The USDA Northeast Regional Climate Hub is working to help farmers and forest land owners adapt to a changing climate. Forest Service scientists involved in the climate hub and their collaborators at Cornell and Pennsylvania State universities published information on the climate vulnerabilities of forests, crops, and animals in the in a publication by the agency’s Northern Research Station scientists.. This assessment highlights recent increases in rainfall intensity and drought in the northeast as well as the danger of late-season frosts. Particular vulnerabilities include soil erosion and enhanced fire danger in certain drier forests. Earlier springs can shorten maple sugaring seasons and increase the vulnerability of apple and other fruit trees to frosts. More pests from the southern parts of the United States, such as the southern pine beetle, have been seen further north in recent times; however, longer growing seasons and warmer temperatures are also leading to better tree and crop growth rates and opportunities with new species or varieties.