumulation by U.S. Forests May Slow Over the Next 25 Years

U.S. forests currently help offset carbon emissions and reduce the overall costs of achieving emission targets but that could change over the ne ...

Principal Investigator : John Coulston

Inventory and Monitoring2016SRS
Photo of Watershed 7 following harvest using timber cutting and yarding with mobile cable system January 1977–June 1978. Wayne Swank, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1087
Changes in Water Quality Last More Than 30 Years After Clear Cutting

Evidence from 36 years of data following experimental clear-cut logging at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, N.C., suggests that forest disturbance ...

Principal Investigator : Jennifer D. Knoepp

Water, Air, and Soil2016SRS
Photo of Mean Keetch-Byram Drought Indices for May (left) and June (right), where (a) and (b) reflect recent historical values and (c) and (d) show future values. (e) and (f) display the difference maps for both months, where recent historical values are subtracted from future values. USDA Forest Service
ID: 709
Climate Change and Associated Fire Potential for the Southeastern United States in the 21st century

This study examines how fire potential may change in the Southeast during the 21st century. While previous studies have focused on changes in ju ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Goodrick

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 296
Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services: water, carbon, and biodiversity

SRS is enhancing one of its models that examines the potential impacts of climate change, land use, and population changes on water supplies. Th ...

Principal Investigator : Ge Sun

Water, Air, and Soil2010SRS
Photo of Findings that both drought and flooding conditions negatively impacted survival rates and the likelihood of population persistence in the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake’s isolated wetland habitats were used in the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service’s Eastern Massasauga Species Status Assessment.
ID: 1312
Climate change vulnerability assessments inform management efforts for species of conservation concern

Vulnerability assessment focuses on understanding how climate change, along with other factors such as land use change, affects species of conse ...

Principal Investigator : Lazarus Y. Pomara

Wildlife and Fish2017SRS
Photo of Landowners and land managers across the southeastern region need information for coping with increasing climate variability such as more frequent or severe floods and droughts. Lance Cheung, U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service.
ID: 1084
Climate Risk Assessment Aids Natural Resource Professionals in the Southeast

USDA's Climate Hubs deliver science-based, region-specific information and technologies to assist farmers and forest managers with climate-smart ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of Longleaf pine forests are important ecosystems in the southeastern United States. USDA Forest Service
ID: 713
Comparing Reproduction Techniques for Longleaf Pine Forests

Methods of even-aged management for longleaf pine are well known, but techniques for uneven-aged management have been poorly understood and larg ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 408
Consortium of Appalachian Fire Managers and Scientists (CAFMS)

The Center for Forest Disturbance Science, SRS-4156 and The Nature Conservancy are among 8 groups from across the country to receive funding fro ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of Blackgum trees are one of the species whose ranges may shift. Vern Wilkins,  Indiana University
ID: 742
Cooperation Leads to Continued Research on Tree Range Shifts in the Eastern U.S.

In an attempt to understand the potential impact of climate change on tree species ranges in the eastern U.S., teams of researchers from the For ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher M. Oswalt

Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2014SRS
Photo of A Louisiana pinesnake, a rare inhabitant of fire-maintained pine forests. Scott Wahlberg.
ID: 1006
Defining the Louisiana Pine Snake Breeding Season

Forest Service conservation efforts for the Louisiana pine snake, a rare and secretive snake of fire-maintained pine forests, include a captive ...

Principal Investigator : Josh B. Pierce

Wildlife and Fish2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 411
Developing a simple rearing method for Emerald ash borer biological control agents

The emerald ash borer, a buprestid beetle native to Asia, is one of the most ecologically and economically significant invasive forest pests in ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Ulyshen

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of Drought-related changes in disturbance regimes and hydrologic processes will present significant challenges to natural resource managers. J.S. Quick, Colorado State University, www.bugwood.org.
ID: 1100
Drought Impacts on Forest and Rangelands in the United States: A State-of-the-Science Synthesis

Recent droughts have contributed to insect outbreaks, tree death, reduced tree growth, increased wildfire risk and increased area burned by wild ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Water, Air, and Soil2016SRS
Photo of Dale Brockway collecting longleaf pine cone data.
ID: 1309
Dynamics of longleaf pine cone production in the southeastern U.S.

Longleaf pine cone production is the result of complex interactions between trees and their environment. Multiscale entropy reflects the complex ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Water, Air, and Soil2017SRS
Photo of FISH with Dryad DNA probe on loblolly pine chromosome spread showing the distribution of Dryad elements on the pine genome (scattered red signals). The green signals are from ribosomal rDNA (18S-28S rDNA). Insert is an interphase nucleus. Nurul Faridi, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1098
Early Transfer of DNA from Insects to Pines

Repetitive DNA sequences move across species boundaries relatively often, but rarely occur between kingdoms; however, Forest Service scientists ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 267
Early Warning System Detects Seasonal Vegetation Changes

SRS' Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center is partnering with NASA's Stennis Space Center to produce a series of seamless datase ...

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of Sampling for soil macroinvertebrates in Bartlett Experimental Forest (White Mountain National Forest) in New Hampshire. Evelyn S. Wenk, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1015
Earthworms, Millipedes, and Soil Carbon in the Eastern U.S.

Earthworms, millipedes, and other soil invertebrates directly contribute to forest soil processes such as leaf litter decomposition and soil org ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 262
Economics and Spread of Invasives

An SRS scientist recently led an interdisciplinary team that proposed new methods for evaluating the economic damages of invasive species on for ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas P. Holmes

Invasive Species2010SRS
Photo of John Schelhas discusses family land history with Eleanor Cooper Brown in South Carolina. Sarah Hitchner, University of Georgia Athens.
ID: 1134
Engaging African American Forest Owners in Sustainable Forest Management

Baseline research was conducted in three southern U.S. states for a community- based outreach program: the Sustainable Forestry and African Amer ...

Principal Investigator : John Schelhas

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 265
Estate Planning for Forest Landowners

The Station recently released an updated version of the tax planning guide titled, 'Estate Planning for Forest Landowners: What Will Become of Y ...

Principal Investigator : John L. Greene

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of A schematic diagram showing (a) the pond hydrological processes and water budget used in model development and (b) a photo of a pond in Macon, Mississippi used for model application.
ID: 1336
Estimating the ratio of pond size to irrigated crop land: A tool to conserve groundwater resources in Mississippi

Groundwater withdrawals in the Mississippi Delta region and around the nation have increased dramatically since the last century, resulting in t ...

Principal Investigator : Ying Ouyang

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2017SRS
Photo of Annual reports describing the health of the nation’s forests serve as a guide to forest health trends and provide quantitative baselines for detecting forest health changes over time.  USDA Forest Service
ID: 923
Evaluating the Health of the Nation’s Forests

“So, how are the trees doing?” For more than a decade, forest monitoring professionals have been answering that question in an informative s ...

