Biological invasions are one of the most significant global-scale problems caused by human activities. Introduced Asian earthworms are currently invading eastern deciduous forests in North America, including some relatively undisturbed forests. Because fresh leaf litter is presumably a major food source for these forest floor dwelling species, Forest Service scientists examined whether prescribed fire could be used to reduce food supply and potentially control reproduction and spread of invasive earthworms. The scientists constructed eight experimental beds with 100 earthworms each, and burned half of them with low intensity fires. The fires resulted in minimal heating of mineral soil but litter mass was significantly reduced. No reductions in the number of adult earthworms were detected, but the hatching rates of cocoons were significantly lower in burned beds. The study shows that prescribed fire causes reduced reproduction rates and decreased food availability for the next generation of earthworms, and this may have significant application in the management of earthworm invasions in southern deciduous forests.