Forest Service scientists and their colleagues at the University of Minnesota surveyed state forestry agencies across the U.S. about their activities and abilities to provide information on forest carbon management and carbon markets to private forest landowners. They found that only a few states have forest carbon management or carbon market assistance programs: California, Michigan, and Oregon have carbon management assistance programs; and, California, Georgia and Oklahoma have carbon market assistance programs. In addition, state forestry agencies reported: very few private forest landowners request help with carbon management issues; many state forestry agency employees reported knowing little about forest carbon markets; and demand and interest in forest carbon management are often unrelated to a state’s carbon sequestration capacity. This research offers insights for state governments and other organizations that want to encourage carbon sequestration activities on privately owned forestlands. It also indicates the need for training and information on forest carbon markets for foresters and forestry agencies.