Principal Investigator : Kurt Riitters

Inventory and Monitoring2015SRS
Photo of Even an unpaved, little-used road adjacent to secondary forest can impact amphibians and reptiles. Ross Maynard, Stephen F. Austin State University.
ID: 1085
Even Small Roads Can Have a Big Impact

Roads may be the single biggest driver of amphibian and reptile population declines and habitat loss in Neotropical rainforests.

Principal Investigator : Daniel Saenz

Wildlife and Fish2016SRS
Photo of A map shows the links between visitor origin ZIP codes and destination campgrounds, as documented in the U.S. National Recreation Reservation Service database between January 2004 and September 2009. Link color indicates the number of individual reservations recorded in the database; links with 10 or fewer reservations have been omitted for clarity. USDA Forest Service
ID: 922
Examining the Role of Humans in the Spread of Invasive Species

Forest Service scientists and their collaborators have contributed innovative research to the field of forest pest risk assessment by focusing o ...

Principal Investigator : Frank H. Koch

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Wildland fire can have destructive ecological and social effects.  Georgia Forestry Commission
ID: 730
Examining Trade-offs in Wildland Fire Management Decisions

Reducing or mitigating the negative effects of wildland fire is a major priority in communities all across the United States and must be address ...

Principal Investigator : Danny C. Lee

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2014SRS
Photo of El Yunque - Participatory mapping individual. Forest Service
ID: 410
Exploring the views and perspectives of different groups of people about the ecosystem services provided by Puerto Rico's El Yunque National Forest (El Yunque)

Interface South, the University of Puerto Rico, El Yunque National Forest and the International Institute of Tropical Forestry surveyed stakehol ...

Principal Investigator : Annie Hermansen-Baez

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Fire prevention specialist Bob Blasi works to contain a small wildfire on the Tusayan Ranger District, Kaibab National Forest, Arizona.
ID: 1321
Federal land management agencies should expect to spend more on wildfires as global temperatures increase due to climate change

Wildfires are expected to become larger, more frequent, and more intense in the future. Wildfire suppression costs also are expected to rise, ac ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Lee Abt

Inventory and Monitoring
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2017SRS
Photo of An exclusion structure allowed researchers to simulate a 30 percent rainfall reduction in the loblolly plots. Marshall A. Laviner, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
ID: 933
Fertilized Pines Use Water More Efficiently But May Suffer Worse in Droughts

Fertilized loblolly pine trees produce more wood than their unfertilized counterparts, even when less water was available, butthis may also indi ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of The Oct. 19, 2016, image shows simulated smoke from smoldering combustion near Grand Canyon, Ariz., when vehicle accidents occurred on I-40 approximately 35 km west of Flagstaff, Arizona.
ID: 1334
Fire and smoke modeling issues, gaps, and measurement data needs for developing next-generation operational smoke prediction models

Smoke from wildland fires is a major natural hazard to air quality and human health. Providing complete and accurate smoke information is essent ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Inventory and Monitoring
2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 261
Fire in the South 2

The publication, Fire in the South 2, explains the objectives of the Southern Wildfire Risk Assessment, presents the key findings, and demonstra ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of
ID: 414
First ever detailed images of the structure the southern pine beetle uses to carry the fungi that helps kill trees.

Highly detailed images from advanced microscopy provide researchers with new visual insight into the interactions between bark beetles and their ...

Principal Investigator : Kier D. Klepzig

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of Augochlora pura was the most abundant bee species in the canopy. Sam Droege, USGS
ID: 743
Forest Bees are More Active in the Canopy Than Near the Ground in the Southeastern U.S.

Results from one of the first studies to investigate how bees are vertically distributed in temperate deciduous forests suggest these insects ar ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Ulyshen

Wildlife and Fish2014SRS
Photo of Hemlock wooly adelgid covers the leaves of a hemlock tree. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
ID: 131
Forest Community Dynamics After Widespread Die-Off From an Invasive Insect

Understanding how microclimate and forest community respond to eastern hemlock die-off

Principal Investigator : Chelcy F. Miniat

Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
2012SRS
Photo of An aerial view shows an experimental watershed study on the hydrologic impacts of forest clearing in North Carolina’s Piedmont region. David Jones, North Carolina Forest Service
ID: 934
Forest Cover Plays a More Critical Role in Regulating Water Resources in the Piedmont than in the Mountains and Coastal Plain

The mountains, Piedmont, and coastal plain are three distinct land provinces across the southeastern U.S. Population density, topography, and ty ...

Principal Investigator : Johnny Boggs

Water, Air, and Soil2015SRS
Photo of Shaded coffee plantation under pine forest. Thomas Brandeis, USDA Forest Service
ID: 729
Forest Management Economics for Private Forest Landowners in Honduras

This work will help improve private landowner participation and livelihood through an economic assessment of forest management needs and recomme ...

Principal Investigator : Consuelo Brandeis

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Newly described pine beetle, Dendroctonus mesoamericanus, initiating a mine into the bark of a healthy pine tree in Chiapas, Mexico.  The beetle is clearing liquid resin being released by the tree as a defensive reaction to prevent beetle entry.  Hundreds of attacks like this one by this species and its close relative the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis, can deplete the resin and cause rapid death of the tree.  Once the tree is dead, the beetles feed and reproduce within the bark. USDA Forest Service
ID: 937
Forest Service Scientists and Their International Collaborators Describe a Dangerous New “Mesoamerican Pine Beetle”

A newly discovered species of tree killing bark beetle in Central America, Dendroctonus mesoamericanus, has been recently described by an intern ...

Principal Investigator : Brian Sullivan

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Eucalyptus stand in South Africa. Donald Owen, California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
ID: 735
Forest Service Scientists Assess Potential Impacts of Eucalyptus on Water Resources in the Southern U.S.

At the request of the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Center for Integrated Forest Science led interdisciplinary analyses t ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of The GuidosToolbox offers a free, user-friendly alternative to commercial software tools for users across the globe to monitor forest fragmentation and landscape patterns at any scale.
ID: 1313
Forest Service software goes global

Originally intended to foster and support U.S.-European harmonization of forest assessments required for the Montreal Process and the Food and A ...

Principal Investigator : Kurt Riitters

Outdoor Recreation2017SRS
Photo of Deciduous forest. Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan
ID: 739
Forests Important in Mitigating Heat-related Mortality

This research seeks to understand the relationship between heat-related illness and forest type and composition. Forest Service scientists exami ...

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of ForWarn forest change image: blue indicates normal forest conditions compared to the previous year and green to red indicates moderate to extreme vegetative change. Forest Service
ID: 132
ForWarn Monitors Forests Coast-to-Coast

Web-based tool provides a weekly snapshot of U.S. forest conditions to aid forest managers

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012SRS
Photo of ForWarn allowed researchers and managers to monitor the magnitude (left) and duration (right) of damage from the 2015 gypsy moth outbreak in Pennsylvania. For every map cell, duration of the disturbance over the growing season is shown as the number of Map images courtesy of ForWarn. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1101
ForWarn Provides New Insight into Duration and Impacts of Forest Disturbances

Since its inception in 2010, the ForWarn system has provided weekly maps that illustrate disturbance across the nation's forests. ForWarn resear ...

