Being threatened by wildfires is an obvious source of stress, yet there has been surprisingly little research about whether there are longer term psychological impacts of experiencing a wildfire. One year after the 2011 Wallow Fire (which burned 733 square miles in eastern Arizona), a Forest Service scientist and researchers from the UCLA School of Medicine examined the health impacts of experiencing the fire on households in the immediate area. The study included a range of physical and mental health measures and a series of questions to assess distress caused by wildfire related changes to the surrounding natural environment. The research found that two variables, a greater sense of loss of a valued landscape and experiencing negative financial effects from the fire, predicted clinically significant psychological distress. Although one might expect that loss of a beloved landscape would be more important for full-time than part-time residents, no such distinction was found. In addition, people with strong financial and familial resources were more likely to have better psychological recovery outcomes over the long-term. These results highlight the need for post-wildfire programs that help rebuild not just homes, but the community’s connection with a transformed local landscape.