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Inventory and Monitoring2016SRS
Photo of Mature shortleaf and loblolly pines on the Crossett Experimental Forest in southeast Arkansas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 908
Frequent Fire Maintains Shortleaf Pine as a Distinct Species

Fire effectively selects against loblolly pine genes in mixed stands of loblolly and shortleaf pines and appears to be required to maintain the ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of A prescribed fire being ignited under controlled conditions to promote open woodland habitat suitable for endangered species in the Ouachita Mountains. Virginia McDaniel, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1040
Fuel, Smoke, and Prescribed Fire in the Ouachita Mountains

Prescribed burning is a key tool in restoration and management of native stands of southern pines in the southern U.S., but the smoke produced b ...

Principal Investigator : Virginia McDaniel

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of Wildfires in organic peat soils, like this one in the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildfire Refuge, Virginia, USA, can burn for months and produce copious amounts of smoke. This fire, the Lateral West Fire, started on August 4, 2011 from a lightning strike. Mike Petruncio, North Carolina Forest Service.
ID: 1191
Future Wildfire in the South will be Driven by Society as well as Climate Change

The area burned by wildfire is likely to change over the coming decades, report Forest Service scientists and their partners. The shifts are due ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016SRS
Photo of Researchers have discovered evolutionary groups within ponderosa pine that may have different responses to climate change, bark beetles, and other threats. Kevin Potter, North Carolina State University
ID: 921
Genetics Matter: Forest Tree Species at Risk

To conserve the genetic foundations that tree species need to survive and adapt to ever-changing threats, forest management decisions must consi ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of
ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS
Photo of Male Procambarus barbiger, a burrowing crayfish endemic to Mississippi. Chris Lukhaup, Crusta10
ID: 926
Global Conservation Status of Freshwater Crayfish

The southeastern U.S. is a major hotspot of freshwater crayfish diversity, says a new global assessment of crayfish conservation status. The rep ...

Principal Investigator : Susan B. Adams

Wildlife and Fish2015SRS
Photo of
ID: 259
Global Wildfire Potential

SRS scientists are measuring fire potential using the Keetch-Byram Drought Index. The Index is calculated for present climate conditions through ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of A colony of tri-colored bats roosting in dead pine needles within a live pine tree during summer. Tri-colored bats are one of three species declining due to white-nose syndrome. S. Andrew Carter, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1092
Guidelines to Minimize Risk of White-Nose Syndrome to Bats through Forest Management

During the course of forest operations, managers make many choices on the timing and method of improvements. The results of these choices affect ...

Principal Investigator : Roger W. Perry

Wildlife and Fish2016SRS
Photo of Slash pine needles raked into piles for later collection and baling. Pine needles are among the most common non-timber forest products collected from State Forests in five southern states. David Dickens, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org.
ID: 1083
Half of States in the Southern U.S. Allow Harvest of Non-timber Forest Products in State Forests; can also Document Illegal Harvesting

Little is known about of the harvest of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in state forests of the southern U.S. Forest Service scientists docum ...

Principal Investigator : Gregory E. Frey

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of Oconee National Forest, Georgia. USDA Forest Service
ID: 744
Have Changing Forest Conditions Contributed to Native Pollinator Decline

This study compared bee communities within seven common forest conditions or types on the Oconee National Forest in Georgia. Forest Service rese ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Wildlife and Fish2014SRS
Photo of Chinese privet invades riparian forest of the southeastern U.S. where it chokes out other plants causing a decline in butterfly abundance and diversity. Forest Service
ID: 407
Heavy infestations of Chinese privet in forests exclude most butterflies

Heavy infestations of Chinese privet, an invasive shrub, to crowd out most other plants in affected forests. . This results in very few butterfl ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 413
Helping federal agencies manage fire budgets

Budgeting for wildfire suppression is increasingly difficult for federal for the Forest Service and Department of the Interior. In the past, fir ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Predator beetles are used to control hemlock woolly adelgid, an insect pest shown here on an eastern hemlock twig. USDA Forest Service
ID: 936
Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Predator Beetle Releases and Recovery Efforts in the North Georgia Mountains.

Eastern hemlock are threatened by the invasive hemlock woolly adelgid. Three predators of this pest were released in North Georgia to combat thi ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Greater frequency of harvests and physical disturbance of soil in managed forests results in higher respiration and soil carbon loss. U.S. Forest Service - Bugwood.org
ID: 938
High Forest Productivity Often Comes at the Expense of Soil Carbon Storage

Forest Service scientists and their research partners are studying the role of managed forests in regional carbon, water, and energy exchange to ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of The southern part of the San Juan Bay Estuary, a hilly area with soils  derived from volcanic soils, is less densely developed and has higher  tree cover than other parts of the watershed. Tom Brandeis, USDA Forest Service
ID: 738
Highly Dynamic Urban Forest in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Between 2001 and 2010, the urban forest in the San Juan Watershed in Puerto Rico was highly dynamic. Nearly 50 percent in trees originally sampl ...

Principal Investigator : Wayne C. Zipperer

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2014SRS
Photo of Thermal imaging systems developed by CFDS during prescribed fire, Eglin AFB 2016. Joseph J. O’Brien, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1016
How Fire Maintains Biological Diversity in Fire Dependent Forests

Some forests depend on frequent fire to maintain ecosystem structure and function. However, the mechanisms that drive this relationship are poor ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016SRS
Photo of Forest Service researcher Christina Stringer with Artur Titos, who works for a Mozambique organization collaborating on the carbon monitoring project. USDA Forest Service
ID: 924
How Much Carbon is Stored in Mozambique Mangroves?

In an article published online in the journal Forest Ecology and Management, Forest Service researcher Christina Stringer and collaborators pro ...

Principal Investigator : Christina Stringer

Water, Air, and Soil2015SRS
Photo of
ID: 415
How much does a woodpecker cost

Using simulations to predict the value of timber production lost due to conserving an endangered species

Principal Investigator : James M. Guldin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Southeastern forests may be affected by climate change. Sarah Farmer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 737
Hub Helps Landowners "SERCHing" for Climate Change Answers

Land managers face new challenges every year from the growing effects of climate change. The regional livelihoods of farmers, foresters, and ran ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Forest Service employee Robert Eaton stands beside an eight year old Eucalyptus benthamii growing near Ravenel, S.C. Chris Maier,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 718
I Water Use of Intensively Managed Eucalyptus Plantations Studied

In parts of the southern U.S., short-rotation Eucalyptus plantations have the potential to substantially increase forest productivity for biomas ...

Principal Investigator : Chris A. Maier

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of Sporulating fusiform rust gall on pine. USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org
ID: 907
Identification of Fusiform Rust Resistance Genes in loblolly Pine

Knowledge of rust resistance genes provides tree breeders and forest managers with efficient tools for minimizing losses to fusiform rust, a fun ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of
ID: 292
Improving Workplace Safety in Forest Operations

Working with the U.S. Forest Equipment Standards Committee in SAE and the International Organization for Standardization, SRS researchers examin ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Rummer

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of Immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
ID: 1325
In Hurricane Katrina’s aftermath, ecological changes driven primarily be socieconomics

Ten years after Hurricane Katrina, vegetation analysis showed that ecological changes in New Orleans were driven primarily by socioeconomics. Ho ...

Principal Investigator : Wayne C. Zipperer

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Wildfire Education Fun Day at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Oglala Sioux Tribe, South Dakota. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.
ID: 920
Interagency Research Collaboration FInds That Tribal Fire Prevention Has Large Benefits

Humans cause more than 55 percent of wildfires on lands managed by the Forest Service and the U.S. Department of the Interior, contributing to ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Lee Abt

Wildland Fire and Fuels2015SRS
Photo of The network of monitoring sites that provided data for this study. The U.S.-China Carbon Consortium allows scientists to share data across the United States and China.
ID: 1311
International collaborators develop easy-to-use formulas for water and carbon accounting

Ecosystem water use is closely coupled with ecosystem productivity, water availability, and water supplies, but accurate water use accounting re ...

Principal Investigator : Ge Sun

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 417
International Partnership to combat Sirex woodwasp

Southern Research Station and the Forest Agriculture and Biotechnology Institute (FABI) work together to help combat the Sirex woodwasp, a known ...

Principal Investigator : Kier D. Klepzig

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of A chorus frog threatened by invasive Chinese Tallow. Taylor Cotten, Forest Service
ID: 134
Invasive Chinese Tallow Reduces Hatching of Frog Eggs

Decomposing leaf litter reduces hatching of southern leopard frog eggs by lowering the pH and concentration of dissolved oxygen in the water

Principal Investigator : Daniel Saenz

Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
2012SRS
Photo of An invasive earthworm of the species Amynthas agrestis used in this experiment.
ID: 1327
Invasive earthworms have unexpected effects on other soil organisms

Invasive earthworms alter the structure and function of soil. Forest Service scientists show that these earthworms decrease the abundance of spr ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2017SRS
Photo of A non-native grass invades a forest in the southeastern United States. Researchers are identifying and measuring factors that contribute to habitat invasibility, degree of invasion, and species invasiveness. U.S. Forest Service - Bugwood.org
ID: 905
Invasive Plants’ Success Depends on Native Species Richness and Biomass

For better control and management of invasive plant species, research must uncover the factors that contribute to habitat invasibility, degree o ...

Principal Investigator : Qinfeng Guo

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Longleaf pine trees growing on sandy uplands.
ID: 1323
Is the relationship between tree height and diameter consistent across species and ranges?

Scaling exponents reveal differences in longleaf pine height-diameter relationships across its range, possibly due to water availability. Tree s ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Spring peeper. USDA Forest Service
ID: 935
It’s the City Life for Me! Spring Peepers in Urban Areas have Lower Rates of Fungal Infection

The spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) is a small frog widespread throughout the eastern U.S. and Canada. A Forest Service study reports that ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Saenz

Wildlife and Fish2015SRS
Photo of A technician stands in a thinned stand in the Daniel Boone National Forest, Ky.
ID: 1329
Keeping oak forests in oak

Maintaining oaks in southeastern forests is desirable for economic and ecological reasons. Forest managers face many challenges as oak forests g ...

Principal Investigator : Callie Schweitzer

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2017SRS
Photo of In this aerial photo of land near Hiram, Georgia, tree cover as of 2012 is shown in transparent green; tree cover loss from 2000 to 2012 is shown in transparent blue. U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agriculture Imagery Program.
ID: 1095
Landscape Pattern Analysis Reveals Global Loss of Interior Forest

Between 2000 and 2012, the world lost more forest area than it gained, according to researchers who estimated a global net loss of more than 660 ...

Principal Investigator : Kurt Riitters

Inventory and Monitoring2016SRS
Photo of A Latino family enjoys a day at the park. Forest Service
ID: 135
Latino Community Access to Urban Green Space

Addressing environmental justice in terms of access to urban green space for an immigrant community in Georgia

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Dead branches on a sassafras tree with laurel wilt disease (left). The sapwood black streaking discoloration characteristic of laurel wilt seen on a sassafras tree (right). Rabiu Olatinwo, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1182
Laurel Wilt Disease Transmitted by Non-native Beetle Found in Arkansas

Laurel wilt has spread rapidly across the southeastern states causing extensive mortality, primarily in redbay. Forest Service scientists and co ...

Principal Investigator : Rabiu Olatinwo

Invasive Species2016SRS
Photo of Abundant longleaf pine cones at the Stuart Seed Orchard in the summer of 2014 point to a bumper seed crop in the fall of 2014.
ID: 1307
Longleaf pine seed collection in Texas boosts restoration efforts of this important species

Longleaf pine is an unpredictable seed producer and adequate or better seed crops occur once every five years or even more infrequently. Efforts ...

Principal Investigator : James M. Guldin

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Hemlock woolly adelgids are killing eastern hemlocks in the Southern  Appalachian region. The loss of hemlock will have long-term implications  for hydrological cycles as well as plant and animal communities. Chelcy Miniat, USDA Forest Service
ID: 722
Loss of Eastern Hemlock Affects Peak Flows after Extreme Storm Events

Few studies have examined how insect outbreaks affect landscape-level hydrologic processes. In this study, Forest Service scientists report the ...

Principal Investigator : Chelcy F. Miniat

Water, Air, and Soil2014SRS
Photo of Baldcypress leafroller adult and empty pupal case on a baldcypress shoot. Gerald J. Lenhard, Louisiana State University
ID: 725
Lure Developed for Killer of Louisiana Baldcypress

The land surface of southern Louisiana is sinking as an unintended consequence of humans channeling water flow. Persistent and deeper flooding o ...

Principal Investigator : Brian Sullivan

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Model predictions of forest harvesting and conversion along the U.S.-Canadian border in northern Maine show most of the forest lost to development occurred in Canada, and although annual rates of harvesting (normalized for the total amount of forest area in each country) are roughly similar, the forest cut blocks on the U.S. side are noticeably larger.
ID: 1320
Mapping forest disturbance agents with Landsat time series

Disturbance plays an important role in shaping forests’ ability to sequester carbon and provide critical ecosystem services such as clean air ...

Principal Investigator : Todd A. Schroeder

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
2017SRS
Photo of Robert Jetton of North Carolina State University experimentally infests potted hemlocks with hemlock woolly adelgids to examine the effects of shade on both the seedlings and the insects.
ID: 1305
More sunlight: a solution in the fight against an invasive tree-killing insect

Eastern hemlock, a species with key ecological roles in eastern forests, is being killed throughout its range by an invasive insect, the hemlock ...

Principal Investigator : Albert (Bud) E. Mayfield, III

Invasive Species2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 300
National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study

An SRS scientist summarized research results from the National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study (FFS). Researchers found, among other things, that ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of
ID: 264
National Survey on Recreation and the Environment

The National Kids Survey (NKS), a companion survey to the National Survey of Recreation and the Environment (NSRE), focuses on youth 6 to 19 yea ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2010SRS
Photo of
ID: 298
Nationally consistent approach to forest inventory across the United States

The passage of the 1998 Farm Bill led to the development of a nationally consistent approach to forest inventory across the United States.These ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Brandeis

Inventory and Monitoring2010SRS
Photo of Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum) spreads along a forest trail. Researchers found evidence of biotic resistance to establishment and dominance of invasive plants in some forests of the East. Stephanie Worley Firley, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1133
Native Trees Naturally Fight Invasives in Some Eastern Forests

Recent research indicates that invasive plants can be found in nearly half of the forests of the eastern U.S., raising concerns about the sustai ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Invasive Species2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 419
Natural Lands and Future Rural Migration

People of the U.S. move frequently, and they move for many reasons. One reason of growing importance is to live in places with natural landscape ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS
Photo of English ivy is a common invasive woody climbing plant. David J. Moorehead, University of Georgia
ID: 736
New Database Will Help Identify Potentially Invasive Plants in the United States

In order to examine parameters of plant invasion success in the United States, scientists with the Forest Service's Eastern Forest Environmental ...

Principal Investigator : Qinfeng Guo

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2014SRS
Photo of A grid of funnel traps used to evaluate the effect of close trap spacing on captures of the redbay ambrosia beetle. Albert E. Mayfield III, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1190
New Insights Into Trapping the Redbay Ambrosia Beetle

The redbay ambrosia beetle carries the pathogen that causes laurel wilt, a disease which has killed millions of redbay and sassafras trees in th ...

Principal Investigator : Albert (Bud) E. Mayfield, III

Invasive Species2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 293
New Management Technique Offers Promise for Longleaf Pine Forests and Beyond

SRS researchers and partners developed a new technique for managing longleaf pine forests called the Proportional-B (Pro-B) Method. Results show ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of Land use change is particularly influential in a mixed land use watershed, which is especially important for identifying areas where hydrologic responses are most sensitive to land use change. Even a moderate amount of conversion of forest to developed use in a mixed use watershed had a large effect on streamflow dynamics.
ID: 1328
New research reveals that mixed land use watersheds are most vulnerable to forest loss

Forest Service scientists developed a novel land use model and integrated modeling framework that represents a significant advancement for evalu ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Wildlife and Fish2017SRS
Photo of Pondberry foliage and maturing fruit, which is red, growing in partial sunlight at the Flooding Research Facility, Sharkey County, Miss.
ID: 1301
New research sheds light on fate of the imperiled pondberry plant

Some consider pondberry to be the rarest shrub in the southeastern U.S. as it is found in only 36 populations distributed in six states. Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Brian R. Lockhart

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Long term soil productivity plot in Missouri. Forest Service
ID: 136
North American Forest Soils are Remarkably Resistant

Ten years of data on 45 locations in the United States and Canada illustrate exactly how much disturbance forest soils can undergo and still rem ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Water, Air, and Soil2012SRS
Photo of Daniel Crockett, former employee on the London Ranger District, stands next to a 200 year-old white oak tree that was left following an oak woodland restoration treatment.
ID: 1318
Oak woodland restoration improves forest health

Conversion of a closed canopy oak forest to an oak woodland improved forest health, according to a long-term study initiated on the Daniel Boone ...

Principal Investigator : Stacy Clark

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 420
Partnering to Support Better Recreation Policy and Management Analysis

For over 30 years the Forest Service and the Recreation Research Unit in Athens, Georgia have been recognized leaders in partnering to address n ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS
Photo of Woody biomass, such as wood chips, can be converted into synthetic gas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 728
Pilot Scale Gasification of Woody Biomass

Silvicultural management regimes are designed to generate many societal products in an environmentally healthy and sustainable manner. The wood ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie Groom

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 421
Posting of 2010 Southern Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) annual data

Decision-makers such as Congress, government agencies, and industry managers require current data on the state of the Nation's forests for effec ...

Principal Investigator : Ali Conner

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Modeled loblolly pine yield (mean annual increment) in cubic meters per hectare per year at age 12 for the 13 states in the southern US, visualization smoothed using simple Kriging. Dark lines encompass the native range of loblolly pine.
ID: 1302
Potential profitability of loblolly pine and eastern cottonwood short-rotation

Coastal areas such as southeast Texas, southwest Louisiana, and northern Florida have the highest potential yield for loblolly pine. It is poten ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Water, Air, and Soil2017SRS
Photo of Asian earthworm (Amynthas agrestis).  This species is invading eastern deciduous forests across North America. USDAForest Service
ID: 906
Prescribed Fire to Stem the Tide of Earthworm Invasion

Asian earthworms are currently invading eastern deciduous forests from Georgia to Vermont. Because these earthworms eat leaf litter in the fores ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Louisiana Pine Snakes inhabit fire-maintained pine forests. Daniel Saenz, USDA Forest Service
ID: 717
Progress in Reintroducing the Louisiana Pine Snake

The Louisiana pine snake is subject to extinction in the near future. Forest Service researchers are monitoring the status of remnant population ...

Principal Investigator : Carline Rudolph

Wildlife and Fish2014SRS
Photo of Urban green space is among the strongest predictors of city dwellers' overall wellbeing. Snicky2290, Pixabay.
ID: 992
Public Parks and Wellbeing in Urban Areas of the United States

The amount of urban green space is among the strongest predictors of city dwellers' overall wellbeing, report Forest Service scientists. Underst ...

Principal Investigator : Viniece Jennings

Outdoor Recreation2016SRS
Photo of An 83-year-old longleaf pine stand planted by the Civilian Conservation Corps at Fort Polk in Louisiana. John R. Butnor, USDA Forest Service
ID: 719
Quantifying and Managing Carbon Sequestration in Longleaf Pine Ccosystems.

Forests can offset greenhouse gas emissions by sequestering carbon dioxide in tree biomass, understory vegetation, forest floor litter, detritus ...

Principal Investigator : John Butnor

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Forests and water are inextricably linked, and forested watersheds provide clean and dependable water supplies to downstream communities. USDA Forest Service
ID: 723
Quantifying the Role of National Forest System Lands in Providing Surface Drinking Water Supply for the Southern United States

In the South, as in the rest of the U.S., people and communities depend on forests as the headwaters for clean and dependable water supply. A ne ...

Principal Investigator : Peter V. Caldwell

Water, Air, and Soil2014SRS
Photo of Urban forest systems can be managed to mimic undisturbed forests to help “pre-treat” stormwater runoff before it enters drinking water supplies.
ID: 1303
Quantifying urban forest effects on stormwater runoff

Forests provide the majority of potable water to the public. Urbanization of water-providing forests impacts water quality, as traditional urban ...

Principal Investigator : Eric Kuehler

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of Eastern Threat Center collaborative research has detected regional shifts in the diversity of forest seedlings, indicating forest biodiversity change that enables robust and rapid monitoring of climate change effects.  Kevin Potter, North Carolina State University
ID: 409
Rapid monitoring of climate change effects improves forest management

Climate change and other threats are likely to alter the composition of forests as species die out in some areas and move into others, which cou ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Inventory and Monitoring2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 422
Recovery of Carbon and Nutrient Pools in a Northern Forested Wetland

There has been long-standing concern about the effects of silvicultural practices on the functions of forested wetlands. This work shows that th ...

Principal Investigator : Carl C. Trettin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of The brownish areas are oak decline sites/trees. Dale Starkey, Forest Service
ID: 145
Red Oak Species Is Especially Vulnerable to Drought Events

Oak decline and mortality under periodic regional drought in the Ozark Highlands of Arkansas and Missouri

Principal Investigator : Marty Spetich

Inventory and Monitoring2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 294
Regional Oak Regeneration Study

SRS scientists are partnering with the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission and the Stevenson Land Company to initiate a regional study ...

Principal Investigator : Katie H. Greenberg

Resource Management and Use2010SRS
Photo of A forest heavily invaded by the Chinese privet shrub.. Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University
ID: 726
Removing Chinese Privet Benefits Pollinators for up to Five Years.

Results from a study by Forest Service researchers showed that removal of Chinese privet can last at least five years, during which time native ...

Principal Investigator : James L. Hanula

Invasive Species2014SRS
Photo of The Enviva Corporation wood pellet mill, Northampton, NC. The South is now the largest wood pellet producing region in the U.S., and this industry is forecast to continue to expand over the next few years. Nearly all (99 percent) of these pellets are being exported to the European Union to burn for electricity.  USDA Forest Service
ID: 925
Renewable Energy Policies in the European Union Influencing Timber Markets and Forests in the Southern U.S.

Forest Service scientists Karen Abt and Ken Skog, with their university collaborators, evaluated the status and outlook of the export of wood pe ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Lee Abt

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Each of the treatments created different stand structure and fuel characteristics. The control left an understory thick with shrubs. The mechanical treatment removed shrubs but created large loadings of woody fuels that required 5 to 7 years to decompose. Mitchell Smith and Gregg Chapman, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1068
Repeated Application of Fuel Reduction Treatments in the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Implications for Achieving Management Goals

Fire managers in the southern Appalachian Mountains have many questions about the long-term use of prescribed fire and mechanical treatments. Co ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Goodrick

Wildland Fire and Fuels2016SRS
Photo of Children join in a game of tug of war. Forest Service
ID: 143
Report Investigates Connection Between Urban Green Spaces and Environmental Justice

Ecosystem services from urban green spaces have numerous benefits for the landscape and public health

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of More than 70 years of uneven-aged silviculture practices in the Farm Forestry Forties of the Crossett Experimental Forest in Arkansas have produced a complex stand with many different age classes capable of responding differently to subtle variations in harvest treatments. USDA Forest Service
ID: 931
Research Reveals Age-based Lessons from Decades of Uneven-aged Harvests

Seventy-two years of uneven-aged silviculture has had a profound influence on the development of two pine-dominated stands on the Crossett Exper ...

Principal Investigator : Don C. Bragg

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Multiyear drought can kill trees outright or it can also increase mortality through related bark beetle activity and wildfire. In this aerial photo from California’s 2016 Cedar Fire, all three interrelated factors converge. Inciweb.org.
ID: 1094
Research Review Reveals Limitations to Drought Impact Monitoring

A recently published review of drought monitoring discusses the fundamental challenges of detecting and monitoring drought impacts at broad scal ...

Principal Investigator : Steve Norman

Inventory and Monitoring2016SRS
Photo of Herbicide treated plot, where planted longleaf pine seedlings are free to grow with minimal completion from hardwoods. Forest Service
ID: 133
Restoration Treatments for the Post-Hurricane Recovery of Longleaf Pine

Scientists recommend herbicide use to control hardwoods in plantings of longleaf pine after hurricane damage

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of In the dry tropical forest zone of Ghana, a combination of extractive logging without adequate regeneration, fire, and invasion by Chomolaena odorata resulted in severly degraded forests. John Stanturg, USDA Forest Service
ID: 710
Restoring Forest Landscapes

An estimated 1 billion acres of globally degraded forest are in need of restoration today and climate change likely will drive more acres into t ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Cumulative drought severity index (CDSI) for forested lands from 1987 to 2013. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1091
Reviewing the Impacts of Drought on Forests of the United States

Changing climate, especially increased temperatures and lower rainfall, and land management practices have the potential to dramatically influen ...

Principal Investigator : Don C. Bragg

Resource Management and Use2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 425
Riparian zone width, pine plantation age, and status of conservation priority birds

Selecting 16 different bird species of conservation importance in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas, we used models to look at the likelihood o ...

Principal Investigator : Roger W. Perry

Wildlife and Fish2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 297
Riparian Zones

In a recent study on the Nantahala National Forest in western North Carolina, Forest Service scientists investigated the importance of riparian ...

Principal Investigator : Susan C. Loeb

Wildlife and Fish2010SRS
Photo of
ID: 426
RxCADRE: Prescribed Fire Combustion-Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiments

21st Century wildfires are increasing in frequency, intensity and complexity. These trends seem likely to continue in the face of climate change ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of Eastern Threat Center researchers serve on an interagency science and analysis team working with regional strategy committees to evaluate the relative consequences of alternative courses of action in wildland fire management. Forest Service
ID: 412
Science benefits national fire planning effort

As part of ongoing efforts to reduce human and ecological losses from wildfire, federal agencies responsible for wildland fire management are wo ...

Principal Investigator : Danny C. Lee

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of U.S. forests, such as this bottomland hardwood stand, are susceptible to climate change. Paul Bolstad, University of Minnnesota
ID: 740
Science in supports of the National Climate Assessment

A synthesis of research findings provided the foundation for the analysis of climate change on forest conditions, land use, and forest carbon in ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2014SRS
Photo of Scenic coast with marsh grass. Billy Humphries, Forest Resource Consultants, Inc.
ID: 707
Scientists Quantify How Much Light Seagrasses Require to Survive

Globally, seagrasses provide ecological services valued at nearly 4 trillion dollars per year. Unfortunately, human activities that decrease wat ...

Principal Investigator :

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of San Juan watershed. Thomas Brandeis, USDA Forest Service
ID: 741
Scientists Quantify the Value of Ecosystem Services Provided by the San Juan Bay Estuary

A decade long study of the urban forests and land uses within the watershed of Puerto Rico's San Juan Bay Estuary quantified the value of ecosys ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Brandeis

Inventory and Monitoring2014SRS
Photo of Newly germinated longleaf pine seedling.
ID: 1308
Selection silviculture can be well-suited to longleaf pine forests

Uneven-aged silviculture continues to show promise as an effective way to regenerate longleaf pine stands. Uneven-aged silviculture also maintai ...

Principal Investigator : Dale Brockway

Water, Air, and Soil2017SRS
Photo of Wet sulfate deposition in high-elevation southern Appalachian watersheds has decreased over time. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1093
Sensitivity of Southern Appalachian Watersheds to Acidic Deposition

High-elevation forested watershed streams remain acidic even though acid deposition has declined. Land managers have long sought to identify and ...

Principal Investigator : Jennifer D. Knoepp

Water, Air, and Soil2016SRS
Photo of Cove hardwood forest at Coweeta Experimental Forest in western North Carolina. USDA Forest Service - Paul Bolstad, Bugwood.org
ID: 917
Shifting Rainfall Patterns May Change Southern Appalachian Forest Structure

Changes in rainfall patterns in the southern Appalachians due to climate change could reduce growth in six hardwood tree species common to the r ...

Principal Investigator : Katherine J. Elliott

Water, Air, and Soil2015SRS
Photo of Immature leaves and fruits of the exotic invasive shrub, Chinese privet. James Miller and Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society
ID: 708
Short-circuiting an Invasional Meltdown

Chinese privet is an invasive plant species in flood plain forests of the southeastern U.S., in some cases occupying up to 80 percent of availab ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Invasive Species2014SRS
Photo of Dominant shortleaf pine (left) and loblolly pine (right) at Crossett Experimental Forest, Arkansas.
ID: 1310
Shortleaf pine genetics, hybridization, and restoration

Shortleaf pine is a priority species for restoration in the eastern U.S. Understanding the genetics of the species is important for restoration ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Liberia is a densely populated nation in West Africa. As a post-conflict nation, it is susceptible to disease epidemics, as well as to climate and environmental stressors. USDA Forest Service
ID: 902
Social Vulnerability and the Ebola Virus Outbreak in Liberia

Social vulnerability indices used in climate change and natural hazards research can also be used in other contexts, such as disease outbreaks. ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Longleaf pine seedlings grow in soils compacted at different levels and held at different moisture contents in the greenhouse. Andy Scott, USDA Forest Service
ID: 716
Soil Condition Affects Longleaf Pine Seedlings More Than Loblolly Pine Seedlings

Restoring longleaf pine forests to previously disturbed soils, especially those that have been compacted by past management, can have problems. ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2014SRS
Photo of Soil fauna like this Diplocardia sp. are important are important for soil processes like decomposition and should be included in such research.
ID: 1300
Soil fauna are of vital importance to soil processes and deserve attention

Although soil fauna are critically important for many ecosystem services, they are often neglected by researchers. Scientists at the Forest Serv ...

Principal Investigator : Mac Callaham

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of Construction machines in theNorth Mills Area, Pisgah Ranger District, Pisgah National Forest, NC.
ID: 1324
Soil sensor system measures machine impacts during forest operations

The heavy machinery required for forest operations can affect soil. Forest Service scientists compared the impact of a dozer and a skidder, usin ...

Principal Investigator : Emily A. Carter

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Forest Service researchers Andy Scott and Rick Stagg sample soil bulk density in Texas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 930
Soil Takes on a New Emphasis in Forest Ecosystems

Forest soils produce tree biomass, high-quality water for consumption and aquatic habitat, sequester carbon, and provide recreation opportunitie ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Resource Management and Use2015SRS
Photo of Bent Creek Experimental Forest scientists partnered with a HACU University, the University of Texas at San Antonio (and with North Carolina State University), to mentor graduate and undergraduate students researching wildlife and prescribed fire. Stanley Crownover
ID: 711
Southern Research Station and Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities Partner in Wildlife Research

Two graduate and three undergraduate students from the University of Texas at San Antonio, a member of the Hispanic Association of Colleges and ...

Principal Investigator : Katie H. Greenberg

Wildlife and Fish2014SRS
Photo of Chinese tallow tree in the understory of a managed pine forest on Parris Island, SC, reduces desirable natural forest diversity.
ID: 1326
Strategic treatments to control Chinese tallow tree in maritime forest

Chinese tallow tree is an aggressive and successful invader in coastal forests of the southeastern US. Forest Service researchers were part of a ...

Principal Investigator : Joan L. Walker

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 427
Study Forecasts Changes in Southern Forests Between 2010 and 2060

In May 2011, the Forest Service and the Southern Group of State Foresters unveiled the SFFP, a multi-year research effort that among other thing ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Wear

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of The increase in center pivot irrigation systems from 1976 (left) to 2013 (right). Over the 38-year period there was a 4,500 percent increase in center pivot irrigation systems that was accompanied by an approximate 2,000 percent increase in total acres irrigated.
ID: 1335
Study maps the spatio-temporal evolution of irrigation in the Coastal Plain of Georgia

A team of scientists from the Forest Service and University of Georgia conduct a manual mapping analysis of the spatial and temporal change in c ...

Principal Investigator : Marcus Williams

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of Outdoor recreation will remain a key part of the social and economic fabric of the United States for many decades to come. Forest Service
ID: 137
Study Projects Outdoor Recreation Levels in the United States to 2060

Changes in climate, socioeconomic conditions, and land use, along with population growth will affect future outdoor recreation activity in the U ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Bowker

Outdoor Recreation2012SRS
Photo of The ectomycorrhizal root tip of a loblolly pine. Melanie Taylor, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
ID: 1069
Symbiotic Fungal Associations of Trees Have Differing Effects on Soil Carbon Content

The relationships between trees and soil fungi can affect the speed of decomposition in soils around those trees, report Forest Service scientis ...

Principal Investigator : Melanie K. Taylor

Water, Air, and Soil2016SRS
Photo of
ID: 428
TACCIMO Development Team Honored with Regional Forester's Honor Award

The Template for Assessing Climate change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO) development team, composed of researchers from the Southern R ...

Principal Investigator : Steven McNulty

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Longleaf pine stand after a controlled burn. Erich G. Vallery, USDA Forest Service
ID: 714
Tailoring Prescribed Fire for the Private Landowner

The fate of the Range-Wide Conservation Plan for Longleaf Pine will be determined by private landowners' willingness to commit to longleaf pine ...

Principal Investigator : Mary Anne Sword Sayer

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 424
The Forest Health Initiative

The Forest Health Initiative is a new government-university-industry partnership dedicated to developing workable solutions for improving forest ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of A community threatened by wildfire. National Interagency Fire Center
ID: 731
The Forest Service Leads an Interagency Team to Better Understand How Wildfires are Ignited

Forest Service, Department of Interior, and state land management agencies collaborated in a National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of Cluster of little brown bats roosting in cave. Tim Krynak, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
ID: 927
The Forest Service Publishes a Plan for the North American Bat Monitoring Program

A new Forest Service report provides detailed guidelines for participating in the plan, an international multiagency program created to provide ...

Principal Investigator : Susan C. Loeb

Wildlife and Fish2015SRS
Photo of
ID: 418
The National Harvest and Utilization Program

The U.S. forest industry is a multibillion dollar business, providing jobs and economic value to local communities across the Nation. With incre ...

Principal Investigator :

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Municipalities and populations served by water originating on the El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico.
ID: 1317
The role of forests in providing drinking water to Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is densely populated, with 3.7 million people living primarily on the mainland island. Forests, which make up about 54.7 percent of ...

Principal Investigator : Erika C. Mack

 2017SRS
Photo of Eastern Threat Center scientists delivered training workshops for professionals from three African countries, highlighting models that quantify potential impact of land use practices on water quality and quantity. Erika Cohen, Forest Service
ID: 406
Tools to help international conservation agencies make sound decisions

Researchers with the Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center (EFETAC) applied models they developed with partners to measure water ...

Principal Investigator : Ge Sun

Water, Air, and Soil2011SRS
Photo of A little brown bat is infected with white-nose syndrome (WNS).  Nancy Heaslip, NY Department of Environmental Conservation
ID: 712
Tracking the Decline of Bats in North America

Though it's well known that bats in North America are declining rapidly from white-nose syndrome (WNS), wind energy development and other causes ...

Principal Investigator : Susan C. Loeb

Wildlife and Fish2014SRS
Photo of Free Downloadable Software Application helps people identify Invasive plants of the South. Forest Service
ID: 147
U.S. Forest Service Research Uses New Invasive Plant Phone Application

iPhone application helps people identify harmful, nonnative plants and provides control recommendations

Principal Investigator : James Miller

Invasive Species2012SRS
Photo of
ID: 299
U.S. Invasive Plants Identified in Comprehensive Database

Scientists in SRS' Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center are developing a database of the more than 4,000 plants introduced into ...

Principal Investigator : Qinfeng Guo

Inventory and Monitoring2010SRS
Photo of Chaining a pinyon tree to a crane scale. Forest Service
ID: 148
Understanding Effects of Bioenergy Harvesting in Southern Forests



Principal Investigator : Robert Rummer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of A Texas A&M Forest Service FIA crew making their way to an UFIA plot in the Houston, TX area.
ID: 1322
Urban forest inventories heating up in Texas and beyond

The Forest Service is rolling out a national program of inventorying urban forests across the U.S. As an early adopter of the program, Texas is ...

Principal Investigator : Kerry Dooley

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
2017SRS
Photo of A bundle of hemlock foliage used to release Laricobious predator beetles into the forest canopy to control hemlock woolly adelgid. USDA Forest Service
ID: 928
Using Predators and Chemicals together to Protect Hemlock Trees.

A non-native insect, the hemlock woolly adelgid, is eliminating an ecologically important tree species, eastern hemlock, from southern Appalachi ...

Principal Investigator : Albert (Bud) E. Mayfield, III

Invasive Species2015SRS
Photo of Research site with loblolly pine and intercropped native switchgrass plants.
ID: 1314
Water quality effects of switchgrass intercropping on pine forests in coastal North Carolina

Six recent years of data from site preparation to full growth of switchgrass, as a celluolosic bioenergy crop, suggest that planting switchgrass ...

Principal Investigator : Devendra M. Amatya

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2017SRS
Photo of Researchers measured sediment in water samples upstream and downstream of stream crossing sites, such as this steel bridgemat at a skid trail crossing, before, during, and after harvesting operations.
ID: 1319
Water samples provide further guidance on how best to protect water quality at stream crossings in Piedmont forests

Sedimentation inputs to streams are some of the biggest current and future challenges for land and water managers. Preventing stream sediment ge ...

Principal Investigator : Johnny Boggs

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2017SRS
Photo of Weir at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory.
ID: 1315
Water yield following forest to grass to forest transitions

Forested watersheds are important sources of drinking water. However, species identity affects water yield from deciduous forests. Through old-f ...

Principal Investigator : Katherine J. Elliott

Wildlife and Fish2017SRS
Photo of Former cropped wetland restored to a wetland by the Southeastern Wetland Reserve Program. Joel Gramling, The Citadel
ID: 130
Wetlands Assessment Project Documents Outcomes of Conservation on Working Lands

Assessment offers managers a tool to improve project planning and assessment of wetland practices on working lands in the South and elsewhere

Principal Investigator : Diane De Steven

Inventory and Monitoring2012SRS
Photo of Riparian wetland restoration in progress, with planted cypress trees. Forest Service
ID: 423
What do we need to know to conserve wetlands on working lands in the South

The Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) is a multi-agency effort to improve effectiveness of Farm Bill conservation programs by quant ...

Principal Investigator : Diane De Steven

Inventory and Monitoring2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 429
Which American Forest Tree Species are Most at Risk

Several threats will increase the risk that forest trees could experience population-level or species-level extinction under climate change scen ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Wildfire in Georgia. Jen Kolb, J Kolb Photography
ID: 733
Why Have smoking-caused wildfires declined in frequency

The number of wildfires caused by smoking has declined by 90 percent on national forests since 1980, yet little is known about why, when most ot ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of Wilderness offers opportunities for solitude, challenge and inspiration and attracts recreationists to remote communities where visitor expenditures enhance local income and job growth.
ID: 1304
Wilderness areas contribute to economic health of rural communities

Forest Service scientists Tom Holmes and Eric White collaborated with Evan Hjerpe of the Conservation Economics Institute to estimate the econom ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas P. Holmes

Resource Management and Use2017SRS
Photo of
ID: 260
Wildfire and Social Vulnerability

As part of a Joint Fire Science Project, SRS scientists examined the association between biophysical wildland fire risk and social vulnerability ...

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of Climate is the most important enviromental factor affecting long-term variability and change of wildfire. R.C. Wilkinson, Univerisity of Florida
ID: 149
Wildfire in the United States: Future Trends and Potential

Climate models project warming and increased droughts this century in the continental United States, so wildfire is likely to increase according ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS
Photo of Tribal Fire Fighting Team.  Forest Service
ID: 166
Wildfire Prevention Pays Big Dividends

Wildfire prevention efforts on tribal lands in the United States have benefits that likely exceed costs by at least tenfold

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey P. Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS
Photo of Forest Service entomologists Bud Mayfield left) and Paul Merten (right) examine the bark of a black walnut branch for evidence of the walnut twig beetle, the vector of the fungus that causes thousand cankers disease. USDA Forest Service
ID: 724
Wood Heat Treatment Reduces the Risk of Spreading of Thousand Cankers Disease

Black walnut, one of the most valuable hardwood timber species in the United States, is being killed by "thousand cankers disease" which is caus ...

Principal Investigator :

Invasive Species2014SRS